Questions tagged [лексикон]

Sets of words or words with specialized meanings that have to be learned.

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The expression буфетный мужик

In Смерть Ивана Ильича by Leo Tolstoy, we have the expression буфетный мужик. I have several related questions: I remember that in some lesson, I said "мужик" to mean "a (19th century) ...
Bruno's user avatar
  • 387
1 vote
1 answer
114 views

ведомо versus знать

Is there any difference between "мне ведомо" and "я знаю"? Are they interchangeable in any situation? Is "мне ведомо" more formal?
Bruno's user avatar
  • 387
0 votes
0 answers
158 views

What is the geography of (now obsolete) usage of the word фамилия to mean 'wife'?

While Valentin Kiparsky claimed (in Omagiu lui Iordan) that this usage is a calque from Tatar and therefore found in the Russian varieties spoken in and near Kazan (the area of the Tatar-speaking ...
Attila the Pun's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
203 views

"damage" and "to do damage" in video games context

I'm making a YouTube video game guide and I'm adding Russian subtitles to expand my audience. As you know, video games use phrases like "damage", "to do damage" and "deal ...
ie8yq's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
3 answers
220 views

What is the difference between уезжать/уехать and покидать/покинуть?

I've been struggling with a lot of the verbs of motion. From my knowledge, both of these words mean "to leave." What makes them different? DeepL suggests that I say "мы покинули город&...
Claire's user avatar
  • 13
4 votes
8 answers
689 views

What's the Russian expression for 'Well, duh!"?

Slang used to indicate that a statement is obvious, or that the answer to a question is an obvious "yes" — often in a derisive or sarcastic way. "Physics is really hard." "...
ingaualbanian's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
310 views

What's the difference between дочь and дочка?

What's the difference between дочь and дочка? They seem synonymous, so how does one choose between one or the other?
Alberto Pires's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
190 views

Какие примеры стилистически-морфологических приёмов имитации иностранных и нерусских акцентов, и каких именно, существуют в русском языке? [closed]

Какие примеры стилистически-морфологических приёмов имитации иностранных и нерусских акцентов, и каких именно, существуют в русском языке? Ну, всякие такие приемы, как пример : "вах, дарагой !&...
 Пилум's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
325 views

Is there a verb "шкодовать" in Russian?

When I was reading the novel "Дикая охота Короля Стаха" by belarusian writer Uladzimir Karatkievich , I stumbled upon this phrase: А они детей из Ярков шкодовали? I searched for this verb, ...
MrDudulex's user avatar
  • 343
0 votes
2 answers
149 views

Is there a word for "dip pen" in Russian?

I tried to search the internet but didn't find any information.
RussianStranger's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
390 views

Spoken versus written Russian

In English and French, words are oftentimes "cut" when spoken. For example, in English we might say "Watcha doin'" instead of "What are you doing". Likewise, in French we ...
graphtheory123's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
282 views

Questions about "бежать" and "побежать"

I know that the difference between бегать and побегать is that бегать is imperfective while побегать is perfective. However, my dictionary says that бежать is a facultative verb (i.e. it has both an ...
FFjet's user avatar
  • 153
1 vote
1 answer
203 views

Help translating a sentence - Playing cards

Disclaimer: I'm a true beginner with the Russian language. I struggle translating a riddle: I'm between the King and the Queen - where am I? The ‘King’ and the ‘Queen’ being playing card, it seems ...
Will's user avatar
  • 121
9 votes
5 answers
2k views

The word подарок - abstract meaning?

In my Russian class, we are learning holiday vocabulary, and I am wondering if there exists an abstract meaning for “подарок». For example, could you be talking about “the gift of forgiveness” or “the ...
Yelena's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
4 answers
555 views

Can стакан сока be used here instead of сок?

In the book Дорога в Россию - учебник русского языка, there's a conversation that describes the scene of buying food: Мне нравится эта рыба, этот салат, этот сок. Дайте, пожалуйста. which means the ...
FFjet's user avatar
  • 153
3 votes
1 answer
178 views

Expressing the uncertainty about having a specific feeling

These is a sentence in English that is formed in the following way: I kinda feel ((adj)) about ((sth)). In my notation of it, ((sth)) is something (some sort of situation), and ((adj)) is an ...
Rusurano's user avatar
  • 213
8 votes
2 answers
589 views

What is the difference between "число" and "количество"?

