Questions tagged [этимология]

The history and the origin of words and phrases.

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17
votes
3answers
736 views

Why do verbs in past tense—and not other parts of speech—have gender?

In Russian, verbs in the past have gender information attached to them, so that “я спросил” implies that the asker was male, whereas “я спросила” comes from a female. Why no other tenses have this ...
4
votes
3answers
207 views

Pronunciation/etymology of иначе

I read on Wiktionary that иначе could have stress on the first or second syllable. Which pronunciation is more common in your experience? Why does such a common word not have a standard pronunciation ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Почему "баю-бай" итд? / Why "баю-бай" etc?

Почему баю-бай, баюшки, басиньки и т. д. в русском языке ассоциируются со сном? Эти слова и другие, образованные от них, встречаются практически во всех колыбельных. Интересно, чем это вызвано и с ...
5
votes
1answer
387 views

Examples of compound words "hidden in plain sight"?

I've known for a while what the word "совсем" means, but only recently did I realize that the meaning stems from the fact that: "совсем = с(о)+всем" (entirely=with everything). This is probably ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Is Интернационализм a French loanword?

It obviously seems to have a Latin etymology, but I wonder if it came into Russian from French.
4
votes
2answers
196 views

French loanwords ending in "-tion" [duplicate]

I've noticed that, not only in Russian, but in many other Eastern European languages that in French loanwords that end in "-tion", the suffix almost always appears as "-cija" (-ция). Examples include ...
6
votes
2answers
479 views

What is the etymology of "блондиться"?

There is a word which is used in Yaroslavl, "блондиться", here's a quote: Блондиться – значит где-то долго находиться, отсутствовать. Но оказывается, это слово чисто ярославское. Ни в каких ...
6
votes
2answers
254 views

Why Яковлев/Яковлевич with the intrusive -л-?

As the title says, why are the surname and patronymic formed from Яков Яковлев and Яковлевич instead of *Яковов and *Яковович? Where did this -л- come from? Is it simply because Яковлев(ич) is more ...
9
votes
5answers
763 views

Why does the word "мужчина" decline like a feminine noun?

In all languages with genders I know the word for man is masculine, and the word for women is feminine. While this is still technically true for the word мужчина, it is the only Russian masculine word ...
3
votes
3answers
586 views

Дупло и диплом, происхождение

Почему такие разные значения у слов, произошедших от одного - du̯eiplom "сложенное вдвое".
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Слова "дюжий" и "недужный"

Слова дюжий и недужный близки или далеки с точки зрения этимологии?
21
votes
5answers
19k views

Racist language in Russia/USA

I really hope this question doesn't get deleted or flagged, so to make sure it doesn't I will try to keep it as academic as possible. I am currently an American student studying in Saint Petersburg ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Question about spelling "чьё/чья/чьи"

As far as I understand, "ч" is always soft. The letter "ь" usually denotes that the preceding letter is soft. These two facts together seem to imply that the combination "чь" (just like "щь") would/...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Origin of the Russian word for water "voda"

The most of sources I encountered (Vasmer, Mellory-Adams etc) assert the Russian word "voda" "вода" originates from the same PIE root as English word "water", i.e. from the PIE form u̯odr. This is ...
4
votes
2answers
210 views

Are the verb suffixes "-ate" and "-ать" cognates?

Are the verb suffixes "-ate" in English and "-ать" in Russian cognates? I would guess that "-ate" comes from Latin and is also the source of the verb suffix "-ar" in Spanish. Latin and Russian are ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Этимология выражения "хернёй страдать"

На другом форуме кто-то поделился следующим инсторическим толи анекдотом толи былью: В XIX веке военнообязанные, но достаточно обеспеченные мещане косили от армии следующим образом: покупали у ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the lasting effects of communism on the russian language? [closed]

The history of a country probably heavily affects the language, therefore I would presume that some concepts in the russian language might differ from their counterparts in languages from western, ...
5
votes
2answers
139 views

Derivation of word человецех

The phrase 'в человецех благоволение' means goodwill among men. What is the nominative of человецех? It appears to be old Russian.
17
votes
1answer
5k views

Кофий и кофе - что от чего произошло? Is the кофе derived from кофий or vice versa?

Артемий Лебедев в своем "ководстве" пишет: Мужской род бедному напитку достался от устаревших форм «кофий» или «кофей». У Корнея Чуковского в книге "Живой как жизнь" сказано: Русский язык ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the etymology of "грёбаный"?

Some of my friends use the word "грёбаный". Where does it come from? I suggested to myself that it could be somehow linked to words like "бан" or "баня", but it does not make sense in a sentence "...
4
votes
1answer
301 views

Origin of "пять"?

Does the word пять have an origin in an Indian language? I noticed that the word in Bengali sounds almost the same. See here for the spelling, and here for the pronunciation.
5
votes
2answers
435 views

What is the origin of the word "мешок"?

What is the origin of the word мешок?
6
votes
3answers
263 views

Раз, два и обчёлся

I was just wondering what would be the origin of the verb обчёлся? Does it have something to do with закончил считать? I don't think we use other forms of this verb, but in this idiom. How old is this ...
6
votes
1answer
292 views

The etimology of the "-дцать" postfix?

For numbers between 10 and 40 Russians use дцать. What is дцать? A very Russian way to say десять? A word made of multiple parts, each of which do have a meaning, like дца and ть, as in еха-ть? (I ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Why число, not четло?

