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Questions tagged [other-languages]

Questions that are partly about languages other than Russian.

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votes
1answer
134 views

Какую букву посоветуете для обозначения “ьы/йы”, буквы типа я, ю, е, ё? [closed]

я обнаружил, что в кириллице не хватает буквы - пары для ы, как я является парой для а. в русском языке такой буквы не нужно, но вот в татарском, например, такая буква нужна: например, если к слову "...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

How come the Russian cognate for the Czech word “čerstvý” (fresh) means entirely the opposite thing (stale)?

In Russian, черствый хлеб (chorstvy khleb) is stale bread. And to my great surprise, I recently learned that in Czech, čerstvý chléb is precisely the opposite thing: fresh bread. My question is: ...
1
vote
7answers
402 views

What is the Russian equivalent of 干物女 (dried fish woman)?

Literally meaning dried fish woman, the popular slang 干物女 is used to call a woman in her twenties or older who, as nicely summarized in Wikipedia, has many of the following traits: Her text ...
2
votes
6answers
652 views

What are some examples of special things about Russian?

@Neith recently said the following in his comment on my question about extinct phonemes: Ivan Turgenev once called Russian language “great, mighty, truthful and free” («великий, могучий, правдивый ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

“Ne pas” and “не раз”

I'm an English speaker learning Russian and from the little bit of French that I know the negation construct "ne pas" feels quite similar to "не раз". Is there in fact a historical connection between ...
8
votes
1answer
990 views

Describe a Language Without the Noun for “Language”

In English it is rare to use the noun "language" when describing them. It is most common to name the language as such: Engl -ish Span -ish French Russi -an Germ -an Is it acceptable/common/...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

What is the correct name of the ship, Il'men or Il'mena?

About 1814 the Russian-American Company renamed an old ship, called "Il'men" or "Il'mena" in works written in English. Ильмень is of course a famous lake. Boris Dralyuk suggested to Susan Morris that ...
5
votes
3answers
361 views

The value of translation at a beginner level [closed]

I started learning Russian about a month ago. I'm a native Brazilian Portuguese speaker, but i'm using English as a 'base' language. I think i'm doing well. I've used this one month period just to ...
1
vote
3answers
184 views

Russian speaking at the ending credits track from “Grand Budapest Hotel” (2014) [closed]

In this https://youtu.be/H22fZWySJ50?t=2m9s video, which I believe is a new arrangement of famous Russian folksong, someone speaks in Russian for 2 seconds. Can someone translate this saying to ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

where can I learn everyday Russian for free? [duplicate]

I want to improve my Russian language skills (esp. speaking). Could you please post any useful online sources (for example: language chats, poscasts, videos..)
11
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2answers
1k views

Why are there letters which look similar but are pronounced differently between the English alphabet and Russian Cyrillic?

Gadling teaches you to read the Cyrillic alphabet in 5 minutes mentions that there's some letters in Cyrillic that look like letters in the English alphabet, but their pronunciation in Russian is ...
5
votes
6answers
5k views

How similar are Mongolian Cyrillic and Russian Cyrillic?

I'm considering learning Mongolian Cyrillic. One thing I'd like to know is whether learning Mongolian Cyrillic will help me understand Russian Cyrillic. If I learn Mongolian Cyrillic, will I be able ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the actual linguistic similarities between Russian and Belarusian?

I lived in Belarus for some time, and my wife is from there. We spoke only Russian while in the country, but most signs, public transportation announcements ("next stop", etc.) and documents were in ...
11
votes
4answers
657 views

Why Russians use adjective when speaking about their nation and nouns for the rest of the world?

how come that russian (русский) in context of ethnic group is adjective, but all(?) other ethic groups are called using nouns, американец, серб, эстонец, латыш, казах ... Are there similar examples in ...
4
votes
1answer
441 views

Is the Russian word «рейс» related to the German word “Reise”?

Both words have similar meanings and they both seem phonetically similar as well. So, it seems to me that there's the possibility of some relation between the two words. I'm curious if one of the ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the numero sign (знак номера) ­«№» used in Russian when the letter “N” is not in the Cyrillic alphabet?

It seems strange to me that the numero sign (знак номера) № is used in Russian, despite the fact that the letter N is not present in the Cyrillic alphabet. Not knowing any better, I would have ...
9
votes
3answers
772 views

Can someone tell whether this Russian swear word derives from German?

Лох is a word that I heard among Russians and Ukrainians who never visited Germany. So it’s not quite clear whether the German language is the origin. Can anyone shed any light on the origin of this ...
3
votes
1answer
281 views

Is Ogulsabyr a male or female name? [closed]

I received an email from someone called Ogulsabyr, and I’m not sure whether to use Mr. or Ms. in my reply. That is, I was wondering whether Ogulsabyr is a male or female name. I’ve tried search ...
13
votes
2answers
667 views

Are the Russian “рыжий” and French “rouge” (red) related? / Как связаны русское «рыжий» и французское «rouge»?

While I since had learned that linguistics works in much more mysterious ways than simply “if words sounds alike, or also mean similar things, they must be related”, for a long time I presumed that ...
13
votes
6answers
869 views

“Пока чайник закипит” or “пока чайник не закипит”

There is a russian joke the optimist is that who says "Ждать, пока чайник закипит" and pessimist is, in turn, a person who'd prefer to say "Ждать, пока чайник не закипит". Those two form are opposite ...
10
votes
7answers
646 views

Was “сладкий” ever synonymous with “пресный” in Russian

Fresh (non-salt) water is also called sweet in English. Surprisingly, the word sweet is also used in some Slavic languages. To be precise: in Polish, woda słodka in Czech, sladká voda in Croatian (...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the understanding of church slavonic among russian native speakers?

Let's say we have a native russian speaker, who never learned or heard church slavonic. If he listens to a text in this language (I mean contemporary CS as used by today Orthodox Church and with ...