Questions tagged [предлоги]

Questions about parts of speech that may introduce verb complements and adverbial modifiers, for example, "на" in "я полагаюсь на тебя", or "в" in "я гуляю в лесу".

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
9
votes
5answers
374 views

What's the problem with "я свободна в четверг и могу в него сходить на свидание"?

My instructor marked that sentence as wrong. He said it would have been fine to write, "Я свободна в четверг и могу в этот день сходить на свидание." Why is "в этот день" fine ...
1
vote
4answers
223 views

Purpose of "а" in sentences

Почему нет, а пошли. What is the point of "a" in that sentence, and in general?
2
votes
2answers
145 views

"Фотография семьи будет висеть" - "в центре" or "по центру"?

I found the following sentence on Duolingo: Фотография семьи будет висеть по центру. But I don't understand why it uses по центру, not в центре. In other sentences, I see в центре used, for example. ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

When the word "по" means "on," is it more common to see the dative case follow it or the prepositional?

I've done very little research on this simply because it doesn't seem like something that would be easy to find and it does seem like something better left for Russian natives, teachers, linguists, ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Can we use the word "открытие" with the preposition "o"?

I'm curious whether it's grammatically correct to use the word "открытие" with the preposition "o"? "Открытие" is a verbial noun and stems from the verb "открывать&...
1
vote
3answers
251 views

Вопрос об использовании предлогов?

Why do we say пойти в спальню and пойти на кухню why not пойти в кухню?
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Почему в винительном падеже только "о борт", но не "об борт"?

Правила, конечно, почитывал. в винительном падеже перед словами, начинающимися согласными (кроме форм местоименных слов все, всю, все, всех, что), употребляются предлоги «о» и «об»: ударился о камень ...
4
votes
4answers
549 views

What is the use of "Ha" in these two sentences?

In the text Ру́сский медве́дь / The Russian bear, I saw two sentences I did not know what the preposition was for - why is it included in each case? Русские люди очень похожи на медведей. Russian ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

How to determine what part of speech is the word «навстречу»?

For some reasons, I have difficulties with determining which part of speech is навстречу. For instance, something like that: Она шла ему навстречу. Adverb or preposition? And how do you usually ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Why "об Чацком", not "о Чацком"

Я на днях читал Грибоедовскую комедию 'горе от ума' и наткнулся на довольно странную грамматическую конструкцию: Ты знаешь ли об Чацком? Эта строка меня поразила по двум причинам. Первая из них та, ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

Difference between "в тишине" and "в тишину"?

What is the difference between в тишине and в тишину? I know the first one is the prepositional singular of тишина, and the second is the accusative singular of тишина, but I don't really understand ...
34
votes
3answers
3k views

What's the meaning of "у нас" in phrases like "он у нас умный"?

The grammatical construction у меня, literally at/near me, is the Russian way to express possession and is also used to express proximity: У меня хорошая подруга. (I have a good friend.) Она сейчас у ...
44
votes
9answers
11k views

Why do Russians almost not use verbs of possession akin to "have"?

I have always been puzzled as to why the Russians almost never use verbs of possession akin to "have" or "own." Instead of such verbs, the Russians use the preposition у, whose ...
9
votes
3answers
248 views

"в теории" против "на практике"

The complementary concepts "in theory" and "in practice" are expressed in Russian with different prepositions: в теории and на практике. Perhaps there is no good explanation of that, but if someone ...
6
votes
4answers
697 views

Moving a preposition to after the object

Curious as to what the Russians think about Japanese cars, I did some research and saw an article with the following title: Не престижа ради, а токмо драйва для I knew that ради is an exceptional ...
3
votes
2answers
218 views

The usage of "по" in distributive expression

In a text, used for educational purposes, were the following sentence: Каждый ученик получил по красному карандашу. Based on the context, I could translate this into "Each student received a red ...
3
votes
2answers
332 views

What is the difference between "расскажу о тебе" and "расскажу про тебя"?

