Questions tagged [прилагательные]

Questions about adjectives, their short and full forms, derivation, spelling, meaning and usage.

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1
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1answer
177 views

What does "дл. тонны" mean?

From Russian Wikipedia on the Fletcher-Class Destroyers, it says, Двигательная установка компоновочно повторяла тип «Гливз» — была высокотемпературной установкой среднего (43 Атм.) давления, которая ...
2
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3answers
171 views

What is the difference between "истинная любовь" and "настоящая любовь"?

I didn't plan it like this, but clearly, this one is just in time for Valentine's Day. Because Russian doesn't have articles, I often try to find a good adjective-noun combo so that I can better ...
6
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2answers
180 views

Мне нужна еда // Мне нужно больше еды

Sorry to ask this question in English but my Russian isn't good enough yet to write about grammar. Please consider the following sentences: Мне нужна еда. Мне нужно больше еды. I don't understand ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Не(двуличен) своим поведением

Задумалась мне задумка одна - как ведёт себя краткое прилагательное с частицей "не", слитно или раздельно, когда есть подозреваемый на "зависимое слово". Не убивший выстрелом ...
0
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1answer
142 views

Doubts about "бы ни" meaning "No matter what/ how much/ etc."

I know some Russian constructions which translate the English expressions "Whatever... [sth]", "Wherever... [swh]", "No matter how much... [things]". Those constructions ...
1
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2answers
108 views

Крово- и слёзопролитная война

Как я должен говорить и писать: Это была крово- и слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война Это была крово-и-слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война
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3answers
204 views

In terms of meaning and usage, what is the difference between "маленький" and "малый" when they mean "small"?

Here are some examples I found in Izvestia: маленький ... маленький по размеру гранатомет в мире ... ... the smallest grenade launcher in the world ... ... 25 руб. за маленький стаканчик ... ... 25 ...
3
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3answers
177 views

Should I use the близкий as an adjective or an adverb?

For example, which is correct: Плохие люди уже близко! or Плохие люди уже близки! Also, would be helpful to understand the logic behind the adverb being used (if using the adverb is correct, that is.)
7
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1answer
202 views

What is хлеще the comparative of?

I read the following comment online: Не сомневаюсь, что и вы умеете выражаться, да ещё похлеще, думаю. From the context, I gather that it means I have no doubt that you know how to go off on someone ...
2
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1answer
173 views

Short- or long-form adjective?

At first I thought short-form adjectives were quite easy after seeing how they are formed. But when to use them turned out to be more complex. Here I have 5 sentences that made me confuse since they ...
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0answers
56 views

Adjectives after "to be" [duplicate]

How should adjectives be formed after the verb быть? Он был богат/богатый/богатым. Фильм будет интересен/интересный/интересным. Он богат/богатый.
1
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2answers
137 views

lack of adjective..... past passive participle? yet its use doesn't fit this first link

First of all, the 'first link' I mention in the title is this: How to tell a participle from an adjective? and despite being 5 years old (irrelevant), it is the closest I could find to helping with ...
2
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4answers
167 views

Qualifying опыт: when to use "много", when "большой"?

Two examples from Duolingo: У этого автора большой опыт. У бабушки много опыта. Why do I have to use большой in one case, but много in the other, when I want to express "a lot of experience"? How ...
5
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2answers
382 views

"выше" - adverb or an adjective?

How to tell an adverb "выше" from an adjective "выше"? Is it an adjective or an adverb (or, perhaps, a preposition) in the following examples?: Джек выше других учеников в классе. Джек был ...
0
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1answer
141 views

How do you determine when an adjective is a soft adjective when the ending is not ний

From the limited available resources online, i was able to determine at first that soft adjectives is just with the stem ending ний as explained on these websites (http://masterrussian.com/aa040801a....
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2answers
2k views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
4
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2answers
169 views

Is "51-летний" correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
3
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2answers
146 views

Why is the negated adjective written separately here?

I am struggling to see the distinction despite a native trying to explain it to me. Consider the following example: – Игорь, Гарик, вы продолжаете работать на поиске вампирши. – Шеф будто от- несся к ...
2
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2answers
205 views

Which one is grammatically correct, “в Южную Корею” or “в Южная Корею”?

I had been thinking “в Южную Корею” is the right way before I heard “в Южная Корею” in a movie and after searching I found both ways abound in examples. UPDATE: It was a Japanese movie, 君よ憤怒の河を渉れ, ...
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3answers
141 views

римановое многообразие or риманово многообразие?

In mathematics the technical term Riemann manifold (or Riemannian manifold) denotes a type of space investigated by the nineteenth century German mathematician Bernhard Riemann. The corresponding ...
5
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1answer
146 views

Why "самый лучший" instead of "лучший"?

Она далеко не самая лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. vs: Она далеко не лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. The phrasing "самая лучшая" pulled me up short because... Doesn't it sound like &...
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2answers
109 views

Adjectives in -ья, -ье

I was doubtful when I saw the words коровье молоко and козье молоко. Then I checked an electronic dictionary (Толковый словарь русского языка for Mac), and there -ья/-ье where referred as the ...
7
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2answers
164 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
3
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4answers
113 views

"важные для него события": Is it common to use a phrase like "для него" as part of piled-up attributive adjectives?

