Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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2answers
158 views

Pronunciation of “поздно” (late)

The word поздно (late) is pronounced as [ˈpoznə]. So the д is not spoken. I do not understand why the д vanishes here in this case. Which grammar rule tells me this?
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1answer
171 views

Pronunciation of “подъезд” if it would be “подьезд”?

I came across the word подъезд [pɐdˈjest]. I am aware of the fact that there is a j added, as the e comes after the ъ. However, I wondered why it is a ъ and not a ь here. How would the word be ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Pronunciation and IPA transcription of “Нева”

I learned different grammar rules. Regarding vowels I learned the rule that there is an "j" added / vowels are spoken with a j if: in the beginning of a word (like яблоко [jáblaka]) after a ...
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1answer
142 views

Kaliningrad … may it be referred to as Kalinograd?

Kaliningrad is the Russian exclave sandwiched in between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic coast. Every time I think of it I find myself saying "Kalinograd" because in English usage ...
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4answers
140 views

How exactly do we pronounce soft vowels (е, ё, ю, я)

I do not understand the exact way of choosing between the following pronunciations : е : "yè" or "è" Ё: "yo" or "o" Я: "ya" or "a" Ю: "...
1
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1answer
303 views

How to pronounce “hard consonants” correctly?

In Russian, the consonants that are not soft (except к, г, х) are harder than in English. What makes them harder is that the back of the tongue is kept high and back. Another exception is "l"...
2
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2answers
146 views

Произношение слова «случай» - это принцип или исключение?

Произношение слова «случай» звучит как «случий». Если я бы знал как его написать, я бы написал «случий» или «случьяй», потому что знаю, что безударное «я» звучит как «и». Но безударное «а» звучит как «...
4
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2answers
274 views

Which one is correct: За нас/Про нас/Для нас

I find the use of ‘for’ in Russian a bit confusing as there are several possible options. So I’d like know the appropriate use of the following: За/Про/Для, with some examples of possible. Which one ...
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2answers
222 views

The pronunciation of а vowel followed by “я”?

I am a newbie using Memrise (memrise.com - a Russian language app) to build a vocabulary and my pronunciation, so please forgive me if this is a stupid question. Тhe word, бояться, is pronounced in ...
2
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2answers
304 views

Do Russians pronounce “Арбатская” and “Орбацкая” the same?

A Russian language exchange partner of mine boasted that unlike words in the English language, Russian words are spelt and pronounced basically the same. In response, I asked him about Арбатская and ...
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1answer
120 views

Pronunciation of е in different words

So from what I have learnt so far, нет is pronounced "nyet" and Привет is "privyet". But in телефон it is "telefon", why is е used in this case and not э and why is it ...
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3answers
555 views

What is Smerdyakov complaining about in the following passage of The Brothers Karamazov?

I'm reading The Brothers Karamazov in the standard French translation of the novel and Henri Mongault, the translator, mentions in one of his notes that he left out the following bit of dialogue (the ...
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2answers
233 views

How should the final “о” in “эхо” be pronounced?

In Wiktionary I see [ə] (in full: [ˈɛxə]), but what I hear in various samples is not fully a fully reduced schwa but something more like the semi-reduced pronunciation [ɐ] of <а> and <о>, or ...
5
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3answers
242 views

Pronunciation of цель (and stressed -е- as /e/ in general)

What is the proper pronunciation of цель? For context, my choir is working on a Russian piece, and the transliteration we have is inconsistent and unreliable. I have been reading through Russian ...
3
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2answers
416 views

Pronunciation of “дождь”

My dictionary (Большой универсальный словарь русского языка) indicates that дождь can be pronounced in two ways /doʂtʲ/ as it is written or /doɕ:/ as if it were written дощ. Does that hold true for ...
1
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1answer
338 views

Pronunciation of ж

According to my good old Russian learning textbooks, the sound ж in Russian is retroflex (/ʐ/), that is to say it should be pronounced with the tip of the tongue pushed against the palate. Now, in my ...
5
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1answer
588 views

How prevalent is the sound /ʑ:/ in Russian?

