Questions tagged [родительный-падеж]

The second grammatical case in Russian.

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About sugar, tea and raisins and their partitive case (сахару, ча́ю, изюму, кишмишу)

I've noticed that some words, such as sugar (сахар), tea (чай) and raisins (изюм or кишмиш), have a partitive case (разделительный падеж), different from their genitive. However, I've also heard that ...
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Verbs that require either an accusative or genitive object, depending on their nature

Apparently, there is a number of verbs that may require either an accusative or genitive object, depending on their nature. If it's a specific, concrete object, the accusative would apply: I wait for ...
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Is it possible to write «я слушаю музыки» and what would be its meaning?

Usually we encounter «я слушаю музыку» (I listen to music - accusative) but would it be possible, as music is uncountable, to use the partitive-genitive: я слушаю музыки» ? If it is possible and does ...
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два тела, два села - where is the accent placed? [closed]

When we say "два тела" and "два села", where have the nouns тела and села the accent ? On the first syllable or on the last one ? I ask this because the noun тело has the ...
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Genitive: declining noun + adjective pairs with numbers [duplicate]

I am an intermediate student of Russian, and in one of my courses I came across the following example: Тут два белых стула. — Two white chairs are here. My understanding is that the genitive is ...
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Why is «Какого цвета» in genitive case?

I came across the sentence «Какого цвета платье?» today. I would've assumed that «Какого цвета» would be in the nominative case and was confused to see this construction. Is there a grammatical rule/...
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How can I say "start both hourglasses" in Russian?

I've been given the following task: "Let's suppose you have an hourglass that measures 7 minutes and an hourglass that measures 4 minutes, and you need to time 9 minutes by using only these ...
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"не люблю шутки" vs. "не люблю шуток"

I've noticed that verbs that normally take a direct object in Accusative quite often allow for Genitive, instead. For example, исправлять ошибку (Accusative), but Вы уж, будьте добры, не исправляйте ...
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Are "из лесу" and "из леса" completely interchangeable?

There is a phrase из лесу, meaning "from the forest". Also, you may say "из леса", which seems to me much more sensible. But I'm wondering if лесу really is some realisation of the genitive case, ...
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"У тебя" or "твоё" [duplicate]

While translating the sentence:"what is your favorite animal?" from English I would rather say in Russian: Какое твоё любимое животное? but it turned out that the correct translation is Какое ...
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Why "конфет" and not "конфетов"?

The sentence "У нас нет конфет" ("We have no candies") seems to translate to we have no candies. I know that following the word нет we need to be in the genitive case and I believe the word конфет ...
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Как правильно родительном падеже: предтеч или предтечей? [closed]

Нечто, принадлежащее предтече или предтечам, это "нечто предтеч" или "нечто предтечей"? Хорошо помню русский перевод игры Star Control II. В нём было "предтеч", но уверенности в правильности нет.
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Почему 'я хочу серьезных отношений'?

Почему в предложении 'я хочу серьезных отношений' объект находится в родительном падеже?
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How to complete "налей мне" and "отдай мне обратно": "чаёк," "чайка," or "чайку"?

Here is a question in a test: Как корректно закончить следующие предложения? Налей мне ... . (а) чаёк (б) чайка (в) чайку Отдай мне обратно ... . (а) чаёк (б) чайка (в) чайку I am at a loss as ...
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Мужчина, который хочет надёжных отношений

A quote from a native speaker of Russian: Мужчина, который хочет надёжных отношений и семью. Question: Why did they use the genitive case in "надёжных отношений"? As a side note, regarding "семью"...
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Why is детей in the Gen. and not the Nom. in this у + Gen. + Nom. construction?

Apologies for this basic question: Why does 'детей' in 'сколько у тебя детей' appear in the gen. and not the nom. as in the usual у + gen. + nom. construction? I wanted to ask this question as the ...
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4 votes
4 answers
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"Сейчас у меня есть мало время" or "Сейчас у меня есть мало времени"?

I have learned that when expressing possession in Russian, the object you possess is in nominative case and genitive case when it is not (i.e. you don't have it). So based on that, I'd say the former ...
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"Машина девушки" and "машина у девушки" - what's the difference?

I understand that the possessor is in the genitive case but what is the difference between машина девушки and машина у девушки and у девушки есть машина and я вожу машину девушки and я вожу машину у ...
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"Short of" in Russian

I saw the following sentence: Моя бабушка умерла в 1959 году, не дожив до ста лет всего лишь трёх месяцев. I understood the meaning of this sentence. "My grandmother (...) lived three months short ...
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Should words agree in case and number?

Here's a quote from Anna Karenina: Как это будет ему доказано, он не знал, но знал, что это, несомненно, логически будет ему доказано, и он ждал этого доказательства I would like to know: why is ...
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Why use Genitive for "something" to say "принести/bring someone something"?

