Questions tagged [склонение]

Questions about the declension of nouns ans well as adjectives, numerals and participles, for example, "What ending should I use for this noun?" or "What form of adjective should be used in the context of ..."

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23
votes
4answers
5k views

Чаю vs. чая: what ending is correct?

Is чаю or чая more correct in the sentences Я бы не отказался от чашки ча* and Можно мне ещё ча*? and what's the grammatical explanation?
20
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2answers
1k views

Миш, Кать, Ань, пап, мам — what is it in an address?

When I am addressing someone and say: Кать, приходи в гости в воскресенье is Кать just a spoken reduction of Катя, or is it a separate grammatical form?
18
votes
5answers
4k views

What's the plural for "пиво"?

Yesterday I visited a friend in Oxford. At some point we stopped at his favourite pub, where, as he said, was "большой выбор пив". This didn't sound right and got me thinking, but I soon realised ...
16
votes
3answers
534 views

Does "был крутой" means the same as "был крутым"?

I'm reading Незнайка в солнечном городе and just encountered something I cannot properly make sense of: Подъем был такой крутой, что ... Obviously, подъем (= climb, rise, ascent, etc.) is a male ...
14
votes
2answers
767 views

Order of declensions (склонения)

I'm learning Russian, and I see it mentioned in study material that Russian nouns have three declensions (склонения). In English-language learning material, the order of the declensions is like so: ...
14
votes
2answers
11k views

Склоняется ли "сколько"?

Как правильно сказать: На скольких человек заказывать пиццу или На сколько человек заказывать пиццу
13
votes
3answers
8k views

Declension chart

Many years ago, more than ten, I stopped studying Russian. Even quite understand things, I can read and understand (almost) without problems. However I would like to practice and improve my Russian. ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Decimal Declension

I've always thought that the formal rules for declining decimals in Russian seem a little...unwieldy. For example, I gather that the correct way to say "pi is approximately equal to 3.14159" -- which ...
11
votes
2answers
174 views

What is the right form of answer for the question "Where?"

в Хельсинки OR в Хельсинках?
10
votes
3answers
587 views

How to indicate "photograph by"

Typically, the authorship of a work of art is indicated with the genitive case: «роман Толстого». The subject of a photograph is also indicated with the genitive, however: «фотография Толстого». You ...
10
votes
1answer
343 views

Is there a reason why "чёрт" and "сосе́д" don't decline for nominative plural according to standard Russian spelling rules?

A while back, I noticed that "сосе́д" is "сосе́ди" in the nominative plural and that "чёрт" becomes "че́рти." With "чёрт," my guess is that the "ё" affects the following letters, but with "сосе́ди," ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

"свеч" and "свечей" - what is the correct version

I have been thinking about for a while, but didn't come to any conclusion. What is the correct version for "свечи" (plural for "свеча") in the genitive? "Как расстанешься, ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How non-native Russian language course will approach to deciphering the phrase "Косил косой косой косой"?

There's a perfectly valid phrase in Russian: "Косил косой косой косой". It contains three completely identically-looking words at the end and the first one is a different declension of others. I am ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Why "две ванные"?

As I understand it, ванная is a substantive adjective (just learned that googling for an answer for this) that acts as a noun, but still declines like an adjective. Shouldn't it be the genitive plural ...
9
votes
3answers
565 views

Genitive plural of "мечта"

Even though the word мечта officially has no genitive plural, is it possible to say мечт colloquially, or use мечтаний as an alternative? Like, "That's one of my dreams". "Это одна из моих мечт" or "...
9
votes
5answers
752 views

Why does the word "мужчина" decline like a feminine noun?

