Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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0
votes
2answers
132 views

Proper way to pronounce в and ф

в and ф are considered a voiced-voiceless pair, but in English there is surely a difference between the 'v' and 'f' sound that is not limited to voicedness, for example, the mouth positioning is ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

History of /f/ sound in Russian

My wife is Russian and I am learning it. One thing I seem to see is that no "native" or "elementary" words seem to start with the letter ф (other than the name Fedor perhaps, and I ...
1
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2answers
246 views

Pronunciation of “поздно” (late)

The word поздно (late) is pronounced as [ˈpoznə]. So the д is not spoken. I do not understand why the д vanishes here in this case. Which grammar rule tells me this?
2
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2answers
150 views

Pronunciation and IPA transcription of “Нева”

I learned different grammar rules. Regarding vowels I learned the rule that there is an "j" added / vowels are spoken with a j if: in the beginning of a word (like яблоко [jáblaka]) after a ...
0
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1answer
205 views

Pronunciation of “подъезд” if it would be “подьезд”?

I came across the word подъезд [pɐdˈjest]. I am aware of the fact that there is a j added, as the e comes after the ъ. However, I wondered why it is a ъ and not a ь here. How would the word be ...
12
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5answers
3k views

Pronunciation of 'э'

Should 'э' be pronounced as 'a' in "cat", or 'e' in "net"? Is its pronunciation context dependent? If so what are the rules for its pronunciation?
4
votes
1answer
291 views

Pronunciation of “лёгкий” and “легкий”

I read in Pushkin's Дружба the word "легкий", an adjective meaning "slight". There's even an interesting thread on Russian S.E. about the modern pronouciation of the word. I ...
14
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9answers
8k views

Pronunciation of 'ы'

Several resources that I am using say that 'и' and 'ы' represent the same vowel sound, and that the only difference is the palatalization of consonants preceding 'и', but I perceive two different ...
1
vote
1answer
309 views

How to pronounce “hard consonants” correctly?

In Russian, the consonants that are not soft (except к, г, х) are harder than in English. What makes them harder is that the back of the tongue is kept high and back. Another exception is "l"...
-1
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1answer
149 views

Kaliningrad … may it be referred to as Kalinograd?

Kaliningrad is the Russian exclave sandwiched in between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic coast. Every time I think of it I find myself saying "Kalinograd" because in English usage ...
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4answers
142 views

How exactly do we pronounce soft vowels (е, ё, ю, я)

I do not understand the exact way of choosing between the following pronunciations : е : "yè" or "è" Ё: "yo" or "o" Я: "ya" or "a" Ю: "...
12
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3answers
934 views

Difference in pronunciation of е and ѣ in old Russian

I often encounter claims that these letters formerly were pronounced differently. Can anybody please point me to a sound record that shows the difference?
2
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2answers
148 views

Произношение слова «случай» - это принцип или исключение?

Произношение слова «случай» звучит как «случий». Если я бы знал как его написать, я бы написал «случий» или «случьяй», потому что знаю, что безударное «я» звучит как «и». Но безударное «а» звучит как «...
1
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2answers
216 views

What is the correct pronunciation of “сотовые телефоны”?

I have heard of several different pronunciations for the phrase "сотовые телефоны" (sótovyje telefóny [ˈsotəvɨje tʲɪlʲɪˈfonɨ]). Which is the correct pronunciation: "satavyye telefone" "satovyye ...
3
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3answers
354 views

Should there be a detectable difference in pronunciation between masculine animate plural nominative nouns whose plural accusative ends in “ей?”

I have noticed that the plural of some animate nouns sounds very similar to its plural accusative. Here are some examples from Forvo so you can hear what I mean: писатели писателей соседи соседей ...
5
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3answers
246 views

Pronunciation of цель (and stressed -е- as /e/ in general)

What is the proper pronunciation of цель? For context, my choir is working on a Russian piece, and the transliteration we have is inconsistent and unreliable. I have been reading through Russian ...
4
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2answers
276 views

Which one is correct: За нас/Про нас/Для нас

I find the use of ‘for’ in Russian a bit confusing as there are several possible options. So I’d like know the appropriate use of the following: За/Про/Для, with some examples of possible. Which one ...
2
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2answers
178 views

Pronunciation with the endings ие and ия

Example: эпидемия If you listen to everything on forvo.com and the voice they left on wiki they all sound like эпидемя like the й is not even there, is there a reduction rule for this? Even in the ...
5
votes
2answers
469 views

Is «ндравиться» archaic or just geographical?

