Questions tagged [vocabulary]

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1 vote
3 answers
108 views

What is the difference between уезжать/уехать and покидать/покинуть?

I've been struggling with a lot of the verbs of motion. From my knowledge, both of these words mean "to leave." What makes them different? DeepL suggests that I say "мы покинули город&...
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4 votes
8 answers
564 views

What's the Russian expression for 'Well, duh!"?

Slang used to indicate that a statement is obvious, or that the answer to a question is an obvious "yes" — often in a derisive or sarcastic way. "Physics is really hard." "...
1 vote
2 answers
217 views

What's the difference between дочь and дочка?

What's the difference between дочь and дочка? They seem synonymous, so how does one choose between one or the other?
2 votes
3 answers
303 views

Is there a verb "шкодовать" in Russian?

When I was reading the novel "Дикая охота Короля Стаха" by belarusian writer Uladzimir Karatkievich , I stumbled upon this phrase: А они детей из Ярков шкодовали? I searched for this verb, ...
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0 votes
2 answers
143 views

Is there a word for "dip pen" in Russian?

I tried to search the internet but didn't find any information.
0 votes
3 answers
314 views

Spoken versus written Russian

In English and French, words are oftentimes "cut" when spoken. For example, in English we might say "Watcha doin'" instead of "What are you doing". Likewise, in French we ...
2 votes
2 answers
220 views

Questions about "бежать" and "побежать"

I know that the difference between бегать and побегать is that бегать is imperfective while побегать is perfective. However, my dictionary says бежать is a facultative verb (i.e. it has both ...
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1 vote
1 answer
199 views

Help translating a sentence - Playing cards

Disclaimer: I'm a true beginner with the Russian language. I struggle translating a riddle: I'm between the King and the Queen - where am I? The ‘King’ and the ‘Queen’ being playing card, it seems ...
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1 vote
4 answers
546 views

Can стакан сока be used here instead of сок?

In the book Дорога в Россию - учебник русского языка, there's a conversation that describes the scene of buying food: Мне нравится эта рыба, этот салат, этот сок. Дайте, пожалуйста. which means the ...
  • 153
8 votes
2 answers
566 views

What is the difference between "число" and "количество"?

In the newspaper Izvestia I have seen the phrase число случаев and количество случаев For example: В мире число случаев заражения коронавирусом превысило 10,3 млн. In the world, the number of cases ...
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3 votes
2 answers
157 views

What's the difference between навлечь and привлечь?

What's the difference between those two words? Can i use only влечь?
15 votes
4 answers
5k views

Russian word for female teacher

I am unclear as to whether the word for a female teacher is учитель, учительница or училка. I believe it could be the first as, although the word is masculine, it refers to a profession and is like ...
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6 votes
5 answers
266 views

Difference between "объединяйтесь" and "соединяйтесь"?

Background I recently saw a translation of the well-known motto "Workers of the world, unite!", but when I looked into it, I found out that there are at least two possible translations: Пролетарии ...
6 votes
3 answers
337 views

Difference between шоссе and автострада?

What are the differences between these two words? Is автострада just the same thing, but less used? Or do they have different meanings?
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4 votes
5 answers
611 views

How do you say "Boyfriend" and "My boyfriend" in Russian?

How do you say "Boyfriend" and "My boyfriend" in Russian?
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4 votes
4 answers
292 views

Different ways of saying "I got"

I've encountered several different ways of saying "I got" in Russian, but I am a bit confused on the differences in nuance these expressions have. To be clear, my question is about the ...
  • 395
3 votes
1 answer
193 views

Difference between "греть", "обогревать" and "нагревать"

I was wondering what the difference is between the verbs греть, обогревать and нагревать. If I'm not mistaken all three verbs are imperfective. When I search google images for обогревать, it seems to ...
  • 395
1 vote
3 answers
523 views

Difference between "у тебя всё хорошо" and "ты в порядке"

