Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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4
votes
1answer
223 views

Pronunciation of “лёгкий” and “легкий”

I read in Pushkin's Дружба the word "легкий", an adjective meaning "slight". There's even an interesting thread on Russian S.E. about the modern pronouciation of the word. I ...
14
votes
9answers
7k views

Pronunciation of 'ы'

Several resources that I am using say that 'и' and 'ы' represent the same vowel sound, and that the only difference is the palatalization of consonants preceding 'и', but I perceive two different ...
12
votes
5answers
3k views

Pronunciation of 'э'

Should 'э' be pronounced as 'a' in "cat", or 'e' in "net"? Is its pronunciation context dependent? If so what are the rules for its pronunciation?
1
vote
1answer
292 views

How to pronounce “hard consonants” correctly?

In Russian, the consonants that are not soft (except к, г, х) are harder than in English. What makes them harder is that the back of the tongue is kept high and back. Another exception is "l"...
-1
votes
1answer
138 views

Kaliningrad … may it be referred to as Kalinograd?

Kaliningrad is the Russian exclave sandwiched in between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic coast. Every time I think of it I find myself saying "Kalinograd" because in English usage ...
0
votes
4answers
136 views

How exactly do we pronounce soft vowels (е, ё, ю, я)

I do not understand the exact way of choosing between the following pronunciations : е : "yè" or "è" Ё: "yo" or "o" Я: "ya" or "a" Ю: "...
12
votes
3answers
922 views

Difference in pronunciation of е and ѣ in old Russian

I often encounter claims that these letters formerly were pronounced differently. Can anybody please point me to a sound record that shows the difference?
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Произношение слова «случай» - это принцип или исключение?

Произношение слова «случай» звучит как «случий». Если я бы знал как его написать, я бы написал «случий» или «случьяй», потому что знаю, что безударное «я» звучит как «и». Но безударное «а» звучит как «...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

What is the correct pronunciation of “сотовые телефоны”?

I have heard of several different pronunciations for the phrase "сотовые телефоны" (sótovyje telefóny [ˈsotəvɨje tʲɪlʲɪˈfonɨ]). Which is the correct pronunciation: "satavyye telefone" "satovyye ...
3
votes
3answers
352 views

Should there be a detectable difference in pronunciation between masculine animate plural nominative nouns whose plural accusative ends in “ей?”

I have noticed that the plural of some animate nouns sounds very similar to its plural accusative. Here are some examples from Forvo so you can hear what I mean: писатели писателей соседи соседей ...
5
votes
3answers
242 views

Pronunciation of цель (and stressed -е- as /e/ in general)

What is the proper pronunciation of цель? For context, my choir is working on a Russian piece, and the transliteration we have is inconsistent and unreliable. I have been reading through Russian ...
4
votes
2answers
273 views

Which one is correct: За нас/Про нас/Для нас

I find the use of ‘for’ in Russian a bit confusing as there are several possible options. So I’d like know the appropriate use of the following: За/Про/Для, with some examples of possible. Which one ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Pronunciation with the endings ие and ия

Example: эпидемия If you listen to everything on forvo.com and the voice they left on wiki they all sound like эпидемя like the й is not even there, is there a reduction rule for this? Even in the ...
5
votes
2answers
466 views

Is «ндравиться» archaic or just geographical?

Having traveled in the rural area around Penza I found that almost all the people say «ндравиться» rather than «нравиться», for example: — Мне ндравится сегодняшняя погода. Is it some archaic ...
8
votes
5answers
702 views

How to pronounce лёгкий

I understand that every language has tricky words, meaning, words that do not follow the normal sounds or conventions of most words or letters. However, I do want to ensure I am being taught this word ...
7
votes
4answers
899 views

Pronunciation of “Бог”

Does the word Бог (Nom. Sg.) end in a sound like г or х?
0
votes
2answers
219 views

The pronunciation of а vowel followed by “я”?

