Questions tagged [произношение]

Questions about the pronunciation of words, as they are uttered by both native and non-native speakers.

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5
votes
0answers
215 views

считывать, считать (heteronyms, AKA heterophones) [closed]

In the Russian language we pronounce the written word считать differently, с-читать или щщитать, depending on what is expressed. (they are heteronyms, also known as heterophones, for English it's ...
4
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3answers
202 views

Pronunciation/etymology of иначе

I read on Wiktionary that иначе could have stress on the first or second syllable. Which pronunciation is more common in your experience? Why does such a common word not have a standard pronunciation ...
13
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3answers
3k views

Почему Париж пишется через “ж”?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
3
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1answer
79 views

Pronunciation of что phrases

Are потому что and то, что pronounced with the o in что as ə, or as o? It seems the former can be both, but which is more standard?
6
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2answers
433 views

Why do stress patterns often match between cognates in Russian and Ukrainian?

I sometimes find myself looking up Russian words on wiktionary and following the etymology of the word upstream to find what words it is related to, as you do. I think I've noticed a peculiar thing: ...
8
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2answers
588 views

The pronunciation of “воины”

I'm confused with the pronunciation of "воины" ("warriors"). To my knowledge, "воины" should be pronounced as [ˈvo̞ɪnɨ]. However, I've heard native speakers pronounce it as [ˈvo̞jnɨ̞] (with the "й" ...
3
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2answers
266 views

Pronunciation of ей vs ий

When both are unstressed and reduced, they would be ɪj and ij respectively. To me, however, they sound the same because the ɪ in combination with the j sound makes it sound the same is ij, especially ...
3
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4answers
314 views

How to properly pronounce Lur'e for a English speaker

(Anatolij Isakovič Lur'ie) A. I. Lur'e was a great mathematician from USSR, however no one that I know of knows how to properly pronounce his name, especially last name. Can a Russian speaker guide ...
6
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3answers
828 views

Pronunciation of Spelling Rule “е” vs “о” vs “ё”?

"Never write unstressed 'o' after the letters, ж, ч, ш, щ, ц, instead use 'e'" So are we supposed to still pronounce it like an "o"? I know that the answer is yes when the vowel is stressed, for ...
6
votes
4answers
516 views

If 'ять' sounds like 'yat' then what does 'ят' sound like?

If have just started to learn Russian and have come across the fact that 'ь' remains silent but changes the sound of the letter that comes before it (I think). Please can someone give me an example of ...
4
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5answers
330 views

How to pronounce correctly - ютьюб or ютуб?

I have got a few Russian friends, who I communicate with in Russian. Many of them use the word youtube. I have noticed that some of them pronounce ютьюб and some - ютуб. I am not sure which one is ...
6
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2answers
946 views

Voiceless consonants at the end of words

I've heard words whose endings contain voiced consonants such as год (and others that I cannot remember off the top of my head), and these consonants are pronounced unvoiced (e.g., "гот"). Another ...
4
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4answers
390 views

Stressed and unstressed [a]

I'm having some trouble distinguishing [ɐ] and [a]. In fast speech I usually pronounce [ɐ] like [a]. Such as Алáния or Голосá. Does it really matter?
1
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1answer
211 views

Is мне stressed?

Is мне stressed (as in, is it pronounced mnyeh?)? Is this always the case? If not, what are some examples? Also, what about other short words such as по?
3
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2answers
370 views

Difference between чем and чём

From what I understand, чем is used for the instrumental case and чём is for the prepositional case. I have listened to an audio recording of both and they were pronounced the same way. Is that true? ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Voiced/Unvoiced

Which consonant in a cluster determines whether the other consonant(s) is/are voiced? For example, if there is зт, is it pronounced ст or зд?
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Soft Indicating Vowels

Sometimes I find it hard to pronounce letter combinations with л such as лю at the end of the word люблю (or perhaps ля), and it's hard to tell whether or not native speakers are saying 'lyu' or just '...
11
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3answers
340 views

Declension of “ДНК”

This is potentially a very stupid question: I'm guessing ДНК is pronounced дээнка́. As such, is it treated grammatically as a feminine noun, or is it invariable? In other words, do you say в его ...
6
votes
4answers
355 views

How to pronounce the word агнцев (three consonants in row)?

In Второзаконие 32:13-14 I read the word агнец, which appears in genitive plural. Он вознес его на высоту земли и кормил произведениями полей, и питал его медом из камня и елеем из твердой скалы, ...
9
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6answers
509 views

Pronunciation of “всегда” and other words beginning in “вс”

I listened to various pronunciations on Forvo, Wiktionary and various dictionaries with audio files. To my (untrained) ear it always sounds as if the "в" is silent and not pronounced at all. That ...
5
votes
1answer
767 views

pronunciation of “e”

Please tell me how the written “e” pronounces. I have checked various online resources and am still not sure about it. I have found the following rules: “e” is pronounced as: ii – at begin of words,...
6
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3answers
506 views

Pronunciation of “шь”

Does the rule that "ш" cannot be soft (unpalatalized) apply when it is followed by a soft sign "шь"? In the famous song "Никого не Будет в Доме" from "Ирнония Судьбы", there's a line "...из которых ...
4
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3answers
256 views

Pronunciation of часá (часы, часов)

My Russian teacher, claims that when pronouncing "часá" it should be pronounced as: "чi-сa" with an "i" instead of an "a". I have looked around and it appears that the pronunciation hinges around: "...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

What is the correct pronunciation of “сотовые телефоны”?

