Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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14
votes
3answers
8k views

When is the letter 'O' pronounced as 'A'?

Sometimes the letter 'O' has a pronunciation like 'O', but other times has a pronunciation like 'A'. How can I know the difference? The pronunciation becomes like the letter 'A' or there is some ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is the letter "г" in some of the Russian words pronounced differently as it should be?

We all agree that the letter г in Russian is equal to G in English. But Why does the letter г in some of the Russian words sound different as it should be? For example: сегодня = pronounced ...
16
votes
3answers
12k views

Difference in pronunciation between "щ" and "шь"?

I understand that the difference between "щ" and "ш" is (roughly) the difference between "shya-" and "sha-". But how do you differentiate "щ" and "шь"? For example, I always differentiated, for ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Are there loanwords from English where "h" is transliterated to "х" rather than "г"?

Russian doesn't have a direct equivalent to the sound of English h. But to some English speakers it seems odd that words taken into Russian from English which have an h sound are transliterated using ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Pronunciation of "е"

Why is "нет" pronounced "nyet" instead of "net"? I was informed that the Cyrillic letter 'е' is equivalent to the Latin letter 'e'. Is this incorrect? If so, what is the equivalent of 'e' if one ...
5
votes
1answer
810 views

pronunciation of "e"

Please tell me how the written “e” pronounces. I have checked various online resources and am still not sure about it. I have found the following rules: “e” is pronounced as: ii – at begin of words,...
3
votes
3answers
349 views

How to pronounce the unstressed е in прише́дшие?

Wikipedia says: ... /e/ has merged with /i/ (or /i/ and /ɨ/ if /ɨ/ is considered a phoneme): for instance, лиса́ (lisá) 'fox' and леса́ 'forests' are both pronounced /lʲiˈsa/, phonetically ...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

General rules for stressing words the right way

Твóрог or творóг? How do I know which pronunciation is right without looking it up in the dictionary?
15
votes
3answers
704 views

Почему Евклид, а не Эвклид?

Why is Евклид spelled with Е in Russian? All the other words and names with Greek origin starting with E that I can think of are spelled with Э in Russian. Эратосфен, эвтаназия, эвристика ...
20
votes
7answers
8k views

What is the difference between ы and и?

All other Russian vowels come in pairs, but this pair seems a bit special. So, how does one pronounce ы and и?
14
votes
9answers
8k views

Pronunciation of 'ы'

Several resources that I am using say that 'и' and 'ы' represent the same vowel sound, and that the only difference is the palatalization of consonants preceding 'и', but I perceive two different ...
12
votes
3answers
961 views

Difference in pronunciation of е and ѣ in old Russian

I often encounter claims that these letters formerly were pronounced differently. Can anybody please point me to a sound record that shows the difference?
4
votes
3answers
841 views

Pronunciation norm

Is there a standard Russian pronunciation? If yes, what are its most important features, such as: quality of vowel reduction ([о], [е], and maybe other vowels in unstressed positions); pronunciation ...
9
votes
2answers
405 views

Pronunciation of конечно

So recently I came across this word and I noticed that it's actually pronounced конешно. I thought I was missing something but the "voiced consonants rule", does not mention the letter ч being ...
8
votes
5answers
724 views

How to pronounce лёгкий

I understand that every language has tricky words, meaning, words that do not follow the normal sounds or conventions of most words or letters. However, I do want to ensure I am being taught this word ...
6
votes
1answer
759 views

Words ending with 'ы'

For me, the pronunciation of some words that end with 'ы' sound like they end with 'э', like 'газеты' or 'журналы', but others don't, like 'столы'. What is the reason for this? Do we say always 'э' ...
5
votes
0answers
220 views

считывать, считать (heteronyms, AKA heterophones) [closed]

In the Russian language we pronounce the written word считать differently, с-читать или щщитать, depending on what is expressed. (they are heteronyms, also known as heterophones, for English it's ...
3
votes
3answers
359 views

Should there be a detectable difference in pronunciation between masculine animate plural nominative nouns whose plural accusative ends in "ей?"

I have noticed that the plural of some animate nouns sounds very similar to its plural accusative. Here are some examples from Forvo so you can hear what I mean: писатели писателей соседи соседей ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

about Pushkin's Дружба : how to read it

I was very pleased to discover Pushkin's Дружба on Russian StackExchange : Что дружба? Лeгкий пыл похмелья, What is friendship? A slight fire of the carousal, Обиды вольный разговор, The ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Pronunciation rules for "о" in "поня́ть"

Are there any pronunciation rules for the letter "о"? I wonder why that letter is slightly differently spoken in feminine and masculine version of the sentence "I understand" m: я ...
7
votes
4answers
925 views

Pronunciation of "Бог"

Does the word Бог (Nom. Sg.) end in a sound like г or х?
7
votes
2answers
342 views

Pronunciation of "Иванов"

What is the correct way to stress the Russian surname Иванов? I have seen both Ивано́в and Ива́нов.
6
votes
2answers
261 views

Voiced consonants at the end of words

Generally voiced consonants become unvoiced when they're at the end of a word. д is pronounced т б is pronounced п в is pronounced ф г is pronounced к ж is pronounced ш з is pronounced с Are ...
6
votes
2answers
478 views

Where does the sound "йи" / iotated и / [ji] occur in Russian?

(Note: I would like to learn Russian, but I have not started yet, so unfortunately I will be making this post entirely in English. I don't mind what language you use for answers.) It seems that the ...
3
votes
2answers
232 views

What are the rules for splitting syllables [duplicate]

As far as I know syllables are split at the vowel, whereas in English it's often at a consonant. But today I came across this word— Щипцы (Tongs) Apparently it is split like this— Щип-цы (I ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Pronunciation of /a/ after soft consonant or /j/

According to the Russian phonology wiki (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_phonology) : The pronunciation of unstressed /o ~ a/ is as follows: (...) When a soft consonant or /j/ precedes, ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Voiced/Unvoiced

Which consonant in a cluster determines whether the other consonant(s) is/are voiced? For example, if there is зт, is it pronounced ст or зд?
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Rule of "е" after a vowel

The rule is "е" sounds like "ye" after a vowel, does the е[ye] have to be right in front of the vowel to sound like [ye] or can it be anywhere behind "e" throughout the word?