(1) Я ему расскажу о тебе. (2) Я ему расскажу про тебя. I know that each of these sentences roughly translates as I will tell him about you, but what is the difference? Do the connotations or ...
6
votes
2answers
210 views

Use of preposition у in questions about the magnitude of a quantity

Today, Duolingo taught me that it's Какая глубина этого озера?, but Какая ширина у этой улицы?. My questions are Is that a case of binary grammaticality? I. e., would Какая глубина у этого озера? or ...
0
votes
2answers
268 views

"От безысходности" или "из безысходности"

Я из безысходности остался тут. или Я от безысходности остался тут. Какой вариант предпочтительней?
3
votes
3answers
223 views

Preposition with спросить

I'm puzzled by the use of the preposition у with the verb спросить: Я спрошу у мамы смогу ли взять машину In this example, the preposition is used. But: Журналист спросил президента о его ...
10
votes
3answers
580 views

How to indicate "photograph by"

Typically, the authorship of a work of art is indicated with the genitive case: «роман Толстого». The subject of a photograph is also indicated with the genitive, however: «фотография Толстого». You ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Этот человек у двери - preposition

I heard the following sentence in a Russian learning tool: этот человек у двери. Can this sentence be translated to English as both "this person is by the door" (= close to the door) and "this ...
3
votes
2answers
193 views

English "for + verb"? eg 'I need to buy supplies for camping.' There are "for + noun"

I could not find a similar question, though I find it hard to search for "for noun stackexchange Russian"... There are prepositions and/or cases that are used together to say the English equivalent ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Which preposition matched to this context? [closed]

Which preposition is correct to put in the following sentence if I want to ask a person to admit on a mistake that he did. Ти должен допускат про /На /за ето.
11
votes
4answers
575 views

Почему с конца 30-х перестали употреблять словосочетание "в Украине"?

В русском языке сочетание "в Украине" используется издавна. Господин гетман, <...> того ради вам надлежит итти по Киева, в Украйну свою и смотреть того, о чем уже вы известны. (К Мазепе) ...
2
votes
4answers
187 views

Should I use на or в in the following context? How do I know which one?

The Russian national anthem describes Russia as, "Одна ты на свете" using the preposition на. Recently, I wrote a poem praising someone as "Одна [ты] ___ XU," where "XU" refers to the University of X,...
4
votes
3answers
179 views

In what instances is the preposition "по" coupled with prepositional case, as in "по чём"?

Девочки, по чем у вас на рынке свинина сейчас? Интересует цена в обычный непраздничный день. Пишите плиз свой населенный пункт. In my experience, the preposition "по" is most frequently followed by ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Какая разница между словосочетаниями "в последний раз" и "последний раз"?

Скажите отличаются ли следующие предложения по значению. Я сегодня ем этот шоколад последний раз. Я сегодня ем этот шоколад в последний раз.
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Prepositions used with island countries

Why do we say на Фиджи / на Мальдивы / на Шри-Ланку but в Японию / в Ирландию / в Исландию? All the 6 countries are island countries. But Fiji, the Maldives and Sri Lanka are smaller than Japan, ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

"У меня все в порядке" or "со мной все в порядке"

Which preposition is correct to use with 'все в порядке'?
2
votes
2answers
595 views

В чем разница между «через X после Y» и «спустя X после Y»?

Через неделю-другую , после обсчёта результатов оказалось, что человек не рыбка. [no dash before negation] Спустя неделю-другую , после обсчёта результатов оказалось, что человек не рыбка. [no dash ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Preposition "под" (under, implying movement). Why instrumental and not accusative?

