Questions tagged [этимология]

The history and the origin of words and phrases.

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4
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3answers
220 views

Etymology of “чёрта с два”

I believe I understand the meaning of the expression чёрта с два, but I don't understand its origin or grammar: Why is чёрта in the accusative/genitive case? Why is два in the nominative case after с?...
4
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1answer
238 views

Russian vs Latin

Is дом an import from Latin domus as a loanword, or is it the byproduct of the common indo-european substratum? In my country, on the façade of courts, it's written DOMUS IUSTITIÆ, "the house of ...
4
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3answers
202 views

Pronunciation/etymology of иначе

I read on Wiktionary that иначе could have stress on the first or second syllable. Which pronunciation is more common in your experience? Why does such a common word not have a standard pronunciation ...
4
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5answers
883 views

Are words like “Apple” / “Google” — Russian?

I was curious whether common brands like Apple or Google are considered to be part of the Russian language or not. If one is said to complete something in Russian, is Google, Apple и FreeBSD a fair ...
4
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1answer
330 views

Where did the phrase “гладить против шерсти” come from?

I figured out through its usage and some Google-Fu, that гладить против шерсти means rubbing the wrong way, but can someone explain to me why "touch/press against the wool"? Where did this phrase come ...
4
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1answer
337 views

Что такое «купаленные донья»?

В стихотворении Пастернака «Определение поэзии» есть строфа: Всё, что ночи так важно сыскать На глубоких купаленных доньях, И звезду донести до садка На трепещущих мокрых ладонях. Я никак не могу ...
4
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2answers
286 views

The origin of “отморозок”

Отморозок is a contemptible and objectionable person. It looks like the word comes from the verb отморозить, or the noun мороз. Why is отморозок originally associated with getting frostbite, ...
4
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1answer
283 views

Cathedral, “Кафедральный”, why is ф in there?

After reading this article I got curious how ф is in place of "th" in English for the word Cathedral (Кафедральный)? Sounds almost like a coffee-place. (I know it is not Café or Kafee in russian but ...
4
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2answers
356 views

Do “шильдик” and “shield” have a common root?

These words are similar in pronunciation and meaning. Do they have a common root?
4
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2answers
159 views

Has рекомендовать something to do with “recommend”?

In a social context, рекомендовать means to introduce people to somebody. At first I thought is was a complete false-friend, however now I see that they might not be that far apart. For instance, if ...
4
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2answers
281 views

Connotation of the spelling “Расея”

Are there any guidelines on using Расея over Россия? Is the former archaic or comical? Grandiloquent, ridiculous? Something else? Was it perhaps the actual official name of the country at some point ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Why do Russians refer to flatterers as “downlickers” (подлизы)?

Usually used to refer to a flatterer, the Russian word подлиза literally means a downlicker: the prefix под- means down, below, beneath, or under, and the root -лиз- is common to Russian words about ...
4
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2answers
318 views

Origin of the word ''захолустье''

What is the etymological origin of the word ''захолустье''? For me, the origin of this word is a big mystery of the Russian language. In modern Russian, this word means ''a remote place, a place ...
4
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1answer
281 views

What's the etymology of the Russian verb “иметь”?

What's the etymology of the Russian verb "иметь"? What is its root ("-им-" or "-име-")? What was the root's meaning originally?
4
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1answer
318 views

«Житёнка» — уменьшительное от чего?

Пейоративное житёнка не могло быть образовано от слова жизнь; от житьё — тоже крайне сомнительно. Вдобавок есть еще житуха, что наводит на мысль о существительном женского рода наподобие жита, житка ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Этимология слова “черенок” в значении кошелёк, использованное Гоголем?

В произведении "Тарас Бульба" Н.В.Гоголя присутствует следующая фраза: "... снявши с него саблю с дорогою рукоятью и отвязавши от пояса целый черенок с червонцами". Очевидно (и подтверждается ...
4
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1answer
224 views

Has word “тачизла” anything to do hip-hop culture in general and to Snoop Dog in particular?

