Questions tagged [фонетика]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3 votes
2 answers
150 views

The strange behavior of “обо” (=about), apparently valid only for two expressions? What is the historical reason?

In Russian, the preposition “o” when meaning "about" becomes “обо” when we say “обо мне” (=about me) and “обо всей книге” (=about all the book) but why do we then say: “о многих книгах » (=...
user avatar
  • 195
1 vote
2 answers
127 views

Epenthetic л: why there is no л in the conjugation of the verb звать between the в and the ё in зовёшь, зовёт, зовём and зовёте?

I understand that an epenthetic л should always appear between any of the five labial consonants б, п, м, ф and в and the sound /j/ (except in front of the sound /ja/), so that, for example, in the ...
user avatar
  • 195
1 vote
1 answer
43 views

First conjugation verbs and first person singular in -ю or in -y ? What is the phonological or orthographical underlying rule?

It seems that for first conjugation verbs (or -e- conjugation verbs i.e. those with endings in -ю/-у, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют/ут), the -y ending is always used at the first person singular after any ...
user avatar
  • 195
2 votes
2 answers
330 views

Do Russians pronounce "Арбатская" and "Орбацкая" the same?

A Russian language exchange partner of mine boasted that unlike words in the English language, Russian words are spelt and pronounced basically the same. In response, I asked him about Арбатская and ...
user avatar
  • 11.3k
5 votes
4 answers
824 views

How does one hear the stress in Russian words?

How can I hear which syllable is considered stressed in a Russian word? And: how, exactly, should stress in Russian pronunciation be realised? My problem I realise that to stress a syllable is to ...
user avatar
  • 390
1 vote
2 answers
250 views

What exactly is дольник?

I've been reading a bit about Russian prosody and it's been puzzling me. According to Wikipedia, there are different historical definitions of what дольник means, but most scholars today subscribe to ...
user avatar
  • 393
5 votes
1 answer
626 views

How prevalent is the sound /ʑ:/ in Russian?

The sound /ʑ:/ is known as the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative and, roughly speaking, is the average of /z/ as in zebra and /ʒ/ as in vision. Russian speakers can understand /ʑ:/ as the ...
user avatar
  • 11.3k
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Can Russians naturally pronounce "попал в бесперспективняк"?

Let's suppose you are having a casual conversation with a friend and talking quickly and want to say, "Попал в бесперспективняк." Will you be able to pronounce this flawlessly and without changing the ...
user avatar
  • 11.3k
4 votes
4 answers
756 views

Are there any common words with the syllable "кы"?

Some time ago a Russian academic visitor told me that there are no "normal" Russian words with the syllable кы. He said that the only words with the syllable кы are proper names given by non-Russian ...
user avatar
  • 11.3k
3 votes
3 answers
240 views

What is the phonetical difference between phrases like "зачем пришел" and "за чем пришел"?

Yesterday I asked a question about the meaning of "научись," and it turned out that in the movie in which I heard this, it was not "научись," but "на, учись." This was a real trap! The Russian ...
user avatar
  • 11.3k
-1 votes
2 answers
462 views

Why is the Russian informal phone greeting "алё" equivalent to the Turkish one?

I recently discovered that the Russian informal phone greeting, алё, precisely coincides with the Turkish one. When you hear "алё," you absolutely cannot tell whether it is a Russian or a Turk who is ...
user avatar
  • 11.3k
3 votes
3 answers
364 views

How to pronounce the unstressed е in прише́дшие?

Wikipedia says: ... /e/ has merged with /i/ (or /i/ and /ɨ/ if /ɨ/ is considered a phoneme): for instance, лиса́ (lisá) 'fox' and леса́ 'forests' are both pronounced /lʲiˈsa/, phonetically ...
user avatar
  • 133
2 votes
1 answer
211 views

In Russian, is [i] a possible substitute for [ɯ] after a velarized consonant?

I've read [i] doesn't really occur in the context I've described but I still want to know whether the meaning is changed.
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
118 views

Vowel reduction of pretonic [о]

This is a two-part question; I hope that's allowable. I'm aware that an unstressed о is usually reduced, though there are some exceptions -- specifically in borrowed words, such as стерео or радио. ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
289 views

What are the Latin Transliterations of Hard Consonants Converted to Soft Consonants?

