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Questions tagged [прилагательные]

Questions about adjectives, their short and full forms, derivation, spelling, meaning and usage.

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1 vote
2 answers
183 views

What is скорбну from a grammatical viewpoint?

In Сонет by Pushkin, we have this verse: Им скорбну мысль Камоэнс облекал Why do we have скорбну and not скобную? I don't understand what скорбну is from a grammatical viewpoint.
4 votes
2 answers
712 views

Is it true that Russian adjectives always denote a constant quality while participles, temporary?

It is indeed true that distinguishing between Russian adjectives and participles can be very hard. E.g. "жареный картофель" — an adjective; "жаренный с грибами картофель" — a ...
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

What's the purpose of своё in this sentence?

Here's a sentence from my book: Покрытые злобными колючками ежевичные плети изгибались над отжившими своё зарослями папоротника. Why is своё in this sentence and why does it have this specific ...
0 votes
2 answers
109 views

Rules for dash between subject and predicate when the predicate is an adjective

I'm a native Russian speaker, but I'm a little ashamed that I don't quite know the rules for when I need to use a dash. Let's consider a very simple sentence: Маша (—) умная и красивая. Do we need a ...
1 vote
1 answer
165 views

Understanding the different meanings of 'снисходительный'

I was hoping somebody could help me understand the connection (or lack thereof) between the two translations I have seen of the adjective 'снисходительный' on Wiktionary, respectively 1.'indulgent' or ...
8 votes
3 answers
424 views

What does the adjectival ending -енький mean?

It seems dictionaries rarely offer definitions for adjectives that have the suffix -енький. There are a few (for instance: маленький; хорошенький), but by Googling many more show up (for instance: ...
0 votes
1 answer
171 views

Отглагольное прилагательное или причастие, сколько Н в суффиксе, слитно или раздельно с НЕ?

Дано словосочетание: давно н(..)краше..ые стены. Это причастие или отглагольное прилагательное, сколько Н в суффиксе, слитно или раздельно пишется с НЕ? Правильно ли я напишу: давно некрашеные стены (...
4 votes
3 answers
250 views

How can I figure out if an adjective is hard or soft without seeing its ending?

I can't determine whether the adjective is hard or soft without seeing its ending. I need to be able to tell if the adjective is hard or soft without seeing its ending. What I mean is, how can I tell ...
3 votes
1 answer
82 views

How would you write the word несватаная/несватанная/не сватаная/не сватанная?

There is a Russian song by a female pop band called "Fabrika". The song itself is called "Не виноватая я". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zevEK3UhnQw The refrain contains the word ...
7 votes
5 answers
482 views

What is the best Russian equivalent for "savory"?

One of the words English uses to describe food is this word called "savory": From dictionary to dictionary, the definitions found are something like this: pleasing to the taste or smell; ...
1 vote
1 answer
224 views

What does "дл. тонны" mean?

From Russian Wikipedia on the Fletcher-Class Destroyers, it says, Двигательная установка компоновочно повторяла тип «Гливз» — была высокотемпературной установкой среднего (43 Атм.) давления, которая ...
8 votes
1 answer
487 views

How to decline adjectives modifying feminine nouns after 2, 3, 4?

In the nominative case, if we are counting something of size 2, 3, or 4 then the object being counted is in the genitive singular case, e.g., три треугольника. If we have an adjective involved, then ...
2 votes
3 answers
228 views

What is the difference between "истинная любовь" and "настоящая любовь"?

I didn't plan it like this, but clearly, this one is just in time for Valentine's Day. Because Russian doesn't have articles, I often try to find a good adjective-noun combo so that I can better ...
0 votes
1 answer
374 views

Doubts about "бы ни" meaning "No matter what/ how much/ etc."

