45 votes
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Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

Russian has different transcription systems for different languages. Some of them (Japanese, Korean, Chinese) have been developed by a single person or by a group of scholars, who had invested some ...
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19 votes
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Using written е instead of ë

It is perfectly acceptable in modern Russian and you will rarely find any materials with consistently spelt Ё. The letter Ё has a difficult history: it was never really obligatory. I prefer to ...
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  • 5,120
18 votes

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

There are formal rules for practical transcription of Turkic proper names into Russian: Турецко-русская практическая транскрипция According to that table, ğ is transcribed as г and in rare cases as ...
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16 votes
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Why "Гиппократ" but "ипподром"?

The word "гипподром" is still used as a historical term for ancient stadiums for horse racing. The reason for dropping "г" was French influence where "h" is not pronounced (and the word hippodrome is ...
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15 votes
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The cases where "о" is pronounced as "a"

You could probably work something out from etymology, but generally speaking no, except this can only happen for unstressed vowels. Russian spelling is mostly morphological, so a good rule of thumb ...
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13 votes

Is there a word that sound like сёк?

Yes, there is verb "сечь", which means "to lash". "Cёк" is past tense and masculine-gendered form of it and, therefore, means "He lashed" (formally speaking, "he lashed" will be "он сёк" in Russian).
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12 votes

"Блять" против "блядь"

Не существует. Блять — это визуальная рифма с ебать! и твою мать, и отсюда, наверно, возникло представление о том, будто "так оно пишется, когда междометие", но нет, оно воспринималось и ...
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12 votes
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Как правильно: змееед или змееяд?

The bird of prey is definitely called змееяд or орёл-змееяд in Russian. I've never seen it called змееед, and it's not mentioned in the dictionaries. It uses the OCS rendition of the second root, ...
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12 votes
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Russianization of Ancient Greek personal names

This tradition comes way back from Old Church Slavonic. OCS was conceived as a literary language for translation of the Scripture. As such, though it was based on the Slavic dialect spoken in ...
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12 votes
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Дочерний интерфейс: подъинтерфейс, подинтерфейс, или подынтерфейс?

Приставки, оканчивающиеся на согласную, для целей правописания можно разделить на "исконно русские" и "заимствованные". После "русских" приставок, таких как пред-, под- и пр. пишется буква ы, ...
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12 votes
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Почему "Венера", а не 'Венус"?

Imparisyllabic Latin words (meaning words having an extra syllable in genitive compared to nominative) are usually cited in their genitive form, as it's usually a more accurate representation of the ...
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11 votes
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Pronunciation of "лёгкий" and "легкий"

Letter ё is optional, it is usually replaced by е. We have a number of questions about this letter on this site, for example: Using written е instead of ë, Is 'ё' a distinct letter, or is ...
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  • 11.3k
11 votes

Почему Париж пишется через "ж"?

Слово Париж пришло в современный русский через польский, в котором оно звучит (ну, практически) так же - Paryż. Гипотеза @user31264 не выдерживает критики и проходит по разряду любительской ...
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11 votes

Why is the Turkish president's surname spelt in Russian as Эрдоган, with г?

As a Turkic, I say that it is completely true to consider his name as Эрдоган. The name in Turkish is "Erdoğan". Note that the letter "ğ" is a sound most like the French "r" and is also a deformation ...
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  • 211
11 votes

Почему Йорк а не Ёрк?

Because Russian transliterations are not consistent. The letter ё didn't make it into Russian before late XVIII century. Church Slavonic language didn't use the sound cluster this letter denotes. When ...
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10 votes
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Why is "томат" spelt without an "o" at the end?

Why on Earth it should be? Just because in other languages -ato ending are OK for nouns? Why банан and not банана? Or кофе but not кофи? This is emotional part of an answer, and as of the facts - ...
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10 votes
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"Радио" or "ра́дио"

Both forms are correct. The "accent" is a stress mark. Stress marks are omitted in most books. They are printed in books for beginner readers, and in words where a change of stress would change the ...
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  • 3,039
10 votes
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How is the choice made by Nicholas II between "также" and "так же" in his Language Manifesto of 1900 correct?

Since on the source site you gave a link to there is a typo or an OCR mistake in the word установяенія instead of the correct установленія, I decided to check the original printed version of the ...
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9 votes

Писать местоимение "вы" с малой или большой буквы?

Rosenthal, 28: С прописной буквы пишутся местоимения Вы и Ваш для выражения вежливого обращения к одному лицу, например: Прошу Вас, уважаемый Сергей Петрович… При обращении к нескольким лицам ...
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9 votes
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What is the correct Russian spelling of "Trump"?

Сorrect Russian spelling of the last name of the US President-elect, Donald Trump - Трамп.
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  • 116
8 votes

Дочерний интерфейс: подъинтерфейс, подинтерфейс, или подынтерфейс?

It's подынтерфейс, similar to подынтервал and подынтегральный. Rosenthal, 33: После приставок, оканчивающихся на согласную, вместо и пишется ы в соответствии с произношением, например: играть – ...
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8 votes

Почему Париж пишется через "ж"?

Согласно топонимическому словарю Е.М.Поспелова "современная французская форма названия - Пари (Paris); принятая в русском языке форма Париж усвоена в искаженном виде через польское посредство". В 58 -...
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8 votes

Is there a difference between "эго" and "это" or the are the same?

These are two completely different words. Эго is a noun which means ego. In most cases, it means a (usually boosted) sense of self-importance, for example у него непомерно раздутое эго. In Russian, ...
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  • 8,407
8 votes
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в чдачах и в нечдачах

Конечно это ошибки. и БОРЮЩИХСА (со старомосковским акцентом) впридачу, в сильно двусмысленной фразе борющихся с ними. Покольку плакат, насколько можно судить по тексту, выпущен в Британии, ...
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7 votes

Using written е instead of ë

This is actually a subject of "holy wars" between Russians. Some people insist that using ё must be mandatory, because replacing it by е can change the meaning of a sentence. The most famous example: ...
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  • 171
7 votes

Difference between '-ться', and '-тся'?

There is no difference in pronunciation but "ь" is kept merely for the sake of consistency. You see, most infinitives end in "-ть". And the 3rd person singular/plural end in -т : to love = любить he ...
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7 votes
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What's the reason for the change from "-аго" to "-oго"?

The 1918 orthography reform was not something that came into existence out of a sudden after bolsheviks came to power. In fact, this question was a quite hot topic from the beginning of 20th century, ...
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6 votes

How do you say and spell “Тоска”

Тоска - [tʌˈska] стеснение духа, томление души, мучительная грусть; душевная тревога, беспокойство, боязнь, скука, горе, печаль, нойка сердца, скорбь. further reading a definition from the ...
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6 votes

Correct form of the expression "Ни рыба ни мясо"

In this idiom, both nouns should be in the Nominative case, ни рыба, ни мясо, no other way. The way you thought it was right, "ни рыба ни мяса", only "мяса" is in the Genitive case,...
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  • 25.8k
6 votes

Russian words in cyrillic that look like english words?

I've created two word lists from aspell's databases. I used the standard rules for Latin-Cyrillic symbol correspondence which defines symbols usable on Russian vehicle license plates: ABEKMHOPCTYX ...
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