Questions tagged [склонение]

Questions about the declension of nouns ans well as adjectives, numerals and participles, for example, "What ending should I use for this noun?" or "What form of adjective should be used in the context of ..."

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Conflicting accusative case declensions

I recently bought Russian For Dummies and it says that the only thing in the accusative case that depends on animacy is for consonant (zero) endings (animate -> add -a, inanimate -> no change). ...
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-2 votes
3 answers
124 views

Can someone help explain case declension

In my work book there are a set of rules for Nominative case ect. Now what I’m having trouble with is what the difference is between (first declension, second declension, and third declension.) In the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
153 views

Why is the word "тот" used in this sentence and why is it in the dative case?

Here's the text from my book: -У вас есть стихи Лермонтова? -Нет, к сожалению, стихи Лермонтова проданы. -Но ведь они были несколько дней тому назад! -Да, но всё уже продано. I don't understand the ...
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7 votes
2 answers
795 views

Why is лицо in the prepositional case, and why does свой not match its case?

I was reading the Bible and came across Isaiah 53 verse 3. "Он был презрен и умалён пред людьми, муж скорбей и изведавший болезни, и мы отвращали от Него лице своё; Он был презираем, и мы ни во ...
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  • 125
3 votes
2 answers
353 views

"Между минус девятью и нулём" - why "минус" is not declined here?

I was attempting to translate a sentence about the weather and I was told that "minus" was not declined...in any case. I also heard, though I don't know, that this is also common in ...
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  • 1,289
3 votes
1 answer
175 views

How to decline animate neuter nouns in the accusative case?

How to say things like: Я вижу... дитя, лицо (в значении "человек"), животное, насекомое, млекопитающее, существо ("живой организм"), чудище, чудовище, страшилище... Do they stay ...
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4 votes
2 answers
247 views

Why don't the personal possessive adjectives его (his), её (her), and их (their) decline for the dative case?

Let's use a simple sentence to illustrate this further: [SUBJECT NOUN] gave [PERSONAL POSSESSIVE] [INDIRECT OBJECT] a [DIRECT OBJECT]. If I want to say: He gave my brother a book. He gave your brother ...
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  • 2,205
2 votes
1 answer
304 views

Люди or человек after numerals?

From what I know, the plural noun "people" is люди when no numeral precedes it. Whereas "people" preceded by a numeral take the stem человек-, as in два человека, пять человек (the ...
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  • 2,503
2 votes
3 answers
154 views

Is Бангладеш a declinable Russian noun?

Must we decline Бангладеш? If the answer is 'no', then I'm curious why, and what gender does it have? Technically it's both страна (country) and государство (state); the grammatical gender of these ...
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1 vote
1 answer
188 views

What case is "новых фото"?

In following sentence: "Он добавил 10 новых фото" - it appears that фото is a direct object and so the accusative case (inanimate) should be used. However, my tables suggest that -ых is the ...
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  • 123
5 votes
3 answers
347 views

When is "это" declined?

The word "это" appears in texts quite often. But sometimes it stays the same no matter what word comes after it, or sometimes it's declined according to the word it's reflecting. For example: Это ...
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  • 420
4 votes
3 answers
183 views

Can we know that хоро́ший and высо́кий declines differently based on their ending consonant?

I read the Russian Declension Wikipedia article, which gives several examples for different adjective declensions. The article explains that masculine adjectives ending in the nominative in ий and ...
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  • 143
1 vote
2 answers
229 views

Which form of год is года here in “1341 года”?

In the fourth part of the prologue to Властелин Колец (The Lord of the Rings) I read Апрельским утром 1341 года от заселения Хоббитании Бильбо, сам себе на удивленье, вдруг отправился далеко на ...
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  • 390
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why does "в субботу?" end with "-y"? Is it accusative case?

"Он работает в субботу" - it looks like a prepositional case, but it doesn't suit the prepositional case rules. Is it accusative case ? If yes why is it accusative, there is no object in it.
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  • 251
7 votes
2 answers
144 views

Anthropomorphized inanimates masculine declension

Take a clearly inanimate masculine noun, say подсолнух, and put it in a fable with anthropomorphic features. Now how should I put it in accusative? Мы видели высокий подсолнух, когда он пришёл..... ...
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  • 221
4 votes
1 answer
603 views

Plural for indeclinable nouns

Some foreign nouns are indeclinable (take пальто for example), yet sometimes we want to express many of it. How to do it?
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  • 221
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Wuhan: masculine, feminine, or either?

The question is about the use of the Chinese city name Wuhan, specifically, whether it should be declined as masculine or feminine: Ухан - в Ухане - из Ухана OR Ухань - в Ухани - из Ухани The ...
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10 votes
3 answers
590 views

How to indicate "photograph by"

Typically, the authorship of a work of art is indicated with the genitive case: «роман Толстого». The subject of a photograph is also indicated with the genitive, however: «фотография Толстого». You ...
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3 votes
2 answers
133 views

Как склоняется слово "Нод(а)"

Нода - это заимствование от слова node (узел). Из викисловаря, узнал, что это слово женского рода. Используется в компьютерных приложениях для обозначения блока программы, который соединяется с ...
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  • 210
3 votes
2 answers
327 views

Why does the first person singular future of победить not exist?

For example, if you say "чтобы победить этот страх", it's quite likely that you also sometimes need to say "I will overcome", "Я победить этот страх". I think I have seen a few other verbs like this ...
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3 votes
1 answer
440 views

What is correct form - "Был кто" или "Был кем"?

