Questions tagged [числительные]

Covers questions about numerals. Numerals are a class of words (a part of speech) that denote quantity or number like "три" or "трое". Words that denote order ("первый", "второй", "третий" и т.д.) behave like adjectives, and words like "миллион" behave like nouns; questions about them should be tagged accordingly.

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16
votes
1answer
517 views

Special treatment for plural forms depending on number of objects - where does it originate from?

This has puzzled me for a long time. In Russian, we count objects in a weird way: Один камень Два камня Три камня Четыре камня Пять камней ... Двадцать камней Двадцать один камень Then, the pattern ...
14
votes
2answers
10k views

Склоняется ли “сколько”?

Как правильно сказать: На скольких человек заказывать пиццу или На сколько человек заказывать пиццу
13
votes
3answers
221 views

How do I specify a non-whole number of nouns which have no singular form?

For most nouns which have no singular form, fractions are meaningless (e.g. штаны, ножницы, весы), but there are a few such nouns where this is not the case. For example, how do I say "it went on for ...
12
votes
3answers
481 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
11
votes
6answers
951 views

две пары = 2 or 4?

In comments on dasblinkenlight's answer to the question "У меня оба часов/обеи часы/обои часы сломались"? some write that две пары часов means 2 watches and три пары часов means 3 watches, ...
11
votes
2answers
318 views

Are there analogous words for words оба, обе for three and more?

I can take two books in the bookshop and say обе to indicate I want to buy both. Are there any analogous words for three and more items, to indicate that I have all of them in mind?
10
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3answers
1k views

Etymology of word “тройбан”?

"Тройбан" is a slang word for "три" (more rude variation of 'three'). I know that also exists word "трояк", less rude and more common; affix "як" can be attached to some other numerals to make more ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

When to use «раз, два, три» instead of «один, два, три»?

I know that один, два, три is equivalent to one, two, three in English. But, I've also heard раз, два, три used in multiple Russian songs from different artists, and I've seen this in several places ...
10
votes
3answers
263 views

2, 3 and 4 with feminine nouns denoting animals

I was explaining to a friend how to use nouns with numerals 2, 3 and 4 and figured out that I don't know which of the following two possibilities is correct: 1a. Я вижу две вороны. 1b. Я вижу ...
9
votes
4answers
959 views

Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what case?

Я ви́жу одного́ ма́льчика. (I see one boy.) Я ви́жу два до́ма. (I see two houses.) Я ви́жу двух ма́льчиков. (I see two boys.) I often get confused with the cases. As far as I know, after "...
9
votes
1answer
257 views

Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular?

If a number ends with 0,5,6,7,8, or 9, the following noun is used in genitive plural. Do measurement units make an exception or not? Compare: В стаде триста девяносто коров. (В стаде тристо ...
8
votes
1answer
239 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
8
votes
1answer
314 views

Numbers ending in 1

Quoting this article on Russian plurals: If the number is 1, or the number ends in the word “один” (example: 1, 21, 61) (but not 11), then you should use the case (singular) that is suitable for ...
8
votes
2answers
147 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
7
votes
2answers
215 views

“В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена” - which vowel should I choose?

Some time ago I took a Russian test that contained the following question: В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена. 1) обоих 2) обеих 3) оба варианта корректны 4) оба варианта ...
7
votes
2answers
175 views

In “делегация из 5 человек во главе с президентом”, are 5 or 6 visitors meant?

Got a business letter with this phrase followed by a list of 6 officials, sixth being a president. So I wonder whether it's me who always interpreted this phrase incorrectly (5 members total) or them (...
7
votes
1answer
22k views

Fully expanded form of the dates (years, specially) and their case aspects

I want to understand the case aspects of the dates in Russian (I think that rather than learning them as a rule of thumb, after understanding them I won't forget them so easily). So far, I only came ...
7
votes
2answers
157 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
7
votes
1answer
457 views

Declension after decimal numbers

By integer numbers the rule is more or less clear: 1,21,.. год, 2,3,4,22,...года, 5,6,...,19...лет. How about decimal numbers? does one easily take the integer part of the number before the ...
7
votes
2answers
375 views

The origin of complex plural forms

What caused complex plural forms in Russian? Were they borrowed from another language, inherited from Old Russian, or is there another reason why they appeared? By "complex plural forms" I mean the ...
7
votes
3answers
212 views

Which one is right - “Между двух людей” or “Между двумя людьми”

I wonder which version is grammatically correct - Между двух людей or Между двумя людьми Some website said that they are both correct, is it truly so? P.S If you need some context, here you ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Счётная форма существительного

Сейчас часто можно встретить рекомендации использовать так назыаемую счетную форму (давайте для примера рассматривать словосочетание «20 байт(-ов)»). На этом всячески настаивает Справка Грамоты.ру, а ...
6
votes
1answer
374 views

What are the subsequent terms in this sequence?

