Questions tagged [прилагательные]

Questions about adjectives, their short and full forms, derivation, spelling, meaning and usage.

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27
votes
9answers
2k views

Equivalent adjective of 'thirsty' in Russian

When you're hungry, you say Я голоден. When you're thirsty you say Мне хочется пить. Is there an adjective in Russian that means thirsty? Perhaps derived from жажда (thirst)? Has there ever ...
25
votes
8answers
3k views

How are short and long form adjectives used differently?

I'm confused by long form adjectives (which seem to be more common) and short form adjectives. For example, from свобода (freedom) there is the long form adjective свободный and the short form ...
24
votes
3answers
343 views

What is the order of adjectival premodifiers?

What are the syntactic and semantic constraints on the order of adjectival premodifiers in Russian? In English, linguists and nonspecialist users of language alike generally agree that the order of ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are United Nations and United Arab Emirates translated as "Объединённые", but United States as "Соединённые"?

Are there two different ways to be "United", or is one simply the more modern usage while the other was used historically in previous centuries?
16
votes
3answers
486 views

Does "был крутой" means the same as "был крутым"?

I'm reading Незнайка в солнечном городе and just encountered something I cannot properly make sense of: Подъем был такой крутой, что ... Obviously, подъем (= climb, rise, ascent, etc.) is a male ...
12
votes
3answers
214 views

"Какая рогастая, глазатая, ушатая корова!" — or the morphological domains of "-ст-" vs. simply "-т-"

Perhaps you've noticed this before (every non-native speaker certainly has): носатый волосатый рогатый усатый хвостатый полосатый but: губастый мордастый рукастый ...
12
votes
2answers
310 views

What implicit noun does запятая modify?

Although запятая is a noun, its endings make it look like an adjective, so I presume that there is some implicit noun that запятая is modifying without ever being explicitly used (similar to столовая =...
12
votes
3answers
543 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

'Too expensive' in Russian

If I wanted to say the phrase 'too expensive' in Russian. The word for 'too' is слишком. And the word for 'expensive' is 'дорогая'. Then why (according to google translate which I'm assuming is ...
11
votes
4answers
718 views

Why Russians use adjective when speaking about their nation and nouns for the rest of the world?

how come that russian (русский) in context of ethnic group is adjective, but all(?) other ethic groups are called using nouns, американец, серб, эстонец, латыш, казах ... Are there similar examples in ...
9
votes
3answers
218 views

"Действующий и будущий регуляторы" - why not "действующие и будущие"?

Действующий и будущий регуляторы отрасли — Минфин и ЦБ — согласовали проект реформы аудита в России. This is from an article from kommersant.ru, why are the adjectives at the start in nominal ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

when to use the short form of an adjective?

I've noticed in more than an occasion that the short form of adjective is used in places where I would use the normal (long) form typically for example: I was listening to a song in Russian is which ...
9
votes
2answers
330 views

n-th: как написать/произнести?

If I want to write the word "n-th" (as in n-th solution, n-th derivative,...), is it more conventional to write n-ый/n-ая/n-ое or n-й/n-я/n-е, or are both styles equally common? In terms of ...
9
votes
2answers
264 views

How can one figure out if there is an implicit noun for a noun that declines like an adjective, and if so, what it is?

Certain nouns that decline like adjectives are adjectival nouns where it is standard to suppress the noun, e.g. ванная is short for ванная комната, and it is not too hard to guess what the implicit ...
8
votes
2answers
286 views

What does the adjectival ending -енький mean?

It seems dictionaries rarely offer definitions for adjectives that have the suffix -енький. There are a few (for instance: маленький; хорошенький), but by Googling many more show up (for instance: ...
8
votes
1answer
252 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
8
votes
6answers
293 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
8
votes
1answer
441 views

How to decline adjectives modifying feminine nouns after 2, 3, 4?

In the nominative case, if we are counting something of size 2, 3, or 4 then the object being counted is in the genitive singular case, e.g., три треугольника. If we have an adjective involved, then ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

"Красная" Площадь

It seems to be relatively common knowledge that the name "Красная Площадь," while translated in English as "Red Square," does not actually mean "Red Square" in Russian, but rather "Beautiful Square." ...
7
votes
5answers
270 views

Why is the adjective "главное" in neuter gender?

Why is the adjective "главный" in neuter gender in the following sentence? метод and результат are masculine. главное не метод, а результат.
7
votes
3answers
197 views

Regarding the adjective "Христов"

The adjective Христов looks quite unique to a learner such as myself. I can't think of any others that look like it; meaning it lacks the characteristic -ый/ий/ой endings (and their inflected forms) I'...
7
votes
2answers
512 views

What is the difference between "занятый" and "занятой"?

I recently came upon the following: Он занят. As I usually do when I come across a verb I'm not familiar with, I look it up to find out what the infinitive for it is. I usually use Wiktionary and ...
7
votes
2answers
207 views

«stream cipher» — «потоковый шифр» или «поточный»?

I would probably translate «stream cipher» as «потоковый шифр», от слова «поток», но на wikipedia статья почему-то называется «поточный шифр», хотя в содержании часто встречается словосочетание «...
7
votes
1answer
202 views

What is хлеще the comparative of?

I read the following comment online: Не сомневаюсь, что и вы умеете выражаться, да ещё похлеще, думаю. From the context, I gather that it means I have no doubt that you know how to go off on someone ...
7
votes
1answer
276 views

"занял целые 5 лет" or "занял целыx 5 лет"?

What's the right way of saying "Этот процесс занял целые пять лет" or "Этот процесс занял целыx пять лет". I guess it's accusative inanimate, so it should be целые, am I correct?
7
votes
2answers
164 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

"Каков" and "какой"

Can someone clarify for me the proper usage of каков compared to какой, particularly situations where you consider каков to be the only option that is allowed? I have seen какой a lot, but about the ...
7
votes
4answers
629 views

When did Красная Площадь begin to shift from Beautiful to Red?

