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16

Russian has two distinctive features. The first one is the proximal possession. У меня есть выбор ("I have a choice") literally translates as "there is a choice by (or next to) me". Russian does have a verb which means "to have" but its usage is limited compared to most other Indo-European languages. The second one is the ...


7

The verb cannot agree with выбор in gender or number because it's not in the nominative case (выбор is not the subject of the sentence). Therefore there's no reason to choose masculine over neuter for the verb agreement. So the verb is neuter because there actually is no subject. That's similar to a sentence like Повезло!


4

This one is actually non-trivial. As @shabunc mentions, at a certain moment the root (which was originally один-) started to exhibit alternations between и and the ultrashort ь. However, if ь simply won over и, we would have something along the lines "одён - одна - одно" (which Zaliznyak's system in "Russkoe imennoe slovoizmenenie" ...


4

Well, in Old East Slavonic - which is in Russian called more often древнерусский - following forms are attested: одинъ / одьнъ, одина / одьна, одино / одьно. Note that here "ь" is not a soft sign but a ultrashort vowel of course, so called front yer). The 'ь' form is a later development, thus "и" was reduced to 'ь'. So this forms were ...


4

"Не было выбора" is an impersonal sentence - a sentence without the subject. You can easily relay it and say instead: "Я не имел выбора", where the noun "выбор" functions as a direct object. In affirmative and interrogative sentences the direct object or the noun of the Predicative is in the Accusative case ("Я имел выбор&...


3

Не было не склоняется по роду, если речь идёт о предмете или о событии. В таком случае то, что находится после не было отвечает на вопрос чего? Употребляется в среднем роде: Не было осадков (не было чего?) Не было всплеска (не было чего?) Не было монеты (не было чего?) Склоняется, когда речь идёт о каком-либо признаке (прилагательное). То есть, то, что ...


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