Questions tagged [существительные]

Questions concerning nouns, their form, spelling, functions, derivation, meaning and so on.

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13
votes
3answers
557 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
11
votes
4answers
732 views

Why Russians use adjective when speaking about their nation and nouns for the rest of the world?

how come that russian (русский) in context of ethnic group is adjective, but all(?) other ethic groups are called using nouns, американец, серб, эстонец, латыш, казах ... Are there similar examples in ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Действительно ли по новым правилам слово "кофе" среднего рода?

Многие говорят, что согласно новым правилам "кофе" официально стал(о) считаться существительным среднего рода. Насколько это соответствует действительности? Если это действительно так, то когда было ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

мозг в местном/предложном падеже

Как правильно - в головном мозгу или в головном мозге?
7
votes
3answers
255 views

How should I inflect animate nouns when they are used to figuratively call inanimate objects, and vice versa?

In Russian, animate and inanimate nouns inflect differently. Let's compare "кабан" and "стакан": Я вижу кабанов. Я стреляю в кабана. Я вижу стаканы. Я стреляю в стакан. It is all ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Non-Russian names: to decline or not to decline?

Recently I was heckled by a fellow student of mine for saying "Я вижу Лору" (I see Laura). Since Laura (presumably) is not a Russian name, she insisted on "Я вижу Лора". So when to decline, when not ...
5
votes
1answer
463 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
9
votes
1answer
289 views

Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular?

If a number ends with 0,5,6,7,8, or 9, the following noun is used in genitive plural. Do measurement units make an exception or not? Compare: В стаде триста девяносто коров. (В стаде тристо ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Одушевлённость шахматных фигур

Являются ли слова вроде ферзь одушевлёнными? С одной стороны, ферзь отвечает на вопрос "что", а не "кто". С другой, склоняется это существительное, по крайней мере в ед. ч., как одушевлённое: ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does the dictionary not have a gender for "часы"

It only says it is a noun and in singular number.
4
votes
2answers
876 views

What are the rules, if any, for naming a city after a person?

Let me start with some examples: Leningrad / Ленинград (today Saint Petersburg / Санкт-Петербург) Leninsk / Ленинск Stalingrad / Сталингрaд​ (today Volgograd / Волгогрaд) Gorky / Горький (today ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

What gender do place names take if they do not end in letters that mean that a gender is assigned to a noun by default?

I know that nouns that end in certain letters become by default male, but if a noun does not end in any of these letters (e.g., Бостон) what gender does it take by default?
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Существительное "забывало"

I just used, without thinking, the word "забывало" to mean "a person who forgets things all the time". When I started to think about it, I couldn't remember having heard the word, nor could I find ...