Questions tagged [склонение]

Questions about the declension of nouns ans well as adjectives, numerals and participles, for example, "What ending should I use for this noun?" or "What form of adjective should be used in the context of ..."

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3
votes
2answers
336 views

"Между минус девятью и нулём" - why "минус" is not declined here?

I was attempting to translate a sentence about the weather and I was told that "minus" was not declined...in any case. I also heard, though I don't know, that this is also common in ...
7
votes
2answers
780 views

Why is лицо in the prepositional case, and why does свой not match its case?

I was reading the Bible and came across Isaiah 53 verse 3. "Он был презрен и умалён пред людьми, муж скорбей и изведавший болезни, и мы отвращали от Него лице своё; Он был презираем, и мы ни во ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Noun+adjective references

I need your help with this. I know how to conjugate the adjectives but I am in desperate need for some kind of reference where I can see how and read about how the noun is adapated with an appropriate ...
8
votes
1answer
445 views

How to decline adjectives modifying feminine nouns after 2, 3, 4?

In the nominative case, if we are counting something of size 2, 3, or 4 then the object being counted is in the genitive singular case, e.g., три треугольника. If we have an adjective involved, then ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

How to decline animate neuter nouns in the accusative case?

How to say things like: Я вижу... дитя, лицо (в значении "человек"), животное, насекомое, млекопитающее, существо ("живой организм"), чудище, чудовище, страшилище... Do they stay ...
4
votes
2answers
214 views

Why don't the personal possessive adjectives его (his), её (her), and их (their) decline for the dative case?

Let's use a simple sentence to illustrate this further: [SUBJECT NOUN] gave [PERSONAL POSSESSIVE] [INDIRECT OBJECT] a [DIRECT OBJECT]. If I want to say: He gave my brother a book. He gave your brother ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Люди or человек after numerals?

From what I know, the plural noun "people" is люди when no numeral precedes it. Whereas "people" preceded by a numeral take the stem человек-, as in два человека, пять человек (the ...
2
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3answers
150 views

Is Бангладеш a declinable Russian noun?

Must we decline Бангладеш? If the answer is 'no', then I'm curious why, and what gender does it have? Technically it's both страна (country) and государство (state); the grammatical gender of these ...
1
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1answer
183 views

What case is "новых фото"?

In following sentence: "Он добавил 10 новых фото" - it appears that фото is a direct object and so the accusative case (inanimate) should be used. However, my tables suggest that -ых is the ...
5
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3answers
331 views

When is "это" declined?

The word "это" appears in texts quite often. But sometimes it stays the same no matter what word comes after it, or sometimes it's declined according to the word it's reflecting. For example: Это ...
4
votes
3answers
178 views

Can we know that хоро́ший and высо́кий declines differently based on their ending consonant?

I read the Russian Declension Wikipedia article, which gives several examples for different adjective declensions. The article explains that masculine adjectives ending in the nominative in ий and ...
1
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2answers
221 views

Which form of год is года here in “1341 года”?

In the fourth part of the prologue to Властелин Колец (The Lord of the Rings) I read Апрельским утром 1341 года от заселения Хоббитании Бильбо, сам себе на удивленье, вдруг отправился далеко на ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Why does "в субботу?" end with "-y"? Is it accusative case?

"Он работает в субботу" - it looks like a prepositional case, but it doesn't suit the prepositional case rules. Is it accusative case ? If yes why is it accusative, there is no object in it.
2
votes
2answers
229 views

Does anyone know of any good resource(s) that categorize the declensions of Russian plurals?

Occasionally I see a reference to categorized noun declensions (e.g., first, second, third). I would imagine some question whether or not learning about such declensions is essential to learning the ...
7
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2answers
140 views

Anthropomorphized inanimates masculine declension

Take a clearly inanimate masculine noun, say подсолнух, and put it in a fable with anthropomorphic features. Now how should I put it in accusative? Мы видели высокий подсолнух, когда он пришёл..... ...
4
votes
1answer
598 views

Plural for indeclinable nouns

Some foreign nouns are indeclinable (take пальто for example), yet sometimes we want to express many of it. How to do it?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Wuhan: masculine, feminine, or either?

The question is about the use of the Chinese city name Wuhan, specifically, whether it should be declined as masculine or feminine: Ухан - в Ухане - из Ухана OR Ухань - в Ухани - из Ухани The ...
10
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3answers
585 views

How to indicate "photograph by"

Typically, the authorship of a work of art is indicated with the genitive case: «роман Толстого». The subject of a photograph is also indicated with the genitive, however: «фотография Толстого». You ...
8
votes
4answers
386 views

«И беспечной птицей» - why instrumental?

Every source I can find of the lyrics of Тополиный пух claims that the song contains the following line near the beginning: И беспечной птицей в небо улетаешь If I understand correctly, «беспечной»...
3
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2answers
319 views

Why does the first person singular future of победить not exist?

