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Questions tagged [род]

For questions about grammatical gender of Russian nouns or general questions about gendered words in Russian, including appropriate translation equivalents of foreign words from languages that don't have the category of gender.

7
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3answers
1k views

Succinct and gender-neutral Russian word for “writer”

Imagine I want to translate to Russian the word "community of working writers" such that "writers" means both male and female ones. Here are obvious variants: Сообщество работающих литераторов и ...
6
votes
2answers
144 views

Adjective gender for terms of endearment

When addressing someone with a term of endearment, should the gender of "my" match the word or the person? For example, when addressing a male as "my star", would you say Звездочка моя or Звездочка ...
9
votes
1answer
289 views

Как называются слова, меняющие значение в зависимости от рода: как “машинист” и “машинистка”?

Некоторые слова в зависимости от рода имеют разный смысл, например, "машинист" и "машинистка" — это совершенно разные профессии. Есть ли название у такого языкового феномена?
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Girlfriend vs friend

As far as I know, the word "girlfriend" in Russian is ambiguous. As well as the word for "female friend". If I say ты хорошая подруга am I telling just "you're a good friend" with no ambiguity? If I ...
4
votes
3answers
587 views

Genders - Nouns with “ь”

Is there a way to tell which are feminine or masculine if most nouns end with "ь"?
7
votes
5answers
241 views

Why is the adjective “главное” in neuter gender?

Why is the adjective "главный" in neuter gender in the following sentence? метод and результат are masculine. главное не метод, а результат.
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Why did “он” suddenly become so much more common?

In the case of English, "she" was used much less than "he", and it still hasn't caught up. In Russian, it looks as if the translation of "he" almost didn't exist, until around 1915. What happened?
9
votes
5answers
471 views

Why does the word “мужчина” decline like a feminine noun?

In all languages with genders I know the word for man is masculine, and the word for women is feminine. While this is still technically true for the word мужчина, it is the only Russian masculine word ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

Which grammatical situations depend on the literal gender of a speaker?

Recently, a friend accused me of misgendering myself by using "feminine" verb endings. I am aware of many situations where there are verb endings for the grammatical gender of the noun, but when ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Gender agreement for verbs and adjectives

Assume that you are talking with a woman whom you address with "вы". If you want to say, "You were here", which would be correct? Вы была здесь. Вы были здесь. I assume that the second one is ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Согласование рода

Эта игра что надо или Это игра что надо
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Gender of старому in “Им хотелось жить по-старому”

In "Им хотелось жить по-старому", is старому in masculine or neuter gender? Why?
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Verb was with masculine noum

Why in the following sentence we use было instead of был, since we're talking about the husband? (Муж in this case). Жена́ не выходи́ла из свои́х ко́мнат, му́жа тре́тий день не бы́ло до́ма. English: ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Он обвиняет в этом жену?

«Когда русскому человеку особенно плохо живется, он обвиняет в этом жену, соседа, погоду, Бога - всех, кроме самого себя.» Этом - prepositional, Жену - accusative. Why don't they match? Этом - ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

What gender do place names take if they do not end in letters that mean that a gender is assigned to a noun by default?

I know that nouns that end in certain letters become by default male, but if a noun does not end in any of these letters (e.g., Бостон) what gender does it take by default?
8
votes
4answers
1k views

A children's riddle asks: 'А и Б сидели на трубе. А упало, Б пропало — что осталось на трубе?'

A children's riddle asks А и Б сидели на трубе. А упало, Б пропало - что осталось на трубе? Правописание(Spelling). The answer is И!. But if you search the web you will find an approximately equal ...
5
votes
4answers
743 views

How do you describe homosexual marriages in Russian?

The words for marriage are clearly gender-linked in Russian. I'm guessing that for two women, you'd say "Она женилась на ней / Она женат." Correspondingly, I'd think that for two men it would be "Он ...
7
votes
3answers
225 views

Why is the Gentive in Question—что нового? итд

что нового? что интересного? I've read a lot about grammar this year, and nothing seems to fit with this usage. Is it an abbreviation of some fuller phrase from the past? Many times if one can ...
2
votes
2answers
408 views

Ни он ни она не хотели уходить первым?

