Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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2
votes
2answers
174 views

В чем разница в произношении гусь гус и гюсь?

Дифтонговый "с" смягчен "у", но этого не достаточно, чтобы оправдать звук в "гюсь". В чем причина?
6
votes
2answers
442 views

Where does the sound “йи” / iotated и / [ji] occur in Russian?

(Note: I would like to learn Russian, but I have not started yet, so unfortunately I will be making this post entirely in English. I don't mind what language you use for answers.) It seems that the ...
6
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2answers
593 views

Pronunciation of “a”

My understanding is that the general rule regarding the pronunciation of "a" in Russian is that it is pronounced [a] (IPA notation). However, in certain cases, it can be pronounced as "и", for example ...
3
votes
2answers
251 views

Pronunciation of “объясняет”

What's the right way to pronounce объясняет? My guess would be something like 'обшсняет' (I'm having a hard time with the hard sign). This is word is somewhat similar to "Eichhörnchen" by the way, it'...
16
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2answers
4k views

Why is the letter “г” in some of the Russian words pronounced differently as it should be?

We all agree that the letter г in Russian is equal to G in English. But Why does the letter г in some of the Russian words sound different as it should be? For example: сегодня = pronounced ...
4
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2answers
572 views

Pronunciation of “ый”

I'm having a very hard time understanding this pronunciation. Is it safe to assume that ый sounds like ey in hey ? Take the word сильный for instance, the pronunciation on forvo is slightly different ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Pronunciation of лаборатория

I've been told that о is pronounced as а when it's not stressed, however the word лаборато́рия is actually pronounced лабо́рато́рия , why is that?
6
votes
2answers
245 views

Voiced consonants at the end of words

Generally voiced consonants become unvoiced when they're at the end of a word. д is pronounced т б is pronounced п в is pronounced ф г is pronounced к ж is pronounced ш з is pronounced с Are ...
5
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2answers
213 views

Pronunciation of большую

What is the right way to pronounce большую? The Wiktionary mentions both бо́льшую and большу́ю, what's the difference between them? Is this a special case that you just have to live with?
7
votes
1answer
166 views

Pronunciation of “отпуска”

How am I supposed to pronounce отпуска? I've seen both о́тпуска and отпуска́. My dictionary is kinda ambiguous so I'm struggling with this one.
3
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2answers
162 views

Combining words for pronunciation

Alright, this might sound stupid but I've been wanting to ask this for a while. Sometimes simultaneously pronouncing each word separately and quickly is bloody difficult (or rather, weird), so I was ...
7
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2answers
342 views

Pronunciation of “Иванов”

What is the correct way to stress the Russian surname Иванов? I have seen both Ивано́в and Ива́нов.
0
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0answers
81 views

Pronunciation of “о” [duplicate]

Can someone explain the correct pronunciation of "o"? (I know it may vary but maybe there's some rule of thumb that I can take advantage of). Take just the word мост for example, it seems that "o" is ...
6
votes
1answer
707 views

Words ending with 'ы'

For me, the pronunciation of some words that end with 'ы' sound like they end with 'э', like 'газеты' or 'журналы', but others don't, like 'столы'. What is the reason for this? Do we say always 'э' ...
4
votes
2answers
217 views

«Да святится имя Твое» or «Да святится имя Твоё»?

A colleague of mine asked me to record the text of the prayer for her band to learn. I want to make sure I do it right. In the words «да святится имя Твое» — is the last letter е or ё?
6
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3answers
292 views

Multiple pronunciation of “до”

Why is "До" sometimes said as "da" (in 'До скорого') but sometimes as "do" (as in 'до свидания'). Is there a rule?
5
votes
3answers
424 views

“Критический”: How should it be prounounced?

I was creating a Memrise course for Russian the other day and as I was collecting audio files from Forvo to add to it, I came upon this word: крити́ческий Usually, when I make a course, I add a field ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

Is there a difference between “эго” and “это” or the are the same?

I have 2 questions about the same words: 1. Is there a difference between эго and это or the are the same? (I've noticed that the uses of both is almost in the same context, and I suspect that ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is щ transliterated as “shch”?

It doesn't match with the pronunciation of the letter in Russian at all. A transliteration closer to the spelling would be rather "shj", "sh' " or something similar. Besides, I've seen it ...
3
votes
1answer
423 views

How to pronounce long decimal numbers?

I know that there's not a very simple way to pronounce decimals in Russian. Literally it would translate as "X entire ones, X tenths/hundredths/etc.", where X is feminine. As such, 0.1 becomes ноль ...
7
votes
1answer
219 views

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Russian?

I am working on an art project that I would like to collect the hundreds of different transliterations of 「中文」 zhōng wén in Mandarin Chinese. (Pronunciation available here: https://translate.google....
4
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2answers
298 views

Should the “о” in Russian be pronounced as a short “a”?

Should the O in Russian be pronounced as a short A (like a short A as in English)?
5
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0answers
216 views

считывать, считать (heteronyms, AKA heterophones) [closed]

In the Russian language we pronounce the written word считать differently, с-читать или щщитать, depending on what is expressed. (they are heteronyms, also known as heterophones, for English it's ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Pronunciation/etymology of иначе

I read on Wiktionary that иначе could have stress on the first or second syllable. Which pronunciation is more common in your experience? Why does such a common word not have a standard pronunciation ...
6
votes
2answers
439 views

Why do stress patterns often match between cognates in Russian and Ukrainian?

