Questions tagged [существительные]

Questions concerning nouns, their form, spelling, functions, derivation, meaning and so on.

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2
votes
2answers
109 views

What is the internal distribution of -ов/-ёв/-ев in the genitive plural and ой/-ёй/-ей in the instrumental singular?

If we disregard those nouns whose genitive plural ending is zero, -ей, or -ий – are the rules for which vowel letter to use in the genitive plural ending -ов/-ёв/-ев the same as the rules for which ...
2
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2answers
98 views

Крово- и слёзопролитная война

Как я должен говорить и писать: Это была крово- и слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война Это была крово-и-слёзопролитная война Это была крово и слёзопролитная война
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Люди or человек after numerals?

From what I know, the plural noun "people" is люди when no numeral precedes it. Whereas "people" preceded by a numeral take the stem человек-, as in два человека, пять человек (the ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Plural of сын as сыны instead of сыновья

On a poster of the Stalinist era, I saw the following extract: Будем сынами и дочерьми (...) Then I looked for some information on dictionaries. If I understood correctly, does the usual (and "...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Cases after connectives

In a given sentences, does the noun after a connective go into the same case of the noun before the connective or does it go into a different case. For example: Я должнá звони́ть матери и (тётя) пóсле ...
8
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4answers
322 views

Difference between сожитель, любовник and фаворит

I encountered three different words to say "lover". My teacher said that сожитель has a negative connotation, it is rather "plebish", but I don't actually understand what kind of bad connotation it ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Forming Russian nouns from verbs

I've noticed a couple of patterns in regards to forming nouns from verbs. 1) Removing the -ть from verbs ending in -бить/быть, -вить, чать and -ять and adding -тие (for example: разбить --> разбитие,...
2
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2answers
190 views

Difference between “в тишине” and “в тишину”?

What is the difference between в тишине and в тишину? I know the first one is the prepositional singular of тишина, and the second is the accusative singular of тишина, but I don't really understand ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Is it true that adding an attributive sometimes causes a change in part of speech of the main word?

Please look at the following two sentences: Летом она отдыхала в санатории. Этим летом она отдыхала в санатории. What part of speech is the word "летом" in the 1st and in the 2nd sentence? ...
2
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2answers
205 views

Does anyone know of any good resource(s) that categorize the declensions of Russian plurals?

Occasionally I see a reference to categorized noun declensions (e.g., first, second, third). I would imagine some question whether or not learning about such declensions is essential to learning the ...
3
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1answer
130 views

what is the nominative for кутасы (and what does it mean)

I believe the nominative form of кутасы will be кутаса? What does кутаса mean? I found this word in the following sentence, which I took from Война и мир (Толстой)/Том I/Часть II/Глава VII: ...
7
votes
2answers
138 views

Anthropomorphized inanimates masculine declension

Take a clearly inanimate masculine noun, say подсолнух, and put it in a fable with anthropomorphic features. Now how should I put it in accusative? Мы видели высокий подсолнух, когда он пришёл..... ...
4
votes
1answer
593 views

Plural for indeclinable nouns

Some foreign nouns are indeclinable (take пальто for example), yet sometimes we want to express many of it. How to do it?
1
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6answers
484 views

Is there a word for Motherworld, similar to Motherland (Родина)?

родина means motherland, but I'm looking for the translation to a related word, "motherworld". This is similar to mother earth or mother nature. Google translate does not even attempt a translation ...
6
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3answers
378 views

“Битком набиты” — was “биток” actually a noun at some time?

Did биток always only exist in the context of the idiom "битком набиты", or was it a "perfectly valid noun in its own right" at some point in the past?
8
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4answers
363 views

«И беспечной птицей» - why instrumental?

Every source I can find of the lyrics of Тополиный пух claims that the song contains the following line near the beginning: И беспечной птицей в небо улетаешь If I understand correctly, «беспечной»...
7
votes
3answers
232 views

How should I inflect animate nouns when they are used to figuratively call inanimate objects, and vice versa?

In Russian, animate and inanimate nouns inflect differently. Let's compare "кабан" and "стакан": Я вижу кабанов. Я стреляю в кабана. Я вижу стаканы. Я стреляю в стакан. It is all ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Other nouns formed by prepending _само_ to an action

There are a number of nouns formed by prepending само to the action that that thing does that are very common: самолет, самовар. Other similar formations, like самодвижущийся, are uncommon. Are ...
6
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1answer
2k views

мозг в местном/предложном падеже

Как правильно - в головном мозгу или в головном мозге?
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Одушевлённость шахматных фигур

Являются ли слова вроде ферзь одушевлёнными? С одной стороны, ферзь отвечает на вопрос "что", а не "кто". С другой, склоняется это существительное, по крайней мере в ед. ч., как одушевлённое: ...
4
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5answers
200 views

“у нас туго с деньга́ми”: Does this instrumental “деньга́ми” stem from “де́ньги” or “деньга́”?

у нас туго с деньга́ми The descriptions on Wiki have me puzzled, as it seems the "деньга́ми" can be the plural instrumental of either the plural-only noun "де́ньги" or the colloquial singular noun "...
10
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1answer
265 views

Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular?

If a number ends with 0,5,6,7,8, or 9, the following noun is used in genitive plural. Do measurement units make an exception or not? Compare: В стаде триста девяносто коров. (В стаде тристо ...
2
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3answers
209 views

Russian noun that ends with -ы in singular: Myth or Reality?

I was wondering, if there are any or -ы ending is always a definite indicator of plural form...
6
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2answers
245 views

Why are some city names, when named after people, given -sk suffix, but others aren't?

