Questions tagged [числительные]

Covers questions about numerals. Numerals are a class of words (a part of speech) that denote quantity or number like "три" or "трое". Words that denote order ("первый", "второй", "третий" и т.д.) behave like adjectives, and words like "миллион" behave like nouns; questions about them should be tagged accordingly.

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16 votes
1 answer
630 views

Special treatment for plural forms depending on number of objects - where does it originate from?

This has puzzled me for a long time. In Russian, we count objects in a weird way: Один камень Два камня Три камня Четыре камня Пять камней ... Двадцать камней Двадцать один камень Then, the pattern ...
  • 303
14 votes
2 answers
11k views

Склоняется ли "сколько"?

Как правильно сказать: На скольких человек заказывать пиццу или На сколько человек заказывать пиццу
  • 6,548
13 votes
3 answers
242 views

How do I specify a non-whole number of nouns which have no singular form?

For most nouns which have no singular form, fractions are meaningless (e.g. штаны, ножницы, весы), but there are a few such nouns where this is not the case. For example, how do I say "it went on for ...
13 votes
3 answers
607 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
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11 votes
6 answers
1k views

две пары = 2 or 4?

In comments on dasblinkenlight's answer to the question "У меня оба часов/обеи часы/обои часы сломались"? some write that две пары часов means 2 watches and три пары часов means 3 watches, ...
  • 4,926
11 votes
2 answers
349 views

Are there analogous words for words оба, обе for three and more?

I can take two books in the bookshop and say обе to indicate I want to buy both. Are there any analogous words for three and more items, to indicate that I have all of them in mind?
11 votes
2 answers
4k views

When to use «раз, два, три» instead of «один, два, три»?

I know that один, два, три is equivalent to one, two, three in English. But, I've also heard раз, два, три used in multiple Russian songs from different artists, and I've seen this in several places ...
10 votes
4 answers
1k views

Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what case?

Я ви́жу одного́ ма́льчика. (I see one boy.) Я ви́жу два до́ма. (I see two houses.) Я ви́жу двух ма́льчиков. (I see two boys.) I often get confused with the cases. As far as I know, after "...
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10 votes
3 answers
277 views

2, 3 and 4 with feminine nouns denoting animals

I was explaining to a friend how to use nouns with numerals 2, 3 and 4 and figured out that I don't know which of the following two possibilities is correct: 1a. Я вижу две вороны. 1b. Я вижу ...
  • 6,548
9 votes
1 answer
23k views

Fully expanded form of the dates (years, specially) and their case aspects

I want to understand the case aspects of the dates in Russian (I think that rather than learning them as a rule of thumb, after understanding them I won't forget them so easily). So far, I only came ...
  • 3,073
9 votes
1 answer
309 views

Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular?

If a number ends with 0,5,6,7,8, or 9, the following noun is used in genitive plural. Do measurement units make an exception or not? Compare: В стаде триста девяносто коров. (В стаде тристо ...
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is "тройбан" derived from "ебан тремя"?

"Тройбан" is a slang word for "три" (a ruder version of 'three'). There is also a word "трояк" (less rude and more common). The affix "як" can be attached to ...
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do Russian use the Cyrillic Thousands Sign (“҂” U+0482)?

In English (at least in North America, don't know about other English area) you see things like 10k as an abbreviation of 10000. I'm wondering if Russian does something similar, particularly ...
  • 81
8 votes
1 answer
298 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
  • 2,523
8 votes
1 answer
352 views

Numbers ending in 1

Quoting this article on Russian plurals: If the number is 1, or the number ends in the word “один” (example: 1, 21, 61) (but not 11), then you should use the case (singular) that is suitable for ...
8 votes
2 answers
205 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
  • 2,523
7 votes
2 answers
257 views

"В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена" - which vowel should I choose?

Some time ago I took a Russian test that contained the following question: В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена. 1) обоих 2) обеих 3) оба варианта корректны 4) оба варианта ...
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7 votes
2 answers
176 views

In "делегация из 5 человек во главе с президентом", are 5 or 6 visitors meant?

Got a business letter with this phrase followed by a list of 6 officials, sixth being a president. So I wonder whether it's me who always interpreted this phrase incorrectly (5 members total) or them (...
  • 827
7 votes
2 answers
170 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
  • 2,523
7 votes
1 answer
512 views

Declension after decimal numbers

By integer numbers the rule is more or less clear: 1,21,.. год, 2,3,4,22,...года, 5,6,...,19...лет. How about decimal numbers? does one easily take the integer part of the number before the ...
  • 3,073
7 votes
2 answers
429 views

The origin of complex plural forms

What caused complex plural forms in Russian? Were they borrowed from another language, inherited from Old Russian, or is there another reason why they appeared? By "complex plural forms" I mean the ...
  • 365
7 votes
3 answers
558 views

Which one is right - "Между двух людей" or "Между двумя людьми"

I wonder which version is grammatically correct - Между двух людей or Между двумя людьми Some website said that they are both correct, is it truly so? P.S If you need some context, here you ...
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Счётная форма существительного

Сейчас часто можно встретить рекомендации использовать так назыаемую счетную форму (давайте для примера рассматривать словосочетание «20 байт(-ов)»). На этом всячески настаивает Справка Грамоты.ру, а ...
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6 votes
1 answer
409 views

What are the subsequent terms in this sequence?

