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Questions tagged [числительные]

Covers questions about numerals. Numerals are a class of words (a part of speech) that denote quantity or number like "три" or "трое". Words that denote order ("первый", "второй", "третий" и т.д.) behave like adjectives, and words like "миллион" behave like nouns; questions about them should be tagged accordingly.

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6 votes
2 answers
714 views

Is it correct to say 'две штуки' or 'два штуки' when talking about something masculine?

For example 'два пельменя', where 'пельменя' is masculine, so when referring to them, should it be 'два штуки'?
user20821's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Is the construction "любые шестьдесят один шарик" grammatically correct?

В коробке лежат n шариков трёх цветов: красного, синего и зелёного. Если достать из неё любые 61 шарик, то среди них обязательно окажется по крайней мере 15 синих и хотя бы по 7 красных и зелёных. При ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,287
3 votes
2 answers
219 views

How to keep on track with large numerals

To be entirely frank, I'm a native speaker, but for the overwhelming majority of my day I only use English, and my Russian has started to wane. My job requires me to cycle through a couple of ...
BlasphemousBanana's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
408 views

How do you cite amounts of money in Russian?

How do you cite amounts of money in Russian? 44 целых – 9 десятков? Do Russians ever cite quantities as один точка два килограммов мяса instead of один целый два десятка килограммов мяса? Как ...
Maroon Racoon's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do Russian use the Cyrillic Thousands Sign (“҂” U+0482)?

In English (at least in North America, don't know about other English area) you see things like 10k as an abbreviation of 10000. I'm wondering if Russian does something similar, particularly ...
L.Z.'s user avatar
  • 81
1 vote
1 answer
153 views

Russian numbers (in the thousands)

I've been consulting the official website of the city of Dushanbe and found the following interesting passage: Согласно данным органов ЗАГС-а с 2005 по 2014 год в городе Душанбе зарегистрировано ...
General Poxter's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
105 views

Genitive: declining noun + adjective pairs with numbers [duplicate]

I am an intermediate student of Russian, and in one of my courses I came across the following example: Тут два белых стула. — Two white chairs are here. My understanding is that the genitive is ...
user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
261 views

"Имя числительное" или "номер"?

Какая разница между словами "числительные" и "номера"?
nanananana's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
523 views

Люди or человек after numerals?

From what I know, the plural noun "people" is люди when no numeral precedes it. Whereas "people" preceded by a numeral take the stem человек-, as in два человека, пять человек (the ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
1 vote
1 answer
196 views

What case is "новых фото"?

In following sentence: "Он добавил 10 новых фото" - it appears that фото is a direct object and so the accusative case (inanimate) should be used. However, my tables suggest that -ых is the ...
sourcebug's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
1 answer
272 views

What are the rules for Russian ordinal indicators?

I believe Russian uses ordinal indicators (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th ... 100th) like this: 1-й 2-й 3-й 4-й 5-й 10-е What are the rules for assigning the suffix?
Kohjah Breese's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
416 views

What are the subsequent terms in this sequence?

однаждый corresponds to "one," and дваждый corresponds to "two." Would the third term be something like триждый? What are the remaining terms of this sequence, up to say, ten?
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 1,213
7 votes
2 answers
290 views

"В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена" - which vowel should I choose?

Some time ago I took a Russian test that contained the following question: В об(о,е)их коробках оказались семена. 1) обоих 2) обеих 3) оба варианта корректны 4) оба варианта ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
  • 11.2k
1 vote
2 answers
249 views

Which form of год is года here in “1341 года”?

In the fourth part of the prologue to Властелин Колец (The Lord of the Rings) I read Апрельским утром 1341 года от заселения Хоббитании Бильбо, сам себе на удивленье, вдруг отправился далеко на ...
PJTraill's user avatar
  • 420
7 votes
3 answers
765 views

Which one is right - "Между двух людей" or "Между двумя людьми"

I wonder which version is grammatically correct - Между двух людей or Между двумя людьми Some website said that they are both correct, is it truly so? P.S If you need some context, here you ...
Kedel Mihail's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Написание прилагательных, включающих в свой состав числительные

Предположим, у меня есть купюра в 123'456'789 зимбабвийских долларов (не хочу предполагать это с рублями). Как её корректно назвать? В правилах обычно указывают, что писать такие числительные нужно ...
Dmitry Ilukhin's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
191 views

Is "51-летний" correct in Russian?