Ты должен принести мне в точности то, что я сказал. In this sentence, the accusative "то" is understandably used to express the idea of "принести/bring someone something". I wonder why in the ...
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3 answers
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"Ветер" in genitive - why "ветра", not "ветера"?

I am wondering why the genitive case for ветер is ветра instead of "ветера". Is there any rule behind this instance? Thank you.
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Why do many military unit types have weird declension?

I mean plural genitive in "отряды драгун, улан, гусар, рейтар, кирасир, партизан, гренадир", but for some reason that doesn't apply to "отряды мушкетёров, юнкеров, сапёров и казаков". Why does this ...
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Genitive case after quantity words

When should I use the genitive singular and when should I use the genitive plural after quantity words like много and сколько?
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4 votes
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Why is "зуб" in genitive case in the following comparison?

I couldn't understand why "зуб" is in genitive case(зубов) in the following sentence. What is the grammatical explanation for that? у меня в два раза больше зубов,чем у тебя.
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Почему у групповых топонимов в родительном падеже обычно нулевое окончание (Мальдив, Альп, Курил)?

Согласно правилам (http://www.bibliotekar.ru/russkiy-yazik-2/122.htm), слова мужского рода во множественном числе в родительном падеже обычно имеют окончание -ов, а женского рода — обычно нулевое. ...
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Genitive cases ending with -у(in this case, masculine, singular)? [duplicate]

As far as I know, my Russian teacher never taught me why such things happen... And I've encountered so many cases other than these examples bearing same problems. Can somebody explain when and why ...
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5 votes
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632 views

Чего: Usage and Meanings

I often see the word "чего" in places that don't make sense. For example, "Пётр снисходительно пожал плечами: чего, мол, морочить голову". Now, чего means "that" or "what", if I'm correct. But it also ...
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3 votes
2 answers
906 views

Винительный падеж - косвенный или прямой, и почему

Как говорит нам Грамота.ру Числительные два, три, четыре (а также составные числительные, оканчивающиеся на два, три, четыре, например двадцать два) в именительном падеже сочетаются с ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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не верю + Дательный падеж?

It seems in this sentence: Она не верила своему мужу. "Man" is in Dative case. Is this because he is the one the verb is "acting" upon, i.e. the receiver of the action or is it another rule, ...
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2 answers
177 views

Поводов или поводьев?

What is the genitive case plural (Родительный падеж множественного числа) for ПОВОД (случай)?
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3 votes
2 answers
257 views

"Чего интересного" - why genitive?

I was watching a video, and in it, the girl asked, "Что интересного произошло для вас в этом году?" Why is genitive bring used here? I have another example: Много чего интересного. Can что in a sense ...
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2 votes
2 answers
386 views

When should I use genitive personal pronouns versus possessive pronouns?

In the phrase: дом Ивана "Иван" is in the genitive, which means that the above translates to "Ivan's house". Following this pattern, if I wanted to say "my house", I should logically be able to do ...
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Странная форма прилагательного "дорогой"

Но как-то разбрасываться таким знакомством нам не приходилось. Живой человек, к нам расположенный, и не мутант – это дорогого стоит в чужом городе. Почему здесь используется родительный падеж? Я не ...
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15 votes
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"Илья" во множественном числе и в родительном падеже

Какая у слова "Илья" правильная форма множественного числа родительного падежа? Множественное число от имен собственных вообще редко встречается, но все же возможно, например, в предложении "У меня ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Use of genitive in Преступление и наказание

The following quote is from the beginning of Part 1, chapter 7 (Раскольников stands at the old woman's door): "...и опять два вострые и недоверчивые взгяда уставились на него из темноты." Why is "...
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6 votes
4 answers
528 views

Is "сноск" a correct inflection of "сноска"?

In a journal article I came across a claim that "сноск" is the "genitive plural zero ending" form of the word "сноска" (English: footnote). However, a Russian speaker I know is insistent that this is ...
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6 votes
4 answers
858 views

Preposition to quote: из or от (or none of them)

Suppose one wishes to quote a Russian text, say, the following well-known one: «Наука же говорит: возлюби, прежде всех, одного себя, ибо все на свете на личном интересе основано» Which way of the ...
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4 votes
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не хватает ... рубля/рублей

не хватает три рубля/трёх рублей не хватает два рубля/двух рублей не хватает один рубль/одного рубля etc. Both seem to be commonly used in day-to-day speech. Any thoughts? UPDATE: To reiterate, I'm ...
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31 votes
6 answers
2k views

Genitive plural of "башка"?

What is the genitive plural and nominative plural of башка? My search returned a lot of contradicting information. Is there any authoritative source with a single concrete answer?
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