In the newspaper Izvestia I have seen the phrase число случаев and количество случаев For example: В мире число случаев заражения коронавирусом превысило 10,3 млн. In the world, the number of cases ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
3 votes
2 answers
172 views

What's the difference between навлечь and привлечь?

What's the difference between those two words? Can i use only влечь?
MaximusPrima's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
6k views

Russian word for female teacher

I am unclear as to whether the word for a female teacher is учитель, учительница or училка. I believe it could be the first as, although the word is masculine, it refers to a profession and is like ...
Bob Daley's user avatar
  • 793
6 votes
5 answers
298 views

Difference between "объединяйтесь" and "соединяйтесь"?

Background I recently saw a translation of the well-known motto "Workers of the world, unite!", but when I looked into it, I found out that there are at least two possible translations: Пролетарии ...
nonthevisor's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
710 views

Which one is right - "Между двух людей" or "Между двумя людьми"

I wonder which version is grammatically correct - Между двух людей or Между двумя людьми Some website said that they are both correct, is it truly so? P.S If you need some context, here you ...
Kedel Mihail's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
345 views

Difference between шоссе and автострада?

What are the differences between these two words? Is автострада just the same thing, but less used? Or do they have different meanings?
Jordan's user avatar
  • 125
4 votes
5 answers
873 views

How do you say "Boyfriend" and "My boyfriend" in Russian?

How do you say "Boyfriend" and "My boyfriend" in Russian?
Illiana's user avatar
  • 71
4 votes
4 answers
309 views

Different ways of saying "I got"

I've encountered several different ways of saying "I got" in Russian, but I am a bit confused on the differences in nuance these expressions have. To be clear, my question is about the ...
Uberfatty's user avatar
  • 395
3 votes
1 answer
311 views

Difference between "греть", "обогревать" and "нагревать"

I was wondering what the difference is between the verbs греть, обогревать and нагревать. If I'm not mistaken all three verbs are imperfective. When I search google images for обогревать, it seems to ...
Uberfatty's user avatar
  • 395
1 vote
3 answers
609 views

Difference between "у тебя всё хорошо" and "ты в порядке"

What is the difference between "у тебя всё хорошо?" and "ты в порядке?"?
WorldLover's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
191 views

Struggling to find equivalent of "Cloakroom" in russian

I believe in Russia, a cloakroom is known as Garderobe or раздевалка. However, if I were to used it in a gallery - what should it be called? Or what should I call a room where they come and pick ...
Kit Sithinun's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
421 views

How do I say "Outdoor Pre-show"

"Show" stands for "шоу" but I'm failing to find a precise term for "pre-show", should it be just "пре-шоу" or what?
Kit Sithinun's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
258 views

Possible to use Я хотел бы without direct object?

This quite a short question. I was wondering how to express in Russian the sentence "I wish!" without any direct object. As a silly example, in English you could say — Have you finished your project? ...
MyUserIsThis's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
558 views

How to say "such as" in Russian?

As in, "today i want to talk about websites such as..." or "i like videos such as". And also, the word "said" as in "said websites are good" or something.
Sophiee04's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
361 views

In "феминизм такой феминизм" - what does "такой" mean?

I found the phrase "Феминизм такой феминизм" on an online forum and I'm wondering what такой means here? The only translation I can think of is "feminism, oh feminism" but i dont know.
Sophiee04's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
234 views

Meaning of "Похоже, ты к нему клеишься"

Похоже, ты к нему клеишься Please let me know, which of the following translation is better for this? 1- Looks like you stick to him. 2- Sounds to me like you're going towards him. 3- Sounds to me ...
WorldLover's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
265 views

"дочерям их не будет ни в пути, ни при Дворе никаких обид"

The ИСТОРИЧЕСКИЙ ОЧЕРК ГЛАВНЕЙШИХ СОБЫТИЙ В КАМЧАТКЕ. 1650—1855 by Sgibnev, 1869, contains this passage: Января 13-го 1758 г. прибыл в Нижнекамчатск штат-фурьер Шахтуров для выбора ко двору ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 1,396
1 vote
3 answers
143 views

Do "целить" and "нацеливать" mean the same thing?