I know some Russian constructions which translate the English expressions "Whatever... [sth]", "Wherever... [swh]", "No matter how much... [things]". Those constructions ...
6 votes
2 answers
212 views

Мне нужна еда // Мне нужно больше еды

Sorry to ask this question in English but my Russian isn't good enough yet to write about grammar. Please consider the following sentences: Мне нужна еда. Мне нужно больше еды. I don't understand ...
0 votes
1 answer
92 views

Не(двуличен) своим поведением

Задумалась мне задумка одна - как ведёт себя краткое прилагательное с частицей "не", слитно или раздельно, когда есть подозреваемый на "зависимое слово". Не убивший выстрелом ...
1 vote
2 answers
120 views

Крово- и слёзопролитная война

Как я должен говорить и писать: Это была крово- и слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война Это была крово-и-слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война
2 votes
3 answers
360 views

In terms of meaning and usage, what is the difference between "маленький" and "малый" when they mean "small"?

Here are some examples I found in Izvestia: маленький ... маленький по размеру гранатомет в мире ... ... the smallest grenade launcher in the world ... ... 25 руб. за маленький стаканчик ... ... 25 ...
3 votes
3 answers
192 views

Should I use the близкий as an adjective or an adverb?

For example, which is correct: Плохие люди уже близко! or Плохие люди уже близки! Also, would be helpful to understand the logic behind the adverb being used (if using the adverb is correct, that is.)
6 votes
2 answers
5k views

Forming Russian nouns from verbs

I've noticed a couple of patterns in regards to forming nouns from verbs. 1) Removing the -ть from verbs ending in -бить/быть, -вить, чать and -ять and adding -тие (for example: разбить --> разбитие,...
7 votes
1 answer
261 views

What is хлеще the comparative of?

I read the following comment online: Не сомневаюсь, что и вы умеете выражаться, да ещё похлеще, думаю. From the context, I gather that it means I have no doubt that you know how to go off on someone ...
7 votes
5 answers
2k views

"Красная" Площадь

It seems to be relatively common knowledge that the name "Красная Площадь," while translated in English as "Red Square," does not actually mean "Red Square" in Russian, but rather "Beautiful Square." ...
2 votes
1 answer
230 views

Short- or long-form adjective?

At first I thought short-form adjectives were quite easy after seeing how they are formed. But when to use them turned out to be more complex. Here I have 5 sentences that made me confuse since they ...
0 votes
0 answers
57 views

Adjectives after "to be" [duplicate]

How should adjectives be formed after the verb быть? Он был богат/богатый/богатым. Фильм будет интересен/интересный/интересным. Он богат/богатый.
1 vote
2 answers
162 views

lack of adjective..... past passive participle? yet its use doesn't fit this first link

First of all, the 'first link' I mention in the title is this: How to tell a participle from an adjective? and despite being 5 years old (irrelevant), it is the closest I could find to helping with ...
4 votes
3 answers
661 views

Крайний и последний

Поэтому когда отец пьёт с друзьями, они поднимают тост за то, чтобы количество взлётов совпадало бы с количеством посадок. У них было ещё много тостов, и ещё было правило не говорить "последний", а ...
2 votes
4 answers
208 views

Qualifying опыт: when to use "много", when "большой"?

Two examples from Duolingo: У этого автора большой опыт. У бабушки много опыта. Why do I have to use большой in one case, but много in the other, when I want to express "a lot of experience"? How ...
5 votes
2 answers
397 views

"выше" - adverb or an adjective?

How to tell an adverb "выше" from an adjective "выше"? Is it an adjective or an adverb (or, perhaps, a preposition) in the following examples?: Джек выше других учеников в классе. Джек был ...
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
0 votes
1 answer
210 views

How do you determine when an adjective is a soft adjective when the ending is not ний

From the limited available resources online, i was able to determine at first that soft adjectives is just with the stem ending ний as explained on these websites (http://masterrussian.com/aa040801a....
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

Разница между "сильный", "острый" и "резкий" (запах)

Тему прилагательных описывающих запахи и звуки в русском языке можно обсуждать бесконечно. Я сужу вопрос до трёх прилагательных: Сильный (запах) Острый (запах) Резкий (запах) Одно ли это и тоже, или ...
6 votes
3 answers
372 views

Are there any adjectives ending in -фый/-фий/-фой?