Bumped into this news title today: I wonder if "51-летний" correct in Russian. If not, which adjective would be the right one to convey the same meaning? If yes, how do I pronounce it? Neither "...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 5,752
5 votes
2 answers
169 views

Why did ten-based numerals such as пятьдеся́т lose the final soft sign of десять?

The ten-based numerals пятьдеся́т, шестьдеся́т, се́мьдесят and во́семьдесят all ditch the final soft sign of де́сять and what decline as if they still retained it. If the declension remains unaffected,...
Judicaël's user avatar
  • 499
2 votes
1 answer
152 views

Why "по одному часу" is in dative while "по два часа" is not?

I understand why the dative is used in this sentence, given the presence of the preposition по "Я спала два раза по одному часу" but I don't understand why it's not used in the following "Я спала ...
Kanga_Roo's user avatar
  • 155
3 votes
3 answers
131 views

одно as "one thing"

I read the following excerpt: Он был арестован, без права переписка. Это значило одно: расстрел. No doubt that одно, in this context, means "just one thing". Can одно also be used in an ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
2 answers
177 views

Adjective-like word before два

I don't know if the word другой is considered an adjective. However it declines like an adjective, and as such I name it an "adjective-like" word. I know that, when numeral два is either in the ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
7 votes
3 answers
231 views

"Один" as an equivalent of indefinite article

Even though, theoretically, there are no articles in Russian, can один sometimes work as the indefinite article? At least I've seen "одни" ("a few ones") which is similar in usage to "unos" in ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
8 votes
2 answers
214 views

Gender of decimal numbers

I know that decimal numbers containing a whole number plus one or more fractional numbers are referred to as целая (whole number) plus десятая (a tenth) or сотая (a hundredth), etc. "целая" is ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

В.п. числительных и одушевленных существительных

Подскажите пожалуйста как правильно изменяются в винительном падеже составные числительные и связанные с ними одушевлённые существительные? Например: как правильно сказать "вижу 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 ...
anna giotis's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
132 views

Grammatical number of numeral 4

"Существует 4 фактора, от которых зависит наше здоровье". Here the grammatical number is quite confusing. Nominative 4 (четыре) is followed by genitive singular фактора. No doubt here. If "4" takes ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
3 votes
2 answers
193 views

With feminine nouns, how do we know that две and три take the genitive singular rather than the nominative plural?

With masculine and neuter nouns, два and три take the genitive singular. With feminine nouns it is at least usually taught that две and три also take the genitive singular. But how do we know? Given ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
129 views

Word for counting number of kids

I know that, in order to tell "people" (plural) with no numerals, we must say люди. Человек is used either for singular with no numeral, or for plural with numerals. Consequently, 2/3/4 is followed by ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

Inflection of fraction numerals of per cents with nouns (в 2,4 процента? -ах? случаев)

I'm a bit puzzled as to the correct inflection of the word процент in a phrase such as в 2,4 процент(?) случаев Grammatically in the fractional part of fraction numerals процент must be inflected ...
Баян Купи-ка's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Mixed animate and inanimate?

According to the sources I've checked, only numbers from 1 to 4 have an animate ending (meaning that the accusative case will be the same as the genitive, endingwise). Numbers from 5 upward will have ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
5 votes
1 answer
142 views

Usage of declined numbers

I know that when a number declines, all of its components decline. As such, the number 250.000 in the instrumental would be двумястами пятьюдесятью тысячами. However, I was wondering, would I ever ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
4 votes
1 answer
246 views

Why is "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"?

Russia uses the short scale number-naming system. Why is, then, "миллиард" used instead of "биллион"? "Миллиард" (as opposed to "биллион") is used in the long scale number-naming system.
vomadaxela's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is the correct way to write down these numerals with words

Consider the sentence: "В 1955-1991 годы Польша являлась участником Варшавского договора." What is the correct grammatical form of the numerals? Is it "В тысяча девятьсот пятьдесят пятый - ...
seed's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
1 answer
141 views

Expression of number of people

I have two questions about expressions of number of people in Russian: Once when buying tickets at кассы, I heard the expression "три взрослых". I thought with numbers 2-4, we use the genitive ...
pamplemousse's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
445 views

десяток and its class of numeric forms

I could only find десяток and девяток. What is the range of numbers from 1 to 10 for this numeric form? Is десяток merely a declined form for десятка?
Nick Hinchliff's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
167 views

What case do numbers take in constructions where they are preceded by "на"?