I stumble over this one a lot and sort of puts me off a bit. "Я был адвокат", "Петруччо был почтмейстер". I guess this can be also applied to adjectives like "Я была красивая" or "Я была красивой"? ...
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  • 143
2 votes
1 answer
137 views

Архаичное слово "пореть"

Встретил поговорку в словаре Даля «Пословицы русского народа»: Старики хилеют, молодые пореют. В толковом же словаре Даля есть толкование глаголу "Пореть": ПОРЕТЬ, см. парить, пора. Так что же ...
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  • 121
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

"Как Ваш дела" vs "Как Ваши дела"

If I'm asking "How are you?" to a singular person in a formal way, why to I say "Как Ваши дела" instead of "Как Ваш дела"? Does "Как Ваш дела" mean anything?
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1 vote
2 answers
153 views

Syntax of "полного сил"

In a Russian political pop song the singer declares her admiration for Putin and says she wants: Такого, как Путин, полного сил The syntax of the last two words is not clear to me: Indeed, сил ...
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7 votes
2 answers
169 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
102 views

Inflection of такой, какой

Within the expression такой, какой must both components be in the same case? Or rather, какой may take another case, according to the content of the second clause? For example: "She's just like she ...
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  • 2,503
3 votes
3 answers
93 views

Relative locations with compass points

I was trying to figure out how to say "x kilometers to the north/west/east/south of y". Which of these alternatives is better? Углич находится на двухстах километрах к северу от Москвы Углич ...
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  • 2,503
1 vote
2 answers
184 views

How do you determine inclination of nouns?

I always see this simple tables, where inclination is determined very easy - you just look if it's feminine, masculine or neuter and then look at the ending of the word. But it just doesn't work ...
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  • 143
8 votes
2 answers
200 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
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  • 2,503
3 votes
2 answers
162 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
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5 votes
1 answer
150 views

Why does the noun слепой decline like an adjective?

As shown by the declension table for the noun version of слепой here: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/слепой this word apparently is a noun (blind person) but declines like an adjective (...
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  • 153
3 votes
1 answer
106 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
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  • 2,503
8 votes
3 answers
223 views

Why do many military unit types have weird declension?

I mean plural genitive in "отряды драгун, улан, гусар, рейтар, кирасир, партизан, гренадир", but for some reason that doesn't apply to "отряды мушкетёров, юнкеров, сапёров и казаков". Why does this ...
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1 vote
1 answer
148 views

Feminine instrumental -ою [duplicate]

Is the feminine instrumental in -ою literary only nowadays?
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  • 2,503
9 votes
3 answers
580 views

Genitive plural of "мечта"

Even though the word мечта officially has no genitive plural, is it possible to say мечт colloquially, or use мечтаний as an alternative? Like, "That's one of my dreams". "Это одна из моих мечт" or "...
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  • 2,503
3 votes
2 answers
190 views

Declension after "был"

I've been having a hard time trying to find out when был is followed by nominative and when it is followed by instrumental. Это даже не был дом, а ветхая сторожка, стоявшая в глубине сада. Пушкин был ...
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  • 2,503
4 votes
1 answer
101 views

Usage of declined numbers

I know that, when a number declines, all of its components decline. As such, the number 250.000 in instrumental would be двумястами пятьюдесятью тысячами. However, I was wondering, would I ever need,...
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  • 2,503
1 vote
0 answers
34 views

Declension of proper name adjectives? [closed]

Is there a table or list of rules on how to write the proper name (possessive?) adjective of a word, based on case as well? For example, Пашины родители Пашиным родителям Пашиной матери Юрины ...
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  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
109 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
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  • 133
8 votes
6 answers
316 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
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3 votes
1 answer
130 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
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  • 393
2 votes
2 answers
240 views

Does anyone know of any good resource(s) that categorize the declensions of Russian plurals?

Occasionally I see a reference to categorized noun declensions (e.g., first, second, third). I would imagine some question whether or not learning about such declensions is essential to learning the ...
4 votes
1 answer
133 views

Are names for organizations indeclinable or not?

I have questions regarding the sentence: "I'm interested in Russian culture, especially in 'The Mighty Handful'". Are names for organizations or groups like "Могучая кучка" indeclinable or not? Would ...
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4 votes
1 answer
92 views

Case and number of words in a label (as opposed to words in a sentence)

In English one writes a label in plural if the answer might possibly be plural, even if it happens to be singular in the actual instance, as in “Houses: 1.” Is this how labels are typically written in ...
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  • 361
3 votes
3 answers
154 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by "на"?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
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  • 2,205
10 votes
1 answer
357 views

Is there a reason why "чёрт" and "сосе́д" don't decline for nominative plural according to standard Russian spelling rules?

A while back, I noticed that "сосе́д" is "сосе́ди" in the nominative plural and that "чёрт" becomes "че́рти." With "чёрт," my guess is that the "ё" affects the following letters, but with "сосе́ди," ...
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  • 2,205
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Тайна рождения китов, овец и медведей

Вот говорят: Кошка окотилась (родился котёнок). Собака - ощенилась (родился щенок). Лошадь ожеребилась (родился жеребенок). Корова отелилась (родился телёнок). Как быть с китами, овцами и ...
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8 votes
4 answers
398 views

«И беспечной птицей» - why instrumental?

Every source I can find of the lyrics of Тополиный пух claims that the song contains the following line near the beginning: И беспечной птицей в небо улетаешь If I understand correctly, «беспечной»...
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  • 183
3 votes
2 answers
294 views

Declension of `мать` in plural

Can someone show me the declension for мать in all the cases plurals?
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6 votes
1 answer
254 views

Declension of 'ле́в'?

So the plural form of this is 'львы́'? Wikipedia does not indicate that this is irregular. Are there other nouns that follow this pattern, or some sort of rule to help me remember this?
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