Are there any Russian adjectives, whether they end in -ый, -ий, or -ой, whose final consonant is ф? (I.e. -фый, -фий, -фой)
4 votes
2 answers
191 views

Is "51-летний" correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
3 votes
2 answers
155 views

Why is the negated adjective written separately here?

I am struggling to see the distinction despite a native trying to explain it to me. Consider the following example: – Игорь, Гарик, вы продолжаете работать на поиске вампирши. – Шеф будто от- несся к ...
2 votes
2 answers
213 views

Which one is grammatically correct, “в Южную Корею” or “в Южная Корею”?

I had been thinking “в Южную Корею” is the right way before I heard “в Южная Корею” in a movie and after searching I found both ways abound in examples. UPDATE: It was a Japanese movie, 君よ憤怒の河を渉れ, ...
0 votes
3 answers
150 views

римановое многообразие or риманово многообразие?

In mathematics the technical term Riemann manifold (or Riemannian manifold) denotes a type of space investigated by the nineteenth century German mathematician Bernhard Riemann. The corresponding ...
8 votes
6 answers
360 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
16 votes
3 answers
572 views

Does "был крутой" means the same as "был крутым"?

I'm reading Незнайка в солнечном городе and just encountered something I cannot properly make sense of: Подъем был такой крутой, что ... Obviously, подъем (= climb, rise, ascent, etc.) is a male ...
5 votes
1 answer
170 views

Why "самый лучший" instead of "лучший"?

Она далеко не самая лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. vs: Она далеко не лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. The phrasing "самая лучшая" pulled me up short because... Doesn't it sound like &...
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Use of the instrumental case with adjectives in the past tense

Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Например: Я был на конференции, которая была очень интенсивной. Why not интенсивная?
3 votes
2 answers
126 views

Adjectives in -ья, -ье

I was doubtful when I saw the words коровье молоко and козье молоко. Then I checked an electronic dictionary (Толковый словарь русского языка for Mac), and there -ья/-ье where referred as the ...
7 votes
2 answers
177 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
3 votes
4 answers
114 views

"важные для него события": Is it common to use a phrase like "для него" as part of piled-up attributive adjectives?

вспоминать важные для него события {vs}: вспоминать важные события I'm assuming the prepositional phrase "для него", coupled with "важные", attributively modifies the noun "...
4 votes
3 answers
289 views

I am confused by the difference between the word for a language and the word for a people who speak that language [duplicate]

The word for a Russian is Русский. The word for the Russian language is по-русский or русский язык (i.e. they are the same). So you could say я Русский. However the word for an Englishman is ...
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Declension of proper name adjectives? [closed]

Is there a table or list of rules on how to write the proper name (possessive?) adjective of a word, based on case as well? For example, Пашины родители Пашиным родителям Пашиной матери Юрины ...
2 votes
2 answers
677 views

старший или старый а молодой или младший

I asked these together because it didn't make sense (to me) to have two separate, but very related, questions... I have some trouble with two sets of words (in the title). My two sources are https://...
2 votes
1 answer
191 views

How does adjectival nominalisation work in Russian?

отрицать очевидное = deny the obvious In German, for instance, an adjective can perform the function of a noun by taking the form of: definitite article + adjective in neutral gender (with a ...
5 votes
4 answers
215 views

"Я один кто не знал, что вариантов у итогового теста два?"

вариантов или варианта? Или можно использовать обе вариации? Нужна ли запятая перед что? Можно ли использовать один, или грамматически верно использовать только единственный? Нужна ли запятая перед ...
9 votes
2 answers
289 views

How can one figure out if there is an implicit noun for a noun that declines like an adjective, and if so, what it is?

Certain nouns that decline like adjectives are adjectival nouns where it is standard to suppress the noun, e.g. ванная is short for ванная комната, and it is not too hard to guess what the implicit ...
13 votes
3 answers
693 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...