Questions tagged [правописание]

Questions about the spelling of words. The spelling is the process of writing or naming the letters of a word.

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6
votes
3answers
4k views

Как правильно: змееед или змееяд?

В русском языке есть слово, оканчивающееся на три "е" подряд: "длинношеее". По поводу еще одного слова с тремя "е" подряд - "змееед" в интернете ведутся споры. Некоторые утверждают что слова "змееЕд"...
4
votes
1answer
301 views

Pronunciation of "лёгкий" and "легкий"

I read in Pushkin's Дружба the word "легкий", an adjective meaning "slight". There's even an interesting thread on Russian S.E. about the modern pronouciation of the word. I ...
5
votes
2answers
377 views

Why is the COVID-19 vaccine called "Спутник V", not "Спутник В"?

The COVID-19 vaccine developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology is called "Спутник V". Per the English-language Wikipedia page, the "V" is the ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Why does the word "один" drop the "и" for its feminine and neuter forms?

The masculine form of "one" is "один," but it is "одна" and "одно" for the feminine and neuter, respectively. Why? In other words, why isn't it "одина&...
-1
votes
1answer
154 views

Kaliningrad ... may it be referred to as Kalinograd?

Kaliningrad is the Russian exclave sandwiched in between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic coast. Every time I think of it I find myself saying "Kalinograd" because in English usage ...
4
votes
3answers
15k views

Почему в "намереваться" гласный е?

Как объяснить, что в слове намереваться пишется гласный е, а не и? Каким правилом это определить?
6
votes
1answer
278 views

Почему Йорк а не Ёрк?

Если пишется "ёж" и "ёлка", то почему "Йорк", а не "Ёрк"? И наоборот.
8
votes
5answers
1k views

How is the ending "-ий" pronounced?

Someone told me they are pronounced like "и", but when I listen to sound files on wiktionary.com, they are pronounced like "ш/ч"? For example the word "горячий" is pronounced according to wiktionary ...
4
votes
2answers
171 views

Do you transliterate service names?

Is it usual to use Latin or Cyrillic letters to spell the names of companies, online services etc.? For example, do you say разговаривать по Зуму or по Zoom? If the answer depends on the individual ...
6
votes
3answers
914 views

Pronunciation of Spelling Rule "е" vs "о" vs "ё"?

"Never write unstressed 'o' after the letters, ж, ч, ш, щ, ц, instead use 'e'" So are we supposed to still pronounce it like an "o"? I know that the answer is yes when the vowel is stressed, for ...
9
votes
3answers
792 views

How is the choice made by Nicholas II between "также" and "так же" in his Language Manifesto of 1900 correct?

In his Language Manifesto of 1900, Nicholas II of Russia wrote: Вмѣстѣ съ тѣмъ приняты во вниманіе потребности частныхъ лицъ, коимъ и впредь обезпечена возможность обращаться въ правительственныя ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Почему Париж пишется через "ж"?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
3
votes
3answers
193 views

Как правильно намеренно удлинить гласную в беллетристике?

Допустимо ли в художественной прозе применять дефис там, где автор хочет акцентировать внимание читателя на растянутом персонажем произношении слов, например: "на-а-много" для длинной "а"? Может быть, ...
7
votes
1answer
201 views

What's the reason for the change from "-аго" to "-oго"?

Таяніе снѣга въ сѣверной части Ладожскаго бассейна... This sentence is taken from a book published in 1908. I understand that the spelling reform of 1917 simplified things by reducing the number of ...
6
votes
2answers
643 views

Why was it decided in 1956 to abolish the spelling чорт (devil) in favor of чёрт?

I read in Wiktionary: чорт This spelling of the word was officially abolished in 1956 in favor of чёрт and is no longer in use. Both variants are pronounced identically. (Source) I see in Ngram ...
13
votes
6answers
5k views

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

I recently got puzzled as to why the Russian journalists spell the surname of the current Turkish president as Эрдоган, with г. We spell his surname as エルドアン, which does not include any sound similar ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

А в свою очередь это делает то-то [closed]

Нужно ли тире перед это: А в свою очередь это делает то-то
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Why is the negated adjective written separately here?

I am struggling to see the distinction despite a native trying to explain it to me. Consider the following example: – Игорь, Гарик, вы продолжаете работать на поиске вампирши. – Шеф будто от- несся к ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

The cases where "о" is pronounced as "a" [duplicate]

I'm working on Russian pronunciation and I have come across a couple of words containing letter о. зовут is pronounced as zavut хорошая is pronounced as xaroshaya There are lots of such words where ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Why use Г in for example Горизонт and not for example Х? [duplicate]

I am just a happy beginner in Russian language, but to my ears Х sounds closer to H than Г. Does anyone know why words like Horizon (Горизонт) choose Г instead? Is there some historic explanation ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Писать местоимение "вы" с малой или большой буквы?

Мне когда-то кое-кто сказал, что писать "Вы" с большой буквы - подобострастно. Но я видел несколько раз, что пользователи этого сайта пишут это слово именно с большой буквы. Как на самом деле? /...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Ruble & Currency delimiters

On many a website from Russia and Belarus I can see prices on products displayed as: 212,00 p. I've added a screen shot as well. Is the price 212 rubles or is it a shortening or a delimiter of ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

Почему "Венера", а не 'Венус"?

In Latin, Венера is Venus. A similar word "corpus" is translated as "корпус", not as "корпора" (or "корпор" if we take its gender into account). Why is then Venus not Венус?
6
votes
3answers
267 views

в чдачах и в нечдачах

А есть на этойм плакате несколько слов, незнакомые мне, и которых не найдётся б в словарях. Суть в чдачах и в нечдачах (разве это просто опечатка? имелось слово "удачах" ввиду?) чничтожим (разве это ...
7
votes
2answers
232 views

Кавказ - Закавказье, Урал - Зауралье, Алтай -?

