Questions tagged [instrumental]

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Use of the nominative versus the instrumental to convey permanent state [duplicate]

In "A Comprehensive Russian Grammar", Wade states that in the past tense, the nominative case is used to indicate a permanent state, e.g. "По профессии он был ботаник" "By ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

(A changing?) difference between nominative and instrumental case usage in predicates with быть

I would like to know more about the distinction between the use of the instrumental (творительный) and nominative (именительный) case in the context of a predicate (сказуемое) parts of sentences in ...
4
votes
3answers
308 views

Which cases are used with быть

I believe that the phrases in Russian for 'I was a student' is Я был студентом (instrumental case) and 'I was not a student' is Я не было студента (genitive case) and 'I am a student' is Я студент (...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Use of instrumental case in a sentence

In the sentence, "русская культура создавалась веками", why is веками in instrumental case, and how would you translate the sentence? Thank you!
8
votes
3answers
375 views

How is "огурец" used here?

Каждый коротышка был ростом с небольшой огурец. I am translating it as every small person was of the size of small cucumber? I am confused about the case, why is cucumber in accusative or ...