What is the difference between "у тебя всё хорошо?" and "ты в порядке?"?
1 vote
1 answer
188 views

Struggling to find equivalent of "Cloakroom" in russian

I believe in Russia, a cloakroom is known as Garderobe or раздевалка. However, if I were to used it in a gallery - what should it be called? Or what should I call a room where they come and pick ...
5 votes
4 answers
418 views

How do I say "Outdoor Pre-show"

"Show" stands for "шоу" but I'm failing to find a precise term for "pre-show", should it be just "пре-шоу" or what?
2 votes
3 answers
247 views

Possible to use Я хотел бы without direct object?

This quite a short question. I was wondering how to express in Russian the sentence "I wish!" without any direct object. As a silly example, in English you could say — Have you finished your project? ...
3 votes
3 answers
525 views

How to say "such as" in Russian?

As in, "today i want to talk about websites such as..." or "i like videos such as". And also, the word "said" as in "said websites are good" or something.
2 votes
3 answers
358 views

In "феминизм такой феминизм" - what does "такой" mean?

I found the phrase "Феминизм такой феминизм" on an online forum and I'm wondering what такой means here? The only translation I can think of is "feminism, oh feminism" but i dont know.
3 votes
3 answers
227 views

Meaning of "Похоже, ты к нему клеишься"

Похоже, ты к нему клеишься Please let me know, which of the following translation is better for this? 1- Looks like you stick to him. 2- Sounds to me like you're going towards him. 3- Sounds to me ...
5 votes
3 answers
255 views

"дочерям их не будет ни в пути, ни при Дворе никаких обид"

The ИСТОРИЧЕСКИЙ ОЧЕРК ГЛАВНЕЙШИХ СОБЫТИЙ В КАМЧАТКЕ. 1650—1855 by Sgibnev, 1869, contains this passage: Января 13-го 1758 г. прибыл в Нижнекамчатск штат-фурьер Шахтуров для выбора ко двору ...
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1 vote
3 answers
137 views

Do "целить" and "нацеливать" mean the same thing?

They both seems to mean “to aim”, but dictionaries seem to indicate that it’s: наце́лить – наце́ливать which constitute an aspectual pair, and not це́лить – наце́лить as I have previously thought....
4 votes
3 answers
213 views

Expressing surprise (multiple variations of "I am lost for words")

Assuming, that I recently received unexpected news that both, surprised me and hit me emotionally. I'm literally lost for words and don't know what to say. I am not voiceless in a medical sense, nor ...
2 votes
3 answers
638 views

Перевод слова 'bastard' на русский язык

Слово bastard в значении 4 не ругательное. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bastard Три вопроса: Как его в этом случае перевести на русский язык? Можно ли с таким словом обращаться к девушке или ...
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3 votes
3 answers
545 views

Word for "activity tracker" or "smart bracelet"

Recently, small wearable devices have become popular to track vital parameters, such as walked distance, heartbeat rate, calorie consumption and quality of sleep. There is a variety of names for those ...
2 votes
2 answers
247 views

What does раз mean? [closed]

I searched it on yandex images but there doesn't seem to be a really exact definition? Isn't it a noun?
3 votes
2 answers
618 views

Two different pronunciation of "понял"

I just searched for phonetic of понял and found these: по́нял [пон’ил] поня́л [пан’ал] Please let me know that both are correct? and have same meaning as Got it!?
3 votes
2 answers
398 views

difference between "расскажите мне" and "скажите мне"

What is the difference between "расскажите мне" and "скажите мне"? Both mean, tell me!? And also may I remove мне in both cases?
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

meaning and usage of "что ты"

What is the meaning of "что ты" when person uses it during conversation like this: Это твой папа? Нет! что ты! Это мой дядя. It means, what are you saying? or you are saying wrong thing! And another ...
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

difference between "как это устроено" and "как это работает"

What is the difference between "как это устроено" and "как это работает"? Both mean "how it works"?
2 votes
3 answers
435 views

"Сколько времени?" vs "который час?"

