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Questions tagged [числительные]

Covers questions about numerals. Numerals are a class of words (a part of speech) that denote quantity or number like "три" or "трое". Words that denote order ("первый", "второй", "третий" и т.д.) behave like adjectives, and words like "миллион" behave like nouns; questions about them should be tagged accordingly.

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26 votes
6 answers
1k views

Mathematical pronunciation of the number 1

I have a question about pronouncing the number 1 in Russian for mathematics. When the number 1 appears by itself on the right side of an equation (or inequality or congruence or other mathematical ...
KCd's user avatar
  • 4,984
16 votes
1 answer
662 views

Special treatment for plural forms depending on number of objects - where does it originate from?

This has puzzled me for a long time. In Russian, we count objects in a weird way: Один камень Два камня Три камня Четыре камня Пять камней ... Двадцать камней Двадцать один камень Then, the pattern ...
orlenko's user avatar
  • 303
14 votes
2 answers
12k views

Склоняется ли "сколько"?

Как правильно сказать: На скольких человек заказывать пиццу или На сколько человек заказывать пиццу
Olga's user avatar
  • 6,558
13 votes
3 answers
558 views

Different expressions for "ten" in Russian: десять, десятка, десяток

In terms of expressing ten, what's the difference between десять, десятка and десяток? I understand the first is a numeral and the other two are nouns, but I'm curious to know in what contexts each is ...
ycele's user avatar
  • 2,827
13 votes
3 answers
252 views

How do I specify a non-whole number of nouns which have no singular form?

For most nouns which have no singular form, fractions are meaningless (e.g. штаны, ножницы, весы), but there are a few such nouns where this is not the case. For example, how do I say "it went on for ...
Vitaly Mijiritsky's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
692 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
13 votes
2 answers
5k views

When to use «раз, два, три» instead of «один, два, три»?

I know that один, два, три is equivalent to one, two, three in English. But, I've also heard раз, два, три used in multiple Russian songs from different artists, and I've seen this in several places ...
Александр's user avatar
11 votes
6 answers
1k views

две пары = 2 or 4?

In comments on dasblinkenlight's answer to the question "У меня оба часов/обеи часы/обои часы сломались"? some write that две пары часов means 2 watches and три пары часов means 3 watches, ...
KCd's user avatar
  • 4,984
11 votes
2 answers
366 views

Are there analogous words for words оба, обе for three and more?

I can take two books in the bookshop and say обе to indicate I want to buy both. Are there any analogous words for three and more items, to indicate that I have all of them in mind?
Stepan Vihor's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
1k views

Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what case?

Я ви́жу одного́ ма́льчика. (I see one boy.) Я ви́жу два до́ма. (I see two houses.) Я ви́жу двух ма́льчиков. (I see two boys.) I often get confused with the cases. As far as I know, after "...
xpr34's user avatar
  • 729
10 votes
3 answers
284 views

2, 3 and 4 with feminine nouns denoting animals

I was explaining to a friend how to use nouns with numerals 2, 3 and 4 and figured out that I don't know which of the following two possibilities is correct: 1a. Я вижу две вороны. 1b. Я вижу ...
Olga's user avatar
  • 6,558
9 votes
1 answer
24k views

Fully expanded form of the dates (years, specially) and their case aspects

I want to understand the case aspects of the dates in Russian (I think that rather than learning them as a rule of thumb, after understanding them I won't forget them so easily). So far, I only came ...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 3,093
9 votes
1 answer
341 views

Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular?

If a number ends with 0,5,6,7,8, or 9, the following noun is used in genitive plural. Do measurement units make an exception or not? Compare: В стаде триста девяносто коров. (В стаде тристо ...
Armen Tsirunyan's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is "тройбан" derived from "ебан тремя"?

"Тройбан" is a slang word for "три" (a ruder version of 'three'). There is also a word "трояк" (less rude and more common). The affix "як" can be attached to ...
Amir's user avatar
  • 273
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do Russian use the Cyrillic Thousands Sign (“҂” U+0482)?

In English (at least in North America, don't know about other English area) you see things like 10k as an abbreviation of 10000. I'm wondering if Russian does something similar, particularly ...
L.Z.'s user avatar
  • 81
8 votes
1 answer
348 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
8 votes
1 answer
403 views

Numbers ending in 1

Quoting this article on Russian plurals: If the number is 1, or the number ends in the word “один” (example: 1, 21, 61) (but not 11), then you should use the case (singular) that is suitable for ...
Traxex1909's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
213 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
3 answers
230 views

"Один" as an equivalent of indefinite article

Even though, theoretically, there are no articles in Russian, can один sometimes work as the indefinite article? At least I've seen "одни" ("a few ones") which is similar in usage to "unos" in ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
2 answers
290 views

"В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена" - which vowel should I choose?

Some time ago I took a Russian test that contained the following question: В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена. 1) обоих 2) обеих 3) оба варианта корректны 4) оба варианта ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.2k
7 votes
2 answers
180 views

In "делегация из 5 человек во главе с президентом", are 5 or 6 visitors meant?