They both seems to mean “to aim”, but dictionaries seem to indicate that it’s: наце́лить – наце́ливать which constitute an aspectual pair, and not це́лить – наце́лить as I have previously thought....
MrVocabulary's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
228 views

Expressing surprise (multiple variations of "I am lost for words")

Assuming, that I recently received unexpected news that both, surprised me and hit me emotionally. I'm literally lost for words and don't know what to say. I am not voiceless in a medical sense, nor ...
user1438038's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
738 views

Перевод слова 'bastard' на русский язык

Слово bastard в значении 4 не ругательное. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bastard Три вопроса: Как его в этом случае перевести на русский язык? Можно ли с таким словом обращаться к девушке или ...
Sveta's user avatar
  • 21
3 votes
3 answers
547 views

Word for "activity tracker" or "smart bracelet"

Recently, small wearable devices have become popular to track vital parameters, such as walked distance, heartbeat rate, calorie consumption and quality of sleep. There is a variety of names for those ...
user1438038's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
311 views

What does раз mean? [closed]

I searched it on yandex images but there doesn't seem to be a really exact definition? Isn't it a noun?
Sophiee04's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
624 views

Two different pronunciation of "понял"

I just searched for phonetic of понял and found these: по́нял [пон’ил] поня́л [пан’ал] Please let me know that both are correct? and have same meaning as Got it!?
WorldLover's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
450 views

difference between "расскажите мне" and "скажите мне"

What is the difference between "расскажите мне" and "скажите мне"? Both mean, tell me!? And also may I remove мне in both cases?
WorldLover's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
2k views

meaning and usage of "что ты"

What is the meaning of "что ты" when person uses it during conversation like this: Это твой папа? Нет! что ты! Это мой дядя. Does it mean What are you saying? or You're saying the wrong ...
WorldLover's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
108 views

difference between "как это устроено" and "как это работает"

What is the difference between "как это устроено" and "как это работает"? Both mean "how it works"?
WorldLover's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
476 views

"Сколько времени?" vs "который час?"

What is the difference between these: "Сколько врЕмени?" and "который час?" Both mean what time is it, yes? Which one is informal and which one formal? and in which situation can be used?
WorldLover's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
212 views

вспоминаешь или Помнишь?

Вспоминаешь или Помнишь? What is the difference between these? Both mean remember(singular-informal) but two different faces!
WorldLover's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
171 views

What is the difference between сумерки and сумрак?

As I have been reading about «Ночный Дозор», which I intend to read soon, Wikipedia hinted that those words have slightly different meanings. However, that explanation is very subtle and it left me ...
MrVocabulary's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
94 views

What's the difference between "проглянуть" and "проглянуться"?

According to my dictionary, both проглянуть and проглянуться mean to "peep out". For example: Солнце проглянуло из-за облаков Солнце проглянулось из-за облаков Is there a difference?
oz1cz's user avatar
  • 926
5 votes
4 answers
246 views

Anyone want to expand on what "можения" means?

It is said in a Vladimir Vysotsky song. Прочь влияния извне, привыкайте к новизне, вдох глубокий до изне– можения. I believe it comes from the word мочь but I'm not completely sure. I'd be grateful ...
Annabelle's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
134 views

Aspectual pairs with one reflexive

Normally a reflexivity of a verb stays the same regardless of aspect (not talking about semantic derivation). But I have learned three exceptions to this rule already: станови́ться – стать (but: ...
MrVocabulary's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
5k views

What are some words for LGBT people in Russia?

I am currently writing a novel with a Russian main character. Part of his backstory and something that comes up frequently is that he is, agaisnt all odds, a homosexual transvestite. I am ...
John Wells's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
184 views

Как воспринимается в сегодняшнем носителем языка слово "автомашина"?

Иногда, скорее в старших источниках, встречаю слово "автомашина", полагаю что его значение это просто "машина", или "автомобиль". Можно сказать, что слово "автомашина" устаревшее? Как оно звучит уху ...
wondering's user avatar
  • 234