«Мальчик идёт под мостом» - «он проходит под лестницей». Why instrumental is used since movement is implied? I thought that instumental is used when the subject of the sentence does not change its ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Prepositions for "about"

I saw that there are many prepositions which translate "about" into Russian. о, насчёт, на, про, по поводу, even по itself. I guess they are not interchangeable and their usage must be memorized for ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Prepositions used in comparisons

I've seen the following set expressions: Она на ... лет моложе/старше меня. Это в ... раз меньше/больше. Are the prepositions на and в interchangeable in these contexts? If not, is there any rule ...
2
votes
3answers
147 views

In Russian, which preposition to use to say "Don't be late for lunch"?

Вы, к обеду не опоздайте. Вы, на обед не опоздайте. Вы, в обед не опоздайте. I assume the use of "с" is out of the question, but I'm wavering between these three. Are they nuanced somehow? ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

"The same as..."

How do I express "the same as..." in the following sentences in Russian? "- Why did you learn French? - For the same reason you learned English." "She's in the same ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

"Отказаться от" before a clause

I know that the verb отказаться requires the preposition от before mentioning the thing to be refused. If the following word is a noun, then no problem. The noun declines into the genitive. They ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

"То, что" or "то, чтобы"

I know that many prepositions can be followed by то, чтобы if we want to relate the preposition to a new sentence, rather than just a noun. Вместо того, чтобы... Настаивать на том, чтобы... ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Nuances between the prepositions "при" and "с" in "при таком отношении к учебе" vs "с таким отношением к учебе"

Как ни странно, но даже при таком отношении к учебе, я умудрился сдать все экзамены за второе учебное полугодие. {vs}: Как ни странно, но даже с таким отношением к учебе, я умудрился сдать все ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

How do Russian speakers see the preposition "у" in "отобрать у тебя что-то"?

отобрать у тебя что-то The preposition у usually refers to something being in someone's possession, so this phrase should literally translate as: take away your (something/belongings/house/car) ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Why use the preposition "по" in "партнер по поединкам"?

партнер по поединкам Context: The speaker was jokingly mentioning someone he often has spars with. The why of using the preposition "по" does not come naturally to me: "a partner for quarrels"? ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Clauses after non-accusative verbs or то

1. A friend of mine wrote я не интересуюсь, кто с кем играет (in a football match). Normally, интересоваться is followed by a word in the instrumental case. When the word is a noun, an adjective or a ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

чтобы for connection between prepositions and verbs

I've always wondered how could I connect a preposition with a verb. Since prepositions require the nouns following them to be declined, I didn't know what change would verbs undergo, since the ...
2
votes
3answers
530 views

Recap of с, от, из

One of the first things I got to know when I started learning Russian is that the preposition "of" does not exist in Russian. Or at least, so tell beginner-level textbooks. As I kept studying, I ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

From... to... in Russian

I saw an old post on this forum, telling that, in order to convey the idea "from... to...", we must use "из... в..." when the endpoints are towns or countries, whereas "с... на..." is used when the ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Pair of clauses indicating destination

How do I say "People move to wherever they can earn more money"? Люди переезжают туда, куда можно зарабатывать больше денег. Люди переезжают куда можно зарабатывать больше денег. Люди переезжают туда,...
1
vote
4answers
939 views

на день рождения vs на дне рождения

Beginner here. There are 2 similiar sentences talking about a birthday, but use a different case and I am confused why. The first is Вчера я была у Тамары на дне рождения. Translation: Yesterday, I ...
5
votes
2answers
126 views

Preposition вокруг (+ genitive) but sentence only has accusative nouns

I have a sentence, Он видел вокруг красивые, живописные места, невысокие горы, леса, реку Волгу. and translating is not hard, and I think the meaning is, He saw beautiful, picturesque places, ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

"C днем рождения" или "Co днем рождения"? [closed]

Could you please tell me whether people say "C днем рождения" or "Co днем рождения" ? And why. Thank you very very much. Best wishes, Peter
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a preposition in Russian language like "of" in English?

I'm trying to get the parallel preposition for "of" in Russian language and I'm really confused a little bit. I want it to explain to a Russian how to use "of" in an English sentence, but I can't find ...