So, recently I've found out that my friends do not know word "тачизла" which I used in some casual context. This is a word from my childhood, I've heard it on the streets of my youth pretty often. ...
4
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1answer
148 views

Is there a relationship between цель and “Ziel” (german)?

The other day I learned Russian word "цель". It struck me how similar it sounded to the German word "Ziel". Is there a connection or is it just a coincidence that they sound similar?
4
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3answers
196 views

What does “не” negate in “нечто” and “нехай”?

The prefix "не" is used to negate or reverse the meaning of the word: вежливый (polite) → невежливый (impolite) слабо (weakly) → неслабо (strongly) Following this logic, "нечто" ...
4
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1answer
177 views

Could a translation error lead to squares to not be considered as rectangles?

I'm reading a certain set of kindergarten/lower primary maths textbooks that is written by American authors for a non-American company. Whenever students are asked to identify the number of rectangles ...
4
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2answers
185 views

French loanwords ending in “-tion” [duplicate]

I've noticed that, not only in Russian, but in many other Eastern European languages that in French loanwords that end in "-tion", the suffix almost always appears as "-cija" (-ция). Examples include ...
4
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2answers
187 views

Are the verb suffixes “-ate” and “-ать” cognates?

Are the verb suffixes "-ate" in English and "-ать" in Russian cognates? I would guess that "-ate" comes from Latin and is also the source of the verb suffix "-ar" in Spanish. Latin and Russian are ...
4
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1answer
297 views

Origin of “пять”?

Does the word пять have an origin in an Indian language? I noticed that the word in Bengali sounds almost the same. See here for the spelling, and here for the pronunciation.
4
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1answer
517 views

Is the Russian word «рейс» related to the German word “Reise”?

Both words have similar meanings and they both seem phonetically similar as well. So, it seems to me that there's the possibility of some relation between the two words. I'm curious if one of the ...
4
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1answer
339 views

Examples of compound words “hidden in plain sight”?

I've known for a while what the word "совсем" means, but only recently did I realize that the meaning stems from the fact that: "совсем = с(о)+всем" (entirely=with everything). This is probably ...
4
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1answer
292 views

Значения слова “находить(ся)”

В русском языке у слова находить есть три значения: собственно находить в смысле "находить то, что потерял/искал" "считать, полагать": Я нахожу это странным - Я считаю это странным с суффиксом ...
4
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1answer
441 views

Where did “вдруг бывает только пук” come from?

"Вдруг бывает только пук" (suddenly happens only fart) is a colloquial humorous phrase, which is a retort to a person asking "а вдруг?" (what if?). I can't find etymology of this phrase. Where did it ...
4
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2answers
443 views

What is the meaning of the “Tal” in the Russian/Muldovan last name “Talsky”?

As far as I can tell, "Tal" isn't a Russian word that has any specific meaning. Is there some kind of translation or history of the sound Tal that would shed light on the meaning of this family name?
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0answers
170 views

Are the уж (a kind of snake) and узко (narrow) related? [closed]

According to Mallory we have the following PIE words (in this notation, g = palatal/plain ġ=plain/uvular): a̯enġhu̯is snake (> уж) a̯enghus narrow (> узко) a̯enghnos fear, constriction (> ужас) ...
3
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2answers
310 views

Почему “Венера”, а не 'Венус"?

In Latin, Венера is Venus. A similar word "corpus" is translated as "корпус", not as "корпора" (or "корпор" if we take its gender into account). Why is then Venus not Венус?
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2answers
14k views

Название «Птичье молоко» для конфет и тортов

Почему популярный рецепт торта и конфет называется «Птичье молоко»? Как это связано с пернатыми? Насколько мне известно, не существует млекопитающих птиц, а значит название вымышленное.
3
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4answers
222 views

Root of the words присутствовать and существо

Do these two words share the same root, or are there two different roots at play?
3
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1answer
222 views

Is there a Russian cognate of Ukrainian кравець, Polish krawiec meaning tailor?