I have been studying Russian recently and I have come across a problem that I have been trying to resolve for some time now which involves the softening of consonants. I understand that there are ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
200 views

"Ж" as a Mexican cattle brand [closed]

Could this be a Ж? Two hundred years ago a young, literate Russian immigrant to Mexico claimed his cattle brand. Usually these were just Latin letters, with some flourish or packed together, or else ...
user avatar
  • 1,365
3 votes
3 answers
243 views

When does "e" change to "ё" in plurals

I've just started learning German and what strikes me with there plurals is that a word in plural can differ no only at the end but in the middle as well (die Kopf / die Köpfe, der Stuhl / die Stühle, ...
user avatar
  • 37.4k
3 votes
2 answers
368 views

Why do some people pronounce "р" as uvular fricative?

I usually hear the letter "р" pronounced as a post-alveolar trill, and in countless introductions to Russian phonetics it is taught as such, but some people appear to pronounce the letter further back,...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
122 views

Укажите предложение где менее трёх мягких согласных

Пожалуйста, помоги мне. Укажите предложение где менее трёх мягких согласных. Он купил тетрадь. Девять часов. Они жили рядом. Это мой день. Химия - это наука. Могу кататься на коньках. Хочу ...
user avatar
  • 13
2 votes
3 answers
652 views

To what vowel are unstressed "е", "и" and "я" reduced to? Is it an /ɪ/ or an /ə/?

I still have trouble understanding how I'm supposed to reduce vowels in long words. Because in some words like cвидания, the unstressed "я" becomes /jə/; while in others like язык, it sounds more like ...
user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
1 answer
150 views

[о]>[у] в "господарь">"государь" — единичный случай?

Известны ли, помимо господарь>государь, еще случаи (до распространения аканья, разумеется), когда [о] сужалось в [у]? Может быть, также связанные с выпадением согласного?
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
196 views

Где послушать произношение русских идиом?

Уважаемые знатоки, пожалуйста, посоветуйте ресурс, где можно услышать русские фразеологизмы, идиомы, сленг в концентрированном виде. Спасибо!
user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Сколько слогов в слове "смысл"?

Moжно ли с чистой совестью утверждать, что слово "смысл" односложное? Если нет, то есть ли другие слова, в которых количество слогов больше количества писанных гласных? Что говорят по этому поводу ...
user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
184k views

Проверочное слово к слову «окрестность»

В слове окрестность есть непроизносимая согласная т. Какое будет проверочное слово? Если верить Викисловарю, корень здесь окрест-. Каким словом показать, что в корне есть т, чтобы она произносилась?
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
457 views

Famous tongue-twister which is pronounced in parties

I've heard from a stranger a tongue-twister, from which I understood not a single word. It's supposed to be a particularly difficult short Russian phrase which, I was told, it's pronounced mostly when ...
user avatar
  • 3,063
2 votes
2 answers
322 views

Is there a [t͡s] in "с юга"?

In this rendition of the Весеннее танго, I hear "с юга" (for example at 1:04) pronounced as ['st͡sjʉgə]. Am I hearing it right, and, if so, what's the [t͡s] doing there? Is it part of some more ...
user avatar
  • 197
7 votes
3 answers
445 views

Is there a [b] or a [p] in "Египет"?

I've looked up the pronunciation of the word "Египет" at forvo.com, and while it says that the pronunciation is /jɪˈgʲipʲɪt/, I hear a [b] and not a [p] in both available sound files. Am I hearing it ...
user avatar
  • 197
5 votes
4 answers
443 views

Letter Y issues, or Latin vs. Greek

After reading texnic's answer to my question Pronunciation of foreign IT abbreviations / languages, I became curious about why Latin won over Greek in our Russian schools. Here in the Czech Republic ...
user avatar
  • 2,041
15 votes
5 answers
582 views

Pronunciation of foreign IT abbreviations / languages

I am studying CS in the Czech Republic and recently have noticed that when I talk to Russian programmers, I tend to mispronounce widely known words (famous site names,abbreviations, language names). ...
user avatar
  • 2,041
6 votes
2 answers
4k views

Слово, в котором 8 букв и 9 звуков

Задание из учебника по русскому языку для 3-го класса: Укажи слово, в котором 8 букв и 9 звуков: волшебник, животное, фантазия, экспресс. Первое и последнее сразу отпадают. ...
user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
2k views

Pronunciation exercises

Does anybody know good exercises to learn to pronounce /ы/, /ч/, /щ/ and palatalized consonants?
user avatar
  • 6,468
4 votes
3 answers
870 views

Pronunciation norm

Is there a standard Russian pronunciation? If yes, what are its most important features, such as: quality of vowel reduction ([о], [е], and maybe other vowels in unstressed positions); pronunciation ...
user avatar
  • 6,468
13 votes
3 answers
2k views

How do I split a word into syllables?

It doesn't look as easy as it sounds. Is it possible to come up with a well defined set of rules that cover all possible cases?
user avatar