19 votes
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Is there a difference between "отель" and "гостиница"?

Well, they are interchangeable but oтель has subtle connotations of something more if not luxurious but at least of higher class, so one can hardly name something very shitty отель ( unless it is ...
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  • 37.3k
19 votes

The word подарок - abstract meaning?

Подарок means 'gift' in the sense of 'present'. It's usually a physical object indeed, but can be used in a sense of 'gift' in other cases as well - for example, something like "that back-pass ...
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  • 1,740
11 votes

The word подарок - abstract meaning?

Подарок has got a figurative meaning in Russian, when we mention something causing great pleasure. Ваш приход - большой подарок для меня. Такая хорошая погода — просто подарок! Его приезд — настоящий ...
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  • 20.4k
10 votes
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Рубашка -- единственное исконно-русское название предмета одежды?

Большое количество заимствованных слов, обозначающих предметы одежды, неудивительно, если вспомнить, что мода в Россию, по крайней мере, с петровских времен, приходила из-за границы. Этим же ...
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10 votes
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Use of the word родня

Word родня does not just mean a relative - it refers to an extended group of relatives, essentially all and any people even remotely related to the person in question. A rather close English ...
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  • 7,168
10 votes
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"Повидло" vs "Варенье"

Согласно русской википедии: Повидло получают путём вываривания с сахаром фруктового или ягодного пюре. Варенье получают путём вываривания с сахаром фруктов или ягод, реже овощей, розовых лепестков, ...
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  • 8,387
8 votes

What's the difference between -либо and -нибудь?

The suffix -либо underlines that the choice is from among a limited, known set or interval, while -нибудь usually refers to a choice from an infinite or indefinite set or intervals. So -либо means &...
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  • 14.1k
8 votes

Гол!... - нет - штанга!

На самом деле, хотя в стандартном немецком эта часть футбольных ворот называется (во множественном числе) Torfposten, в австрийском немецком они часто так и называются - штанги (Stangen). Вот цитата ...
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  • 37.3k
8 votes
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"Промышленники" working for the fur companies

The word промышленник is derived from the word промысел which means both (1)hunting/fishing and (2)handcraft. And, in fact, it was used in both meanings (professional hunter and craftsman) for a long ...
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  • 15.2k
8 votes
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What are some words for LGBT people in Russia?

Widely understood and neutral/positive: Ему́/ей нра́вятся ма́льчики/де́вочки Он/она́ лю́бит ма́льчиков/де́вочек Он голубо́й / гей Она́ лесбия́нка Lesser known, colloquial: Ле́сби, би, транс ...
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6 votes

How to say "come and vote" in Russian?

The most frequently used phrases are: Голосуй! Отдай свой голос! Both are correct. The plural form is also usable: Голосуйте! Отдайте свой голос! In my humble opinion, first phrase is the ...
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  • 8,055
6 votes
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What did крестьянин из государственных mean in the 1897 census?

Although the serfdom of state-owned workers had been abolished long before, the abolition itself was not a momentous revolutionary action. The state-owned serfs were gradually introduced into their ...
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  • 4,460
5 votes
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Через Интернет или по Интернету

Оба варианта правильные. Забронировать гостиницу, заказать что-то - через Интернет/по Интернету. А вот если, например, "узнать что-то", то правильней будет "из Интернета" или "в Интернете"
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  • 66
5 votes

What's the difference between -либо and -нибудь?

I'm answering this question even though it's old because it seems to me that though there are already several interesting answers, none of them is simple and direct. Words ending in -нибудь refer ...
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  • 1,096
5 votes

What does "korobchil" mean?

Чичен молодой в озере купался, Русску девку коробчил, без штанов остался. That is a verb from a Cossack dialect, коробчить / карабчить, it means "to steal; to deceive". There's another possible ...
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  • 25.8k
5 votes

What are some words for LGBT people in Russia?

Since this is a forum dedicated to knowledge of a language and not to political issues i don't see any justification for suppressing the knowledge in favor of political correctness. This regrettable ...
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5 votes
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Which one is right - "Между двух людей" or "Между двумя людьми"

It was already in 1937 that Dmitry Ushakov in his famous four-volume dictionary wrote that using между with the Genitive case was obsolete. Между двух людей is obsolete, because двух людей is Genitive....
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4 votes
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What is the difference between дыра and дырка?

In mathematics, neither дыра nor дырка are commonly used to denote an point/set that is excluded from another set. However, the actual terminology is somewhat similar: If some set has the point A ...
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4 votes
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Which kind of pepper?

«Красный перец» (lit. red pepper) is the name for a not so hot red pepper common in Russia. However, if a pepper is unusually hot, we say «жгучий» (hot), but that only states higher capsaicin content ...
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4 votes

Which kind of pepper?

Yes in most cases. In this case "красный жгучий перец" can be used as a description of the pepper properties and doesn't necessarily name the pepper by name (eg. habanero, jalapeno, Mexican red chili )...
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  • 313
3 votes

How to say "come and vote" in Russian?

"Дай свой голос" - is not correct, because "дай" means something we can really, physically give. We can say "Проголосуй" (прогосуйте) or "Отдай свой голос" (отдай свой голос за нового кандидата)
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3 votes

How to say "come and vote" in Russian?

Don't say "Дай свой голос" - it is incorrect. literal translation of "come and vote" would be: "Приди и проголосуй!" or "Приходите и голосуйте!" I don't think we can say "Отдай свой голос!". Seems ...
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3 votes

What's the difference between -либо and -нибудь?

The difference between Кто-нибудь and кто-либо is akin to that between somebody and someone. либо is also generally a bit more formal and is more likely to be used in a formal context than нибудь, ...
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3 votes

What did крестьянин из государственных mean in the 1897 census?

This is designation of сословие (social estate). It is a status of a person, intermediate between class and caste. Like caste (but unlike class), social estate is legally formalized, but like class (...
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  • 14.1k
3 votes

"Промышленники" working for the fur companies

My gut feeling (native speaker reporting) is that промышленники is here used not in the modern sense. This is about a bit dated language, right? The action of somewhat industrial hunting is older ...
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3 votes

"Повидло" vs "Варенье"

In my opinion the most noticeable difference between the two is that "повидло" is a homogeneous product. Both products are a result of boiling sweetened fruit. "Варенье" is then put in jars as a mix ...
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  • 3,039
3 votes

What are some words for LGBT people in Russia?

Colloquially used neutral/positive terms for homosexual male are "голубой" and "гей". For both transgenders and transvestites common terms are "транс" and "трап"("трэп"). Transvestites are sometimes ...
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3 votes
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What's the difference between "проглянуть" and "проглянуться"?

There's no difference other than проглянуло is used more frequently. My guess would be that проглянулось co-exists because of показаться (which is by the way more popular than both проглянуться and ...
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  • 37.3k
2 votes

Equivalent adjective of 'thirsty' in Russian

Sorry – it’s not really an on-topic answer, but about-topic notes. There’s one thing about голод/голодный and жажда/?. The former are ‘real’ Russian words, i. e. of East Slavic origin. The latter are ...
2 votes

Значение слова "политота"

The suffix -та forms many derivations in standard Russian: a quick search brings up высота, доброта, духота, кислота, краснота, красота, нагота, нищета, простота, полнота, прямота, пустота, сирота, ...
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