Questions tagged [предлоги]

Questions about parts of speech that may introduce verb complements and adverbial modifiers, for example, "на" in "я полагаюсь на тебя", or "в" in "я гуляю в лесу".

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41 votes
10 answers
7k views

Usage of "про" instead of "о"

One of the prepositions I never learned in Russian courses is про, which I only met later when communicating with native speakers or when reading. Is it possible to give a good rule of thumb about ...
KCd's user avatar
  • 4,964
16 votes
2 answers
4k views

Prepositions "в" and "во"

What is the rule for changing the preposition "в" into "во"? I cannot think about any way to explain it. First of all, semantically they seem to be perfectly identical: (дежурить) во вторник, в ...
Olga's user avatar
  • 6,558
5 votes
2 answers
487 views

What is the difference between "мосте" and "мосту" for a prepositional form of "мост"?

I have found the following sentence: Девочка сидит на мосту. However, when I looked up мост in my dictionary, I found that it listed two declined forms on the prepositional, which is мосте and ...
Blaszard's user avatar
  • 1,157
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

От/До and С/В(На) disambiguation

The terms от/до and с/в(на) are used to convey the idea "from/to" in different settings. Are there guidelines about when one pair is used instead of another that would work well in practice? (...
KCd's user avatar
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16 votes
1 answer
1k views

“к” vs “ко” preposition

Is there any common rule of when to append the “о” vowel to “к” preposition in front of words starting with “в”? Nowadays almost nobody says e.g. “ко врачу,” it sounds quite archaic. I hear a slight ...
Aleksei Matiushkin's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
767 views

Difference between "за" (as in "за что-либо/кого-либо") and "для"

In what contexts should I use за or для when saying "for" or "to" something or someone? For example, I understand that it is proper to use "за" when calling out a toast: "за Россию!". But that you ...
Maksim's user avatar
  • 113
10 votes
4 answers
644 views

Почему с конца 30-х перестали употреблять словосочетание "в Украине"?

В русском языке сочетание "в Украине" используется издавна. Господин гетман, <...> того ради вам надлежит итти по Киева, в Украйну свою и смотреть того, о чем уже вы известны. (К Мазепе) ...
user31264's user avatar
  • 8,589
9 votes
3 answers
274 views

"в теории" против "на практике"

The complementary concepts "in theory" and "in practice" are expressed in Russian with different prepositions: в теории and на практике. Perhaps there is no good explanation of that, but if someone ...
KCd's user avatar
  • 4,964
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

со днём vs. с днём

I'm aware that о is added to some prepositions for historical reasons in some combinations (со дня, ко мне, во сне, etc.). A student recently asked why we usually say с днём рождения instead of со ...
Curt's user avatar
  • 604
8 votes
4 answers
602 views

What's the difference between "дети бегают по магазину" and "дети бегают в магазине"?

What's the difference between "дети бегают по магазину" and "дети бегают в магазине"? EDIT: If you are about to provide some examples in your answers, please, observe the following requests: ...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 5,752
7 votes
3 answers
262 views

Are these prepositions ("of motion") exact antonyms?

Is the following correct? Whenever в + (винительный падеж) is used to mean something, из is always used to mean the opposite. Whenever на + (винительный падеж) is used to mean something, с + (...
Chill2Macht's user avatar
  • 3,071
6 votes
3 answers
421 views

What is the difference between "во рту" and "в рту"?

A friend of mine mentioned to me a while back from now that it should be "Во" instead of "В", but he does not know of the definite rule for the difference.
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the meaning of "за" in expressions relating to time?

More specifically, what is the difference in meaning between: Анна: Сколько времени ты делала домашнее задание? Нина: Я делала домашнее задание час. and Анна: За сколько времени ты сделала домашнее ...
Chill2Macht's user avatar
  • 3,071
4 votes
3 answers
199 views

In what instances is the preposition "по" coupled with prepositional case, as in "по чём"?

Девочки, по чем у вас на рынке свинина сейчас? Интересует цена в обычный непраздничный день. Пишите плиз свой населенный пункт. In my experience, the preposition "по" is most frequently followed by ...
Con-gras-tue-les-chiens's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
709 views

Через неделю - why "in two weeks time"?

I'm doing exercises and i found in the text, "через неделю" and in parentheses it says "in two weeks time". I looked up через, a preposition with the accusative case, and for the 'time' definition it ...
nate's user avatar
  • 1,299
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Recap of с, от, из

One of the first things I got to know when I started learning Russian is that the preposition "of" does not exist in Russian. Or at least, so tell beginner-level textbooks. As I kept studying, I ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593