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Questions tagged [склонение]

Questions about the declension of nouns ans well as adjectives, numerals and participles, for example, "What ending should I use for this noun?" or "What form of adjective should be used in the context of ..."

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1answer
15 views

Архаичное слово `пореть`

Встретил поговорку в словаре Даля «Пословицы русского народа»: Старики хилеют, молодые пореют. В толковом же словаре Даля есть толкование глаголу "Пореть": ПОРЕТЬ, см. парить, пора. Так что же ...
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2answers
154 views

“Как Ваш дела” vs “Как Ваши дела”

If I'm asking "How are you?" to a singular person in a formal way, why to I say "Как Ваши дела" instead of "Как Ваш дела"? Does "Как Ваш дела" mean anything?
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2answers
103 views

Syntax of “полного сил”

In a Russian political pop song the singer declares her admiration for Putin and says she wants: Такого, как Путин, полного сил The syntax of the last two words is not clear to me: Indeed, сил ...
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2answers
138 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
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2answers
83 views

Inflection of такой, какой

Within the expression такой, какой must both components be in the same case? Or rather, какой may take another case, according to the content of the second clause? For example: "She's just like she ...
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3answers
69 views

Relative locations with compass points

I was trying to figure out how to say "x kilometers to the north/west/east/south of y". Which of these alternatives is better? Углич находится на двухстах километрах к северу от Москвы Углич ...
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2answers
106 views

How do you determine inclination of nouns?

I always see this simple tables, where inclination is determined very easy - you just look if it's feminine, masculine or neuter and then look at the ending of the word. But it just doesn't work ...
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2answers
103 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
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2answers
99 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
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1answer
105 views

Why does the noun слепой decline like an adjective?

As shown by the declension table for the noun version of слепой here: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/слепой this word apparently is a noun (blind person) but declines like an adjective (...
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1answer
73 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
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3answers
198 views

Why do many military unit types have weird declension?

I mean plural genitive in "отряды драгун, улан, гусар, рейтар, кирасир, партизан, гренадир", but for some reason that doesn't apply to "отряды мушкетёров, юнкеров, сапёров и казаков". Why does this ...
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1answer
121 views

Feminine instrumental -ою [duplicate]

Is the feminine instrumental in -ою literary only nowadays?
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3answers
473 views

Genitive plural of “мечта”

Even though the word мечта officially has no genitive plural, is it possible to say мечт colloquially, or use мечтаний as an alternative? Like, "That's one of my dreams". "Это одна из моих мечт" or "...
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2answers
62 views

Declension after был

I've been having a hard time trying to find out when был is followed by nominative and when it is followed by instrumental. Это даже не был дом, а ветхая сторожка, стоявшая в глубине сада. Пушкин был ...
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1answer
77 views

Usage of declined numbers

I know that, when a number declines, all of its components decline. As such, the number 250.000 in instrumental would be двумястами пятьюдесятью тысячами. However, I was wondering, would I ever need,...
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0answers
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Declension of proper name adjectives? [closed]

Is there a table or list of rules on how to write the proper name (possessive?) adjective of a word, based on case as well? For example, Пашины родители Пашиным родителям Пашиной матери Юрины ...
3
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1answer
103 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
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6answers
175 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb “быть”

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
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1answer
96 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
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2answers
119 views

Does anyone know of any good resource(s) that categorize the declensions of Russian plurals?

Occasionally I see a reference to categorized noun declensions (e.g., first, second, third). I would imagine some question whether or not learning about such declensions is essential to learning the ...
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1answer
126 views

Are names for organizations indeclinable or not?

I have questions regarding the sentence: "I'm interested in Russian culture, especially in 'The Mighty Handful'". Are names for organizations or groups like "Могучая кучка" indeclinable or not? Would ...
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1answer
85 views

Case and number of words in a label (as opposed to words in a sentence)

In English one writes a label in plural if the answer might possibly be plural, even if it happens to be singular in the actual instance, as in “Houses: 1.” Is this how labels are typically written in ...
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2answers
90 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by “на”?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
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1answer
253 views

Is there a reason why “чёрт” and “сосе́д” don't decline for nominative plural according to standard Russian spelling rules?

A while back, I noticed that "сосе́д" is "сосе́ди" in the nominative plural and that "чёрт" becomes "че́рти." With "чёрт," my guess is that the "ё" affects the following letters, but with "сосе́ди," ...
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1answer
349 views

Тайна рождения китов, овец и медведей

Вот говорят: Кошка окотилась (родился котёнок). Собака - ощенилась (родился щенок). Лошадь ожеребилась (родился жеребенок). Корова отелилась (родился телёнок). Как быть с китами, овцами и ...
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3answers
261 views

«И беспечной птицей» - why instrumental?

