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Why много раз if много requires genitive plural in the case of countables?

For some masculine nouns the genitive plural is the same as the nominative singular. Notable examples include: раз, глаз, челове́к, солда́т, боти́нок, чуло́к, во́ло́с... Thus you say пять раз, мно́го ...
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Why много раз if много requires genitive plural in the case of countables?

This is not Genitive, this is numerative case. Compare Гиря весит десять грамм. На этой шкале нет граммов. In the first sentence we have Numerative case, in the second one we have Genitive.
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Why много раз if много requires genitive plural in the case of countables?

In Russian, some nouns in the second declension have zero ending in the plural genitive. This is almost all neuter nouns: лицо/лиц, село/сёл, and some masculine nouns: чулок/чулок, солдат/солдат, ...
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Why много раз if много requires genitive plural in the case of countables?

All your examples follow the same rule: много is used with the genitive. But the correct form of genitive of разы is раз, not разов. Have a look at the declension: https://ru.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D1%...
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Is глазу locative in the phrase "с глазу на глаз"?

It is ablative case, a subcase of Genitive. It differs from Genitive in ending and from Partitive and Locative in stress: the stress falls on the preposition if it has a vowel. и́з лесу, и́з виду, и́з ...
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