Having traveled in the rural area around Penza I found that almost all the people say «ндравиться» rather than «нравиться», for example: — Мне ндравится сегодняшняя погода. Is it some archaic ...
8
votes
5answers
712 views

How to pronounce лёгкий

I understand that every language has tricky words, meaning, words that do not follow the normal sounds or conventions of most words or letters. However, I do want to ensure I am being taught this word ...
7
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4answers
908 views

Pronunciation of “Бог”

Does the word Бог (Nom. Sg.) end in a sound like г or х?
0
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2answers
225 views

The pronunciation of а vowel followed by “я”?

I am a newbie using Memrise (memrise.com - a Russian language app) to build a vocabulary and my pronunciation, so please forgive me if this is a stupid question. Тhe word, бояться, is pronounced in ...
9
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7answers
3k views

Pronunciation of 'Сегодня'

According to the spelling of the word, I would think it would be pronounced Seguhdnya - Сегодня However, i've seen several lessons in Russian where it would be pronounced SeVuhdnya - (but ...
6
votes
3answers
855 views

Pronunciation of Spelling Rule “е” vs “о” vs “ё”?

"Never write unstressed 'o' after the letters, ж, ч, ш, щ, ц, instead use 'e'" So are we supposed to still pronounce it like an "o"? I know that the answer is yes when the vowel is stressed, for ...
2
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2answers
306 views

Do Russians pronounce “Арбатская” and “Орбацкая” the same?

A Russian language exchange partner of mine boasted that unlike words in the English language, Russian words are spelt and pronounced basically the same. In response, I asked him about Арбатская and ...
4
votes
4answers
542 views

Soft vowel pronunciation at the end of a word

How do you tell when you need to pronounce a soft vowel as soft and stressed? I only ask because I've run into a grammatical rule that says that an unstressed я like in "девять" should be pronounced ...
3
votes
2answers
345 views

Correct pronunciation of vowels and soft/hard consonants

I have read in several places online that it would be wrong to use the terms "soft vowels" and "hard vowels", and instead it's more correct to call them vowels which indicate a ...
0
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1answer
120 views

Pronunciation of е in different words

So from what I have learnt so far, нет is pronounced "nyet" and Привет is "privyet". But in телефон it is "telefon", why is е used in this case and not э and why is it ...
2
votes
3answers
202 views

Pronunciation of “I live with my family”

About the sentence: "Я живy с семьёй." --> Phonetic: [Yah zhivu s sem'yoy.] When pronouncing the "independent c". Would you pronounce both the "s:es" in one go or would you make a short pause before ...
4
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3answers
261 views

Pronunciation of часá (часы, часов)

My Russian teacher, claims that when pronouncing "часá" it should be pronounced as: "чi-сa" with an "i" instead of an "a". I have looked around and it appears that the pronunciation hinges around: "...
3
votes
3answers
536 views

Pronunciation of “лошадь”

How do you pronounce "лошадь" (horse)? My (beginner) attempt is "lo-sha-dy", with "dy" that tricky soft y sound. On Duolingo, the pronunciation seems to be "oh-vo-shet". Am I mishearing or is there ...
5
votes
1answer
787 views

pronunciation of “e”

Please tell me how the written “e” pronounces. I have checked various online resources and am still not sure about it. I have found the following rules: “e” is pronounced as: ii – at begin of words,...
11
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3answers
561 views

What is Smerdyakov complaining about in the following passage of The Brothers Karamazov?

I'm reading The Brothers Karamazov in the standard French translation of the novel and Henri Mongault, the translator, mentions in one of his notes that he left out the following bit of dialogue (the ...
3
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2answers
233 views

How should the final “о” in “эхо” be pronounced?