Подскажите, пожалуйста, насколько правильно это предложение. Тут и он, и она, и множественное число и в конце ещё надо поставить прилагательное в каком-то роде. Может быть, у вас есть идеи, как это ...
2
votes
1answer
728 views

Родительный падеж + количество

Скажите, пожалуйста, как объясняется тот факт, что при использовании количества, больше одного, подлежащее становится дополнением (если это правильно) и переходит в родительный падеж. В нашей комании ...
9
votes
3answers
399 views

Which form of past tense should be used when the gender of the speaker is unknown?

For instance, you heard a quote from a poem or a proverb, but you don't know who exactly said it. Do you use Кто сказал "я к розам хочу, в тот единственный сад / Где лучшая в мире стоит из оград"? ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Если слово спикер употреблено по отношению к женщине, его можно не склонять?

Прочитал в статье: Путин направил соответствующее письмо спикер верхней палаты Валентине Матвиенко перед отлетом в Вену... Сначала был уверен, что опечатка. Потом подумал, может новое правило или ...
4
votes
3answers
276 views

“Website”: in Russia they say “Мой сайт”. In Canada many say “Моя сайт”… Wonder why

I've noticed that my Russian-speaking Canadian friends who left Russia before the Internet era always say "моя сайт", "красивая сайт". People in Russia say "мой". Same I hear from Russians in Israel. ...
3
votes
2answers
722 views

How to conflate feminine and masculine last names for a couple? [closed]

I am writing an English letter to a married Russian couple, and they've got the same root for their last name, with a '-a' suffix for hers. Is there an acceptable way to address them both without ...
5
votes
3answers
933 views

Why does the dictionary not have a gender for “часы”

It only says it is a noun and in singular number.
10
votes
3answers
254 views

2, 3 and 4 with feminine nouns denoting animals

I was explaining to a friend how to use nouns with numerals 2, 3 and 4 and figured out that I don't know which of the following two possibilities is correct: 1a. Я вижу две вороны. 1b. Я вижу ...
11
votes
1answer
234 views

Rules for attaching gender to foreign company names

If we use name of a foreign company as a single word f.e. Samsung, Ford, Microsoft, IBM, Shell, and even StackOverflow, what gender form the following verb should take? Should it be Samsung предложил ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there a rule for figuring out the gender of a word?

I am having a hard time with understanding why the word "врач" belongs to the second declension. The reason for that is that it's not obvious to me that the gender of врач is always masculine which is ...
12
votes
7answers
3k views

“Она врач” or “она врачь”?

So my question is whether I should use a soft sign at the end of врач when I am referring to a woman doctor? It seems like in this case врач becomes feminine and the same rule as for ночь has to be ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Gender and forms of “рыба-кит”

What is the gender of the word "рыба-кит"? Should I say "огромная рыба-кит" or "огромный рыба-кит"? Also, how should I change it if it is not in nominative case? Gramota.ru suggests that рыба-кит ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Why “подруга”, not “друга”

I wonder are there any other cases when prefix по- indicates feminine gender? I can recall some nouns with по- prefix, like постель or повесть, but this words have roots that are also feminine. On ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Усатый нянь or what to call a male nanny (babysitter)?

Following the question about common feminine suffices for profession titles. Word няня has several meanings. According to gramota.ru: 1. Работница, занимающаяся уходом, присмотром за детьми (в ...
13
votes
2answers
403 views

Words in “common gender”

In addition to the masculine, feminine, and neuter genders, there are words of "common gender" (слова общего рода) that nearly all decline like a feminine noun but are applied to both men and women. ...
18
votes
4answers
945 views

Действительно ли по новым правилам слово “кофе” среднего рода?

Многие говорят, что согласно новым правилам "кофе" официально стал(о) считаться существительным среднего рода. Насколько это соответствует действительности? Если это действительно так, то когда было ...