The sound /ʑ:/ is known as the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative and, roughly speaking, is the average of /z/ as in zebra and /ʒ/ as in vision. Russian speakers can understand /ʑ:/ as the ...
2
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2answers
192 views

Pronunciation of /a/ after soft consonant or /j/

According to the Russian phonology wiki (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_phonology) : The pronunciation of unstressed /o ~ a/ is as follows: (...) When a soft consonant or /j/ precedes, ...
1
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2answers
220 views

Homophones after vowel reduction

I tried to learn some Russian some 30 years ago and it's super rusty now but I'm trying to help my son who's taking it at school and is getting a bit discouraged by how daunting it is. While revising ...
5
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3answers
452 views

Why is the 'г' in “мягкий” pronounced like a 'х'?

According to these consonant assimilation rules, the letters г and к form a voiced/voiceless pair, and the final consonant in the cluster voices or devoices the preceding consonant. If these rules ...
12
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8answers
5k views

Why do Russians sometimes spell “жирный” (fatty) as “жырный”?

I noticed that Russians sometimes incorrectly spell жирный as жырный, even despite that the rule "spell жи and ши with и" is one of the most basic Russian orthography rules. I also see that ...
2
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0answers
46 views

How do I tell if a 'г' sounds like a 'g' or a 'v' [duplicate]

г normally sounds like a g, such as где. Sometimes though it can sound like a v, such as нового. How do I tell which one is the correct one?
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0answers
37 views

Pronunciation of существительное [duplicate]

In Google Translate, in the Wiktionary audio recording and in some Forvo audio recordings of the word "существительное", I am unable to hear the ending E (/iə/ in unstressed syllables like the last ...
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2answers
146 views

Pronunciation of unstressed ю ( /jʊ/ )

I have learned that an unstressed ю is pronounced /jʊ/. However, I cannot hear the /j/ in "Я читаю" (ref: Google Translate) as clearly as I hear in the English word "yes" (https://en.m.wiktionary.org/...
6
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2answers
814 views

Pronunciation of “солнце”

Why isn't the consonant л pronounced in "солнце" ( it is pronounced ['sont͡sə]] instead of [ˈsolnt͡sə] ) ? Is that a result of a pronunciation rule or is it an exception?
2
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3answers
341 views

Pronunciation of “мужчина”

Why is мужчи́на pronounced /mʊɕːˈinə/ instead of /mʊʂtɕˈinə/ ? I am already considering that ж is pronounced ш because it is voiced and it is followed by an unvoiced consonant (ч), also known as ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Pronunciation of кафе

Why the consonant "ф" in "кафе" is not soft (= palatalized), given that it is before the soft vowel "e"? Do loanwords usually break pronunciation rules?
2
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1answer
293 views

Pronunciation of /ʂ/, /ʐ/ and/ɕ/

I am trying to correctly pronounce ш (/ʂ/), ж (/ʐ/) and щ (/ɕɕ/), so I must learn the 3 related phonems: /ʂ/, /ʐ/ and /ɕ/. I am familiar with the phonems /ʃ/ and /ʒ/ from English and, as all these ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Can Russians naturally pronounce “попал в бесперспективняк”?

Let's suppose you are having a casual conversation with a friend and talking quickly and want to say, "Попал в бесперспективняк." Will you be able to pronounce this flawlessly and without changing the ...
11
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6answers
4k views

Russian pronunciation of /etc (a directory)

Abstracting from the fact that it is usually pronounced as in English, how /etc (https://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/etc-fs.html) should be pronounced in Russian? I was under the impression that, as it ...
0
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3answers
141 views

Is the word “вечер” pronounced like “ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr” even though the IPA for it is “ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr”?

Is the word "вечер" pronounced like "ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr" or "ˈvʲet͡ɕər" even though the IPA for it is "ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr"?
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2answers
93 views

What is the IPA for the Russian word “разные”?

Do you know what the IPA for the Russian word “разные” is?
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2answers
248 views

Why is the IPA for the Russian word “здание” is /ˈzdanʲɪje/ although people pronounce it like /ˈzdanʲɪjə/?