I am a newbie using Memrise (memrise.com - a Russian language app) to build a vocabulary and my pronunciation, so please forgive me if this is a stupid question. Тhe word, бояться, is pronounced in ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

Pronunciation of 'Сегодня'

According to the spelling of the word, I would think it would be pronounced Seguhdnya - Сегодня However, i've seen several lessons in Russian where it would be pronounced SeVuhdnya - (but ...
6
votes
3answers
828 views

Pronunciation of Spelling Rule “е” vs “о” vs “ё”?

"Never write unstressed 'o' after the letters, ж, ч, ш, щ, ц, instead use 'e'" So are we supposed to still pronounce it like an "o"? I know that the answer is yes when the vowel is stressed, for ...
2
votes
2answers
302 views

Do Russians pronounce “Арбатская” and “Орбацкая” the same?

A Russian language exchange partner of mine boasted that unlike words in the English language, Russian words are spelt and pronounced basically the same. In response, I asked him about Арбатская and ...
4
votes
4answers
535 views

Soft vowel pronunciation at the end of a word

How do you tell when you need to pronounce a soft vowel as soft and stressed? I only ask because I've run into a grammatical rule that says that an unstressed я like in "девять" should be pronounced ...
3
votes
2answers
339 views

Correct pronunciation of vowels and soft/hard consonants

I have read in several places online that it would be wrong to use the terms "soft vowels" and "hard vowels", and instead it's more correct to call them vowels which indicate a ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Pronunciation of е in different words

So from what I have learnt so far, нет is pronounced "nyet" and Привет is "privyet". But in телефон it is "telefon", why is е used in this case and not э and why is it ...
2
votes
3answers
202 views

Pronunciation of “I live with my family”

About the sentence: "Я живy с семьёй." --> Phonetic: [Yah zhivu s sem'yoy.] When pronouncing the "independent c". Would you pronounce both the "s:es" in one go or would you make a short pause before ...
4
votes
3answers
256 views

Pronunciation of часá (часы, часов)

My Russian teacher, claims that when pronouncing "часá" it should be pronounced as: "чi-сa" with an "i" instead of an "a". I have looked around and it appears that the pronunciation hinges around: "...
3
votes
3answers
533 views

Pronunciation of “лошадь”

How do you pronounce "лошадь" (horse)? My (beginner) attempt is "lo-sha-dy", with "dy" that tricky soft y sound. On Duolingo, the pronunciation seems to be "oh-vo-shet". Am I mishearing or is there ...
5
votes
1answer
767 views

pronunciation of “e”

Please tell me how the written “e” pronounces. I have checked various online resources and am still not sure about it. I have found the following rules: “e” is pronounced as: ii – at begin of words,...
11
votes
3answers
554 views

What is Smerdyakov complaining about in the following passage of The Brothers Karamazov?

I'm reading The Brothers Karamazov in the standard French translation of the novel and Henri Mongault, the translator, mentions in one of his notes that he left out the following bit of dialogue (the ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

How should the final “о” in “эхо” be pronounced?

In Wiktionary I see [ə] (in full: [ˈɛxə]), but what I hear in various samples is not fully a fully reduced schwa but something more like the semi-reduced pronunciation [ɐ] of <а> and <о>, or ...
6
votes
3answers
284 views

What are the pronunciation errors in this short story rendition?

Russian pronunciation presents to a foreigner, and specifically to Italians like me, several difficulties. These are the major problems I encountered, approximately in order of their importance: 0) ...
3
votes
2answers
416 views

Pronunciation of “дождь”

My dictionary (Большой универсальный словарь русского языка) indicates that дождь can be pronounced in two ways /doʂtʲ/ as it is written or /doɕ:/ as if it were written дощ. Does that hold true for ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Почему Париж пишется через “ж”?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
1
vote
1answer
330 views

Pronunciation of ж

According to my good old Russian learning textbooks, the sound ж in Russian is retroflex (/ʐ/), that is to say it should be pronounced with the tip of the tongue pushed against the palate. Now, in my ...
5
votes
1answer
586 views

How prevalent is the sound /ʑ:/ in Russian?

The sound /ʑ:/ is known as the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative and, roughly speaking, is the average of /z/ as in zebra and /ʒ/ as in vision. Russian speakers can understand /ʑ:/ as the ...
6
votes
2answers
333 views

Where do I put my tongue?