I suppose this one will be tough, or actually impossible, to crack by looking at Russian in isolation — there is no way to know what writers at what point had which meaning in mind, short of ...
7
votes
2answers
122 views

Do quantification adjectives have any effect on metonymy?

Are the following phrases equally acceptable? a. Он взял автобус в заложники. b. Он взял весь автобус в заложники. a. Он съел тарелку. b. Он съел всю тарелку. a. Он договорился с домом. ...
7
votes
2answers
225 views

quadratic things

Does the phrase "quadratic formula" (the formula for the solutions of ax2 + bx + c = 0 [EDIT: I mean the famous formula with the square root of b2-4ac as part of the numerator]) not really get ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Наречие или краткая форма

Вопрос для самых педантичных: "Это хорошо. Это плохо." Хорошо и плохо здесь неречия, да? "Какая из машин тебе нравится? - Эта хороша." Здесь хороша - краткая форма прилагательного. Как можно с ...
6
votes
3answers
194 views

«годовая» экспедиция and "year" adjectives

In conjunction with the recent Союз ТМА-18М mission there have been references to the «годовая» экпедиция of Scott Kelly and Михаил Корниенко, who spent 340 days in space. My understanding of Russian ...
6
votes
4answers
644 views

Difference between "провокационный" and "провокативный"

The dictionaries list provocative in both cases... I'm wondering if there's any difference.
6
votes
4answers
607 views

Questions about the Russian old children's song "Каравай"

I hope someone would kindly answer the following questions. In this song, there are the words "нижины (=низины)" and "ужины (=узины)" that are not found in ordinary dictionaries. Why is -жи- used ...
6
votes
2answers
141 views

what are these endings: -о and ие?

I couldn't understand the suffixes(endings) of the words written in bold in the following sentence. э́то мои́ но́вые Англо-ру́сские словари́.
6
votes
2answers
906 views

Use of the instrumental case with adjectives in the past tense

Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Например: Я был на конференции, которая была очень интенсивной. Why not интенсивная?
6
votes
1answer
763 views

Request for the correct spelling of "beautiful" and "wonderful"

In my last holiday I met a lot of Russian people and they taught me a couple of Russian sentences, but only the pronunciation. Afterwards I tried to figure out how they are written, but I failed for ...
6
votes
3answers
301 views

Are there any adjectives ending in -фый/-фий/-фой?

Are there any Russian adjectives, whether they end in -ый, -ий, or -ой, whose final consonant is ф? (I.e. -фый, -фий, -фой)
6
votes
2answers
180 views

Мне нужна еда // Мне нужно больше еды

Sorry to ask this question in English but my Russian isn't good enough yet to write about grammar. Please consider the following sentences: Мне нужна еда. Мне нужно больше еды. I don't understand ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Forming Russian nouns from verbs

I've noticed a couple of patterns in regards to forming nouns from verbs. 1) Removing the -ть from verbs ending in -бить/быть, -вить, чать and -ять and adding -тие (for example: разбить --> разбитие,...
5
votes
3answers
299 views

Suffix "-но" on adjective? "ошеломленно"

I have the word ошеломленный on a text I am reading, but it is written as ошеломленно. I cannot understand what is happening with this adjective's suffix? I have looked at all the charts and "но" ...
5
votes
5answers
343 views

Is "склизкий" still alive and doing well?

When I was a child in a Russian school, склизкий was sort of the textbook example of a dialectal variation. We always found it very peculiar. Dal gives this: СКОЛЬЗИТЬ, скользнуть, скалзывать; или ...
5
votes
4answers
201 views

"Я один кто не знал, что вариантов у итогового теста два?"

вариантов или варианта? Или можно использовать обе вариации? Нужна ли запятая перед что? Можно ли использовать один, или грамматически верно использовать только единственный? Нужна ли запятая перед ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

"Крыса была примечательная" or "примечательна"?

У неё была одна странность: она дружила с крысой. Крыса была примечательная, жила неизвестно где и приходила на зов. Почему здесь нет краткой формы прилагательного, т.е. примечательна? Это ведь (...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Russian Quality Adjective Ladder

There is an article "Choosing Natural Adjective Ladders" about ordered list of English adjectives describing quality, from Phenomenal to Abysmal. The list was received by survey. Does a similar ...
5
votes
2answers
168 views

What is the difference in usage between "ветвление" and "разветвление"?

The word ветвление (branching, ramification) appears to be a purely technical synonym for разветвление. I can find разветвление in ordinary dictionaries, but ветвление is not there, although it is ...
5
votes
2answers
382 views

"выше" - adverb or an adjective?

How to tell an adverb "выше" from an adjective "выше"? Is it an adjective or an adverb (or, perhaps, a preposition) in the following examples?: Джек выше других учеников в классе. Джек был ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Why "самый лучший" instead of "лучший"?

Она далеко не самая лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. vs: Она далеко не лучшая кандидатура на такую роль. The phrasing "самая лучшая" pulled me up short because... Doesn't it sound like &...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Как образовывать прилагательные с суффиксами -н- и -ов-?

Как можно объяснить иностранному студенту, для каких прилагательных надо использовать суффикс -ов-/-ев-, а в каких случаях суффикс -н-? Например, есть прилагательные "яблочный", "молочный" и "тучный",...
5
votes
1answer
24k views

"Нечищеный" или "нечищенный"

Согласно информации о правописании бесприставочных прилагательных и причастий с -н- и -нн-, которую я нашел в Интернете, прилагательные должны писаться с -н-, а причастия - с -нн-. Например, чищеный ...