Why is the IPA for the Russian word "здание" is /ˈzdanʲɪje/ although people pronounce it like /ˈzdanʲɪjə/? Do Russians pronounce the IPA letter "e" like "ə" if it is at the end of the words?
2
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2answers
176 views

Pronunciation with the endings ие and ия

Example: эпидемия If you listen to everything on forvo.com and the voice they left on wiki they all sound like эпидемя like the й is not even there, is there a reduction rule for this? Even in the ...
1
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1answer
162 views

Difference of pronunciation between ɐ and ə

Due to the bad example they give in the table shown above i cannot tell the difference between the two. about and bud both sound exactly the same to me and to anyone i ask (i am a native in the u.s). ...
2
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2answers
109 views

Effect of palatalization on a consonant before и

I have been studying the different effects that happen to vowels when a preceding consonant becomes palatalized and i am having trouble figuring out the exact sound of и when there is a palatalized ...
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2answers
417 views

Why is the Russian informal phone greeting “алё” equivalent to the Turkish one?

I recently discovered that the Russian informal phone greeting, алё, precisely coincides with the Turkish one. When you hear "алё," you absolutely cannot tell whether it is a Russian or a Turk who is ...
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0answers
106 views

Why is по pronounced “po” but по русски is pronounced pa-ruski? Or am I saying one of them wrong? [duplicate]

Literally, the very first thing in Russian that I learned was the phrase "я не очень хорошо говорю по русски" so I know that по русски is pronounced pa ruski, but I was adding a pronunciation for the ...
3
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3answers
341 views

How to pronounce the unstressed е in прише́дшие?

Wikipedia says: ... /e/ has merged with /i/ (or /i/ and /ɨ/ if /ɨ/ is considered a phoneme): for instance, лиса́ (lisá) 'fox' and леса́ 'forests' are both pronounced /lʲiˈsa/, phonetically ...
3
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2answers
602 views

Two different pronunciation of “понял”

I just searched for phonetic of понял and found these: по́нял [пон’ил] поня́л [пан’ал] Please let me know that both are correct? and have same meaning as Got it!?
3
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1answer
395 views

Is there stress on two letters on the word стоят

i cannot figure out the pronunciation of this word стоят is it stOyat, Stoyit, stoYat, i am very confused i checked this website that annotates words but it shows two different one http://russiangram....
2
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2answers
418 views

Как правильно: сЕссия или сЭссия?

В интернете пишут, что оба варианта допустимы в речи. Хотелось бы узнать, какой из них официальнее с точки зрения орфографии? Спасибо!
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2answers
182 views

Произношение слова “аллилуйя”

Есть песня, в которой произносят слово "Аллилуйя" чуть непривычно, как будто писалось "аллэлуя". Вот такое произношение я до сих пор никогда не слышал. Возможно, что от влияния английского языка, у ...
3
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2answers
154 views

What's the pronunciation of “явью”

I got this a message from my friend with the following photo in which it says: " Новый год уже совсем близко... Пусть Новогодняя сказка станет явью, а все мечты исполнятся. As I understand it ...
4
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1answer
109 views

Vowel reduction of pretonic [о]

This is a two-part question; I hope that's allowable. I'm aware that an unstressed о is usually reduced, though there are some exceptions -- specifically in borrowed words, such as стерео or радио. ...
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1answer
77 views

Pronunciation in “духи” (perfume) and (spirits) [closed]

I went on wikipedia and i understood the stressed but i dont understand the sound of х in these words thank you
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1answer
84 views

Pronunciation of “нервный”

It is not proceeded by a vowel, why is it nyervный, i checked on ru wikipedia its nyervный I really still dont understand the rules of e[je] im so confused 😰😰😰😰
2
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1answer
115 views

Pronunciation of “жёлтый”

I thought that ё was always stressed, but in the word жёлтый its pronounced ZHOL-tiy, if this is right then when is ё unstressed? Is it because of palatalization? Thank you in advance 😇
2
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2answers
134 views

Rule of “е” after a vowel

The rule is "е" sounds like "ye" after a vowel, does the е[ye] have to be right in front of the vowel to sound like [ye] or can it be anywhere behind "e" throughout the word?
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1answer
109 views

Pronunciation of зелёный

I have listened to it about a thousand times and i still cannot get it , зелёный Is it like this zyelyoный? I can say the end but is the beginning right, thank you 🙏