In all languages with genders I know the word for man is masculine, and the word for women is feminine. While this is still technically true for the word мужчина, it is the only Russian masculine word ...
9
votes
1answer
208 views

How to decline North Rhein-Westphalia (Северный Рейн-Вестфалия)

I am not certain how to decline it. Wikipedia has no problem with that, and declines all three words independently: в Северном Рейне-Вестфалии. However, intuitively Рейн-Вестфалия seems to be a ...
9
votes
2answers
273 views

Годы or годах for "in a decade"

When referring to an event in a specific year, it is в этом году with этом replaced by the year in prepositional, e. g., в 1956-м году. But for decades I have seen both в 1950-х годах and в 1950-е ...
8
votes
4answers
387 views

«И беспечной птицей» - why instrumental?

Every source I can find of the lyrics of Тополиный пух claims that the song contains the following line near the beginning: И беспечной птицей в небо улетаешь If I understand correctly, «беспечной»...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

When to use "России" and when to use "Россия"?

Thanks in advance for any answers or tips. I am using Duolingo to begin my learning of the Russian language (if there is a better product please let me know). In the beginning lessons they use "...
8
votes
3answers
218 views

Why do many military unit types have weird declension?

I mean plural genitive in "отряды драгун, улан, гусар, рейтар, кирасир, партизан, гренадир", but for some reason that doesn't apply to "отряды мушкетёров, юнкеров, сапёров и казаков". Why does this ...
8
votes
1answer
257 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
8
votes
6answers
302 views

Declension of adjectives in conjunction with the verb "быть"

I want to express that I had a short night. Night is a feminine noun, so I would decline the adjective accordingly: Моя ночь была короткая. I know that short forms exist and can be applied, when ...
8
votes
1answer
519 views

How to arrange declension tables in Russian

It seems that many English (online) sources list cases in the following order: Nominative - Accusative - Genitive - Dative - Instrumental - Prepositional I guess that this ordering is inspired by ...
8
votes
1answer
447 views

How to decline adjectives modifying feminine nouns after 2, 3, 4?

In the nominative case, if we are counting something of size 2, 3, or 4 then the object being counted is in the genitive singular case, e.g., три треугольника. If we have an adjective involved, then ...
8
votes
2answers
182 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
7
votes
2answers
781 views

Why is лицо in the prepositional case, and why does свой not match its case?

I was reading the Bible and came across Isaiah 53 verse 3. "Он был презрен и умалён пред людьми, муж скорбей и изведавший болезни, и мы отвращали от Него лице своё; Он был презираем, и мы ни во ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does "в субботу?" end with "-y"? Is it accusative case?

"Он работает в субботу" - it looks like a prepositional case, but it doesn't suit the prepositional case rules. Is it accusative case ? If yes why is it accusative, there is no object in it.
7
votes
2answers
262 views

Почему у групповых топонимов в родительном падеже обычно нулевое окончание (Мальдив, Альп, Курил)?

Согласно правилам (http://www.bibliotekar.ru/russkiy-yazik-2/122.htm), слова мужского рода во множественном числе в родительном падеже обычно имеют окончание -ов, а женского рода — обычно нулевое. ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

"занял целые 5 лет" or "занял целыx 5 лет"?

What's the right way of saying "Этот процесс занял целые пять лет" or "Этот процесс занял целыx пять лет". I guess it's accusative inanimate, so it should be целые, am I correct?
7
votes
2answers
167 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
7
votes
1answer
490 views

Declension after decimal numbers

By integer numbers the rule is more or less clear: 1,21,.. год, 2,3,4,22,...года, 5,6,...,19...лет. How about decimal numbers? does one easily take the integer part of the number before the ...
7
votes
2answers
140 views

Anthropomorphized inanimates masculine declension

Take a clearly inanimate masculine noun, say подсолнух, and put it in a fable with anthropomorphic features. Now how should I put it in accusative? Мы видели высокий подсолнух, когда он пришёл..... ...
6
votes
5answers
820 views

Почему так часто "ничего" а не "ничто"? (Why "ничего" and not "ничто"?)

