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Questions tagged [прилагательные]

Questions about adjectives, their short and full forms, derivation, spelling, meaning and usage.

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What is скорбну from a grammatical viewpoint?

In Сонет by Pushkin, we have this verse: Им скорбну мысль Камоэнс облекал Why do we have скорбну and not скобную? I don't understand what скорбну is from a grammatical viewpoint.
Bruno's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
710 views

Is it true that Russian adjectives always denote a constant quality while participles, temporary?

It is indeed true that distinguishing between Russian adjectives and participles can be very hard. E.g. "жареный картофель" — an adjective; "жаренный с грибами картофель" — a ...
Alexander's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

What's the purpose of своё in this sentence?

Here's a sentence from my book: Покрытые злобными колючками ежевичные плети изгибались над отжившими своё зарослями папоротника. Why is своё in this sentence and why does it have this specific ...
Colossians's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
108 views

Rules for dash between subject and predicate when the predicate is an adjective

I'm a native Russian speaker, but I'm a little ashamed that I don't quite know the rules for when I need to use a dash. Let's consider a very simple sentence: Маша (—) умная и красивая. Do we need a ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,287
1 vote
1 answer
164 views

Understanding the different meanings of 'снисходительный'

I was hoping somebody could help me understand the connection (or lack thereof) between the two translations I have seen of the adjective 'снисходительный' on Wiktionary, respectively 1.'indulgent' or ...
Will C's user avatar
  • 13
0 votes
1 answer
170 views

Отглагольное прилагательное или причастие, сколько Н в суффиксе, слитно или раздельно с НЕ?

Дано словосочетание: давно н(..)краше..ые стены. Это причастие или отглагольное прилагательное, сколько Н в суффиксе, слитно или раздельно пишется с НЕ? Правильно ли я напишу: давно некрашеные стены (...
A.V.'s user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
82 views

How would you write the word несватаная/несватанная/не сватаная/не сватанная?

There is a Russian song by a female pop band called "Fabrika". The song itself is called "Не виноватая я". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zevEK3UhnQw The refrain contains the word ...
Alexander's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
249 views

How can I figure out if an adjective is hard or soft without seeing its ending?

I can't determine whether the adjective is hard or soft without seeing its ending. I need to be able to tell if the adjective is hard or soft without seeing its ending. What I mean is, how can I tell ...
OMAR's user avatar
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7 votes
5 answers
477 views

What is the best Russian equivalent for "savory"?

One of the words English uses to describe food is this word called "savory": From dictionary to dictionary, the definitions found are something like this: pleasing to the taste or smell; ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
224 views

What does "дл. тонны" mean?

From Russian Wikipedia on the Fletcher-Class Destroyers, it says, Двигательная установка компоновочно повторяла тип «Гливз» — была высокотемпературной установкой среднего (43 Атм.) давления, которая ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 551
2 votes
3 answers
226 views

What is the difference between "истинная любовь" and "настоящая любовь"?

I didn't plan it like this, but clearly, this one is just in time for Valentine's Day. Because Russian doesn't have articles, I often try to find a good adjective-noun combo so that I can better ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
6 votes
2 answers
210 views

Мне нужна еда // Мне нужно больше еды

Sorry to ask this question in English but my Russian isn't good enough yet to write about grammar. Please consider the following sentences: Мне нужна еда. Мне нужно больше еды. I don't understand ...
Louis Favier's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
92 views

Не(двуличен) своим поведением

Задумалась мне задумка одна - как ведёт себя краткое прилагательное с частицей "не", слитно или раздельно, когда есть подозреваемый на "зависимое слово". Не убивший выстрелом ...
Michael Azarenko's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
370 views

Doubts about "бы ни" meaning "No matter what/ how much/ etc."

