Questions tagged [фонетика]

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2
votes
2answers
237 views

Do Russians pronounce “Арбатская” and “Орбацкая” the same?

A Russian language exchange partner of mine boasted that unlike words in the English language, Russian words are spelt and pronounced basically the same. In response, I asked him about Арбатская and ...
5
votes
4answers
525 views

How does one hear the stress in Russian words?

How can I hear which syllable is considered stressed in a Russian word? And: how, exactly, should stress in Russian pronunciation be realised? My problem I realise that to stress a syllable is to ...
1
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2answers
241 views

What exactly is дольник?

I've been reading a bit about Russian prosody and it's been puzzling me. According to Wikipedia, there are different historical definitions of what дольник means, but most scholars today subscribe to ...
5
votes
1answer
567 views

How prevalent is the sound /ʑ:/ in Russian?

The sound /ʑ:/ is known as the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative and, roughly speaking, is the average of /z/ as in zebra and /ʒ/ as in vision. Russian speakers can understand /ʑ:/ as the ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Can Russians naturally pronounce “попал в бесперспективняк”?

Let's suppose you are having a casual conversation with a friend and talking quickly and want to say, "Попал в бесперспективняк." Will you be able to pronounce this flawlessly and without changing the ...
4
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4answers
677 views

Are there any common words with the syllable “кы”?

Some time ago a Russian academic visitor told me that there are no "normal" Russian words with the syllable кы. He said that the only words with the syllable кы are proper names given by non-Russian ...
3
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3answers
230 views

What is the phonetical difference between phrases like “зачем пришел” and “за чем пришел”?

Yesterday I asked a question about the meaning of "научись," and it turned out that in the movie in which I heard this, it was not "научись," but "на, учись." This was a real trap! The Russian ...
-1
votes
2answers
404 views

Why is the Russian informal phone greeting “алё” equivalent to the Turkish one?

I recently discovered that the Russian informal phone greeting, алё, precisely coincides with the Turkish one. When you hear "алё," you absolutely cannot tell whether it is a Russian or a Turk who is ...
3
votes
3answers
320 views

How to pronounce the unstressed е in прише́дшие?

Wikipedia says: ... /e/ has merged with /i/ (or /i/ and /ɨ/ if /ɨ/ is considered a phoneme): for instance, лиса́ (lisá) 'fox' and леса́ 'forests' are both pronounced /lʲiˈsa/, phonetically ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

In Russian, is [i] a possible substitute for [ɯ] after a velarized consonant?

I've read [i] doesn't really occur in the context I've described but I still want to know whether the meaning is changed.
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Vowel reduction of pretonic [о]

This is a two-part question; I hope that's allowable. I'm aware that an unstressed о is usually reduced, though there are some exceptions -- specifically in borrowed words, such as стерео or радио. ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

What are the Latin Transliterations of Hard Consonants Converted to Soft Consonants?

I have been studying Russian recently and I have come across a problem that I have been trying to resolve for some time now which involves the softening of consonants. I understand that there are ...
1
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0answers
198 views

“Ж” as a Mexican cattle brand [closed]

Could this be a Ж? Two hundred years ago a young, literate Russian immigrant to Mexico claimed his cattle brand. Usually these were just Latin letters, with some flourish or packed together, or else ...
3
votes
3answers
181 views

When does “e” change to “ё” in plurals

I've just started learning German and what strikes me with there plurals is that a word in plural can differ no only at the end but in the middle as well (die Kopf / die Köpfe, der Stuhl / die Stühle, ...
3
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2answers
287 views

Why do some people pronounce “р” as uvular fricative?

I usually hear the letter "р" pronounced as a post-alveolar trill, and in countless introductions to Russian phonetics it is taught as such, but some people appear to pronounce the letter further back,...
1
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1answer
122 views

Укажите предложение где менее трёх мягких согласных

Пожалуйста, помоги мне. Укажите предложение где менее трёх мягких согласных. Он купил тетрадь. Девять часов. Они жили рядом. Это мой день. Химия - это наука. Могу кататься на коньках. Хочу ...
2
votes
2answers
403 views

To what vowel are unstressed “е”, “и” and “я” reduced to? Is it an /ɪ/ or an /ə/?

I still have trouble understanding how I'm supposed to reduce vowels in long words. Because in some words like cвидания, the unstressed "я" becomes /jə/; while in others like язык, it sounds more like ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

[о]>[у] в “господарь”>“государь” — единичный случай?

Известны ли, помимо господарь>государь, еще случаи (до распространения аканья, разумеется), когда [о] сужалось в [у]? Может быть, также связанные с выпадением согласного?
3
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2answers
194 views

Где послушать произношение русских идиом?

Уважаемые знатоки, пожалуйста, посоветуйте ресурс, где можно услышать русские фразеологизмы, идиомы, сленг в концентрированном виде. Спасибо!
7
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3answers
2k views

Сколько слогов в слове “смысл”?

Moжно ли с чистой совестью утверждать, что слово "смысл" односложное? Если нет, то есть ли другие слова, в которых количество слогов больше количества писанных гласных? Что говорят по этому поводу ...
8
votes
2answers
182k views

Проверочное слово к слову «окрестность»

В слове окрестность есть непроизносимая согласная т. Какое будет проверочное слово? Если верить Викисловарю, корень здесь окрест-. Каким словом показать, что в корне есть т, чтобы она произносилась?
5
votes
3answers
417 views

Famous tongue-twister which is pronounced in parties

I've heard from a stranger a tongue-twister, from which I understood not a single word. It's supposed to be a particularly difficult short Russian phrase which, I was told, it's pronounced mostly when ...
2
votes
2answers
313 views

Is there a [t͡s] in “с юга”?

In this rendition of the Весеннее танго, I hear "с юга" (for example at 1:04) pronounced as ['st͡sjʉgə]. Am I hearing it right, and, if so, what's the [t͡s] doing there? Is it part of some more ...
7
votes
3answers
424 views

Is there a [b] or a [p] in “Египет”?

I've looked up the pronunciation of the word "Египет" at forvo.com, and while it says that the pronunciation is /jɪˈgʲipʲɪt/, I hear a [b] and not a [p] in both available sound files. Am I hearing it ...
5
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4answers
393 views

Letter Y issues, or Latin vs. Greek

After reading texnic's answer to my question Pronunciation of foreign IT abbreviations / languages, I became curious about why Latin won over Greek in our Russian schools. Here in the Czech Republic ...
15
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5answers
567 views

Pronunciation of foreign IT abbreviations / languages

I am studying CS in the Czech Republic and recently have noticed that when I talk to Russian programmers, I tend to mispronounce widely known words (famous site names,abbreviations, language names). ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Слово, в котором 8 букв и 9 звуков

Задание из учебника по русскому языку для 3-го класса: Укажи слово, в котором 8 букв и 9 звуков: волшебник, животное, фантазия, экспресс. Первое и последнее сразу отпадают. ...
9
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4answers
2k views

Pronunciation exercises

Does anybody know good exercises to learn to pronounce /ы/, /ч/, /щ/ and palatalized consonants?
4
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3answers
795 views

Pronunciation norm

Is there a standard Russian pronunciation? If yes, what are its most important features, such as: quality of vowel reduction ([о], [е], and maybe other vowels in unstressed positions); pronunciation ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I split a word into syllables?

It doesn't look as easy as it sounds. Is it possible to come up with a well defined set of rules that cover all possible cases?