однаждый corresponds to "one," and дваждый corresponds to "two." Would the third term be something like триждый? What are the remaining terms of this sequence, up to say, ten?
6
votes
3answers
199 views

“Один” as an equivalent of indefinite article

Even though, theoretically, there are no articles in Russian, can один sometimes work as the indefinite article? At least I've seen "одни" ("a few ones") which is similar in usage to "unos" in ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

The etimology of the “-дцать” postfix?

For numbers between 10 and 40 Russians use дцать. What is дцать? A very Russian way to say десять? A word made of multiple parts, each of which do have a meaning, like дца and ть, as in еха-ть? (I ...
5
votes
2answers
135 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
5
votes
3answers
402 views

В.п. числительных и одушевленных существительных

Подскажите пожалуйста как правильно изменяются в винительном падеже составные числительные и связанные с ними одушевлённые существительные? Например: как правильно сказать "вижу 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 ...
4
votes
4answers
581 views

не хватает … рубля/рублей

не хватает три рубля/трёх рублей не хватает два рубля/двух рублей не хватает один рубль/одного рубля etc. Both seem to be commonly used in day-to-day speech. Any thoughts? UPDATE: To reiterate, I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

Is “51-летний” correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
4
votes
2answers
273 views

Human animate plural - двое, трое,

This answer gives a short idea of using human animate plural forms, e. g. that they are used for persons only (?!). However, it's not quite clear, when they apply. For instance: за стеной стоят ...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Why is “миллиард” used instead of “биллион”?

Russia uses the short scale number-naming system. Why is, then, "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"? "Миллиард" (as opposed to "биллион") is used in the long scale number-naming system.
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Numerals changing the case of adjectives and nouns

In the nominative case, numbers ending with 1 govern the nominative/singular in the noun, numbers ending with 2-4 govern genitive/singular and all others genitive/plural. (That is the "easy" part, can ...
4
votes
1answer
383 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

How does counting change the suffix of a word?

When counting things, as in 1, 2, 3, 4, ... what suffix is applied to the end of the words? For instance: There is 1 dog, but 2 cats. There are 3 planes available today. The first 4 doors are ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Стопятьсот (100500)

What does it mean when Russian say: "Здесь стопятьсот графиков, что с ними делать?"
3
votes
2answers
251 views

Numerals: двух сто or двести

Are these used interchangeably? Both are given as two hundred by translators, so which one is used?
3
votes
3answers
220 views

Numerals and cases - why in this sentence the adjective is in plural form?

I'm studying numerals and I found this example: У меня есть 2 старших брата, и одна старшая сестра far as I know after У меня есть It should be an nominative, so for the rule of the numbers the 2 ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
3
votes
5answers
545 views

Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми

What I don't understand in this sentence Мы с нашими четырьмя детьми are two things: why the word "children" is in the instrumental case and not in genitve, as it normally is when preceded by a ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

21-миллионый, 21-тысячный, 101-тысячный словами?

Как будет правильно написать 21-миллионный, 21-тысячный и 101-тысячный словами? Слова должны быть "двадцатиодн​?​миллионный", "двадцатиодн​?​тысячный" и "стоодн​?​...
3
votes
2answers
653 views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Mixed animate and inanimate?

According to the sources I've checked, only numbers from 1 to 4 have an animate ending (meaning that the accusative case will be the same as the genitive, endingwise). Numbers from 5 upward will have ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by “на”?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Agreement of numerals, adjectives and nouns

I'm trying to figure out how numerals agree with adjectives and nouns... @_@ I've found this sentence: Я нашла тридцать шесть старые газеты I'm not sure it is correct... Shouldn't it be: Я нашла ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
3
votes
3answers
125 views

одно as “one thing”

I read the following excerpt: Он был арестован, без права переписка. Это значило одно: расстрел. No doubt that одно, in this context, means "just one thing". Can одно also be used in an ...
3
votes
2answers
660 views

Винительный падеж - косвенный или прямой, и почему

Как говорит нам Грамота.ру Числительные два, три, четыре (а также составные числительные, оканчивающиеся на два, три, четыре, например двадцать два) в именительном падеже сочетаются с ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Do instrumental forms of numerals like двумястами have secondary stress?

A claim has turned up on the Linguistics SE that двумястами and other such forms have two stressed syllables. I disagree; -мя- seems pre-emphatic to me here, and Wiktionary is with me on this. ...