14 votes
Accepted

The infinitive of "уймитесь"?

It's "уняться". Well, usually the answer supposed to be somewhat wider, but in this particular case that's virtually all that can be said) UPD: To make this answer slightly more informative, here's ...
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  • 37.3k
13 votes
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Почему нельзя написать "неатлет"

Мне кажется, что ни Он неспециалист, ни Он неатлет писать нельзя, так как это не утверждения непринадлежности "к какому-либо разряду лиц или явлений", а напротив, отрицания принадлежности к этим ...
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  • 2,383
10 votes
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Откуда суффикс -л у существительных: "страшило", "чернила", "пряло" и т.п

Суффикс -л-о происходит от праславянского суффикса *-dl-ŏ, который служил для образования названий орудий. Происходит от праиндоевропейского суффикса *-dʰl-, который соединялся с тематическим *ŏ и ...
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9 votes
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How non-native Russian language course will approach to deciphering the phrase "Косил косой косой косой"?

The original phrase can be extended/modified: Лопоухий косой за песчаной косой пал под острой косой косой бабы с косой. The updated phrase uses the word "косой" with 5 different meanings. Extra ...
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  • 3,039
9 votes
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Почему так часто "ничего" а не "ничто"? (Why "ничего" and not "ничто"?)

Negation of existense (i.e. "no such thing") in Russian requires Genitive. Ничего is Genitive. That's it. Accusative Ничто is a special object. It isn't nothing. It's Nothing. But the difference may ...
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8 votes
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Почему "мазаный" здесь с одной "н"?

Мазаный - отглагольное прилагательное либо причастие без приставки, от глагола несовершенного вида (мазать), без зависимых слов. http://www.gramota.ru/class/coach/tbgramota/45_106: ...Но поскольку ...
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  • 1,300
8 votes
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Why is it "девяностОлетний", but "сорокАлетний"?

These are the rules for declining composits with the first numeral root. We use the genitive in this case but not a connecting vowel: Одиннадцать → одиннадцати Двадцать → двадцати Тридцать → ...
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  • 1,030
7 votes

Why is "Никита" a typical masculine name?

Typically short from of masculine first names also end in -а or -я. For instance: Дима Петя Вова, Володя etc The following full form of masculine first names also end in -а or -я: Илья Добрыня ...
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  • 8,055
7 votes
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Where does the -и ending in "Ныне отпущаеши..." come from?

Yes it's the archaic form. In Old Russian it had been the form for the second person (one that is used with ты) - roughly speaking where we now have шь in modern Russian it was ши. in Old Russian (or ...
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  • 37.3k
6 votes

How non-native Russian language course will approach to deciphering the phrase "Косил косой косой косой"?

"Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo." is a grammatically correct sentence in American English, used as an example of how homonyms and homophones can be used to create ...
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  • 2,399
6 votes

Why is "Никита" a typical masculine name?

Russian nouns ending in -а or -я are either feminine or masculine. Feminine: мама, тётя, Наташа, Ольга, Светлана Masculine: папа, дядя, воевода, Никита, Данила, Серёжа, Саша, Коля, Петя
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6 votes
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Why is "Никита" a typical masculine name?

It comes from Greek masculine name Νικήτας meaning "victor". The Greek ending -ς is usually dropped in Russian so the word ends up with -α. This is similar to French masculine name Nicolas (which was ...
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6 votes
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Why does оставлять/оставить mean to leave when it literally means 'to put around'?

(a) Оставить does not mean "misplace". It can of course mean a related thing, forgetting/abandoning/leaving something behind, but that's not the same as "misplacing". You remember the location; you ...
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6 votes
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'По окончании этапа' или 'по окончанию этапа'

В данном контексте (в значении "после окончания этапа") правильно: по окочании. Подробнее: ссылка1, ссылка2. По окончании — если мы говорим в контексте «после какого-либо события», тогда в конце ...
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  • 8,055
5 votes

Writing "o" or "a"

Well, this is a problem of a vowel reduction: unstressed Russian "О" is usually replaced by "А" in the spoken language (called Áканье). So to write it properly one usually has to find a word of the ...
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  • 15.2k
5 votes

"Какая рогастая, глазатая, ушатая корова!" — or the morphological domains of "-ст-" vs. simply "-т-"

I want to add to the answer by Dmitry Alexandrov some information about the origins of the suffixes. The suffix -аст-, -ист- comes from Proto-Indo-European superlative suffix -isto- while -т- comes ...
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5 votes
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Почему в "намереваться" гласный е?

