Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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11
votes
3answers
500 views

What is Smerdyakov complaining about in the following passage of The Brothers Karamazov?

I'm reading The Brothers Karamazov in the standard French translation of the novel and Henri Mongault, the translator, mentions in one of his notes that he left out the following bit of dialogue (the ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

How should the final “о” in “эхо” be pronounced?

In Wiktionary I see [ə] (in full: [ˈɛxə]), but what I hear in various samples is not fully a fully reduced schwa but something more like the semi-reduced pronunciation [ɐ] of <а> and <о>, or ...
4
votes
3answers
148 views

Pronunciation of цель (and stressed -е- as /e/ in general)

What is the proper pronunciation of цель? For context, my choir is working on a Russian piece, and the transliteration we have is inconsistent and unreliable. I have been reading through Russian ...
3
votes
2answers
371 views

Pronunciation of “дождь”

My dictionary (Большой универсальный словарь русского языка) indicates that дождь can be pronounced in two ways /doʂtʲ/ as it is written or /doɕ:/ as if it were written дощ. Does that hold true for ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Pronunciation of ж

According to my good old Russian learning textbooks, the sound ж in Russian is retroflex (/ʐ/), that is to say it should be pronounced with the tip of the tongue pushed against the palate. Now, in my ...
5
votes
1answer
560 views

How prevalent is the sound /ʑ:/ in Russian?

The sound /ʑ:/ is known as the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative and, roughly speaking, is the average of /z/ as in zebra and /ʒ/ as in vision. Russian speakers can understand /ʑ:/ as the ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Pronunciation of /a/ after soft consonant or /j/

According to the Russian phonology wiki (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_phonology) : The pronunciation of unstressed /o ~ a/ is as follows: (...) When a soft consonant or /j/ precedes, ...
1
vote
2answers
214 views

Homophones after vowel reduction

I tried to learn some Russian some 30 years ago and it's super rusty now but I'm trying to help my son who's taking it at school and is getting a bit discouraged by how daunting it is. While revising ...
5
votes
3answers
415 views

Why is the 'г' in “мягкий” pronounced like a 'х'?

According to these consonant assimilation rules, the letters г and к form a voiced/voiceless pair, and the final consonant in the cluster voices or devoices the preceding consonant. If these rules ...
12
votes
8answers
5k views

Why do Russians sometimes spell “жирный” (fatty) as “жырный”?

I noticed that Russians sometimes incorrectly spell жирный as жырный, even despite that the rule "spell жи and ши with и" is one of the most basic Russian orthography rules. I also see that ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

How do I tell if a 'г' sounds like a 'g' or a 'v' [duplicate]

г normally sounds like a g, such as где. Sometimes though it can sound like a v, such as нового. How do I tell which one is the correct one?
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Pronunciation of существительное [duplicate]

In Google Translate, in the Wiktionary audio recording and in some Forvo audio recordings of the word "существительное", I am unable to hear the ending E (/iə/ in unstressed syllables like the last ...
-1
votes
2answers
102 views

Pronunciation of unstressed ю ( /jʊ/ )

I have learned that an unstressed ю is pronounced /jʊ/. However, I cannot hear the /j/ in "Я читаю" (ref: Google Translate) as clearly as I hear in the English word "yes" (https://en.m.wiktionary.org/...
5
votes
2answers
740 views

Pronunciation of “солнце”

Why isn't the consonant л pronounced in "солнце" ( it is pronounced ['sont͡sə]] instead of [ˈsolnt͡sə] ) ? Is that a result of a pronunciation rule or is it an exception?
1
vote
3answers
284 views

Pronunciation of “мужчина”

Why is мужчи́на pronounced /mʊɕːˈinə/ instead of /mʊʂtɕˈinə/ ? I am already considering that ж is pronounced ш because it is voiced and it is followed by an unvoiced consonant (ч), also known as ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Pronunciation of кафе

Why the consonant "ф" in "кафе" is not soft (= palatalized), given that it is before the soft vowel "e"? Do loanwords usually break pronunciation rules?
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Pronunciation of /ʂ/, /ʐ/ and/ɕ/

I am trying to correctly pronounce ш (/ʂ/), ж (/ʐ/) and щ (/ɕɕ/), so I must learn the 3 related phonems: /ʂ/, /ʐ/ and /ɕ/. I am familiar with the phonems /ʃ/ and /ʒ/ from English and, as all these ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Can Russians naturally pronounce “попал в бесперспективняк”?

