Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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21
votes
4answers
3k views

General rules for stressing words the right way

Твóрог or творóг? How do I know which pronunciation is right without looking it up in the dictionary?
20
votes
7answers
8k views

What is the difference between ы and и?

All other Russian vowels come in pairs, but this pair seems a bit special. So, how does one pronounce ы and и?
19
votes
5answers
3k views

Learning to pronounce hard R

I'm a native Russian speaker myself, but living in a English speaking country am starting to teach my pre-school daughter Russian myself at home and she is struggling with correctly pronouncing the "...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I pronounce the soft sign at the end of a word?

An example of two words which differ only by a soft sign are кон (round, as in "the next round of a game") and конь (stallion, male horse). Often, English speakers do not know how to enunicate the ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Are there loanwords from English where "h" is transliterated to "х" rather than "г"?

Russian doesn't have a direct equivalent to the sound of English h. But to some English speakers it seems odd that words taken into Russian from English which have an h sound are transliterated using ...
17
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it bad if I don't bother to pronounce 'o' correctly?

When learning Russian, the most complicated thing for me has always been the pronunciation of the Russian letter 'o'. You know, it's sometimes pronounced like 'a' (like in 'Moskva'), and sometimes ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is the letter "г" in some of the Russian words pronounced differently as it should be?

We all agree that the letter г in Russian is equal to G in English. But Why does the letter г in some of the Russian words sound different as it should be? For example: сегодня = pronounced ...
16
votes
3answers
12k views

Difference in pronunciation between "щ" and "шь"?

I understand that the difference between "щ" and "ш" is (roughly) the difference between "shya-" and "sha-". But how do you differentiate "щ" and "шь"? For example, I always differentiated, for ...
15
votes
3answers
704 views

Почему Евклид, а не Эвклид?

Why is Евклид spelled with Е in Russian? All the other words and names with Greek origin starting with E that I can think of are spelled with Э in Russian. Эратосфен, эвтаназия, эвристика ...
14
votes
1answer
639 views

Why is there a "ц" in "Сан-Франциско"?

San Francisco, Сан-Франциско in Russian, is a Spanish name meaning "Saint Francis". The Сан in the city name is a direct phonetic adoption, but the Франциско differs from the Spanish in the inclusion ...
14
votes
3answers
8k views

When is the letter 'O' pronounced as 'A'?

Sometimes the letter 'O' has a pronunciation like 'O', but other times has a pronunciation like 'A'. How can I know the difference? The pronunciation becomes like the letter 'A' or there is some ...
14
votes
9answers
8k views

Pronunciation of 'ы'

Several resources that I am using say that 'и' and 'ы' represent the same vowel sound, and that the only difference is the palatalization of consonants preceding 'и', but I perceive two different ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Pronunciation rules for "о" in "поня́ть"

Are there any pronunciation rules for the letter "о"? I wonder why that letter is slightly differently spoken in feminine and masculine version of the sentence "I understand" m: я ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Почему Париж пишется через "ж"?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
12
votes
8answers
5k views

Why do Russians sometimes spell "жирный" (fatty) as "жырный"?

I noticed that Russians sometimes incorrectly spell жирный as жырный, even despite that the rule "spell жи and ши with и" is one of the most basic Russian orthography rules. I also see that ...
12
votes
3answers
961 views

Difference in pronunciation of е and ѣ in old Russian

I often encounter claims that these letters formerly were pronounced differently. Can anybody please point me to a sound record that shows the difference?
12
votes
5answers
3k views

Pronunciation of 'э'

Should 'э' be pronounced as 'a' in "cat", or 'e' in "net"? Is its pronunciation context dependent? If so what are the rules for its pronunciation?
12
votes
1answer
650 views

Is "ж" palato-alveolar or retroflex?

As a native Portuguese speaker, I was told "ж" in Russian is pronounced like the Portuguese and French "j" (IPA: ʒ), a voiced palato-alveolar fricative. However according to Wikipedia the Russian "ж" ...
12
votes
3answers
354 views

Which syllable is stressed in комплексный?

I looked in a couple of dictionaries, and they claim that комплексный is stressed on o - кóмплексный. However, when it comes to complex numbers in math, most of the professors at my university (many ...
11
votes
6answers
4k views

Russian pronunciation of /etc (a directory)

Abstracting from the fact that it is usually pronounced as in English, how /etc (https://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/etc-fs.html) should be pronounced in Russian? I was under the impression that, as it ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

What distinguishes the "hushers" (ч, ш, щ, ж) linguistically from other consonants?

I've seen the word "hushers" used to describe the Russian consonants ч, ш, щ, ж (especially in the context of spelling rules). Is this an accepted linguistic concept or is it just a convenient name ...
11
votes
3answers
349 views

Declension of "ДНК"

This is potentially a very stupid question: I'm guessing ДНК is pronounced дээнка́. As such, is it treated grammatically as a feminine noun, or is it invariable? In other words, do you say в его ...
11
votes
3answers
577 views

What is Smerdyakov complaining about in the following passage of The Brothers Karamazov?

I'm reading The Brothers Karamazov in the standard French translation of the novel and Henri Mongault, the translator, mentions in one of his notes that he left out the following bit of dialogue (the ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are there letters which look similar but are pronounced differently between the English alphabet and Russian Cyrillic?

Gadling teaches you to read the Cyrillic alphabet in 5 minutes mentions that there's some letters in Cyrillic that look like letters in the English alphabet, but their pronunciation in Russian is ...
10
votes
3answers
682 views

What function does the soft sign ь have in a word like учишься?