I know some Russian constructions which translate the English expressions "Whatever... [sth]", "Wherever... [swh]", "No matter how much... [things]". Those constructions ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
1 vote
2 answers
120 views

Крово- и слёзопролитная война

Как я должен говорить и писать: Это была крово- и слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война Это была крово-и-слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война
Michael Azarenko's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
359 views

In terms of meaning and usage, what is the difference between "маленький" and "малый" when they mean "small"?

Here are some examples I found in Izvestia: маленький ... маленький по размеру гранатомет в мире ... ... the smallest grenade launcher in the world ... ... 25 руб. за маленький стаканчик ... ... 25 ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
3 votes
3 answers
192 views

Should I use the близкий as an adjective or an adverb?

For example, which is correct: Плохие люди уже близко! or Плохие люди уже близки! Also, would be helpful to understand the logic behind the adverb being used (if using the adverb is correct, that is.)
Phoenix's user avatar
  • 83
7 votes
1 answer
261 views

What is хлеще the comparative of?

I read the following comment online: Не сомневаюсь, что и вы умеете выражаться, да ещё похлеще, думаю. From the context, I gather that it means I have no doubt that you know how to go off on someone ...
CocoPop's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
229 views

Short- or long-form adjective?

At first I thought short-form adjectives were quite easy after seeing how they are formed. But when to use them turned out to be more complex. Here I have 5 sentences that made me confuse since they ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 420
0 votes
0 answers
57 views

Adjectives after "to be" [duplicate]

How should adjectives be formed after the verb быть? Он был богат/богатый/богатым. Фильм будет интересен/интересный/интересным. Он богат/богатый.
Steve's user avatar
  • 420
1 vote
2 answers
161 views

lack of adjective..... past passive participle? yet its use doesn't fit this first link

First of all, the 'first link' I mention in the title is this: How to tell a participle from an adjective? and despite being 5 years old (irrelevant), it is the closest I could find to helping with ...
nate's user avatar
  • 1,299
2 votes
4 answers
208 views

Qualifying опыт: when to use "много", when "большой"?

Two examples from Duolingo: У этого автора большой опыт. У бабушки много опыта. Why do I have to use большой in one case, but много in the other, when I want to express "a lot of experience"? How ...
Alexander Klauer's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
397 views

"выше" - adverb or an adjective?

How to tell an adverb "выше" from an adjective "выше"? Is it an adjective or an adverb (or, perhaps, a preposition) in the following examples?: Джек выше других учеников в классе. Джек был ...
brilliant's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
210 views

How do you determine when an adjective is a soft adjective when the ending is not ний

From the limited available resources online, i was able to determine at first that soft adjectives is just with the stem ending ний as explained on these websites (http://masterrussian.com/aa040801a....
Almonds812's user avatar
  • 1,053
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
Dmitry Ilukhin's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
190 views

Is "51-летний" correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 5,752
3 votes
2 answers
155 views

Why is the negated adjective written separately here?

I am struggling to see the distinction despite a native trying to explain it to me. Consider the following example: – Игорь, Гарик, вы продолжаете работать на поиске вампирши. – Шеф будто от- несся к ...
MrVocabulary's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
213 views

Which one is grammatically correct, “в Южную Корею” or “в Южная Корею”?

I had been thinking “в Южную Корею” is the right way before I heard “в Южная Корею” in a movie and after searching I found both ways abound in examples. UPDATE: It was a Japanese movie, 君よ憤怒の河を渉れ, ...
Syzygy Yuan's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
150 views

римановое многообразие or риманово многообразие?

In mathematics the technical term Riemann manifold (or Riemannian manifold) denotes a type of space investigated by the nineteenth century German mathematician Bernhard Riemann. The corresponding ...
Georges Elencwajg's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
170 views

Why "самый лучший" instead of "лучший"?

Она далеко не самая лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. vs: Она далеко не лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. The phrasing "самая лучшая" pulled me up short because... Doesn't it sound like &...
Con-gras-tue-les-chiens's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
126 views

Adjectives in -ья, -ье

I was doubtful when I saw the words коровье молоко and козье молоко. Then I checked an electronic dictionary (Толковый словарь русского языка for Mac), and there -ья/-ье where referred as the ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
2 answers
177 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
3 votes
4 answers
114 views

"важные для него события": Is it common to use a phrase like "для него" as part of piled-up attributive adjectives?