While doing an exercise in the Russian textbook ТРОЙКА, I came upon the following: Этот велоcипед на 100 долларов дешевле, чем тот велосипед. (This bicycle is cheaper than that bicycle by 100 ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
5 votes
1 answer
589 views

Does the Russian numeral rule for the adjective that comes between the number and the noun (see below) apply to animate nouns in actual usage?

The rule I refer to is this: For numeral + adjective + noun in genitive case structures where the numeral-noun-adjective phrase is serving in a nominative case (e.g., the three little pigs went to ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
13 votes
3 answers
693 views

Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?

While trying to augment my knowledge on Russian numerals with regard to how they combine with nouns and adjectives, I paid a visit to Reverso after learning that any adjectives placed between the ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

Agreement of numerals, adjectives and nouns

I'm trying to figure out how numerals agree with adjectives and nouns... @_@ I've found this sentence: Я нашла тридцать шесть старые газеты I'm not sure it is correct... Shouldn't it be: Я нашла ...
Veronica's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
191 views

How do I construct numerals?

I learnt that the form of the number changes according to the gender of the noun. Пример : Одна ручка (жен.) Две ручка (жен.) Question : How do I construct the form of the number for три, четыре, ...
SolacunaRT's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Pronouncing long decimal numbers

I know that there isn't a very simple way to pronounce decimals in Russian. They translate literally as "X wholes, X tenths/hundredths/etc.", where X is feminine. As such, 0.1 becomes ноль ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
8 votes
1 answer
349 views

Двадцать один хорош(?) год - declension after number 21

EN: I know that number 21 (in nominative) demands nominative singular (21 год) and, although number 22 (in nominative) would demand genitive singular from the upcoming noun (22 года), an adjective ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,593
2 votes
4 answers
431 views

Can "одни" be paired with words that exist in both the singular and the plural?

I realize that a couple of questions have already been posted on this topic. The ones I took a look at have been listed below: Non-numerical use of “один” Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
7 votes
2 answers
180 views

In "делегация из 5 человек во главе с президентом", are 5 or 6 visitors meant?

Got a business letter with this phrase followed by a list of 6 officials, sixth being a president. So I wonder whether it's me who always interpreted this phrase incorrectly (5 members total) or them (...
xyzman's user avatar
  • 817
10 votes
4 answers
1k views

Я вижу + numeral + noun - governed by what case?

Я ви́жу одного́ ма́льчика. (I see one boy.) Я ви́жу два до́ма. (I see two houses.) Я ви́жу двух ма́льчиков. (I see two boys.) I often get confused with the cases. As far as I know, after "...
xpr34's user avatar
  • 729
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is "тройбан" derived from "ебан тремя"?

"Тройбан" is a slang word for "три" (a ruder version of 'three'). There is also a word "трояк" (less rude and more common). The affix "як" can be attached to ...
Amir's user avatar
  • 273
2 votes
2 answers
264 views

Collective numerals

Is there a preference as to when to use cardinal numbers vs collectives when referring to groups of people with the numbers two and three? I was told that collective numerals sound best with the ...
Штефан's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
558 views

Different expressions for "ten" in Russian: десять, десятка, десяток

In terms of expressing ten, what's the difference between десять, десятка and десяток? I understand the first is a numeral and the other two are nouns, but I'm curious to know in what contexts each is ...
ycele's user avatar
  • 2,827
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Винительный падеж - косвенный или прямой, и почему

Как говорит нам Грамота.ру Числительные два, три, четыре (а также составные числительные, оканчивающиеся на два, три, четыре, например двадцать два) в именительном падеже сочетаются с ...
Pasha Syrnikov's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
394 views

The etimology of the "-дцать" postfix?

For numbers between 10 and 40 Russians use дцать. What is дцать? A very Russian way to say десять? A word made of multiple parts, each of which do have a meaning, like дца and ть, as in еха-ть? (I ...
L_Pav's user avatar
  • 1,049
0 votes
3 answers
174 views

Numerals with ь at the end

Which numerals have a ь at the end and which have in the middle?
user212931's user avatar