I understand the declension of что --  it's inanimate/неодушевлённый, so of course it should be Nom: что Acc: что Gen: чего Dat: чему Inst: чем Prep: чём Likewise  кто is animate/одушевлённый, so it ...
6
votes
4answers
520 views

Is "сноск" a correct inflection of "сноска"?

In a journal article I came across a claim that "сноск" is the "genitive plural zero ending" form of the word "сноска" (English: footnote). However, a Russian speaker I know is insistent that this is ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Склоняются ли иностранные фамилии мужчин, заканчивающиеся на букву "а"?

Склоняются ли мужские иностранные фамилии, заканчивающаяся на букву "а"? Например, правильно ли говорить: фильм Эмира Кустурицы, метод Рунге-Кутты, творчество Акиры Куросавы, алгоритм Дейкстры, песня ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Does "case" equal "declension"? 6 declensions for 16 cases?

I am somehow bemused by the sixteen cases of the Russian. On the other hand, I thought that there were only six kinds of declension. Perhaps these two facts are not contradictory, but the problem is ...
6
votes
1answer
885 views

Тайна рождения китов, овец и медведей

Вот говорят: Кошка окотилась (родился котёнок). Собака - ощенилась (родился щенок). Лошадь ожеребилась (родился жеребенок). Корова отелилась (родился телёнок). Как быть с китами, овцами и ...
6
votes
1answer
341 views

Why does one decline Planck and not Nietzsche?

Both Planck and Nietzsche are foreign names. Why does one say Я знаю Планка но Я знаю Ницше ? Is there a criterion to know when does a borrowed name should be declined? Is the "-e" ending ...
6
votes
2answers
258 views

Inheriting cases / declension on appositions

This question arises from a tangential discussion in this one: Preposition to quote: из or от (or none of them). Concerning the punctuation (comma, dash, brackets...), when does a subordinate clause ...
6
votes
1answer
245 views

Declension of 'ле́в'?

So the plural form of this is 'львы́'? Wikipedia does not indicate that this is irregular. Are there other nouns that follow this pattern, or some sort of rule to help me remember this?
6
votes
1answer
148 views

Verb was with masculine noum

Why in the following sentence we use было instead of был, since we're talking about the husband? (Муж in this case). Жена́ не выходи́ла из свои́х ко́мнат, му́жа тре́тий день не бы́ло до́ма. English: ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

В течение vs. на протяжении

При указании отрезков времени, во фразах вроде в продолжение / на протяжении / в течение трёх лет, в течение заканчивается на -е (винительный падеж), а на протяжении на -и (предложный). Есть тут ...
6
votes
2answers
397 views

Decimal Declension II

This is a follow-up question to my earlier question about decimal declensions in colloquial speech. I understand that in everyday speech, native speakers bend the rules a little, and may not fully ...
5
votes
3answers
334 views

When is "это" declined?

The word "это" appears in texts quite often. But sometimes it stays the same no matter what word comes after it, or sometimes it's declined according to the word it's reflecting. For example: Это ...
5
votes
2answers
172 views

Why is the declension of the verb is for feminine singular?

Why is the declension of the verb is for feminine singular? группа туристов хотела бы пообедать. Isn't группа туристов plural here?
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Are composite note names(such as до-диез) declinable?

The names of simple notes до, ре, ми, фа, соль, ля, си are not declinable (несклоняемые). The names of the modifiers диез (sharp), бемоль, (flat), бекар (natural), etc. are declinable знак диезa, ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Why does the noun слепой decline like an adjective?

As shown by the declension table for the noun version of слепой here: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/слепой this word apparently is a noun (blind person) but declines like an adjective (...
4
votes
1answer
598 views

Plural for indeclinable nouns

Some foreign nouns are indeclinable (take пальто for example), yet sometimes we want to express many of it. How to do it?
4
votes
2answers
257 views

Declension of America

"From America" translates to из Америки and I know that из will take the genitive case. Америка is a feminine noun (because it ends in а and is a place). To form the genitive case of a singular ...