Let's suppose you are having a casual conversation with a friend and talking quickly and want to say, "Попал в бесперспективняк." Will you be able to pronounce this flawlessly and without changing the ...
11
votes
6answers
4k views

Russian pronunciation of /etc (a directory)

Abstracting from the fact that it is usually pronounced as in English, how /etc (https://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/etc-fs.html) should be pronounced in Russian? I was under the impression that, as it ...
0
votes
3answers
131 views

Is the word “вечер” pronounced like “ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr” even though the IPA for it is “ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr”?

Is the word "вечер" pronounced like "ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr" or "ˈvʲet͡ɕər" even though the IPA for it is "ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr"?
-1
votes
2answers
92 views

What is the IPA for the Russian word “разные”?

Do you know what the IPA for the Russian word “разные” is?
1
vote
2answers
212 views

Why is the IPA for the Russian word “здание” is /ˈzdanʲɪje/ although people pronounce it like /ˈzdanʲɪjə/?

Why is the IPA for the Russian word "здание" is /ˈzdanʲɪje/ although people pronounce it like /ˈzdanʲɪjə/? Do Russians pronounce the IPA letter "e" like "ə" if it is at the end of the words?
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Pronunciation with the endings ие and ия

Example: эпидемия If you listen to everything on forvo.com and the voice they left on wiki they all sound like эпидемя like the й is not even there, is there a reduction rule for this? Even in the ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Difference of pronunciation between ɐ and ə

Due to the bad example they give in the table shown above i cannot tell the difference between the two. about and bud both sound exactly the same to me and to anyone i ask (i am a native in the u.s). ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Effect of palatalization on a consonant before и

I have been studying the different effects that happen to vowels when a preceding consonant becomes palatalized and i am having trouble figuring out the exact sound of и when there is a palatalized ...
-1
votes
2answers
396 views

Why is the Russian informal phone greeting “алё” equivalent to the Turkish one?

I recently discovered that the Russian informal phone greeting, алё, precisely coincides with the Turkish one. When you hear "алё," you absolutely cannot tell whether it is a Russian or a Turk who is ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Why is по pronounced “po” but по русски is pronounced pa-ruski? Or am I saying one of them wrong? [duplicate]

Literally, the very first thing in Russian that I learned was the phrase "я не очень хорошо говорю по русски" so I know that по русски is pronounced pa ruski, but I was adding a pronunciation for the ...
3
votes
3answers
311 views

How to pronounce the unstressed е in прише́дшие?

Wikipedia says: ... /e/ has merged with /i/ (or /i/ and /ɨ/ if /ɨ/ is considered a phoneme): for instance, лиса́ (lisá) 'fox' and леса́ 'forests' are both pronounced /lʲiˈsa/, phonetically ...
3
votes
2answers
596 views

Two different pronunciation of “понял”

I just searched for phonetic of понял and found these: по́нял [пон’ил] поня́л [пан’ал] Please let me know that both are correct? and have same meaning as Got it!?
3
votes
1answer
377 views

Is there stress on two letters on the word стоят

i cannot figure out the pronunciation of this word стоят is it stOyat, Stoyit, stoYat, i am very confused i checked this website that annotates words but it shows two different one http://russiangram....
2
votes
2answers
270 views

Как правильно: сЕссия или сЭссия?