In Wiktionary I see [ə] (in full: [ˈɛxə]), but what I hear in various samples is not fully a fully reduced schwa but something more like the semi-reduced pronunciation [ɐ] of <а> and <о>, or ...
6
votes
3answers
285 views

What are the pronunciation errors in this short story rendition?

Russian pronunciation presents to a foreigner, and specifically to Italians like me, several difficulties. These are the major problems I encountered, approximately in order of their importance: 0) ...
3
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2answers
418 views

Pronunciation of “дождь”

My dictionary (Большой универсальный словарь русского языка) indicates that дождь can be pronounced in two ways /doʂtʲ/ as it is written or /doɕ:/ as if it were written дощ. Does that hold true for ...
13
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3answers
3k views

Почему Париж пишется через “ж”?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
1
vote
1answer
352 views

Pronunciation of ж

According to my good old Russian learning textbooks, the sound ж in Russian is retroflex (/ʐ/), that is to say it should be pronounced with the tip of the tongue pushed against the palate. Now, in my ...
5
votes
1answer
600 views

How prevalent is the sound /ʑ:/ in Russian?

The sound /ʑ:/ is known as the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative and, roughly speaking, is the average of /z/ as in zebra and /ʒ/ as in vision. Russian speakers can understand /ʑ:/ as the ...
6
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2answers
334 views

Where do I put my tongue?

I'm an absolute beginner with Russian, and am really struggling to simply pronounce some of the sounds! I remember when I learned Chinese I found a website guide on where to put my tongue (and also ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Pronunciation of /a/ after soft consonant or /j/

According to the Russian phonology wiki (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_phonology) : The pronunciation of unstressed /o ~ a/ is as follows: (...) When a soft consonant or /j/ precedes, ...
5
votes
3answers
453 views

Why is the 'г' in “мягкий” pronounced like a 'х'?

According to these consonant assimilation rules, the letters г and к form a voiced/voiceless pair, and the final consonant in the cluster voices or devoices the preceding consonant. If these rules ...
12
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8answers
5k views

Why do Russians sometimes spell “жирный” (fatty) as “жырный”?

I noticed that Russians sometimes incorrectly spell жирный as жырный, even despite that the rule "spell жи and ши with и" is one of the most basic Russian orthography rules. I also see that ...
1
vote
2answers
220 views

Homophones after vowel reduction

I tried to learn some Russian some 30 years ago and it's super rusty now but I'm trying to help my son who's taking it at school and is getting a bit discouraged by how daunting it is. While revising ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

How do I tell if a 'г' sounds like a 'g' or a 'v' [duplicate]

г normally sounds like a g, such as где. Sometimes though it can sound like a v, such as нового. How do I tell which one is the correct one?
2
votes
3answers
346 views

Pronunciation of “мужчина”

Why is мужчи́на pronounced /mʊɕːˈinə/ instead of /mʊʂtɕˈinə/ ? I am already considering that ж is pronounced ш because it is voiced and it is followed by an unvoiced consonant (ч), also known as ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Pronunciation of существительное [duplicate]

In Google Translate, in the Wiktionary audio recording and in some Forvo audio recordings of the word "существительное", I am unable to hear the ending E (/iə/ in unstressed syllables like the last ...
-1
votes
2answers
154 views

Pronunciation of unstressed ю ( /jʊ/ )

I have learned that an unstressed ю is pronounced /jʊ/. However, I cannot hear the /j/ in "Я читаю" (ref: Google Translate) as clearly as I hear in the English word "yes" (https://en.m.wiktionary.org/...
6
votes
2answers
822 views

Pronunciation of “солнце”

Why isn't the consonant л pronounced in "солнце" ( it is pronounced ['sont͡sə]] instead of [ˈsolnt͡sə] ) ? Is that a result of a pronunciation rule or is it an exception?
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Pronunciation of кафе

Why the consonant "ф" in "кафе" is not soft (= palatalized), given that it is before the soft vowel "e"? Do loanwords usually break pronunciation rules?