Questions tagged [этимология]

The history and the origin of words and phrases.

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6
votes
2answers
261 views

Where does the colloquial word for the angle grinder (“угловая шлифовальная машина”) come from?

Why is the angle grinder ("угловая шлифовальная машина") called "болгарка"?
6
votes
2answers
453 views

What is the etymology of “блондиться”?

There is a word which is used in Yaroslavl, "блондиться", here's a quote: Блондиться – значит где-то долго находиться, отсутствовать. Но оказывается, это слово чисто ярославское. Ни в каких ...
6
votes
3answers
556 views

Are there verbs in -оть not having been subject to the metathesis of the liquids?

All Russian verbs ending in -оть I can think of had been subject to the metathesis or the liquids and did not have this ending in Proto-Slavic: бороть (CS брати) < *барти (cf. брань) колоть (CS ...
6
votes
1answer
268 views

Kакова этимология слова “варяг”? What is the etymology of 'varyag'?

Имеется в виду буквальное значение слова. The word is meant in its literal sense.
6
votes
1answer
572 views

Etymology of хорваты / Этимология слова “хорваты”

What is the possible origin of this word? Can it be related to "сарматы"? Каково возможное происхождение этого слова? Может ли оно быть связано со словом "сарматы"?
6
votes
3answers
330 views

Etymology of крест

Russian wiktionary claim that the word крест is loanword from Old High German krist. Is it traditional and valid etymology? Do Russian have any trace of proper (not borrowed) Protoslavic word with ...
6
votes
3answers
721 views

Origin of the phrase “их нравы”

Where and when did the phrase in question originate? Was it the invention of Soviet propaganda, or did authorities themselves adopted the earlier phrase from other literary sources? Could it be used ...
6
votes
1answer
518 views

Grammatical role of можно

I have learned how to translate "можно" in phrases (e.g. with "it is possible", "one can", "it can be (done)"). However, I would like to know the actual grammatical role of the word. My conjecture ...
6
votes
1answer
649 views

Этимология слова «даже» / Etymology of the word “dazhe” (even, although)

Каково происхождение слова? Сочетание да + же представляется слишком очевидным. Фасмер дает только *датже, не останавливаясь на использовании современной лексемы и не останавливаясь на элизии (...
5
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3answers
1k views

Is the ending “-ция” specific to loanwords from English?

Since childhood I instinctively knew if an English word that ends with "-tion" will have a translation into Russian ending with "-ция". There are some more pairs such as this. Example: Moderation - ...
5
votes
3answers
393 views

Origin of “не фартануло”

There's a saying "не фартануло" which means something like "не повезло" or "не получилось". However, where does it come from? There don't seem to be any related words that come to mind, and there ...
5
votes
2answers
355 views

Why is “томат” spelt without an “o” at the end?

I'm trying to understand how spelling works in Russian. Why does "томат" lack an "o" at the end, when some other words which I assume are derived from European loanwords, such as "пианино" or "метро", ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the etymology of “грёбаный”?

Some of my friends use the word "грёбаный". Where does it come from? I suggested to myself that it could be somehow linked to words like "бан" or "баня", but it does not make sense in a sentence "...
5
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3answers
232 views

Etymology of “Володино”

Numerous villages are called "Володино", does it mean something?
5
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2answers
275 views

Махать платочком - which specifically and why?

In literature, I can read some type of earlier-times custom, that women машут платочком to say goodbye (waive with scarf?) Which piece of fabric did they waive and is there a special hidden original ...
5
votes
3answers
529 views

Who is Goddess Khalyava?

I just read an article about Russian students in Russian newspaper Комсомольская правда and saw the following: Каждый студент хоть раз в своей жизни слышал это заветное слово - Халява. Что же оно ...
5
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2answers
433 views

What is the origin of the word “мешок”?

