Questions tagged [числительные]

Covers questions about numerals. Numerals are a class of words (a part of speech) that denote quantity or number like "три" or "трое". Words that denote order ("первый", "второй", "третий" и т.д.) behave like adjectives, and words like "миллион" behave like nouns; questions about them should be tagged accordingly.

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3
votes
2answers
143 views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
4
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2answers
153 views

Is “51-летний” correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
5
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2answers
130 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
2
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1answer
106 views

Why “по одному часу” is in dative while “по два часа” is not?

I understand why the dative is used in this sentence, given the presence of the preposition по "Я спала два раза по одному часу" but I don't understand why it's not used in the following "Я спала ...
3
votes
3answers
118 views

одно as “one thing”

I read the following excerpt: Он был арестован, без права переписка. Это значило одно: расстрел. No doubt that одно, in this context, means "just one thing". Can одно also be used in an ...
7
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2answers
149 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
6
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3answers
182 views

“Один” as an equivalent of indefinite article

Even though, theoretically, there are no articles in Russian, can один sometimes work as the indefinite article? At least I've seen "одни" ("a few ones") which is similar in usage to "unos" in ...
8
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2answers
129 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
5
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3answers
188 views

В.п. числительных и одушевленных существительных

Подскажите пожалуйста как правильно изменяются в винительном падеже составные числительные и связанные с ними одушевлённые существительные? Например: как правильно сказать "вижу 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 ...
1
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2answers
86 views

Grammatical number of numeral 4

"Существует 4 фактора, от которых зависит наше здоровье". Here the grammatical number is quite confusing. Nominative 4 (четыре) is followed by genitive singular фактора. No doubt here. If "4" takes ...
3
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2answers
119 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Inflection of fraction numerals of per cents with nouns (в 2,4 процента? -ах? случаев)

I'm a bit puzzled as to the correct inflection of the word процент in a phrase such as в 2,4 процент(?) случаев Grammatically in the fractional part of fraction numerals процент must be inflected ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Mixed animate and inanimate?

According to the sources I've checked, only numbers from 1 to 4 have an animate ending (meaning that the accusative case will be the same as the genitive, endingwise). Numbers from 5 upward will have ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Why is “миллиард” used instead of “биллион”?

Russia uses the short scale number-naming system. Why is, then, "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"? "Миллиард" (as opposed to "биллион") is used in the long scale number-naming system.
3
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1answer
106 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
2
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4answers
184 views

десяток and its class of numeric forms

I could only find десяток and девяток. What is the range of numbers from 1 to 10 for this numeric form? Is десяток merely a declined form for десятка?
3
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2answers
96 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by “на”?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
4
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1answer
332 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
11
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3answers
408 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
3
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1answer
89 views

Agreement of numerals, adjectives and nouns

I'm trying to figure out how numerals agree with adjectives and nouns... @_@ I've found this sentence: Я нашла тридцать шесть старые газеты I'm not sure it is correct... Shouldn't it be: Я нашла ...
2
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3answers
174 views

How do I construct numerals?

I learnt that the form of the number changes according to the gender of the noun. Пример : Одна ручка (жен.) Две ручка (жен.) Question : How do I construct the form of the number for три, четыре, ...
8
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1answer
219 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
2
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4answers
239 views

Can “одни” be paired with words that exist in both the singular and the plural?

I realize that a couple of questions have already been posted on this topic. The ones I took a look at have been listed below: Non-numerical use of “один” Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what ...
7
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2answers
172 views

In “делегация из 5 человек во главе с президентом”, are 5 or 6 visitors meant?

Got a business letter with this phrase followed by a list of 6 officials, sixth being a president. So I wonder whether it's me who always interpreted this phrase incorrectly (5 members total) or them (...
9
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4answers
882 views

Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what case?

Я ви́жу одного́ ма́льчика. (I see one boy.) Я ви́жу два до́ма. (I see two houses.) Я ви́жу двух ма́льчиков. (I see two boys.) I often get confused with the cases. As far as I know, after "...
10
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3answers
1k views

Etymology of word “тройбан”?

"Тройбан" is a slang word for "три" (more rude variation of 'three'). I know that also exists word "трояк", less rude and more common; affix "як" can be attached to some other numerals to make more ...
3
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2answers
478 views

Винительный падеж - косвенный или прямой, и почему

Как говорит нам Грамота.ру Числительные два, три, четыре (а также составные числительные, оканчивающиеся на два, три, четыре, например двадцать два) в именительном падеже сочетаются с ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

The etimology of the “-дцать” postfix?