Two examples: Yekaterinburg was renamed to Sverdlovsk in 1924, after the man Yakov Sverdlov. Notice the -sk prefix. Orenburg was renamed to Chkalov in 1938, after the man Valery Chkalov. Notice this ...
3
votes
3answers
239 views

I am confused by the difference between the word for a language and the word for a people who speak that language [duplicate]

The word for a Russian is Русский. The word for the Russian language is по-русский or русский язык (i.e. they are the same). So you could say я Русский. However the word for an Englishman is ...
5
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4answers
201 views

“Я один кто не знал, что вариантов у итогового теста два?”

вариантов или варианта? Или можно использовать обе вариации? Нужна ли запятая перед что? Можно ли использовать один, или грамматически верно использовать только единственный? Нужна ли запятая перед ...
8
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1answer
994 views

Describe a Language Without the Noun for “Language”

In English it is rare to use the noun "language" when describing them. It is most common to name the language as such: Engl -ish Span -ish French Russi -an Germ -an Is it acceptable/common/...
9
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2answers
260 views

How can one figure out if there is an implicit noun for a noun that declines like an adjective, and if so, what it is?

Certain nouns that decline like adjectives are adjectival nouns where it is standard to suppress the noun, e.g. ванная is short for ванная комната, and it is not too hard to guess what the implicit ...
12
votes
3answers
506 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
4
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1answer
408 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
6
votes
5answers
489 views

Difference in usage between “пи́ща” and “еда”

As the title asks, what is the difference in usage between пи́ща and еда? Is one just a more formal version of the other? Are there any people/situations to which you could not usually apply one or ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

How is яблони different from яблоки?

Consider the first line of the famous song Катюша: Расцветали яблони и груши In English, this line roughly translates to "Apples and pears were blossoming". However, the plural noun "apples" in ...
3
votes
3answers
202 views

Colours as nouns

Ran into this situation when trying to order fabric. Can colours in Russian take a noun form, or must it always be adjective + цвет? Secondly, if you were to name multiple colours, would you have to ...
2
votes
2answers
352 views

Is there a locative for words not ending in a consonant?

There are some nouns that take the ending -у (locative) instead of -е (prepositional) after the prepositions в, на, like год, лес, сад. Question: Is there any such noun which does not end on a ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

“Радио” or “ра́дио”

I was wondering which is the correct form. радио or ра́дио ? I mean I've seen people writing both of them. And I've also seen many letters with this accent above the a. Is it necessary? Which spelling ...
11
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4answers
700 views

Why Russians use adjective when speaking about their nation and nouns for the rest of the world?

how come that russian (русский) in context of ethnic group is adjective, but all(?) other ethic groups are called using nouns, американец, серб, эстонец, латыш, казах ... Are there similar examples in ...
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0answers
317 views

Changing nouns into adjectives [closed]

How can I change nouns into adjectives? Ветер → Ветреный
9
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3answers
337 views

Meaning of “подъезд”

When I look in dictionaries, they give me driveway, but then the following sentences don't really make sense. It sounds more like a part of a building (complex): Мы живем в одном подъезде. Моя ...
7
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2answers
199 views

“Добавить в друзья” - why nominative?

As far as I can tell, the Russian equivalent of the English phrase "to add smb" with regards to social media accounts like Facebook, VKontakte, etc. is "добавлять/добавить в друзья." My question is: ...
4
votes
4answers
281 views

What's the difference between пользование and использование?

I looked пользование and использование up in the dictionary but they look the same to me. They translate the english word "use" or "usage". Could you please explain in which contexts you can use these ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

Правильное сокращение «байт» и «бит»

Как правильно сокращать слово «байт»? В английском языке, обычно принято использовать заглавную букву «Б» для «байт», и строчную букву «б» для «бит». По-русски будет по-другому? Например, почему ...
2
votes
2answers
209 views

When does неделя become неделю?

I've seen неделю, but I don't know of when the transformation occurs. Could somebody explain it to me?
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Why do you use “воды” in this sentence?

I just saw the following two sentences: У мальчиков есть вода. У мальчиков нет воды. It seems that the meaning is something like The children have water. and The children don't have water.. However, ...
2
votes
2answers
268 views

Is the “Great Patriotic War” used only for the Eastern European Theater 1941 - 1945?

In the west, it's called World War 2. For Russians, this is called the Great Patriotic War...but does this only refer to the Eastern European Front 1941 Jun 22 to 1945 May 9? Is the Battle of Britain,...
4
votes
2answers
405 views

Little questions regarding “tram stop”

I'm a beginner and have a question regarding bus stop and tram stop. I want to say: "I'm going to the bus stop/tram stop." And I would like to use остановке. I know that остановка is feminine and I ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

Nouns with mixed masc./fem. declensions

Does anyone know of any nouns like путь that are declined in a mixed masc./fem. way? What I mean is путь follows a typical feminine pattern for the dat./gen./prep. cases (пути), but its instrumental ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

What gender do place names take if they do not end in letters that mean that a gender is assigned to a noun by default?

I know that nouns that end in certain letters become by default male, but if a noun does not end in any of these letters (e.g., Бостон) what gender does it take by default?
4
votes
2answers
642 views

What are the rules, if any, for naming a city after a person?

Let me start with some examples: Leningrad / Ленинград (today Saint Petersburg / Санкт-Петербург) Leninsk / Ленинск Stalingrad / Сталингрaд​ (today Volgograd / Волгогрaд) Gorky / Горький (today ...
8
votes
5answers
268 views

Are мускул and мышца synonymous?

Are мускул and мышца synonymous?