однаждый corresponds to "one," and дваждый corresponds to "two." Would the third term be something like триждый? What are the remaining terms of this sequence, up to say, ten?
  • 1,233
6 votes
3 answers
217 views

"Один" as an equivalent of indefinite article

Even though, theoretically, there are no articles in Russian, can один sometimes work as the indefinite article? At least I've seen "одни" ("a few ones") which is similar in usage to "unos" in ...
  • 2,523
6 votes
1 answer
336 views

The etimology of the "-дцать" postfix?

For numbers between 10 and 40 Russians use дцать. What is дцать? A very Russian way to say десять? A word made of multiple parts, each of which do have a meaning, like дца and ть, as in еха-ть? (I ...
  • 1,049
5 votes
2 answers
159 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
  • 489
5 votes
3 answers
947 views

В.п. числительных и одушевленных существительных

Подскажите пожалуйста как правильно изменяются в винительном падеже составные числительные и связанные с ними одушевлённые существительные? Например: как правильно сказать "вижу 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 ...
5 votes
1 answer
542 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
  • 2,205
4 votes
4 answers
727 views

не хватает ... рубля/рублей

не хватает три рубля/трёх рублей не хватает два рубля/двух рублей не хватает один рубль/одного рубля etc. Both seem to be commonly used in day-to-day speech. Any thoughts? UPDATE: To reiterate, I'm ...
  • 2,655
4 votes
2 answers
171 views

Is "51-летний" correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
  • 5,730
4 votes
2 answers
537 views

Human animate plural - двое, трое,

This answer gives a short idea of using human animate plural forms, e. g. that they are used for persons only (?!). However, it's not quite clear, when they apply. For instance: за стеной стоят ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
226 views

Why is "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"?

Russia uses the short scale number-naming system. Why is, then, "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"? "Миллиард" (as opposed to "биллион") is used in the long scale number-naming system.
4 votes
3 answers
3k views

Numerals changing the case of adjectives and nouns

In the nominative case, numbers ending with 1 govern the nominative/singular in the noun, numbers ending with 2-4 govern genitive/singular and all others genitive/plural. (That is the "easy" part, can ...
4 votes
1 answer
258 views

How does counting change the suffix of a word?

When counting things, as in 1, 2, 3, 4, ... what suffix is applied to the end of the words? For instance: There is 1 dog, but 2 cats. There are 3 planes available today. The first 4 doors are ...
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Стопятьсот (100500)

What does it mean when Russian say: "Здесь стопятьсот графиков, что с ними делать?"
  • 1,009
3 votes
2 answers
261 views

Numerals: двух сто or двести

Are these used interchangeably? Both are given as two hundred by translators, so which one is used?
3 votes
1 answer
338 views

How do you cite amounts of money in Russian?

How do you cite amounts of money in Russian? 44 целых – 9 десятков? Do Russians ever cite quantities as один точка два килограммов мяса instead of один целый два десятка килограммов мяса? Как ...
3 votes
3 answers
257 views

Numerals and cases - why in this sentence the adjective is in plural form?

I'm studying numerals and I found this example: У меня есть 2 старших брата, и одна старшая сестра far as I know after У меня есть It should be an nominative, so for the rule of the numbers the 2 ...
  • 401
3 votes
2 answers
167 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
620 views

Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми

What I don't understand in this sentence Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми are two things: why the word "children" is in the instrumental case and not in genitve, as it normally is when preceded by a ...
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
3 votes
3 answers
159 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by "на"?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
  • 2,205
3 votes
2 answers
686 views

21-миллионый, 21-тысячный, 101-тысячный словами?

Как будет правильно написать 21-миллионный, 21-тысячный и 101-тысячный словами? Слова должны быть "двадцатиодн​?​миллионный", "двадцатиодн​?​тысячный" и "стоодн​?​...
  • 388
3 votes
1 answer
127 views

Mixed animate and inanimate?

According to the sources I've checked, only numbers from 1 to 4 have an animate ending (meaning that the accusative case will be the same as the genitive, endingwise). Numbers from 5 upward will have ...
  • 2,523
3 votes
1 answer
110 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
  • 133
3 votes
1 answer
131 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
  • 393
3 votes
1 answer
127 views

Agreement of numerals, adjectives and nouns

I'm trying to figure out how numerals agree with adjectives and nouns... @_@ I've found this sentence: Я нашла тридцать шесть старые газеты I'm not sure it is correct... Shouldn't it be: Я нашла ...
3 votes
1 answer
109 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
  • 2,523
3 votes
3 answers
130 views

одно as "one thing"

I read the following excerpt: Он был арестован, без права переписка. Это значило одно: расстрел. No doubt that одно, in this context, means "just one thing". Can одно also be used in an ...
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