For numbers between 10 and 40 Russians use дцать. What is дцать? A very Russian way to say десять? A word made of multiple parts, each of which do have a meaning, like дца and ть, as in еха-ть? (I ...
0
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3answers
166 views

Numerals with ь at the end

Which numerals have a ь at the end and which have in the middle?
3
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3answers
215 views

Numerals and cases - why in this sentence the adjective is in plural form?

I'm studying numerals and I found this example: У меня есть 2 старших брата, и одна старшая сестра far as I know after У меня есть It should be an nominative, so for the rule of the numbers the 2 ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Do instrumental forms of numerals like двумястами have secondary stress?

A claim has turned up on the Linguistics SE that двумястами and other such forms have two stressed syllables. I disagree; -мя- seems pre-emphatic to me here, and Wiktionary is with me on this. ...
-2
votes
2answers
330 views

How to write out the date in russian for a tattoo [duplicate]

How to write April seventeenth two thousand fifteen in Russian, im trying to figure out a interesting way to get a tattoo of the date my grandmother died
-2
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1answer
143 views

Использование слова “один” до 1910-ых годов

Как можно видеть из графика в Google Ngram Viewer, все числительные использовались с примерно постоянной частотой с 1800 года. Но слово один до 1910 года практически не встречается в литературе. В то ...
3
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5answers
534 views

Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми

What I don't understand in this sentence Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми are two things: why the word "children" is in the instrumental case and not in genitve, as it normally is when preceded by a ...
2
votes
2answers
240 views

“У них родилось десять детей” and “У них родилось двое детей”

Why is the verb in the first sentence neuter? Is it because the "number" of children is considered a neuter word? Are there other cases when I need to use a neuter verb? What about the second one......
4
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3answers
3k views

Numerals changing the case of adjectives and nouns

In the nominative case, numbers ending with 1 govern the nominative/singular in the noun, numbers ending with 2-4 govern genitive/singular and all others genitive/plural. (That is the "easy" part, can ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

How does counting change the suffix of a word?

When counting things, as in 1, 2, 3, 4, ... what suffix is applied to the end of the words? For instance: There is 1 dog, but 2 cats. There are 3 planes available today. The first 4 doors are ...
4
votes
2answers
231 views

Human animate plural - двое, трое,

This answer gives a short idea of using human animate plural forms, e. g. that they are used for persons only (?!). However, it's not quite clear, when they apply. For instance: за стеной стоят ...
1
vote
1answer
484 views

123456000-й словами

Порядковые числительные, оканчивающийся на -сотый, -тысячный, -милионный и т.д., пишутся слитно2: Составные числительные пишутся раздельно, имея столько слов, сколько в числе значащих цифр, не ...
3
votes
2answers
504 views

21-миллионый, 21-тысячный, 101-тысячный словами?

Как будет правильно написать 21-миллионный, 21-тысячный и 101-тысячный словами? Слова должны быть "двадцатиодн​?​миллионный", "двадцатиодн​?​тысячный" и "стоодн​?​...
3
votes
4answers
906 views

Стопятьсот (100500)

What does it mean when Russian say: "Здесь стопятьсот графиков, что с ними делать?"
10
votes
6answers
888 views

две пары = 2 or 4?

In comments on dasblinkenlight's answer to the question "У меня оба часов/обеи часы/обои часы сломались"? some write that две пары часов means 2 watches and три пары часов means 3 watches, ...
8
votes
1answer
288 views

Numbers ending in 1

Quoting this article on Russian plurals: If the number is 1, or the number ends in the word “один” (example: 1, 21, 61) (but not 11), then you should use the case (singular) that is suitable for ...
16
votes
1answer
494 views

Special treatment for plural forms depending on number of objects - where does it originate from?

This has puzzled me for a long time. In Russian, we count objects in a weird way: Один камень Два камня Три камня Четыре камня Пять камней ... Двадцать камней Двадцать один камень Then, the pattern ...
10
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2answers
2k views

When to use «раз, два, три» instead of «один, два, три»?

I know that один, два, три is equivalent to one, two, three in English. But, I've also heard раз, два, три used in multiple Russian songs from different artists, and I've seen this in several places ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Счётная форма существительного

Сейчас часто можно встретить рекомендации использовать так назыаемую счетную форму (давайте для примера рассматривать словосочетание «20 байт(-ов)»). На этом всячески настаивает Справка Грамоты.ру, а ...
7
votes
1answer
22k views

Fully expanded form of the dates (years, specially) and their case aspects

I want to understand the case aspects of the dates in Russian (I think that rather than learning them as a rule of thumb, after understanding them I won't forget them so easily). So far, I only came ...
14
votes
2answers
8k views

Склоняется ли “сколько”?

Как правильно сказать: На скольких человек заказывать пиццу или На сколько человек заказывать пиццу