Объясняется "книжным" происхождением глагола, т.е. старославянским или псевдо-старославянским (точно не знаю). Отсюда "болгарский" итеративный суффикс -ова-/-ева- вместо исконно русского -ыва-/-ива-. ...
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5 votes

Regarding the adjective "Христов"

I can't think of any others that look like it Tons. Отцов, дедов, братов etc.etc. I'm only familiar with -ов in modern Russian, where it is an ending for plural nouns or singular male surnames ...
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5 votes

Why do many military unit types have weird declension?

Zero ending in Genitive plural could be a remnant or influence of both Church Slavonic, where both forms seem to be equivalent, and Old Russian, where it was characteristic of the words we now inflect ...
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4 votes

Что значит “кесаревом да по мясореву!”?

This is one of those random, obnoxiously fruity colloquialisms that make a lot of people cringe, which may explain the downvotes. Кесаревым (properly so spelt) means "with a Caesarian [section]", ...
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4 votes

Почему нельзя написать "неатлет"

Я предполагаю, что все же «неатлет» можно (и даже нужно) писать слитно. § 148. С существительными, прилагательными, наречиями на -о отрицание не пишется слитно в следующих случаях. <...> Если ...
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  • 3,039
4 votes
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"над вязаньем" или "над вязанием"?

По современным правилам правильно "над вязанием". However: Чередование И // ноль звука (лить – льет, бить – бьет, Мария – Марья, собрание - собранье) связано с наличием в древнерусском языке ...
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  • 2,383
4 votes

Белка живет в дупле. Две белки выглянули из своих ...?

The correct answer is дупел: ru.wiktionary.org. Plural forms of some neuter nouns are rarely used in everyday language. Also significant part of the neuter nouns have no plural form at all. To be ...
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  • 8,055
4 votes

Regarding the adjective "Христов"

In Russian we have got possessive adjectives, which mean belonging to a person or an animal (singular ): мамина сумка, отцовы кроссовки, кошачьи следы, нянькины сказки, кровь Христова братовы ...
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4 votes
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Examples of compound words "hidden in plain sight"?

Well, that could be trickier than you think. "нет+(genitive)=не+есть" Actually "нет" goes from "нету" which is "не [есть] тут" (not here). "когда=кого+года", "всегда=все+года" This is a ...
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4 votes
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тупенькая meaning

It means thick (headed). Grammatically it is the word тупая with the suffix -еньк(ая) (-ая is ending) -еньк (-оньк) is a suffix of adjectives, adverbs and nouns which imparts them diminutive ...
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3 votes

Best Conlang for helping with Russian learning?

Better not. If you want to learn how to ride a bike - just ride a bike. The only thing that I can recommend - is Russian for children. It is easier to Russian. There are a lot of here. If you will ...
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3 votes

Strange Genitive Plural of просьба: why просьб and not просеб?

I think свадеб is the real outlier here. Просьб is in line with служб, тяжб, and even женитьб. What's more, I think свадеб is a later development, driven by ease of pronunciation, from an earlier *...
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3 votes

Strange Genitive Plural of просьба: why просьб and not просеб?

Not sure but I think that's because "просьба" is pronounced as "прозьба" ("с" becomes voiced because the following "б" is paired voiced). So if it were "просеб", "с" wouldn't become voiced unlike its ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Writing "o" or "a"

Checking o/a with finding the same root based words doesn't work if there is an alternation of vowels in the root. A Here is the list of alternation vowels roots with o/a inside: зар – зор клан – ...
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