Got a business letter with this phrase followed by a list of 6 officials, sixth being a president. So I wonder whether it's me who always interpreted this phrase incorrectly (5 members total) or them (...
xyzman's user avatar
  • 817
7 votes
2 answers
177 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
1 answer
554 views

Declension after decimal numbers

By integer numbers the rule is more or less clear: 1,21,.. год, 2,3,4,22,...года, 5,6,...,19...лет. How about decimal numbers? does one easily take the integer part of the number before the ...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 3,093
7 votes
2 answers
451 views

The origin of complex plural forms

What caused complex plural forms in Russian? Were they borrowed from another language, inherited from Old Russian, or is there another reason why they appeared? By "complex plural forms" I mean the ...
nanofarad's user avatar
  • 355
7 votes
3 answers
753 views

Which one is right - "Между двух людей" or "Между двумя людьми"

I wonder which version is grammatically correct - Между двух людей or Между двумя людьми Some website said that they are both correct, is it truly so? P.S If you need some context, here you ...
Kedel Mihail's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Счётная форма существительного

Сейчас часто можно встретить рекомендации использовать так назыаемую счетную форму (давайте для примера рассматривать словосочетание «20 байт(-ов)»). На этом всячески настаивает Справка Грамоты.ру, а ...
kirelagin's user avatar
  • 689
6 votes
1 answer
416 views

What are the subsequent terms in this sequence?

однаждый corresponds to "one," and дваждый corresponds to "two." Would the third term be something like триждый? What are the remaining terms of this sequence, up to say, ten?
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 1,213
6 votes
1 answer
392 views

The etimology of the "-дцать" postfix?

For numbers between 10 and 40 Russians use дцать. What is дцать? A very Russian way to say десять? A word made of multiple parts, each of which do have a meaning, like дца and ть, as in еха-ть? (I ...
L_Pav's user avatar
  • 1,049
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Pronouncing long decimal numbers

I know that there isn't a very simple way to pronounce decimals in Russian. They translate literally as "X wholes, X tenths/hundredths/etc.", where X is feminine. As such, 0.1 becomes ноль ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
6 votes
1 answer
662 views

Is it correct to say 'две штуки' or 'два штуки' when talking about something masculine?

For example 'два пельменя', where 'пельменя' is masculine, so when referring to them, should it be 'два штуки'?
user20821's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
169 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
Judicaël's user avatar
  • 499
5 votes
1 answer
142 views

Usage of declined numbers

I know that when a number declines, all of its components decline. As such, the number 250.000 in the instrumental would be двумястами пятьюдесятью тысячами. However, I was wondering, would I ever ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

В.п. числительных и одушевленных существительных

Подскажите пожалуйста как правильно изменяются в винительном падеже составные числительные и связанные с ними одушевлённые существительные? Например: как правильно сказать "вижу 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 ...
anna giotis's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
586 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
4 votes
4 answers
2k views

Стопятьсот (100500)

What does it mean when Russian say: "Здесь стопятьсот графиков, что с ними делать?"
ovgolovin's user avatar
  • 1,059
4 votes
4 answers
831 views

не хватает ... рубля/рублей

не хватает три рубля/трёх рублей не хватает два рубля/двух рублей не хватает один рубль/одного рубля etc. Both seem to be commonly used in day-to-day speech. Any thoughts? UPDATE: To reiterate, I'm ...
Philip Seyfi's user avatar
  • 2,615
4 votes
2 answers
190 views

Is "51-летний" correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 5,752
4 votes
2 answers
580 views

Human animate plural - двое, трое,

This answer gives a short idea of using human animate plural forms, e. g. that they are used for persons only (?!). However, it's not quite clear, when they apply. For instance: за стеной стоят ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
243 views

Why is "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"?

Russia uses the short scale number-naming system. Why is, then, "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"? "Миллиард" (as opposed to "биллион") is used in the long scale number-naming system.
vomadaxela's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
4k views

Numerals changing the case of adjectives and nouns

In the nominative case, numbers ending with 1 govern the nominative/singular in the noun, numbers ending with 2-4 govern genitive/singular and all others genitive/plural. (That is the "easy" part, can ...
Roland Seuhs's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
262 views

How does counting change the suffix of a word?

When counting things, as in 1, 2, 3, 4, ... what suffix is applied to the end of the words? For instance: There is 1 dog, but 2 cats. There are 3 planes available today. The first 4 doors are ...
k1Mechanic's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
268 views

Numerals: двух сто or двести

Are these used interchangeably? Both are given as two hundred by translators, so which one is used?
Lawrence DeSouza's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
408 views

How do you cite amounts of money in Russian?

How do you cite amounts of money in Russian? 44 целых – 9 десятков? Do Russians ever cite quantities as один точка два килограммов мяса instead of один целый два десятка килограммов мяса? Как ...
Maroon Racoon's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
265 views

Numerals and cases - why in this sentence the adjective is in plural form?

I'm studying numerals and I found this example: У меня есть 2 старших брата, и одна старшая сестра far as I know after У меня есть It should be an nominative, so for the rule of the numbers the 2 ...
mario's user avatar
  • 401
3 votes
2 answers
193 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
719 views

Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми

What I don't understand in this sentence Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми are two things: why the word "children" is in the instrumental case and not in genitve, as it normally is when preceded by a ...
user4886's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
Dmitry Ilukhin's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
164 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by "на"?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
3 votes
2 answers
819 views

21-миллионый, 21-тысячный, 101-тысячный словами?

Как будет правильно написать 21-миллионный, 21-тысячный и 101-тысячный словами? Слова должны быть "двадцатиодн​?​миллионный", "двадцатиодн​?​тысячный" и "стоодн​?​...
hazzik's user avatar
  • 388
3 votes
2 answers
218 views

How to keep on track with large numerals

To be entirely frank, I'm a native speaker, but for the overwhelming majority of my day I only use English, and my Russian has started to wane. My job requires me to cycle through a couple of ...
BlasphemousBanana's user avatar