43 votes
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Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

Russian has different transcription systems for different languages. Some of them (Japanese, Korean, Chinese) have been developed by a single person or by a group of scholars, who had invested some ...
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28 votes

Why did "он" suddenly become so much more common?

Actually, the year is not "around 1915", but the beginning of 1918 when the orthography reform began. Before 1918 "он" was written as "онъ", and naturally before 1918 "он" was not used. Have a look: ...
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23 votes
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What kind of Russian orthography is this?

Yes, it's Russian in the pre-reform orthography. The reform was in 1918, so this is just a hundred years old Russian. It's easy to understand, just as it's easy to understand a hundred years old ...
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20 votes

Why do Russians sometimes spell "жирный" (fatty) as "жырный"?

As you can see from your own question, Russians indeed do spell жирный as жырный sometimes. It’s just that people sometimes tend to ignore strict orthography rules for convenience or fun — especially ...
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18 votes

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

There are formal rules for practical transcription of Turkic proper names into Russian: Турецко-русская практическая транскрипция According to that table, ğ is transcribed as г and in rare cases as ...
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  • 11.8k
18 votes
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Why do Russians sometimes spell "жирный" (fatty) as "жырный"?

To place emphasis on this word These patterns are called "Sensational spelling" and "Cacography". It is not a unique Russian language trait: Cacography is deliberate comic ...
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  • 602
16 votes
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Question about spelling "чьё/чья/чьи"

Not redundant, does affect. The soft mark is the reason чьи is pronounced [tɕji] and not [tɕi]. Basically, ь between a consonant and a vowel is pronounced [j] — an actual separate iotic consonant, as ...
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12 votes

Why do Russians sometimes spell "жирный" (fatty) as "жырный"?

(In addition to shabunc's answer.) Aside of just fun, жырный is used mostly when they want to stress that it's not just "some bold X" but an extremely huge and/or explicit X. E.g.: Жырный минус ...
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11 votes
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Why "расчёт" but "рассчитывать"

There are two almost synonymous¹ verbs: расче́сть and рассчита́ть. The former decomposes into morphemes рас-чес-ть, the latter – рас-с-чит-а-ть. The former produces a noun расчёт in an obvious way, ...
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11 votes

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

As a Turkic, I say that it is completely true to consider his name as Эрдоган. The name in Turkish is "Erdoğan". Note that the letter "ğ" is a sound most like the French "r" and is also a deformation ...
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  • 211
10 votes
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How is the choice made by Nicholas II between "также" and "так же" in his Language Manifesto of 1900 correct?

Since on the source site you gave a link to there is a typo or an OCR mistake in the word установяенія instead of the correct установленія, I decided to check the original printed version of the ...
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9 votes
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What is the use of the soft sign in front of (soft-indicating) vowels, in words like "компьютеры" and "пьёт"?

A soft or hard sign before a vowel indicates the palatal approximant [j]. This is the first sound in the English word "year" which makes it distinct from "ear". Russian words лёд "ice" and льёт "(he) ...
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9 votes
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Why "вести" but "веду"

It's not irregular but all you can do is just to memoize such cases. While the ст -> т happens in some verbs like "плести"/ "плету", "цвести"/"цвету", "мести"/"мету" for instance, a change to д is ...
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8 votes

Слово "Бог": с прописной или со строчной

В советской литературе слово "бог" писалось с маленькой не потому, что "бога нет", а потому что христианский бог Яхве (Иегова) рассматривался точно так же, как и все другие боги, и ничем от них не ...
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  • 81
8 votes

со днём vs. с днём

Preposition со is used: 1)before words which begin with с,з,ш,ж + consonant or with consonant щ со славой, со звездой, со шкафа, со жгутом, со щами. 2)before the genitive and instrumental case of ...
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8 votes
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в чдачах и в нечдачах

Конечно это ошибки. и БОРЮЩИХСА (со старомосковским акцентом) впридачу, в сильно двусмысленной фразе борющихся с ними. Покольку плакат, насколько можно судить по тексту, выпущен в Британии, ...
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8 votes

What is the history behind the word биткоин, why does it have И before Н?

Биткоин has the и before the н because the English word "Bitcoin" has the i before the n. When adopting loanwords, Russian tends to preserve the original spelling as long as it ...
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  • 47.6k
7 votes

Question about spelling "чьё/чья/чьи"

These vowels are iotized after ь but not after consonants. So the soft sign serves to indicate iotation. чья = [ч'й'а] чьё = [ч'й'о] By contrast, чё = [ч'о]
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  • 14.1k
7 votes

Как писать прилагательное, образованное от имени собственного?

Ну, тут на мой взгляд, не может быть правоты или неправоты никакой, кроме статистической. По факту в любых прилагательных, образованных от начинающихся с заглавной буквы в английском технологий, мы ...
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7 votes
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What is the history behind the word биткоин, why does it have И before Н?

This is a hotly debated subject which is almost as old as bitcoin itself. It seems that биткоин has been winning for the last few years. That's probably why this is reflected in the 2019 Russian ...
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  • 856
6 votes
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Дефис: «процедурно сгенерированный» или «процедурно-сгенерированный»?

Не нужен. Это словосочетание из наречия и причастия.Розенталь: Различаются сложные прилагательные, образующие одно слово (со слитным или дефисным написанием, см. выше), и словосочетания, состоящие ...
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6 votes
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Запятая в обороте "братан верный как пёс"

This depends on which grammatical role you are using как псы in. If you mean your have buddies who are very loyal to you, and верные как псы is just a synonym to очень верные, you should not use a ...
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  • 47.6k
6 votes

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

Тоска - [tʌˈska] стеснение духа, томление души, мучительная грусть; душевная тревога, беспокойство, боязнь, скука, горе, печаль, нойка сердца, скорбь. further reading a definition from the ...
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6 votes
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Are there any common words with the syllable "кы"?

After a couple of days of thinking over it all I have finally decided to put down the whole story of кы, гы, хы the way I understand it. My story will begin with what the answer by Quassnoi begins, ...
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6 votes
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Why was it decided in 1956 to abolish the spelling чорт (devil) in favor of чёрт?

Before the standardization both forms, черт/чёрт and чорт were in actual use, like we see from this google ngram chart: (Strictly speaking, we should sort out черт derived from черта but this won't ...
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  • 37.3k
5 votes

Writing "o" or "a"

Well, this is a problem of a vowel reduction: unstressed Russian "О" is usually replaced by "А" in the spoken language (called Áканье). So to write it properly one usually has to find a word of the ...
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  • 15.2k
5 votes
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123456000-й словами

Насколько я знаю, и, если предположить, что вы написали в заголовке именно то, что имели в виду, ваше числительное, вынесенное в заголовок, является неправильным, даже будучи количественным, или вы ...
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  • 25.8k
5 votes

Should "йе" after vowel be pronounced [jje]?

Gemination is a bit fuzzy in Russian: Words such as касса, масса, тонна, ванна, Мекка, поддать, Приенисейе [йй] have 'true doubles': saying them with a single consonant can hinder understanding. ...
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5 votes

Are there any common words with the syllable "кы"?

The difference between и and ы after consonants in Russian is not phonematic, and neither is the difference between palatalized and non-palatalized к, г, х. You can probably find some degenerate ...
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