What is the origin of the word мешок?
5
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2answers
269 views

Meaning of “каким боком”

I came across the phrase "каким боком" during my studies ("каким боком это тебя касается?"), and I can't wrap my head around what it means. Is it maybe interchangeable with "...
5
votes
2answers
204 views

“Промышленники” working for the fur companies

The term промышленник described individuals seeking furs and the employees of 1700s and 1800s fur companies such as Shelikhov-Golikov and the Russian-American Company. Those workers were involved in a ...
5
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5answers
2k views

When and how “разбор полётов” became a idiom

In Russian "разбор полётов" means an ex post facto analysis of some event, which most likely had dramatic consequences or lead to failure. For example: Дмитрий Медведев обещал провести разбор ...
5
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2answers
464 views

Is «ндравиться» archaic or just geographical?

Having traveled in the rural area around Penza I found that almost all the people say «ндравиться» rather than «нравиться», for example: — Мне ндравится сегодняшняя погода. Is it some archaic ...
5
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2answers
918 views

What are some of the most common words which were borrowed from other neighbouring Soviet republics? [closed]

The Soviet Union endured for over seventy years and I know lots of Russian words were borrowed into the languages of the Soviet Republics around Russia during this time. But are there some words ...
5
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2answers
340 views

Why is this who steals icons called “клюквенник”?

Today I've learned that there exists a term for thief who is specializing in stealing icons and church plates - клюквенник. I just wonder when this term had been adopted and why does it actually "...
5
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2answers
874 views

What's the origin of “по первое число”?

This phrase по первое число, meaning "large amount", is usually used when describing a punishment or generally an unpleasant experience e.g. Завалило снегом по первое число. Получил от ...
5
votes
1answer
836 views

Откуда взялось местоимение «её» и куда пропало «ея»?

Интересно было бы узнать больше об истории и этимологии личных местоимений третьего лица. Помнится, я где-то читал, что они якобы происходят от слова «оный». Как вы считаете? Может быть, все как ...
5
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1answer
310 views

Родственны ли слова “дразнить” и “дерзкий”?

У Фасмера это предположение никак не озвучивается, и вообще этимология слова дразнить представляется довольно туманной, а у меня возникло предположение по аналогии с мерзкий и мразь, что это могут ...
5
votes
1answer
538 views

Этимология слова “обитать”

В Викисловаре пишут, что слово происходит от древнерусского обитати. Я недавно начал учить французский, там есть похожее слово с таким же значением - habiter (жить, обитать), которое, в свою очередь, ...
5
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2answers
139 views

Derivation of word человецех

The phrase 'в человецех благоволение' means goodwill among men. What is the nominative of человецех? It appears to be old Russian.
5
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1answer
321 views

What is the etymology of the Russian word приставка?

What is the etymology of the Russian word приставка?
5
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1answer
1k views

What is the etymology of the Russian word “ёлка”?

Is the Russian word "ёлка" related to the English word "yule"? "Yule" is related to Old Norse "jol," which refers to an old pagan feast of midwinter. There could easily be some Norse words surviving ...
5
votes
2answers
559 views

How to translate “Systems Software Engineer”?

How does one officially and accurately translate the job title of "Systems Software Engineer", for example, bls.gov's "15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software", into Russian ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

Why are berries always used in singular?

I was recently translating a text from German to Russian and came across the following phrase: Salzbrezeln mit Preiselbeeren which means in English Salted pretzels with cranberries I translated it ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

Are the Russian word “чары” and English word “charm” etymologically related?

Do "чары" and "charm" share a common etymological root? According to the OED, "charm" originates (through French) from Latin carmen ("song"), which is believed to originate from the Proto-Indo-...
5
votes
1answer
813 views

History of “Глаз на жопу натянуть” idiom

I am wondering about ethimology of an idiom "Глаз на жопу натянуть", which literally means "Pull an eye onto ass". Surfing through the internet I have found that it was used in Shirli-Myrli [Ширли-...
5
votes
1answer
433 views

Where does the word Хамовники come from?

