Questions tagged [этимология]

The history and the origin of words and phrases.

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4
votes
1answer
300 views

Значения слова "находить(ся)"

В русском языке у слова находить есть три значения: собственно находить в смысле "находить то, что потерял/искал" "считать, полагать": Я нахожу это странным - Я считаю это странным с суффиксом ...
5
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2answers
562 views

How to translate "Systems Software Engineer"?

How does one officially and accurately translate the job title of "Systems Software Engineer", for example, bls.gov's "15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software", into Russian ...
9
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4answers
465 views

Origin of "стоять над душой"

Фразеологический словарь русского литературного языка says, that "стоять над душой" means "мешать, надоедать своим долгим присутствием". I'm not quite sure what "над душой" (above one's soul?) means ...
5
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1answer
312 views

Родственны ли слова "дразнить" и "дерзкий"?

У Фасмера это предположение никак не озвучивается, и вообще этимология слова дразнить представляется довольно туманной, а у меня возникло предположение по аналогии с мерзкий и мразь, что это могут ...
5
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1answer
581 views

Этимология слова "обитать"

В Викисловаре пишут, что слово происходит от древнерусского обитати. Я недавно начал учить французский, там есть похожее слово с таким же значением - habiter (жить, обитать), которое, в свою очередь, ...
6
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3answers
338 views

Etymology of крест

Russian wiktionary claim that the word крест is loanword from Old High German krist. Is it traditional and valid etymology? Do Russian have any trace of proper (not borrowed) Protoslavic word with ...
4
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1answer
323 views

«Житёнка» — уменьшительное от чего?

Пейоративное житёнка не могло быть образовано от слова жизнь; от житьё — тоже крайне сомнительно. Вдобавок есть еще житуха, что наводит на мысль о существительном женского рода наподобие жита, житка ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Origin of expression "Ёлки-палки"

In a booklet of elementary readings for foreigners I came across the expression Ёлки-палки. This seems to translate as "damn" but the relation of that meaning to the literal meaning of the words ...
3
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1answer
176 views

Etymology of word фум-лента

What is the etymology of the Russian word фум-лента (for isolating waterpipes)?
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2answers
335 views

Думпкар и самосвал

Чуковский в книге "Живой как жизнь" перечисляет заимствованные слова и возникшие русские эквиваленты, например "голкипер" и "вратарь". Впервые в этом списке встретил слово "думпкар" аналогом которого ...
7
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2answers
394 views

Etymology of болельщик

I had difficulties in finding a translation of болельщик, and it seems to mean (sports) fan, supporter. Does this word come from a transliteration as бол of the English word ball ?
8
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3answers
995 views

What is the etymology of восемь and девять?

What is the etymology of восемь and девять?
8
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1answer
969 views

Корень слова «Заседание» и связь со словом «Сидеть»

Никак не могу разобраться от какого слова происходит «Заседание». Еще есть «Председатель», у которого тот же корень. Вроде бы само мероприятие подразумевает что некоторый круг лиц будет что-то ...
5
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1answer
325 views

What is the etymology of the Russian word приставка?

What is the etymology of the Russian word приставка?
5
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1answer
439 views

Where does the word Хамовники come from?

In Moscow there is a part of the city called Хамовники. What does this word mean, and where does it come from?
2
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1answer
670 views

Что значит и какова этимология слова "колпачить"?

Слышал эту фразу в контексте произведения человеком ненужной суеты или глупых действий, вызванных нервозностью момента. Есть еще связанное определение для человека, который "колпачит" - говорят, у ...
2
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2answers
493 views
5
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1answer
1k views

Был ли раньше «приятный аппетит»?

Есть пожелание «Приятного аппетита», но нет словосочетания «приятный аппетит». Почему так? Это устаревшее?
14
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1answer
2k views

Как возникло слово "прошивка" в смысле firmware (программа в телефоне, читалке, другом гаджете)?

В обсуждении вопроса о переводе firmware на русский язык мнения о слове "прошивка" разделились. Кто-то утверждают что это слэнг, другие утверждают что это уже литературное слово. Но у меня возник ...
10
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2answers
997 views

Are there any Russian words, which changed the meaning through the intermediary language?

Are there any words which have started with one meaning, then got incorporated into another language while changing the meaning and then got reimported back with a different meaning?
6
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3answers
224 views

Deriving “kamenite” from Russian камень + Greek -ίτης

I am quite new to Russian and would like feedback on both what I've done correctly and where I am mistaken. For use in a fantasy writing project, I would like to plausibly derive “kamenite” as an ...
16
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2answers
630 views

Etymology/Origin of "Грузия"

In many languages, the name of the country Georgia is derived from the name of St.George. In Georgian, Georgia is called საქართველო(Sakartvelo), so obviously Грузия has nothing to do with it either. ...
4
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4answers
388 views

Is Яна a variant of Жанна

Well, everybody knows that there exist pairings between names. For example, Александра - Александр, Виктория - Виктор etc. However, sometimes these pairs can be confusing. It is generally accepted ...
7
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2answers
359 views

"Качели" vs. "качель"

While reading Osip Mandelshtam, I came across the word качель in singular. Я качался в далеком саду На простой деревянной качели, И высокие темные ели Вспоминаю в туманном бреду. ...
11
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4answers
2k views

Why does the phraseme "души не чаять" have positive meaning?

OK, this question has been asked many-many times on the internet, and yet I can't google any reliable and constructive answer with a bit of documented proof. How come the meaning of this phrase - "...
10
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3answers
1k views

Etymology of "переборщить"

What is the origin of "переборщить"? I really do doubt it has something in common with Russian soup борщ. Another hypothesis was that it is somehow related to "перебор" in this meaning: Derived ...
4
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2answers
160 views

Has рекомендовать something to do with "recommend"?