I'm an absolute beginner with Russian, and am really struggling to simply pronounce some of the sounds! I remember when I learned Chinese I found a website guide on where to put my tongue (and also ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Pronunciation of /a/ after soft consonant or /j/

According to the Russian phonology wiki (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_phonology) : The pronunciation of unstressed /o ~ a/ is as follows: (...) When a soft consonant or /j/ precedes, ...
5
votes
3answers
449 views

Why is the 'г' in “мягкий” pronounced like a 'х'?

According to these consonant assimilation rules, the letters г and к form a voiced/voiceless pair, and the final consonant in the cluster voices or devoices the preceding consonant. If these rules ...
12
votes
8answers
5k views

Why do Russians sometimes spell “жирный” (fatty) as “жырный”?

I noticed that Russians sometimes incorrectly spell жирный as жырный, even despite that the rule "spell жи and ши with и" is one of the most basic Russian orthography rules. I also see that ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Homophones after vowel reduction

I tried to learn some Russian some 30 years ago and it's super rusty now but I'm trying to help my son who's taking it at school and is getting a bit discouraged by how daunting it is. While revising ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How do I tell if a 'г' sounds like a 'g' or a 'v' [duplicate]

г normally sounds like a g, such as где. Sometimes though it can sound like a v, such as нового. How do I tell which one is the correct one?
2
votes
3answers
333 views

Pronunciation of “мужчина”

Why is мужчи́на pronounced /mʊɕːˈinə/ instead of /mʊʂtɕˈinə/ ? I am already considering that ж is pronounced ш because it is voiced and it is followed by an unvoiced consonant (ч), also known as ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Pronunciation of существительное [duplicate]

In Google Translate, in the Wiktionary audio recording and in some Forvo audio recordings of the word "существительное", I am unable to hear the ending E (/iə/ in unstressed syllables like the last ...
-1
votes
2answers
142 views

Pronunciation of unstressed ю ( /jʊ/ )

I have learned that an unstressed ю is pronounced /jʊ/. However, I cannot hear the /j/ in "Я читаю" (ref: Google Translate) as clearly as I hear in the English word "yes" (https://en.m.wiktionary.org/...
6
votes
2answers
808 views

Pronunciation of “солнце”

Why isn't the consonant л pronounced in "солнце" ( it is pronounced ['sont͡sə]] instead of [ˈsolnt͡sə] ) ? Is that a result of a pronunciation rule or is it an exception?
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Pronunciation of кафе

Why the consonant "ф" in "кафе" is not soft (= palatalized), given that it is before the soft vowel "e"? Do loanwords usually break pronunciation rules?
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Pronunciation of /ʂ/, /ʐ/ and/ɕ/

I am trying to correctly pronounce ш (/ʂ/), ж (/ʐ/) and щ (/ɕɕ/), so I must learn the 3 related phonems: /ʂ/, /ʐ/ and /ɕ/. I am familiar with the phonems /ʃ/ and /ʒ/ from English and, as all these ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Can Russians naturally pronounce “попал в бесперспективняк”?

Let's suppose you are having a casual conversation with a friend and talking quickly and want to say, "Попал в бесперспективняк." Will you be able to pronounce this flawlessly and without changing the ...
11
votes
6answers
4k views

Russian pronunciation of /etc (a directory)

Abstracting from the fact that it is usually pronounced as in English, how /etc (https://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/etc-fs.html) should be pronounced in Russian? I was under the impression that, as it ...
0
votes
3answers
140 views

Is the word “вечер” pronounced like “ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr” even though the IPA for it is “ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr”?

Is the word "вечер" pronounced like "ˈvʲet͡ɕɨr" or "ˈvʲet͡ɕər" even though the IPA for it is "ˈvʲet͡ɕɪr"?
1
vote
2answers
246 views

Why is the IPA for the Russian word “здание” is /ˈzdanʲɪje/ although people pronounce it like /ˈzdanʲɪjə/?

Why is the IPA for the Russian word "здание" is /ˈzdanʲɪje/ although people pronounce it like /ˈzdanʲɪjə/? Do Russians pronounce the IPA letter "e" like "ə" if it is at the end of the words?