Как правильно написать это слово? Какие будут варианты? UPDATE: Спасибо за ответы и комментарии. Хочу пояснить, что вопрос про орфографию, а не про географию. Сформулирую точнее: Как писать слова,...
1
vote
1answer
7k views

Твердый знак или мягкий знак в слове "бьём" / "бъём"?

Как правильно пишется слово 'бЬем' или 'бЪем' - с мягким знаком или c твердым знаком? Я нашел некоторые ненадежные подтверждения в силу использования 'Ь', но словарь T9 на телефоне постоянно норовит ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Capitalization of *бог, боже, господь, господи* [duplicate]

Would you be so kind to explain what the rule of capitalizing the above mentioned words is? What I am sure of is the fact that in exclamations like боже мой, о,господи we don't capitalize such words, ...
27
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф?

Some words of Greek descent use ф as corresponding to the Greek θ, while some use т. The former I think tend to be loaned earlier. However, in "Brothers Karamazov" I have found Mitya using the word "...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

"Радио" or "ра́дио"

I was wondering which is the correct form. радио or ра́дио ? I mean I've seen people writing both of them. And I've also seen many letters with this accent above the a. Is it necessary? Which spelling ...
5
votes
3answers
342 views

Why isn't почтальо́н spelled почталён?

As far as I understand, the letter "ё" is used to write the same sound as "ьо" only when the corresponding "о" is stressed. In почтальо́н we have "ьо" and the "о" is also stressed -- so isn't this ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

How can I transliterate a name in modern Russian characters to Slavonic?

In an earlier question, I was misusing Google translate to try to get the spelling of a word, and I was pointed to http://translit.cc which would directly furnish spelling instead of trying to guess a ...
1
vote
2answers
246 views

Is there a difference between "эго" and "это" or the are the same?

I have 2 questions about the same words: 1. Is there a difference between эго and это or the are the same? (I've noticed that the uses of both is almost in the same context, and I suspect that ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

When is it necessary to use a capital letter in the beginning of the sentence?

In English we have to use a capital letter in the following cases: Beginning of sentence Names (people or places) Pronoun first-person singular (I) What are the rules for capital letters in Russian ...
5
votes
3answers
217 views

Где узнать о правилах русского языка?

Где узнать о правилах русского языка, актуальных на данный момент? В инженерном деле когда речь идёт о формальностях, например о правилах искусственного языка (например для написания компьютерных ...
30
votes
14answers
28k views

ахуеть and охуеть - which is used, and what is the precise meaning?

I came across the (obscene) verb ахуеть chatting (instant messaging, to be precise) with a native speaker (context: soccer game). A bit of research on the Russian Wiktionary seems to show that this ...
11
votes
1answer
377 views

Why "Гиппократ" but "ипподром"?

Both these words have Greek origin, specifically: Гиппократ (Hippocrates) comes from ίππος (horse) + κρατώ (I hold) = The one who holds the horses. Ипподром (horse-race track) comes from ίππος (...
5
votes
2answers
358 views

Why is "томат" spelt without an "o" at the end?

I'm trying to understand how spelling works in Russian. Why does "томат" lack an "o" at the end, when some other words which I assume are derived from European loanwords, such as "пианино" or "метро", ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

how to spell mister [closed]

How do you spell mister in russian?
3
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the correct Russian spelling of "Trump"? [closed]

What is the correct Russian spelling of the last name of the US President-elect, Donald Trump? I've seen both Трамп and Трумп. Which is correct?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Дочерний интерфейс: подъинтерфейс, подинтерфейс, или подынтерфейс?

В программировании (как наверняка многие здесь знают) есть понятие "класс" и "дочерний класс", но более логично называть последнее "подклассом". И по мимо этого есть понятие интерфейс. До сих пор я ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

English equivalent of "й"

Lets say we have a Russian name which contains "й" and we want to write it in English. For example Николай. The right way to spell it in English should be Nikolay or Nikolai? Same for Dmitrii / ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Какая разница между лишь и только?

Я еще не нашел подробную инфорнацию об этих словах, то есть я бы хотел знать, когда надо писать слово "только", и когда надо писать "лишь"? Есть ли случаи, когда можно менять "только" на "лишь" (и ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

«По» со сложными наречиями

В эту минуту рядом проходил какой-то знатный вельможа, — шляпа Тома Ивза слетела с его головы, и он бросился вперед с поклоном и улыбкой. Это доказывало, что и он тоже знает свет — по-своему, по ...
22
votes
9answers
3k views

Is there a word that starts with "ы"?

I remember from my school years that there is no such thing as a word that starts with 'ы'. Is this true? If so, is there something fundamental that prevents this from happening? If no, can anybody ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Using written е instead of ë

Sometimes I see е written instead of ë. Is this actually a common occurence in written Russian, or an acceptable version of the word? For example, even Google Translate will not use the diacritical ...
3
votes
2answers
36k views

"Блять" против "блядь"

Существует ли всё-таки междометие "блять" или нет и уместно ли вообще говорить об ошибках в словах ненормативной лексики?
5
votes
1answer
24k views

"Нечищеный" или "нечищенный"

Согласно информации о правописании бесприставочных прилагательных и причастий с -н- и -нн-, которую я нашел в Интернете, прилагательные должны писаться с -н-, а причастия - с -нн-. Например, чищеный ...
8
votes
2answers
235 views

Writing "o" or "a"

Please tell me if there are any rules for writing "o" or "a" in a Russian word. Meaning, if a pronounced word has many "a" how do you know if any of them and which one of them is written as "o"(...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Как правильно писать вне-игровой, внеигровой или вне игровой

Как правильно писать вне-игровой, внеигровой или вне игровой