In a social context, рекомендовать means to introduce people to somebody. At first I thought is was a complete false-friend, however now I see that they might not be that far apart. For instance, if ...
14
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2answers
4k views

Put noodles onto somebody's ears?

I've been asked to explain why people say вешать лапшу на уши for uncovering lies and expressing distrust. Where does it come from?
5
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2answers
876 views

What's the origin of "по первое число"?

This phrase по первое число, meaning "large amount", is usually used when describing a punishment or generally an unpleasant experience e.g. Завалило снегом по первое число. Получил от ...
14
votes
1answer
526 views

Why some Russian interrogatives start with к- and others - with ч-?

Many Russian interrogatives start with к-: кто? кому? куда? кем? как? который? где? (<кде?) когда? On the other hand, some interrogatives start with ч-. They seems to be case variants of "что?": ...
4
votes
1answer
443 views

Where did "вдруг бывает только пук" come from?

"Вдруг бывает только пук" (suddenly happens only fart) is a colloquial humorous phrase, which is a retort to a person asking "а вдруг?" (what if?). I can't find etymology of this phrase. Where did it ...
14
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6answers
1k views

Origin of Да будет свет! - сказал электрик и перерезал провода

What is the origin of the expression Да будет свет! - сказал электрик и перерезал провода.?
7
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4answers
278 views

Is нет ever a contraction of не and есть?

My book on Russian claims that in phrases like здесь нет телефо́на the нет is a contraction of не and есть . Is this etymologically true? (I realize that it is translated as such, but this is not ...
6
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1answer
520 views

Grammatical role of можно

I have learned how to translate "можно" in phrases (e.g. with "it is possible", "one can", "it can be (done)"). However, I would like to know the actual grammatical role of the word. My conjecture ...
10
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1answer
2k views

What is the meaning and origin of "The grand piano in the bushes"?

There is a saying "The grand piano in the bushes" ("рояль в кустах"). What does it mean precisely, how to correctly use it in speech, and what is its origin?
9
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1answer
615 views

What's the origin of saying: "Ну ты молоток!"?

Basically the title. I have just had a discussion with some of my friends and we could not come up with the origin of this saying. The best we could come up with was that it sounded closer to "...
5
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1answer
1k views

What is the etymology of the Russian word "ёлка"?

Is the Russian word "ёлка" related to the English word "yule"? "Yule" is related to Old Norse "jol," which refers to an old pagan feast of midwinter. There could easily be some Norse words surviving ...
9
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4answers
302 views

радиус-вектор vs. вектор-строка

Yesterday I came across the term радиус-вектор in physics, which surprised me because the order of the two parts is reversed by comparison with the terms вектор-строка and вектор-столбец in linear ...
4
votes
2answers
284 views

Connotation of the spelling "Расея"

Are there any guidelines on using Расея over Россия? Is the former archaic or comical? Grandiloquent, ridiculous? Something else? Was it perhaps the actual official name of the country at some point ...
8
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4answers
876 views

Why are cows (коровы) called "крупный рогатый скот" so frequently?

Why cows/bulls rarely called so, especially in official documents, but the term КРС (Крупный рогатый скот, lit. "large horned cattle") is used instead? Other farming animals are called simpler. ...
5
votes
2answers
348 views

Why is this who steals icons called "клюквенник"?

Today I've learned that there exists a term for thief who is specializing in stealing icons and church plates - клюквенник. I just wonder when this term had been adopted and why does it actually "...
3
votes
2answers
14k views

Название «Птичье молоко» для конфет и тортов

Почему популярный рецепт торта и конфет называется «Птичье молоко»? Как это связано с пернатыми? Насколько мне известно, не существует млекопитающих птиц, а значит название вымышленное.
6
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3answers
563 views

Are there verbs in -оть not having been subject to the metathesis of the liquids?

All Russian verbs ending in -оть I can think of had been subject to the metathesis or the liquids and did not have this ending in Proto-Slavic: бороть (CS брати) < *барти (cf. брань) колоть (CS ...
11
votes
1answer
282 views

Are платье and платок connected? Did платье initially mean a square piece of cloth?

Are платье (platie) and платок (platok) connected? Did платье initially mean a square piece of cloth? I know that the both words ultimately derive from the same PIE root meaning "flat" (from which ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Etymology of "С дуба рухнуть"

The expression С дуба рухнуть means: crack up, go nuts. For example: Ты что, с дуба рухнул? Have you lost it? What is the etymology of this expression?
6
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2answers
2k views

Спутники естественные и искусственные

Есть ли сведения о том, когда впервые было использовано слово спутник для обозначения естественных (Луна - спутник Земли), либо искусственных спутников (вывести спутник на орбиту)? Разыскивая ...
4
votes
1answer
551 views

Is the Russian word «рейс» related to the German word "Reise"?

Both words have similar meanings and they both seem phonetically similar as well. So, it seems to me that there's the possibility of some relation between the two words. I'm curious if one of the ...
16
votes
1answer
581 views

Special treatment for plural forms depending on number of objects - where does it originate from?

This has puzzled me for a long time. In Russian, we count objects in a weird way: Один камень Два камня Три камня Четыре камня Пять камней ... Двадцать камней Двадцать один камень Then, the pattern ...
2
votes
2answers
179 views

Are пырей and перо somehow connected?

Are пырей and перо somehow connected? UPDATE Some material from PIE: pulos a single hair of the human body poums body hair peumos adult (having hair) peuqs tail (> Eng. fox) peuros wheat ...
18
votes
7answers
6k views

Why "пить таблетки"?

"Пить таблетки" (literally "drink pills") is a commonly used phrase. But why is it "пить" ("drink")? Naturally, pills are solid and thus can't be "drunk" in a traditional sense. There is phrase "...