Questions tagged [существительные]

Questions concerning nouns, their form, spelling, functions, derivation, meaning and so on.

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7
votes
1answer
253 views

Именование жителей городов

Человек, живущий в городе, может быть назван специальным существительным, которое обозначает его принадлежность к этому городу. Например житель: Москвы — москвич, Омска — омич, Ленинграда — ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

"Mechanical Draughtsman" in Russian

Please, could somebody tell me how to say in Russian "Mechanical Draughtsman" It is a profession, trade. In English means a person who draws and designs mechanical, structural or machine parts. The ...
8
votes
2answers
419 views

What percentage of nouns with a мягкий знак are feminine vs. masculine

Yes, we can learn whether or not a noun is feminine, but does anyone have a break-down of the percentages? I know that the majority seem to be Feminine, but what is the exact figure? спасибо за ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

мозг в местном/предложном падеже

Как правильно - в головном мозгу или в головном мозге?
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Non-Russian names: to decline or not to decline?

Recently I was heckled by a fellow student of mine for saying "Я вижу Лору" (I see Laura). Since Laura (presumably) is not a Russian name, she insisted on "Я вижу Лора". So when to decline, when not ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

I am very curious about the Russian word “Toska.” The word that is difficult to translate in English and means loosely: melancholy, longing, boredom, spiritual anguish. How is this word written and ...
11
votes
4answers
731 views

Why Russians use adjective when speaking about their nation and nouns for the rest of the world?

how come that russian (русский) in context of ethnic group is adjective, but all(?) other ethic groups are called using nouns, американец, серб, эстонец, латыш, казах ... Are there similar examples in ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

"Город, смород" vs. "град, смрад" — is there any rhyme and reason behind all the metatheses of Modern Russian vs. Old Church Slavonic?

I am sure you've come across these word pairings before: город — град смород — смрад скользкий — склизкий ворота — врата ворон — враний ворог — враг холод — хлад (cf. хладнокровный) and so on and so ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

When should "родина" be capitalized?

Is there a thumb rule for when to capitalize Родина? Or is it just a free-for-all poetic-license type of thing? For lack of a better example, Родина, еду я на Родину, Пусть кричат — "уродина!", ...
6
votes
3answers
387 views

"Битком набиты" — was "биток" actually a noun at some time?

Did биток always only exist in the context of the idiom "битком набиты", or was it a "perfectly valid noun in its own right" at some point in the past?
9
votes
2answers
268 views

How can one figure out if there is an implicit noun for a noun that declines like an adjective, and if so, what it is?

Certain nouns that decline like adjectives are adjectival nouns where it is standard to suppress the noun, e.g. ванная is short for ванная комната, and it is not too hard to guess what the implicit ...
3
votes
2answers
12k views

Правильное сокращение «байт» и «бит»

Как правильно сокращать слово «байт»? В английском языке, обычно принято использовать заглавную букву «Б» для «байт», и строчную букву «б» для «бит». По-русски будет по-другому? Например, почему ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

этимология слова "ружьё"?

Кто-нибудь знает происхождение слова "ружьё"? Не смог найти ни одного однокоренного слова, кроме его производных.
5
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3answers
1k views

Why does the dictionary not have a gender for "часы"

It only says it is a noun and in singular number.
2
votes
1answer
392 views

What does the acronym "КПЗ" stand for?

e.g. Российского студента жестоко избили в КПЗ в Канаде
8
votes
4answers
300 views

What case should a name use after the preposition 'with'?

See for example the following sentence: В Париж с Константином Коровиным Why the -ом on the first name and -ым on the last name? Are there any other words besides "with" that would see this ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

"свеч" and "свечей" - what is the correct version

I have been thinking about for a while, but didn't come to any conclusion. What is the correct version for "свечи" (plural for "свеча") in the genitive? "Как расстанешься, ...
18
votes
5answers
4k views

What's the plural for "пиво"?

Yesterday I visited a friend in Oxford. At some point we stopped at his favourite pub, where, as he said, was "большой выбор пив". This didn't sound right and got me thinking, but I soon realised ...
14
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5answers
3k views

What is the difference between дыра and дырка?

What is the difference in usage, if any, between дыра and дырка? For comparison, my impression is that нуль and ноль are largely equivalent except that there are some standard phrases using one word ...
7
votes
5answers
381 views

How to refer to bird legs: "нога" or "лапа"?

When are bird legs called ноги and when are they called лапы? I can see that it is different for different birds, ноги for a stork, лапы for a sparrow. Sometimes you can use both word for the legs ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Various words for "priest". What are their emotional connotations?

There are various words used for "priest" in Russian language: поп, батюшка, священник, иерей, ксендз... What are emotional connotations of this words and when are they appropriate to use?
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Are composite note names(such as до-диез) declinable?

The names of simple notes до, ре, ми, фа, соль, ля, си are not declinable (несклоняемые). The names of the modifiers диез (sharp), бемоль, (flat), бекар (natural), etc. are declinable знак диезa, ...
9
votes
1answer
289 views

Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular?

If a number ends with 0,5,6,7,8, or 9, the following noun is used in genitive plural. Do measurement units make an exception or not? Compare: В стаде триста девяносто коров. (В стаде тристо ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Действительно ли по новым правилам слово "кофе" среднего рода?

Многие говорят, что согласно новым правилам "кофе" официально стал(о) считаться существительным среднего рода. Насколько это соответствует действительности? Если это действительно так, то когда было ...

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