В интернете пишут, что оба варианта допустимы в речи. Хотелось бы узнать, какой из них официальнее с точки зрения орфографии? Спасибо!
1
vote
2answers
156 views

Произношение слова “аллилуйя”

Есть песня, в которой произносят слово "Аллилуйя" чуть непривычно, как будто писалось "аллэлуя". Вот такое произношение я до сих пор никогда не слышал. Возможно, что от влияния английского языка, у ...
3
votes
2answers
148 views

What's the pronunciation of “явью”

I got this a message from my friend with the following photo in which it says: " Новый год уже совсем близко... Пусть Новогодняя сказка станет явью, а все мечты исполнятся. As I understand it ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Vowel reduction of pretonic [о]

This is a two-part question; I hope that's allowable. I'm aware that an unstressed о is usually reduced, though there are some exceptions -- specifically in borrowed words, such as стерео or радио. ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Pronunciation in “духи” (perfume) and (spirits) [closed]

I went on wikipedia and i understood the stressed but i dont understand the sound of х in these words thank you
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Pronunciation of “нервный”

It is not proceeded by a vowel, why is it nyervный, i checked on ru wikipedia its nyervный I really still dont understand the rules of e[je] im so confused 😰😰😰😰
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Pronunciation of “жёлтый”

I thought that ё was always stressed, but in the word жёлтый its pronounced ZHOL-tiy, if this is right then when is ё unstressed? Is it because of palatalization? Thank you in advance 😇
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Rule of “е” after a vowel

The rule is "е" sounds like "ye" after a vowel, does the е[ye] have to be right in front of the vowel to sound like [ye] or can it be anywhere behind "e" throughout the word?
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Pronunciation of зелёный

I have listened to it about a thousand times and i still cannot get it , зелёный Is it like this zyelyoный? I can say the end but is the beginning right, thank you 🙏
4
votes
3answers
270 views

What Russian words other than “дрожжи” have a soft ж in common pronunciation?

Although it is sometimes taught that there is no soft ж in Russian, in fact this is not so and many Russians pronounce a soft ж in the word дрожжи. What other Russian words contain a ж which is ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Pronunciation of не

Is it always pronounced "nye"? I've searched online but found no sources on it. I hear it sometimes as ни and sometimes as не.
6
votes
3answers
267 views

What are the pronunciation errors in this short story rendition?

Russian pronunciation presents to a foreigner, and specifically to Italians like me, several difficulties. These are the major problems I encountered, approximately in order of their importance: 0) ...
6
votes
3answers
598 views

Pairs of words differing only in a soft sign

When I was taking my ten week Russian course years ago, I ran across an MP3 with sample sounds. The pair that got me very worried was Борис vs Борись. At the time, I could hear only the vaguest ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Why do some people pronounce “о” as “a” and some just pronounce “o” as “o”?

It makes no sense to me; when I'm listening to Russians on YouTube they all do it either way, another thing. If I choose to do most of my o’s as a’s will there be others who don't still understand me?
4
votes
1answer
241 views

Pronouncing the letter “е”

I'm studying Russian through the Foreign Service Instutute course available here. I'm confused about the pronunciation of the letter e. In lesson 1, it says the following about the pronunciation of ...
9
votes
2answers
483 views

Does preposition “c” change pronunciation of following to unvoiced?

Example sentence: Я встал с дивана. I got up from the couch. Does the "с" change the pronunciation of the following "д" to "т"? Or, does it go the other way, with the "с" changing to sound like "з"...
3
votes
2answers
279 views

Почему “Венера”, а не 'Венус"?

In Latin, Венера is Venus. A similar word "corpus" is translated as "корпус", not as "корпора" (or "корпор" if we take its gender into account). Why is then Venus not Венус?
6
votes
1answer
195 views

Pronunciation of interjection “ого”

I've always thought it should be pronounced with the standard Russian voiced velar stop Г [g]. But lately i've been hearing recordings where it's pronounced as voiced glottal fricative [ɦ] like the ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Do you pronounce the “ме” sound differently in“имена́” and “и́мени”?

имена́ [ɪmʲɪˈna] {vs}: и́мени [ˈimʲɪnʲɪ] At least according to IPA, these two "ме" sounds should be pronounced the same way. But I seem to notice that the "mʲɪ" sound placed ...
6
votes
3answers
375 views

Velarisation of Russian hard consonants

I often read that Russian consonants are "harder" than English ones--that is, they are velarised. I understand how this affects the consonant when pronounced in isolation--Т, Т, Д, Д--with secondary ...