вспоминать важные для него события {vs}: вспоминать важные события I'm assuming the prepositional phrase "для него", coupled with "важные", attributively modifies the noun "...
3
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3answers
255 views

I am confused by the difference between the word for a language and the word for a people who speak that language [duplicate]

The word for a Russian is Русский. The word for the Russian language is по-русский or русский язык (i.e. they are the same). So you could say я Русский. However the word for an Englishman is ...
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0answers
32 views

Declension of proper name adjectives? [closed]

Is there a table or list of rules on how to write the proper name (possessive?) adjective of a word, based on case as well? For example, Пашины родители Пашиным родителям Пашиной матери Юрины ...
2
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2answers
512 views

старший или старый а молодой или младший

I asked these together because it didn't make sense (to me) to have two separate, but very related, questions... I have some trouble with two sets of words (in the title). My two sources are https://...
2
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1answer
159 views

How does adjectival nominalisation work in Russian?

отрицать очевидное = deny the obvious In German, for instance, an adjective can perform the function of a noun by taking the form of: definitite article + adjective in neutral gender (with a ...
8
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6answers
293 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
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4answers
202 views

"Я один кто не знал, что вариантов у итогового теста два?"

вариантов или варианта? Или можно использовать обе вариации? Нужна ли запятая перед что? Можно ли использовать один, или грамматически верно использовать только единственный? Нужна ли запятая перед ...
4
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2answers
322 views

"Толстой" and "толстый"

Can one explain why the adjective толстый appears in the name of the famous writer as Толстой, i e with a different ending?
7
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2answers
515 views

What is the difference between "занятый" and "занятой"?

I recently came upon the following: Он занят. As I usually do when I come across a verb I'm not familiar with, I look it up to find out what the infinitive for it is. I usually use Wiktionary and ...
9
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3answers
218 views

"Действующий и будущий регуляторы" - why not "действующие и будущие"?

Действующий и будущий регуляторы отрасли — Минфин и ЦБ — согласовали проект реформы аудита в России. This is from an article from kommersant.ru, why are the adjectives at the start in nominal ...
4
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1answer
444 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
12
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3answers
543 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
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0answers
347 views

Changing nouns into adjectives [closed]

How can I change nouns into adjectives? Ветер → Ветреный
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3answers
182 views

Productivity of short adjectives derived from those of -ний type

For most adjectives, a basic ground form to derive the rest in a paradigm seems to be that of Masculine Singular and they therefore can be divided into -ый, -ой and -ий-types. Historically and ...
8
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1answer
252 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
7
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5answers
270 views

Why is the adjective "главное" in neuter gender?

Why is the adjective "главный" in neuter gender in the following sentence? метод and результат are masculine. главное не метод, а результат.
6
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2answers
3k views

Forming Russian nouns from verbs

I've noticed a couple of patterns in regards to forming nouns from verbs. 1) Removing the -ть from verbs ending in -бить/быть, -вить, чать and -ять and adding -тие (for example: разбить --> разбитие,...
3
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2answers
237 views

What is the grammatical difference between "валютный курс" and "курс доллара"?

what is the grammatical difference between валютный курс and курс доллара in the following sentences: 1) я хочу узнать валютный курс. (here, валютный is adjective and курс is a masculine noun) 2) я ...
6
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4answers
646 views

Difference between "провокационный" and "провокативный"

The dictionaries list provocative in both cases... I'm wondering if there's any difference.
6
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2answers
141 views

what are these endings: -о and ие?

I couldn't understand the suffixes(endings) of the words written in bold in the following sentence. э́то мои́ но́вые Англо-ру́сские словари́.
3
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1answer
143 views

Множественные прилагательные перед существительным

Скажите, пожалуйста, как лучше использовать и распределять множественные прилагательные перед существительным. Не создают ли обманчивые образы, когда неправильно применяются? И как правильно их писать?...
3
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3answers
228 views

Прилагательное или краткое прилагательное?

Скажите пожалуйста знатоки, чем отличается употребление краткого прилагательного заместо прилагательного? Эти книги очень интересны и популярны среди читателей. Эти книги очень интересные и ...
4
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3answers
312 views

Как понять, какой смысл у слова «преданный»?

ты меня предал, теперь я преданный я верю тебе, я преданный В виду этого, что означает фраза «преданный последователь»?
9
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2answers
2k views

when to use the short form of an adjective?

I've noticed in more than an occasion that the short form of adjective is used in places where I would use the normal (long) form typically for example: I was listening to a song in Russian is which ...
7
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3answers
197 views

Regarding the adjective "Христов"

The adjective Христов looks quite unique to a learner such as myself. I can't think of any others that look like it; meaning it lacks the characteristic -ый/ий/ой endings (and their inflected forms) I'...
7
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4answers
3k views

Наречие или краткая форма

Вопрос для самых педантичных: "Это хорошо. Это плохо." Хорошо и плохо здесь неречия, да? "Какая из машин тебе нравится? - Эта хороша." Здесь хороша - краткая форма прилагательного. Как можно с ...
1
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0answers
154 views

Can't understand the Genitive Case in Russian [closed]

I can`t exactly wrap my head about the “-ого” ending in a word for example “русского”. When do we add it? And how is it used?