I sometimes find myself looking up Russian words on wiktionary and following the etymology of the word upstream to find what words it is related to, as you do. I think I've noticed a peculiar thing: ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Pronunciation of что phrases

Are потому что and то, что pronounced with the o in что as ə, or as o? It seems the former can be both, but which is more standard?
6
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2answers
952 views

Voiceless consonants at the end of words

I've heard words whose endings contain voiced consonants such as год (and others that I cannot remember off the top of my head), and these consonants are pronounced unvoiced (e.g., "гот"). Another ...
8
votes
2answers
590 views

The pronunciation of “воины”

I'm confused with the pronunciation of "воины" ("warriors"). To my knowledge, "воины" should be pronounced as [ˈvo̞ɪnɨ]. However, I've heard native speakers pronounce it as [ˈvo̞jnɨ̞] (with the "й" ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

Pronunciation of ей vs ий

When both are unstressed and reduced, they would be ɪj and ij respectively. To me, however, they sound the same because the ɪ in combination with the j sound makes it sound the same is ij, especially ...
3
votes
4answers
314 views

How to properly pronounce Lur'e for a English speaker

(Anatolij Isakovič Lur'ie) A. I. Lur'e was a great mathematician from USSR, however no one that I know of knows how to properly pronounce his name, especially last name. Can a Russian speaker guide ...
6
votes
4answers
519 views

If 'ять' sounds like 'yat' then what does 'ят' sound like?

If have just started to learn Russian and have come across the fact that 'ь' remains silent but changes the sound of the letter that comes before it (I think). Please can someone give me an example of ...
4
votes
5answers
330 views

How to pronounce correctly - ютьюб or ютуб?

I have got a few Russian friends, who I communicate with in Russian. Many of them use the word youtube. I have noticed that some of them pronounce ютьюб and some - ютуб. I am not sure which one is ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Soft Indicating Vowels

Sometimes I find it hard to pronounce letter combinations with л such as лю at the end of the word люблю (or perhaps ля), and it's hard to tell whether or not native speakers are saying 'lyu' or just '...
3
votes
2answers
378 views

Difference between чем and чём

From what I understand, чем is used for the instrumental case and чём is for the prepositional case. I have listened to an audio recording of both and they were pronounced the same way. Is that true? ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Voiced/Unvoiced

Which consonant in a cluster determines whether the other consonant(s) is/are voiced? For example, if there is зт, is it pronounced ст or зд?
19
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7answers
7k views

What is the difference between ы and и?

All other Russian vowels come in pairs, but this pair seems a bit special. So, how does one pronounce ы and и?
11
votes
3answers
341 views

Declension of “ДНК”

This is potentially a very stupid question: I'm guessing ДНК is pronounced дээнка́. As such, is it treated grammatically as a feminine noun, or is it invariable? In other words, do you say в его ...
6
votes
4answers
355 views

How to pronounce the word агнцев (three consonants in row)?

In Второзаконие 32:13-14 I read the word агнец, which appears in genitive plural. Он вознес его на высоту земли и кормил произведениями полей, и питал его медом из камня и елеем из твердой скалы, ...
9
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6answers
512 views

Pronunciation of “всегда” and other words beginning in “вс”

I listened to various pronunciations on Forvo, Wiktionary and various dictionaries with audio files. To my (untrained) ear it always sounds as if the "в" is silent and not pronounced at all. That ...
6
votes
3answers
514 views

Pronunciation of “шь”

Does the rule that "ш" cannot be soft (unpalatalized) apply when it is followed by a soft sign "шь"? In the famous song "Никого не Будет в Доме" from "Ирнония Судьбы", there's a line "...из которых ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

about Pushkin's Дружба : how to read it

I was very pleased to discover Pushkin's Дружба on Russian StackExchange : Что дружба? Лeгкий пыл похмелья, What is friendship? A slight fire of the carousal, Обиды вольный разговор, The ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Why are there letters which look similar but are pronounced differently between the English alphabet and Russian Cyrillic?

Gadling teaches you to read the Cyrillic alphabet in 5 minutes mentions that there's some letters in Cyrillic that look like letters in the English alphabet, but their pronunciation in Russian is ...
14
votes
3answers
7k views

When is the letter 'O' pronounced as 'A'?

Sometimes the letter 'O' has a pronunciation like 'O', but other times has a pronunciation like 'A'. How can I know the difference? The pronunciation becomes like the letter 'A' or there is some ...
3
votes
3answers
265 views

Why does 'в' have a special case in consonant voicing?

As far as I learned the lesson about voiced and voiceless consonants and consonant clusters, voiced consonants voice the preceding voiceless consonant and voiceless consonants devoice the preceding ...
3
votes
2answers
208 views

Websites to Have Sentences/Passages Recorded in Russian by Native Speakers

Is there any website that exists where I can have sentences or passages in Russian recorded for me? I like practicing my spoken Russian with translated sentences in spaced repetition programs such as ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

Variation in pronunciation of “й” in word-ending “ый”

I have heard two different ways of pronouncing the very common word-ending ый (as in, e.g., чёрный or кра́сный). The first variant has a barely audible [j] sound after [ɨ]. The second variant has a ...
1
vote
4answers
676 views

Difference between '-ться', and '-тся'?

'Тс' already sounds like 'Ть' so why is there a soft sign there? Do I pronounce them both like a soft T?
5
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5answers
1k views

Pronunciation of J

I knew that J could be pronounced жи, like in French, but I was watching a lecture online at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFxD6YFiLfU and the speaker calls J йот instead. See for instance 4:07 and ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

I am very curious about the Russian word “Toska.” The word that is difficult to translate in English and means loosely: melancholy, longing, boredom, spiritual anguish. How is this word written and ...
5
votes
3answers
282 views

Pronunciation of “Будто”

Is this word pronounced [ˈbuttɐ] or [ˈbutɐ] ?