I was taught that certain consonants such as ш are always 'hard'. What function does the soft sign ь have when placed after these 'always hard' consonants? For example, in words such as учишься? Does ...
10
votes
2answers
897 views

What are the various ways to say "." (period/dot/full stop)?

Examples: - version 1.5 - period at the end of a sentence - decimal point - stackoverflow.com
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Pronunciation of unstressed 'я'?

Is there a pronunciation rule for unstressed я? I remember being told that it was closest to English i, for example, as in десять but this doesn't always hold. It seems that at the end of a word ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Pronunciation exercises

Does anybody know good exercises to learn to pronounce /ы/, /ч/, /щ/ and palatalized consonants?
9
votes
4answers
446 views

Pronunciation of "часа"

What is the right way to stress the word часа? I've seen both ча́са and часа́, is there a special case for each?
9
votes
2answers
490 views

Does preposition "c" change pronunciation of following to unvoiced?

Example sentence: Я встал с дивана. I got up from the couch. Does the "с" change the pronunciation of the following "д" to "т"? Or, does it go the other way, with the "с" changing to sound like "з"...
9
votes
2answers
405 views

Pronunciation of конечно

So recently I came across this word and I noticed that it's actually pronounced конешно. I thought I was missing something but the "voiced consonants rule", does not mention the letter ч being ...
9
votes
6answers
545 views

Pronunciation of "всегда" and other words beginning in "вс"

I listened to various pronunciations on Forvo, Wiktionary and various dictionaries with audio files. To my (untrained) ear it always sounds as if the "в" is silent and not pronounced at all. That ...
9
votes
7answers
3k views

Pronunciation of 'Сегодня'

According to the spelling of the word, I would think it would be pronounced Seguhdnya - Сегодня However, i've seen several lessons in Russian where it would be pronounced SeVuhdnya - (but ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there rules for shortening words? Like "здрасте" instead of "здравствуйте"?

In my previous question, several answers mentioned different ways здравствуйте can be shortened, namely здравствуй and здрасте. Are these special cases, or is it common to shorten words like these? ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Pronunciation of "е"

Why is "нет" pronounced "nyet" instead of "net"? I was informed that the Cyrillic letter 'е' is equivalent to the Latin letter 'e'. Is this incorrect? If so, what is the equivalent of 'e' if one ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Can Russians naturally pronounce "попал в бесперспективняк"?

Let's suppose you are having a casual conversation with a friend and talking quickly and want to say, "Попал в бесперспективняк." Will you be able to pronounce this flawlessly and without changing the ...
8
votes
2answers
597 views

The pronunciation of "воины"

I'm confused with the pronunciation of "воины" ("warriors"). To my knowledge, "воины" should be pronounced as [ˈvo̞ɪnɨ]. However, I've heard native speakers pronounce it as [ˈvo̞jnɨ̞] (with the "й" ...
8
votes
5answers
724 views

How to pronounce лёгкий

I understand that every language has tricky words, meaning, words that do not follow the normal sounds or conventions of most words or letters. However, I do want to ensure I am being taught this word ...
7
votes
3answers
434 views

Is there a [b] or a [p] in "Египет"?

I've looked up the pronunciation of the word "Египет" at forvo.com, and while it says that the pronunciation is /jɪˈgʲipʲɪt/, I hear a [b] and not a [p] in both available sound files. Am I hearing it ...
7
votes
5answers
6k views

Is 'й' pronounced as 'j' or 'y'?

The reference material I have been reading is somewhat confusing. Some sources say that Й is equivalent to J, while others say it is equivalent to Y. Which is it? For example, is it pronounced J as in ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

Pronunciation of "отпуска"

How am I supposed to pronounce отпуска? I've seen both о́тпуска and отпуска́. My dictionary is kinda ambiguous so I'm struggling with this one.
7
votes
1answer
1k views

History of /f/ sound in Russian

My wife is Russian and I am learning it. One thing I seem to see is that no "native" or "elementary" words seem to start with the letter ф (other than the name Fedor perhaps, and I ...
7
votes
2answers
342 views

Pronunciation of "Иванов"

What is the correct way to stress the Russian surname Иванов? I have seen both Ивано́в and Ива́нов.
7
votes
1answer
225 views

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Russian?

I am working on an art project that I would like to collect the hundreds of different transliterations of 「中文」 zhōng wén in Mandarin Chinese. (Pronunciation available here: https://translate.google....
7
votes
1answer
379 views

Inconsistencies books pronunciation

I am dealing with books explaining different ways to pronounce letters in Russias. Below are examples of some of the cases and pronunciations for those cases that vary. How do I make sense of all this ...
7
votes
4answers
924 views

Pronunciation of "Бог"

Does the word Бог (Nom. Sg.) end in a sound like г or х?
6
votes
3answers
303 views

Multiple pronunciation of "до"

Why is "До" sometimes said as "da" (in 'До скорого') but sometimes as "do" (as in 'до свидания'). Is there a rule?
6
votes
2answers
998 views

Voiceless consonants at the end of words

I've heard words whose endings contain voiced consonants such as год (and others that I cannot remember off the top of my head), and these consonants are pronounced unvoiced (e.g., "гот"). Another ...
6
votes
2answers
845 views

Pronunciation of "солнце"

Why isn't the consonant л pronounced in "солнце" ( it is pronounced ['sont͡sə]] instead of [ˈsolnt͡sə] ) ? Is that a result of a pronunciation rule or is it an exception?
6
votes
2answers
602 views

Pronunciation of "a"

My understanding is that the general rule regarding the pronunciation of "a" in Russian is that it is pronounced [a] (IPA notation). However, in certain cases, it can be pronounced as "и", for example ...