вспоминать важные для него события {vs}: вспоминать важные события I'm assuming the prepositional phrase "для него", coupled with "важные", attributively modifies the noun "...
Con-gras-tue-les-chiens's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
289 views

I am confused by the difference between the word for a language and the word for a people who speak that language [duplicate]

The word for a Russian is Русский. The word for the Russian language is по-русский or русский язык (i.e. they are the same). So you could say я Русский. However the word for an Englishman is ...
Bob Daley's user avatar
  • 893
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Declension of proper name adjectives? [closed]

Is there a table or list of rules on how to write the proper name (possessive?) adjective of a word, based on case as well? For example, Пашины родители Пашиным родителям Пашиной матери Юрины ...
ManRow's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
2 answers
670 views

старший или старый а молодой или младший

I asked these together because it didn't make sense (to me) to have two separate, but very related, questions... I have some trouble with two sets of words (in the title). My two sources are https://...
nate's user avatar
  • 1,299
2 votes
1 answer
190 views

How does adjectival nominalisation work in Russian?

отрицать очевидное = deny the obvious In German, for instance, an adjective can perform the function of a noun by taking the form of: definitite article + adjective in neutral gender (with a ...
Con-gras-tue-les-chiens's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
359 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
user1438038's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
214 views

"Я один кто не знал, что вариантов у итогового теста два?"

вариантов или варианта? Или можно использовать обе вариации? Нужна ли запятая перед что? Можно ли использовать один, или грамматически верно использовать только единственный? Нужна ли запятая перед ...
Ramid's user avatar
  • 153
4 votes
2 answers
366 views

"Толстой" and "толстый"

Can one explain why the adjective толстый appears in the name of the famous writer as Толстой, i e with a different ending?
Martin Peters's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
665 views

What is the difference between "занятый" and "занятой"?

I recently came upon the following: Он занят. As I usually do when I come across a verb I'm not familiar with, I look it up to find out what the infinitive for it is. I usually use Wiktionary and ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
9 votes
3 answers
226 views

"Действующий и будущий регуляторы" - why not "действующие и будущие"?

Действующий и будущий регуляторы отрасли — Минфин и ЦБ — согласовали проект реформы аудита в России. This is from an article from kommersant.ru, why are the adjectives at the start in nominal ...
Yap ZhiHon's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
586 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
13 votes
3 answers
692 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
1 vote
0 answers
539 views

Changing nouns into adjectives [closed]

How can I change nouns into adjectives? Ветер → Ветреный
SolacunaRT's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
189 views

Productivity of short adjectives derived from those of -ний type

For most adjectives, a basic ground form to derive the rest in a paradigm seems to be that of Masculine Singular and they therefore can be divided into -ый, -ой and -ий-types. Historically and ...
Manjusri's user avatar
  • 4,482
8 votes
1 answer
348 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
5 answers
293 views

Why is the adjective "главное" in neuter gender?

Why is the adjective "главный" in neuter gender in the following sentence? метод and результат are masculine. главное не метод, а результат.
xpr34's user avatar
  • 729
6 votes
2 answers
4k views

Forming Russian nouns from verbs

I've noticed a couple of patterns in regards to forming nouns from verbs. 1) Removing the -ть from verbs ending in -бить/быть, -вить, чать and -ять and adding -тие (for example: разбить --> разбитие,...
Dylan Heard's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
250 views

What is the grammatical difference between "валютный курс" and "курс доллара"?

what is the grammatical difference between валютный курс and курс доллара in the following sentences: 1) я хочу узнать валютный курс. (here, валютный is adjective and курс is a masculine noun) 2) я ...
xpr34's user avatar
  • 729