Also, I'm curious if there is a reconstructed Slavic root or if it's a loan (nothing found in Derksen).
3
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1answer
170 views

Скрежет зубовный и мука мученская . Необычные формы прилагательных

Подбирала синонимы и нашла эти необычные формы прилагательных. Интересно, давно ли они появились и откуда. В каком контексте лучше употреблять?
3
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2answers
265 views

What is the actual origin of the aphorism about intentions and capabilities?

UPDATE: It turns out that even Russia's president Vladimir Putin himself quoted Bismarck as saying that phrase! (Source1, Source2). It thus seems unlikely to be a made-up quotation, because it is ...
3
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3answers
559 views

Дупло и диплом, происхождение

Почему такие разные значения у слов, произошедших от одного - du̯eiplom "сложенное вдвое".
3
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1answer
180 views

Are “спорить” and English “spar” cognates?

Do спорить and spar have any common etymological root? EDIT: I'm referring specifically to the usage of spar for training for a fight or engaging in an argument.
3
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1answer
271 views

The origin of “на авось”

The Russian idiom сделать что-то на авось is very interesting indeed. I know that it may be similar to the English idiom on the off-chance, which means relying on the remote possibility (if you can ...
3
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2answers
192 views

“Соорудить” - этимология

Задумался над значением слова соорудить или сооружение. В поиске на первых страницах, к своему удивлению, не обнаружил. Возникают ассоциации с англ. rude. Может кто просветить?
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3answers
219 views

Etymology of toponymic ending -ово

I've seen a few places in Russia with the ending -ово. For example Иваново, Кемерово, and Домодедово. Does anyone know the origin of this ending? For example, is it related to the adjectival ending -...
3
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1answer
175 views

Etymology of word фум-лента

What is the etymology of the Russian word фум-лента (for isolating waterpipes)?
3
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2answers
473 views

Adjectives ending in -тный

Upon this discussion with YellowSky, a follow-up question arose: There are some adjectives ending in -тный which could be grammatically possibly originated from both a noun and a verb with -т- not ...
3
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1answer
649 views

What is the etymology of чашка? Какова этимология слова “чашка”?

Does it have anything in common with Sanskrit चषक (casaaka) = bowl, glass, cup, wine, liquour? Please avoid elliptic definitions like 'it is a diminutive from 'чаша'. Есть ли у слова что-либо общее с ...
3
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1answer
157 views

What is the meaning of 'ать [его] копалку'?

I am currently in the midst of translating a passage of Victor Astafiev's Где-то гремит война and I have come across a phrase several times that I cannot get my head around. 1. Но нет у меня ...
3
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1answer
243 views

Меня сушит жажда. (I'm thirsty, I have a thirst for smth to drink.) Это тавтология, усиление или уточняющее определение?

Мы говорим: меня сушит. Голос Паклина беспрестанно обрывался, как у человека, которого сушит и мучит жажда. [Тургенев. Новь (1877)] В ...
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3answers
571 views

Origin of the Russian idiom “like a grass snake on a frying pan”?

When Russians say that you are like a grass snake on a frying pan ("как уж на сковородке"), they often mean that you are grilled by tough incriminating questions and desperately trying to save your ...
2
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1answer
232 views

How to make up a name - eighth day of week? [closed]

I'm planning to give a speech in Russian where I'll say something like "imagine there's an eighth day of the week--let's call it ______." Представьте, что прибавился еще день недели--назовем его ...
2
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2answers
490 views

Is “болгарка” a distorted transcription of burglar tool?

Or that tool came to the USSR from Bulgaria?
2
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1answer
111 views

Is there a link between the word “horse” and “rot”?

Today's French TV news covered the reconstruction of the Napoleonic army retreat from Russia in 1812 (it was held in Vyazma, and there was an official burial of Russian and French soldiers from that ...
2
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1answer
426 views

Name suffixes -ов, -ич

Are suffixes -ов and -ова on people's names equivalent of the suffix -son used in Germanic languages? The suffixes -ич, -ича also imply the name of the father, on the patronimic. Are they, too, ...