Questions tagged [этимология]

The history and the origin of words and phrases.

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12
votes
2answers
2k views

Этимология слова «аист» / etymology of “аист” (stork)

Считается, что в русском языке нет исконных слов, начинающихся на букву «А». Как объяснить этимологию слова «аист», явно отличающуюся от лексем в родственных языках? бел. бусел укр. лелека русин. ...
5
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1answer
238 views

Traditional utility outbuildings and annexes: etymology, patterns, and geogrpaphical differences

When we are talking about utility buildings near or around traditional Russian dwelling (be it izba or khata), mayhaps the first that comes to mind is the сени (seni) — enclosed veranda separating ...
6
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3answers
730 views

Origin of the phrase “их нравы”

Where and when did the phrase in question originate? Was it the invention of Soviet propaganda, or did authorities themselves adopted the earlier phrase from other literary sources? Could it be used ...
12
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3answers
574 views

Difference between “нация” and “народ”

Given that народ is connected to род, and has to do with birth, and нация derives from the Latin natus, past participle of nasci (being born), is there any difference between the two terms? I have ...
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5answers
2k views

Can "чита" mean "monkey"?

A Russian friend of mine claims that the word "чита" can mean "small monkey". She thinks that it might be a colloquialism, but she cannot recall its etymology. I believe she has been using it since ...
13
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1answer
2k views

Origin of "cемь пятниц на неделе"

What is the origin/etymology of phrase Семь пятниц на неделе (literally, seven Fridays in a week)? I am not interested in the meaning of it (I know what it means), but rather where it came from. I ...
1
vote
2answers
629 views

What is the root meaning of the name 'Samovojska'?

I have seem alternative spellings of this name listed as Samovojska Samovojsky Samovosky Samosky Is this a Rus surname? What is the origin or root meaning of this surname?
7
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3answers
370 views

Vowel in "раст\рос" stem: how did it happen that they are different?

The following words have the same stem: рост росток рослый растение расти возрасти возросший возраст I think that they have the same stem because their meaning is related and they ...
11
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2answers
14k views

"Война войной, а обед по расписанию"

Откуда пошло выражение (поговорка)? Война войной, а обед по расписанию
7
votes
3answers
614 views

Etymology of the phrase "Пряничные ворота"

I understand the phrase as metaphoric gates you want to enter but cannot: Б. Гребенщиков, "Дуй": Сколько ни стучись у этих пряничных ворот... I cannot find an origin of the phrase
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3answers
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котов and Петров

This is a follow up to this question. Here is a Daniil Kharms short story: ПЕТРОВ И КАМАРОВ ПЕТРОВ: Эй, Камаров! Давай ловить комаров! КАМАРОВ: Нет, я к этому еще не готов. ...
9
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1answer
4k views

Why "подруга", not "друга"

I wonder are there any other cases when prefix по- indicates feminine gender? I can recall some nouns with по- prefix, like постель or повесть, but this words have roots that are also feminine. On ...
7
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3answers
326 views

Впервые or впервыя (in old orthography)?

In pre-1918 Russian orhography, female and neuter adjectives in pl. nom. had endings -iя, -ыя: новыя вещи, голубыя озёра, but новые наряды, голубые киты. Pluralia tantum require some etymologic ...
5
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5answers
2k views

When and how "разбор полётов" became a idiom

In Russian "разбор полётов" means an ex post facto analysis of some event, which most likely had dramatic consequences or lead to failure. For example: Дмитрий Медведев обещал провести разбор ...
5
votes
2answers
875 views

What's the origin of "по первое число"?

This phrase по первое число, meaning "large amount", is usually used when describing a punishment or generally an unpleasant experience e.g. Завалило снегом по первое число. Получил от ...
14
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2answers
4k views

Put noodles onto somebody's ears?

I've been asked to explain why people say вешать лапшу на уши for uncovering lies and expressing distrust. Where does it come from?
6
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2answers
1k views

Происхождение и значение современного употребления "погнали"

Хотел бы сверить с обществом собственные социокультурные соображения по поводу выражения погнали в значении начали. Откуда оно есть пошло? Пример употребления глагола "погнать" в значении "начать что-...
23
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6answers
15k views

The history and meaning of "ни фига себе"

I understand how the expression is used pretty well, but wonder where did it come from? What exactly does фиг mean?
4
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1answer
334 views

Where did the phrase "гладить против шерсти" come from?

I figured out through its usage and some Google-Fu, that гладить против шерсти means rubbing the wrong way, but can someone explain to me why "touch/press against the wool"? Where did this phrase come ...
18
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7answers
6k views

Why "пить таблетки"?

"Пить таблетки" (literally "drink pills") is a commonly used phrase. But why is it "пить" ("drink")? Naturally, pills are solid and thus can't be "drunk" in a traditional sense. There is phrase "...
12
votes
3answers
429 views

Where do the following words come from: лето, весна, осень, зима?

I am interested in knowing the etymology of names of the seasons in Russian: лето, весна, осень, зима. UPDATE: And especially the original meaning of the proto-words that gave birth to these words.
12
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1answer
283 views

Defining autochthonous etymology of Russian lexems

Judging by several etymological discussions erupting around this site, people have vastly different ideas about what constitutes “native” Russian word. For me, borrowing (whether it be recent (last ...
11
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4answers
842 views

Etymology of "Пошел в Баню!"

Given the meaning of the phrase ranging from benign "Go away" to the rude "Пошел на ..." I am curious of the origins of this form?
16
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2answers
561 views

Do "русый" and "русский" have a common root?

Does the name of the hair color русый come from the name of the people/land?
15
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3answers
711 views

Почему Евклид, а не Эвклид?

Why is Евклид spelled with Е in Russian? All the other words and names with Greek origin starting with E that I can think of are spelled with Э in Russian. Эратосфен, эвтаназия, эвристика ...
10
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1answer
1k views

What is the origin of "на обиженных воду возят"?

I've been always wondering what are the origins of this expression? I searched through the net and found few discussions on this issue: Link 1: http://lingvoforum.net/index.php?topic=4111.0 Link 2: ...
15
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4answers
484 views

Addressing taxi/bus driver by "шеф"/"командир" - where does it come from?

While using buses and marshrutkas as a means to reach point B from point A, I often hear drivers being addressed as "шеф" or "командир", as in: Командир, возьми за проезд! or Шеф, до вокзала ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Etymology of "С дуба рухнуть"

The expression С дуба рухнуть means: crack up, go nuts. For example: Ты что, с дуба рухнул? Have you lost it? What is the etymology of this expression?
27
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3answers
1k views

Are there words that can be spelled with both т and ф?

Some words of Greek descent use ф as corresponding to the Greek θ, while some use т. The former I think tend to be loaned earlier. However, in "Brothers Karamazov" I have found Mitya using the word "...
16
votes
2answers
627 views

Etymology/Origin of "Грузия"

In many languages, the name of the country Georgia is derived from the name of St.George. In Georgian, Georgia is called საქართველო(Sakartvelo), so obviously Грузия has nothing to do with it either. ...
36
votes
8answers
5k views

Why doesn't Russian have native words beginning with А?

I've heard that Russian has no native words beginning with the letter A. The claim is that the words appearing under A in dictionaries were all imported at some stage or another. Browsing through the ...
5
votes
2answers
931 views

What are some of the most common words which were borrowed from other neighbouring Soviet republics? [closed]

The Soviet Union endured for over seventy years and I know lots of Russian words were borrowed into the languages of the Soviet Republics around Russia during this time. But are there some words ...

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