Every source I can find of the lyrics of Тополиный пух claims that the song contains the following line near the beginning: И беспечной птицей в небо улетаешь If I understand correctly, «беспечной»...
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2answers
178 views

Declension of `мать` in plural

Can someone show me the declension for мать in all the cases plurals?
7
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1answer
197 views

Declension of 'ле́в'?

So the plural form of this is 'львы́'? Wikipedia does not indicate that this is irregular. Are there other nouns that follow this pattern, or some sort of rule to help me remember this?
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2answers
153 views

Why is the declension of the verb is for feminine singular?

Why is the declension of the verb is for feminine singular? группа туристов хотела бы пообедать. Isn't группа туристов plural here?
9
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1answer
188 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
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2answers
206 views

Почему у групповых топонимов в родительном падеже обычно нулевое окончание (Мальдив, Альп, Курил)?

Согласно правилам (http://www.bibliotekar.ru/russkiy-yazik-2/122.htm), слова мужского рода во множественном числе в родительном падеже обычно имеют окончание -ов, а женского рода — обычно нулевое. ...
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1answer
170 views

Genitive ending: why тихий - тихого when хороший - хорошего?

Why would the ending "-ого" be used in the genitive of the adjective тихий (тихого) while the ending "-его" be used in the genitive of such an adjective as хороший (хорошего) since both adjectives end ...
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2answers
259 views

Genitive of радио

Why say for example: в кухне нет радио and not в кухне нет радиа?
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5answers
436 views

Why does the word “мужчина” decline like a feminine noun?

In all languages with genders I know the word for man is masculine, and the word for women is feminine. While this is still technically true for the word мужчина, it is the only Russian masculine word ...
5
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1answer
75 views

Declensions with non-ending consonant removed: судно,…?

I had previously known words for vessels that move on the water like корабль and лодка, but recently came across судно. It was quite surprising that н, which is not a final consonant, disappears in ...
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5answers
517 views

Почему так часто “ничего” а не “ничто”? (Why “ничего” and not “ничто”?)

I understand the declension of что --  it's inanimate/неодушевлённый, so of course it should be Nom: что Acc: что Gen: чего Dat: чему Inst: чем Prep: чём Likewise  кто is animate/одушевлённый, so it ...
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1answer
770 views

When to use “России” and when to use “Россия”?

Thanks in advance for any answers or tips. I am using Duolingo to begin my learning of the Russian language (if there is a better product please let me know). In the beginning lessons they use "...
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5answers
255 views

In “Я стала в очередь за сосисками”, why is сосисками in the instrumental case?

I assume "за сосисками" translates to "for hot dogs". But if за means "for", shouldn't сосиска be in the plural accusative case, not instrumental case?
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1answer
75 views

In “Я скажу тебе всё позднее.”, what is the grammatical form of всё?

Is it an adverb, pronoun, or something else? If it's a declension of весь, which case and gender is it in here?
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2answers
140 views

“Отца не стало в июне.” Why is Отца not Отец?

Shouldn't it be in nominative form, not (I assume) genitive?
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1answer
128 views

Verb was with masculine noum

Why in the following sentence we use было instead of был, since we're talking about the husband? (Муж in this case). Жена́ не выходи́ла из свои́х ко́мнат, му́жа тре́тий день не бы́ло до́ма. English: ...
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1answer
1k views

Noun+adjective references

I need your help with this. I know how to conjugate the adjectives but I am in desperate need for some kind of reference where I can see how and read about how the noun is adapated with an appropriate ...
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0answers
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Why is “страхам” in the dative in “Страхам дней минувших меня уж не догнать”? [duplicate]

The song lyric "Страхам дней минувших меня уж не догнать" translates to something like "The fears of days past don't reach me anymore". I understand why "дней минувших" is in the genitive, because ...
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2answers
1k views

How non-native Russian language course will approach to deciphering the phrase “Косил косой косой косой”?

There's a perfectly valid phrase in Russian: "Косил косой косой косой". It contains three completely identically-looking words at the end and the first one is a different declension of others. I am ...
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2answers
272 views

What's the correct way хочу пиво vs хочу пива

What's the correct ending in this situation? я хочу пиво vs я хочу пива О or А? I think it should be А because it's genitive.
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2answers
123 views

accusative versus prepositional

I want to make sure if that is an exception or rather a rule: between: в следующую весну and в следующем году I see that we shifted from the use of the accusative to the prepositional case. How ...
2
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2answers
153 views

Reading (Saying) Declining Dates

I always struggle with declining numerals in ordinary speech. For example, how should one read aloud the (declining) dates in bold in the sentence below? В 1958—1972 годах Басов являлся заместителем ...
4
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2answers
187 views

Declension of America

"From America" translates to из Америки and I know that из will take the genitive case. Америка is a feminine noun (because it ends in а and is a place). To form the genitive case of a singular ...
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3answers
758 views

Why “две ванные”?

As I understand it, ванная is a substantive adjective (just learned that googling for an answer for this) that acts as a noun, but still declines like an adjective. Shouldn't it be the genitive plural ...