If it comes from PIE q̆etlom then the Russian reflex should be "четло". Why it is число then? A speculation may be that it came from q̆etˢtlom, in this case it would become чесло. What is the correct ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Origin of прятки (Russian word for "Hide and Seek" game)

Does прятки, the Russian word for the game hide and seek, come from пяток (five), пятка (heel), or something else? My guess is пяток, because of counting from 1 to 5.
5
votes
3answers
420 views

Origin of "не фартануло"

There's a saying "не фартануло" which means something like "не повезло" or "не получилось". However, where does it come from? There don't seem to be any related words that come to mind, and there ...
-2
votes
1answer
145 views

муссировать этимология [closed]

муссировать этимология please inform
3
votes
2answers
201 views

"Соорудить" - этимология

Задумался над значением слова соорудить или сооружение. В поиске на первых страницах, к своему удивлению, не обнаружил. Возникают ассоциации с англ. rude. Может кто просветить?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Происхождение фразы "ты весь в белом" и ее аналоги

Я пишу рассказ, и в одном месте персонаж произносит фразу "Я был не прав, но и ты не весь в белом" в ответ на некие претензии. В моей голове, эта фраза имеет оттенок "ты тоже не с чистыми руками ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the origin of "на обиженных воду возят"?

I've been always wondering what are the origins of this expression? I searched through the net and found few discussions on this issue: Link 1: http://lingvoforum.net/index.php?topic=4111.0 Link 2: ...
13
votes
2answers
503 views

Etymology of "Есть!" (military command)

Can it be explained how the phrase Есть! came to be used in the military when someone accepts an order?
2
votes
2answers
110 views

"Подворачивать" or "подвёртывать"?

So there are two sets of verbs that seem to have very similar meanings, but also some slight differences. What separates these these pairs. **1. подворачивать подвёртывать--- подворотить подвернуть ...
7
votes
3answers
329 views

Впервые or впервыя (in old orthography)?

In pre-1918 Russian orhography, female and neuter adjectives in pl. nom. had endings -iя, -ыя: новыя вещи, голубыя озёра, but новые наряды, голубые киты. Pluralia tantum require some etymologic ...
6
votes
1answer
468 views

Etymology of the name "Modest" (Модест)

"Modest" is a common Russian name, most famously known as the name of the composer Mussorgsky. Does the etymology of this name have any relationship to the English/Latin etymology of the word?
8
votes
1answer
438 views

Откуда суффикс -л у существительных: "страшило", "чернила", "пряло" и т.п

В русском языке есть ряд существительных, образованных от глаголов, с суффиксом -л. Какова причина использования этого суффикса? Ведь в современном русском языке это суффикс глагола прошедшего ...
1
vote
2answers
632 views

What is the root meaning of the name 'Samovojska'?

I have seem alternative spellings of this name listed as Samovojska Samovojsky Samovosky Samosky Is this a Rus surname? What is the origin or root meaning of this surname?
3
votes
3answers
226 views

Etymology of toponymic ending -ово

I've seen a few places in Russia with the ending -ово. For example Иваново, Кемерово, and Домодедово. Does anyone know the origin of this ending? For example, is it related to the adjectival ending -...
4
votes
2answers
452 views

What is the meaning of the "Tal" in the Russian/Muldovan last name "Talsky"?

As far as I can tell, "Tal" isn't a Russian word that has any specific meaning. Is there some kind of translation or history of the sound Tal that would shed light on the meaning of this family name?
2
votes
1answer
186 views

How word дясна became десна?

The word evidently comes from PIE e̯dentsnea̯ from e̯donts "tooth" from root e̯ed- "to bite". This should give "дясна" in Russian. Why "десна" then?
7
votes
4answers
369 views

What is the origin of "бо"

I'm curious about the word/ending "бо". For example in the word, ибо, which is basically и + бо with бо meaning потому что, так как итд, а ещё слово "либо" имеет это окончание, но что оно значит? This ...
10
votes
2answers
816 views

Russianization of Ancient Greek personal names

Can anyone shed some light onto the process by which (masculine) personal names of the Ancient Greek world were Russianized? With some notable exceptions (Homer, Aristotle, Hadrian, et al.), English ...
12
votes
3answers
432 views

Where do the following words come from: лето, весна, осень, зима?

I am interested in knowing the etymology of names of the seasons in Russian: лето, весна, осень, зима. UPDATE: And especially the original meaning of the proto-words that gave birth to these words.
2
votes
2answers
230 views

A problematic etymology of a 'three-letter' Russian profanity

Namely, a conjecture: хуй < ховать. Can it be a worthy version? Or why not? To my surprise I’ve found a discussion where this version does not look like something absolutely groundless (to me). ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Меня сушит жажда. (I'm thirsty, I have a thirst for smth to drink.) Это тавтология, усиление или уточняющее определение?

Мы говорим: меня сушит. Голос Паклина беспрестанно обрывался, как у человека, которого сушит и мучит жажда. [Тургенев. Новь (1877)] В ...
7
votes
7answers
1k views

What is the etymology of берлога?

I am wondering why the shelter of медведь is берлога.
5
votes
4answers
235 views

Thesaurus organization by lexical kinship and etymology

Is there a kind of thesaurus that teaches words based on kinship? An example will make it clear to you what I have in mind: суд - судья́, суди́ть, ... коне́ц - наконе́ц, зака́нчивать/зако́нчить, ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Are words like "Apple" / "Google" -- Russian?

I was curious whether common brands like Apple or Google are considered to be part of the Russian language or not. If one is said to complete something in Russian, is Google, Apple и FreeBSD a fair ...
6
votes
1answer
931 views

Почему Нью-Йорк (New York) по-русски пишется через дефис?

A follow-up question from How do you translate FreeBSD into Russian?, what is the rule that makes New York have a hyphen when written in proper Russian?
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Has word "тачизла" anything to do hip-hop culture in general and to Snoop Dog in particular?

So, recently I've found out that my friends do not know word "тачизла" which I used in some casual context. This is a word from my childhood, I've heard it on the streets of my youth pretty often. ...