For example, if you say "чтобы победить этот страх", it's quite likely that you also sometimes need to say "I will overcome", "Я победить этот страх". I think I have seen a few other verbs like this ...
3
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2answers
131 views

Как склоняется слово "Нод(а)"

Нода - это заимствование от слова node (узел). Из викисловаря, узнал, что это слово женского рода. Используется в компьютерных приложениях для обозначения блока программы, который соединяется с ...
8
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6answers
301 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Declension after "был"

I've been having a hard time trying to find out when был is followed by nominative and when it is followed by instrumental. Это даже не был дом, а ветхая сторожка, стоявшая в глубине сада. Пушкин был ...
3
votes
1answer
384 views

What is correct form - "Был кто" или "Был кем"?

I stumble over this one a lot and sort of puts me off a bit. "Я был адвокат", "Петруччо был почтмейстер". I guess this can be also applied to adjectives like "Я была красивая" or "Я была красивой"? ...
16
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3answers
533 views

Does "был крутой" means the same as "был крутым"?

I'm reading Незнайка в солнечном городе and just encountered something I cannot properly make sense of: Подъем был такой крутой, что ... Obviously, подъем (= climb, rise, ascent, etc.) is a male ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Архаичное слово "пореть"

Встретил поговорку в словаре Даля «Пословицы русского народа»: Старики хилеют, молодые пореют. В толковом же словаре Даля есть толкование глаголу "Пореть": ПОРЕТЬ, см. парить, пора. Так что же ...
4
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2answers
1k views

"Как Ваш дела" vs "Как Ваши дела"

If I'm asking "How are you?" to a singular person in a formal way, why to I say "Как Ваши дела" instead of "Как Ваш дела"? Does "Как Ваш дела" mean anything?
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Syntax of "полного сил"

In a Russian political pop song the singer declares her admiration for Putin and says she wants: Такого, как Путин, полного сил The syntax of the last two words is not clear to me: Indeed, сил ...
7
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2answers
166 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Inflection of такой, какой

Within the expression такой, какой must both components be in the same case? Or rather, какой may take another case, according to the content of the second clause? For example: "She's just like she ...
3
votes
3answers
91 views

Relative locations with compass points

I was trying to figure out how to say "x kilometers to the north/west/east/south of y". Which of these alternatives is better? Углич находится на двухстах километрах к северу от Москвы Углич ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

How do you determine inclination of nouns?

I always see this simple tables, where inclination is determined very easy - you just look if it's feminine, masculine or neuter and then look at the ending of the word. But it just doesn't work ...
8
votes
2answers
181 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
3
votes
2answers
153 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Why does the noun слепой decline like an adjective?

As shown by the declension table for the noun version of слепой here: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/слепой this word apparently is a noun (blind person) but declines like an adjective (...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
6
votes
4answers
520 views

Is "сноск" a correct inflection of "сноска"?

In a journal article I came across a claim that "сноск" is the "genitive plural zero ending" form of the word "сноска" (English: footnote). However, a Russian speaker I know is insistent that this is ...
6
votes
1answer
243 views

Declension of 'ле́в'?

So the plural form of this is 'львы́'? Wikipedia does not indicate that this is irregular. Are there other nouns that follow this pattern, or some sort of rule to help me remember this?
13
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3answers
8k views

Declension chart

Many years ago, more than ten, I stopped studying Russian. Even quite understand things, I can read and understand (almost) without problems. However I would like to practice and improve my Russian. ...
8
votes
3answers
217 views

Why do many military unit types have weird declension?

I mean plural genitive in "отряды драгун, улан, гусар, рейтар, кирасир, партизан, гренадир", but for some reason that doesn't apply to "отряды мушкетёров, юнкеров, сапёров и казаков". Why does this ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Feminine instrumental -ою [duplicate]

Is the feminine instrumental in -ою literary only nowadays?
9
votes
3answers
564 views

Genitive plural of "мечта"

Even though the word мечта officially has no genitive plural, is it possible to say мечт colloquially, or use мечтаний as an alternative? Like, "That's one of my dreams". "Это одна из моих мечт" or "...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Usage of declined numbers

I know that, when a number declines, all of its components decline. As such, the number 250.000 in instrumental would be двумястами пятьюдесятью тысячами. However, I was wondering, would I ever need,...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Declension of proper name adjectives? [closed]

Is there a table or list of rules on how to write the proper name (possessive?) adjective of a word, based on case as well? For example, Пашины родители Пашиным родителям Пашиной матери Юрины ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

Миш, Кать, Ань, пап, мам — what is it in an address?

When I am addressing someone and say: Кать, приходи в гости в воскресенье is Кать just a spoken reduction of Катя, or is it a separate grammatical form?
3
votes
1answer
107 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Are names for organizations indeclinable or not?

I have questions regarding the sentence: "I'm interested in Russian culture, especially in 'The Mighty Handful'". Are names for organizations or groups like "Могучая кучка" indeclinable or not? Would ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Case and number of words in a label (as opposed to words in a sentence)

In English one writes a label in plural if the answer might possibly be plural, even if it happens to be singular in the actual instance, as in “Houses: 1.” Is this how labels are typically written in ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by "на"?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...