Questions tagged [participle]

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12
votes
4answers
557 views

Moving the subject of the sentence into a dangling participle

When I do homework to be later read by the teachers, I sometimes like to show off by using rare forms that I have learned by deeply studying Russian. It is always fun, especially as the assistant ...
7
votes
4answers
308 views

Use of participles in apposition with nouns

I saw this use of the participle стоящий in the following passage and wondered it if common or even correct, since it so closely follows English syntax and somehow doesn't "feel" Russian to me for ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Difference between present and past adverbial imperfective participles

I am wondering whether there is any difference between the present and past adverbial imperfective participles. Читая книгу, я устал. Читав книгу, я устал. Both of these mean “while reading the book,...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

How can I learn how to form the corresponding participles such as hidden, fallen, laden, etc

I acknowledge that sometimes there is a different way to say things in Russian, but I've seen the following, and do not know where to begin to know how it is derived: "У неё было спрятано шесть ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Participles: взорваться

Поиски осколков метеорита, взорвавшегося над территорией Челябинской области What is the name of the participle for the word "взорвавшегося"? Why isn't it shown here: взорваться — Викисловарь
4
votes
2answers
217 views

How to tell a participle from an adjective?

What's the right way to tell a present passive participle from an adjective? I guess if the agent is mentioned (like in "Изменяемый мною проект"), then it's for sure a participle. But what about such ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

Reverse procedure : how to get infinitive when only short passive participle is available

Is it possible to get infinitive when only short passive participle is available? If not (which is what I suppose), then how can I minimize the usage of a dictionary in order to get the infinitive? ...
3
votes
1answer
665 views

Is the sentence "Мусоропровод забит жильцами" totally ungrammatical in Russian?

I want to ask if the sentence "Мусоропровод забит жильцами" is completely ungrammatical (and why). As I know, we can surely say: "Стихотворение написано поэтом", "Роль сыграна ...
3
votes
2answers
181 views

Which part of speech? ударяв, ударявши

Question 1: Forms like these (Verbal Adverb) "ударяв, ударявши" are often listed for verbs on викисловарь but i've never seen them in a grammar book. For example, разделяв, разделявши делав, делавши ...
3
votes
1answer
526 views

Sentence written w/ and w/o participles - passive vs active voice

In Nicholas J. Brown's book, exercise 27/4 has a sentence, roughly expressing the same idea (with and without Past Passive Participles [short,perfective,transitive]) and the question and answer are in ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

How to properly translate "Passing Yachtsmen?"

I came across the phrase, "Passing yachtsmen raised the alarm after spotting him..." Could I say the following using the verb плавать with the prefix про to indicate passing in order to bypass using ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

Intepretation of the imperfective participle "переводивший"

In the sentence: Cтуденты, переводившие эту статью, говорят, что она очень трудная. ¿Is the meaning one of a perfect action of the type "Students, having translated this article,..." or is it more ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Participles and transgressives in spoken language

So, I have read in a grammar book that the participles and transgressives in russian are used mainly in the written language and normally not used in conversation. Is this true? Are they used in ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

Написание причастий с раздельным "не"

В этот раз озадачена душа моя следующей ситуацией: Я видел (не)спасшегося в тот день человека Я не понимаю адекватный и разумный повод писать причастие раздельно от частицы "не". Как-то ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

lack of adjective..... past passive participle? yet its use doesn't fit this first link

First of all, the 'first link' I mention in the title is this: How to tell a participle from an adjective? and despite being 5 years old (irrelevant), it is the closest I could find to helping with ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

вовлечённых - proper use in a translated English sentence for "involved"?

I had earlier asked a question about adjectives and participles, and cited this link: How to tell a participle from an adjective? I now understand the answer of the above link better - The ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Usage of participle and contemporary actions

In this sentence: "Женщина, читающая книгу, жила в Москве", could you please tell me which is the correct interpretation? "the woman, that is now reading a book (I see her right now doing it), used ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Different 'number' in verb of relative clause using который

This is in regards to Nicholas J. Brown's New Penguin book, page 336. There, the author offers 3 alternatives, mainly the first 2 to show the difference between который and long-form past passive ...
0
votes
3answers
350 views

How can I elegantly translate gerundives to Russian?

The Russian language has the past passive participle ("нарезанный") and the present passive participle ("нарезаемый"), but does not have the future passive participle, whilst the Latin language does. ...