I have heard of several different pronunciations for the phrase "сотовые телефоны" (sótovyje telefóny [ˈsotəvɨje tʲɪlʲɪˈfonɨ]). Which is the correct pronunciation: "satavyye telefone" "satovyye ...
2
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3answers
202 views

Pronunciation of “I live with my family”

About the sentence: "Я живy с семьёй." --> Phonetic: [Yah zhivu s sem'yoy.] When pronouncing the "independent c". Would you pronounce both the "s:es" in one go or would you make a short pause before ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Pronunciation of “лёгкий” and “легкий”

I read in Pushkin's Дружба the word "легкий", an adjective meaning "slight". There's even an interesting thread on Russian S.E. about the modern pronouciation of the word. I ...
3
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2answers
151 views

about Pushkin's Дружба : how to read it

I was very pleased to discover Pushkin's Дружба on Russian StackExchange : Что дружба? Лeгкий пыл похмелья, What is friendship? A slight fire of the carousal, Обиды вольный разговор, The ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Why are there letters which look similar but are pronounced differently between the English alphabet and Russian Cyrillic?

Gadling teaches you to read the Cyrillic alphabet in 5 minutes mentions that there's some letters in Cyrillic that look like letters in the English alphabet, but their pronunciation in Russian is ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Why does 'в' have a special case in consonant voicing?

As far as I learned the lesson about voiced and voiceless consonants and consonant clusters, voiced consonants voice the preceding voiceless consonant and voiceless consonants devoice the preceding ...
7
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4answers
899 views

Pronunciation of “Бог”

Does the word Бог (Nom. Sg.) end in a sound like г or х?
3
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2answers
208 views

Websites to Have Sentences/Passages Recorded in Russian by Native Speakers

Is there any website that exists where I can have sentences or passages in Russian recorded for me? I like practicing my spoken Russian with translated sentences in spaced repetition programs such as ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

Variation in pronunciation of “й” in word-ending “ый”

I have heard two different ways of pronouncing the very common word-ending ый (as in, e.g., чёрный or кра́сный). The first variant has a barely audible [j] sound after [ɨ]. The second variant has a ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Pronunciation of J

I knew that J could be pronounced жи, like in French, but I was watching a lecture online at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFxD6YFiLfU and the speaker calls J йот instead. See for instance 4:07 and ...
14
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3answers
7k views

When is the letter 'O' pronounced as 'A'?

Sometimes the letter 'O' has a pronunciation like 'O', but other times has a pronunciation like 'A'. How can I know the difference? The pronunciation becomes like the letter 'A' or there is some ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

I am very curious about the Russian word “Toska.” The word that is difficult to translate in English and means loosely: melancholy, longing, boredom, spiritual anguish. How is this word written and ...
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4answers
672 views

Difference between '-ться', and '-тся'?

'Тс' already sounds like 'Ть' so why is there a soft sign there? Do I pronounce them both like a soft T?
5
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2answers
466 views

Is «ндравиться» archaic or just geographical?

Having traveled in the rural area around Penza I found that almost all the people say «ндравиться» rather than «нравиться», for example: — Мне ндравится сегодняшняя погода. Is it some archaic ...
5
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3answers
282 views

Pronunciation of “Будто”

Is this word pronounced [ˈbuttɐ] or [ˈbutɐ] ?
4
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4answers
735 views

what would be the correct way to say 'заткнись'

just for the sake of not giving a complement unintentionally
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3answers
244 views

Translation/transliteration question - “I never know what to say in these moments”.

I came across this line in a movie scene (at about 20 seconds in the video). "I never know what to say in these moments" I looked up the translation in google translate - And the ...
4
votes
4answers
535 views

Soft vowel pronunciation at the end of a word

How do you tell when you need to pronounce a soft vowel as soft and stressed? I only ask because I've run into a grammatical rule that says that an unstressed я like in "девять" should be pronounced ...
6
votes
2answers
579 views

What's Kolmogorov's russian name?

I know that the title is a little weird, sorry about that. The thing is that one day I asked my russian instructor, who's russian, how to pronounce Kolmogorov in russian (because it has too many o's) ...
4
votes
1answer
265 views

Д has the sound of a “d” or “b” in ДOM?

Going through Alphabet - LearnRussian I found the sound of Д in ДOM to be of the English letter b (bom). Which go me confused with Б. Cyrillic alphabets states that it has the sound of d (dom) /d/ ...
8
votes
5answers
702 views

How to pronounce лёгкий

I understand that every language has tricky words, meaning, words that do not follow the normal sounds or conventions of most words or letters. However, I do want to ensure I am being taught this word ...
6
votes
2answers
333 views

Where do I put my tongue?

I'm an absolute beginner with Russian, and am really struggling to simply pronounce some of the sounds! I remember when I learned Chinese I found a website guide on where to put my tongue (and also ...
10
votes
3answers
658 views

What function does the soft sign ь have in a word like учишься?

I was taught that certain consonants such as ш are always 'hard'. What function does the soft sign ь have when placed after these 'always hard' consonants? For example, in words such as учишься? Does ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

What distinguishes the “hushers” (ч, ш, щ, ж) linguistically from other consonants?

I've seen the word "hushers" used to describe the Russian consonants ч, ш, щ, ж (especially in the context of spelling rules). Is this an accepted linguistic concept or is it just a convenient name ...
10
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2answers
815 views

What are the various ways to say “.” (period/dot/full stop)?

Examples: - version 1.5 - period at the end of a sentence - decimal point - stackoverflow.com
7
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1answer
371 views

Inconsistencies books pronunciation

I am dealing with books explaining different ways to pronounce letters in Russias. Below are examples of some of the cases and pronunciations for those cases that vary. How do I make sense of all this ...
12
votes
1answer
625 views

Is “ж” palato-alveolar or retroflex?

As a native Portuguese speaker, I was told "ж" in Russian is pronounced like the Portuguese and French "j" (IPA: ʒ), a voiced palato-alveolar fricative. However according to Wikipedia the Russian "ж" ...