In Moscow there is a part of the city called Хамовники. What does this word mean, and where does it come from?
5
votes
1answer
233 views

Traditional utility outbuildings and annexes: etymology, patterns, and geogrpaphical differences

When we are talking about utility buildings near or around traditional Russian dwelling (be it izba or khata), mayhaps the first that comes to mind is the сени (seni) — enclosed veranda separating ...
5
votes
3answers
353 views

What is the logic of the expression “только и всего”?

Some time ago I watched the excellent Russian movie "The Horde" with English subtitles and got intrigued by a few expressions from there, with one of them being "только и всего." The movie is on ...
5
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3answers
2k views

“Жратва” и “жертва”, “жрать” и “жрец”

Мой первый здесь вопрос. Заголовок я постарался сделать забавным, но вопрос вполне серьёзен. Друг спросил сегодня, нет ли общего происхождения у вышеозначенных слов. У меня под рукой нет словарей, ...
5
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4answers
217 views

Thesaurus organization by lexical kinship and etymology

Is there a kind of thesaurus that teaches words based on kinship? An example will make it clear to you what I have in mind: суд - судья́, суди́ть, ... коне́ц - наконе́ц, зака́нчивать/зако́нчить, ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Был ли раньше «приятный аппетит»?

Есть пожелание «Приятного аппетита», но нет словосочетания «приятный аппетит». Почему так? Это устаревшее?
5
votes
4answers
395 views

…дались тебе эти макароны!

Как вообще возник оборот "далось тебе [это] XXX" ? Почему он означает то, что означает? Т.е. я его использую, нутром ощущаю, но логически разложить этот оборот на составляющие, объяснить его механику ...
4
votes
2answers
261 views

Is “культуры Энергетик” a set phrase based on the German “kulturelle Energetik”?

I recently found out that Pripyat has/had a place called Дворец культуры Энергетик (Palace of Culture Energetik). The phrase reminded me of the German term "kulturelle Energetik", which was used by ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the lasting effects of communism on the russian language? [closed]

The history of a country probably heavily affects the language, therefore I would presume that some concepts in the russian language might differ from their counterparts in languages from western, ...
4
votes
3answers
637 views

Why do phonetically same Russian and Polish obscenities mean very different things?

Let us compare the meanings of some phonetically same Russian and Polish obscenities: Заебать (Russian): to get to, to pester. Zajebać (Polish): to beat someone up, to steal something, to brutally ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

The origin of “В тридевятом царстве, в тридесятом государстве”

"В тридевятом царстве, в тридесятом государстве" ("in a Faraway Land") is a phrase that is used in numerous Russian fairytales. Why is царство - тридевятое (3-9ое), and государство - тридесятое (3-...
4
votes
4answers
377 views

Is Яна a variant of Жанна

Well, everybody knows that there exist pairings between names. For example, Александра - Александр, Виктория - Виктор etc. However, sometimes these pairs can be confusing. It is generally accepted ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Почему “баю-бай” итд? / Why “баю-бай” etc?

Почему баю-бай, баюшки, басиньки и т. д. в русском языке ассоциируются со сном? Эти слова и другие, образованные от них, встречаются практически во всех колыбельных. Интересно, чем это вызвано и с ...
4
votes
4answers
280 views

What is the origin of the suffix -он?

I learned that the Russian language has a number of words with the suffix -он: музон, закидон, выпивон, закусон, расслабон, etc. This suffix is indeed not a part of the root, as can be seen from words ...
4
votes
1answer
633 views

Origin of “Котлин”

I searching for "kotlin" word definition, probably someone who knows Russiancan help me. What does 'Kotlin' mean? It's related to Kotlin Island? What the history behind this island and the name ...
4
votes
3answers
929 views

Происхождение фразы “ты весь в белом” и ее аналоги

Я пишу рассказ, и в одном месте персонаж произносит фразу "Я был не прав, но и ты не весь в белом" в ответ на некие претензии. В моей голове, эта фраза имеет оттенок "ты тоже не с чистыми руками ...