Questions tagged [toponyms]

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3
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1answer
1k views

Wuhan: masculine, feminine, or either?

The question is about the use of the Chinese city name Wuhan, specifically, whether it should be declined as masculine or feminine: Ухан - в Ухане - из Ухана OR Ухань - в Ухани - из Ухани The ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Was “Novgorod” in 1815 one city or the other?

This question is not about grammar or syntax, but about historical toponymy. In 1815 an employee of the Russian-American Company was taken prisoner in Spanish California. An interpreter from a ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

soviet maps toponym or descriptor [closed]

i am currently working with soviet maps of Saudi Arabia dated to the 1980s, supposedly based on aerial imagery from the late 1970s. These are general topographic maps, no specific theme or even ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Mainland Russia as seen from Kamchatka circa 1800

Kamchatka is a peninsula, but overland access is so difficult that it also resembles an island. The road and rail networks of Siberia are a long sea or air voyage away. Around the year 1800, how ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Почему Париж пишется через “ж”?

Я бы ожидал либо Парис либо Пари (согласно французскому произношению).
4
votes
1answer
174 views

“В” или “на” Украину? Интересуют официальные источники

На фоне всё большего количества адептов предлога "в" в данном вопросе, становится интересно: а что говорят по этому поводу официальные источники? Есть ли официальные источники, утверждающие, что ...
7
votes
5answers
960 views

“Красная” Площадь

It seems to be relatively common knowledge that the name "Красная Площадь," while translated in English as "Red Square," does not actually mean "Red Square" in Russian, but rather "Beautiful Square." ...
3
votes
3answers
210 views

Etymology of toponymic ending -ово

I've seen a few places in Russia with the ending -ово. For example Иваново, Кемерово, and Домодедово. Does anyone know the origin of this ending? For example, is it related to the adjectival ending -...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

Why is there an “н” in “Железногoрск”?

I was surprised to find another city with the -gorsk ending: Железногoрск (Zheleznogorsk), formerly known as Krasnoyarsk-26. It sounded familiar, and I immediately looked up Iron (the metal), which ...
7
votes
4answers
527 views

When did Красная Площадь begin to shift from Beautiful to Red?

I suppose this one will be tough, or actually impossible, to crack by looking at Russian in isolation — there is no way to know what writers at what point had which meaning in mind, short of ...
4
votes
2answers
273 views

Connotation of the spelling “Расея”

Are there any guidelines on using Расея over Россия? Is the former archaic or comical? Grandiloquent, ridiculous? Something else? Was it perhaps the actual official name of the country at some point ...
2
votes
2answers
302 views

Does the toponym Дно decline in Russian?

Я сейчас нахожусь в Дно or Я сейчас нахожусь в Дне ? I am especially curious about how the natives of the city go about this matter.
4
votes
1answer
154 views

How to say “житель Крымска” and not to confuse it with “житель Крыма”?

Here's a title I've found in today's news: "Крымские чиновники получили от 3 до 6 лет колонии". The thing is that actually the officials mentioned in crime chronicles are from russian city of Krymsk, ...
9
votes
4answers
258 views

Аre there any masculine toponyms in Russian ending on -a?

Москва, Калуга, Пенза, Кострома All these toponyms end on -a and, as far as I know, they are all feminine. However, I know that in Russian some nouns ending on -a can be masculine: ябеда, неряха, ...
16
votes
2answers
593 views

Etymology/Origin of “Грузия”

In many languages, the name of the country Georgia is derived from the name of St.George. In Georgian, Georgia is called საქართველო(Sakartvelo), so obviously Грузия has nothing to do with it either. ...