What is the difference between these: "Сколько врЕмени?" and "который час?" Both mean what time is it, yes? Which one is informal and which one formal? and in which situation can be used?
2 votes
2 answers
198 views

вспоминаешь или Помнишь?

Вспоминаешь или Помнишь? What is the difference between these? Both mean remember(singular-informal) but two different faces!
3 votes
1 answer
161 views

What is the difference between сумерки and сумрак?

As I have been reading about «Ночный Дозор», which I intend to read soon, Wikipedia hinted that those words have slightly different meanings. However, that explanation is very subtle and it left me ...
3 votes
1 answer
88 views

What's the difference between "проглянуть" and "проглянуться"?

According to my dictionary, both проглянуть and проглянуться mean to "peep out". For example: Солнце проглянуло из-за облаков Солнце проглянулось из-за облаков Is there a difference?
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5 votes
4 answers
243 views

Anyone want to expand on what "можения" means?

It is said in a Vladimir Vysotsky song. Прочь влияния извне, привыкайте к новизне, вдох глубокий до изне– можения. I believe it comes from the word мочь but I'm not completely sure. I'd be grateful ...
3 votes
2 answers
125 views

Aspectual pairs with one reflexive

Normally a reflexivity of a verb stays the same regardless of aspect (not talking about semantic derivation). But I have learned three exceptions to this rule already: станови́ться – стать (but: ...
1 vote
2 answers
179 views

Как воспринимается в сегодняшнем носителем языка слово "автомашина"?

Иногда, скорее в старших источниках, встречаю слово "автомашина", полагаю что его значение это просто "машина", или "автомобиль". Можно сказать, что слово "автомашина" устаревшее? Как оно звучит уху ...
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6 votes
1 answer
137 views

Difference in usage between “здание,” “сооружение” & “постройка”

I it my understanding that all of these mean a building, as in “man-made structure.” However, I have been told that сооружение and постройка are rather technical. What do they really mean? How are ...
3 votes
2 answers
491 views

What is the difference in meaning between "латвийка" and "латышка"?

"Латвийка" and "латышка" are both translated into English as "a (female) Latvian" (or, which in English is a rather archaic form, "a [female] Lett"). But what is their difference in meaning? Is one of ...
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3 votes
2 answers
190 views

Does word order influence the meaning of this sentence?

Intro: Here is some text where the speaker is explaining their plans for their future education: Диссертации только после магистратуры и на соискание (получение) степени. Если всё пойдёт по плану,...
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4 votes
3 answers
889 views

How to say "moving in to a new house"

I was wondering how you can say in Russian that you are moving into a new house/apartment or moving to a new city (to live there, not to visit it). I find it difficult to find a good translation for ...
  • 395
4 votes
3 answers
162 views

Can a woman be тетка to her зять in any sense of the words?

A woman is not an aunt to her son-in-law, but does зять have an alternate meaning other than son-in-law, or тетка have an alternate meaning other than aunt, such that a woman can be тетка to her зять? ...
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2 votes
1 answer
407 views

случаться vs происходить vs статься

Hey I'm confused about the use of случаться vs происходить, as well as бывать and статься. They appear high up on most of the frequency lists I've seen, I've read that случаться describes a random ...
1 vote
0 answers
355 views

Lomonosov's three literary styles [closed]

According to Serhii Plokhy's Lost Kingdom, at a time of linguistic-nationalist tension, Mikhail Lomonosov prescriptively defined three styles: the high style, to be used for the composition of ...
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4 votes
2 answers
306 views

Difference between "пасть" and "упасть"

I found a source saying that the perfective counterpart of падать is both упасть and пасть, so I was wondering what the difference between these two words is. So far I could only find a post ...
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9 votes
2 answers
440 views

Difference between царь and король?

The only sites answering this question are in Russian text, so I wanted to ask it here.
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