17 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "число" and "количество"?

количество means quantity, and число means number. In the examples you cited they are synonymous, but not in all cases. For example you can say количество масла for amount of butter. Here, of course ...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
13 votes

Why does Russian have three words for marriage?

We have more words related to the topic.Брак (wedlock,marriage ) is an official term.The verb is вступить в брак. It is related to both parties (a man and a woman ) Супружество (spousehood ) is the ...
V.V.'s user avatar
  • 21.5k
13 votes
Accepted

Why does Russian have three words for marriage?

This terminology isn't specific to Russian language. It's rather a common point for the whole Slavic culture. Замужество ultimately means a status of a married woman who lives at her husband's place (...
Matt's user avatar
  • 15.3k
13 votes
Accepted

"Borrow" and "lend" in Russian

Одолжить means "to lend", can refer to money or to anything else. Можешь одолжить мне 1000 рублей до понедельника? Could you lend me 1000 roubles until Monday? Often this word is used ...
Lara's user avatar
  • 2,157
12 votes
Accepted

What were the original half-Russian Siberians called?

There's no such thing like "Siberian person" - Siberia is huge, really huge and was populated by very different people with different history, culture and genetic heritage. That said, there never ...
shabunc's user avatar
  • 38k
9 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "eврей" and "иудей"?

Are "eврей" & "иудей" completely the same, or do they have slightly different meanings/connotations? They are not the same. They are from different categories. "Иудей" stands for "Judaist" - ...
Arioch's user avatar
  • 1,305
8 votes

What is the difference between разве and неужели?

Неужели is particle used in questions only. On the other hand, разве can be both particle and adjunction in both questions and positive statements. Within a statement разве is often used together ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 15.3k
8 votes

What is the difference between "eврей" and "иудей"?

It's quite simple: "еврей" is nationality or ethnicity (not sure which fits better, but hope you get the point) and "иудей" is someone who follows Judaism.
Alissa's user avatar
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8 votes
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What is the difference between "разделить" and "поделить"?

This is a nuanced difference. There are many traditional usages in which one word is preferred over the other, for example "pазделить друзей" means "to separate friends", in the ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 4,339
7 votes

Why does Russian have three words for marriage?

The existing answers provide a wealth of interesting information. But the questioner is a beginner and so needs a simple guide to talking about marriage and weddings. Here is my attempt: The Most ...
David42's user avatar
  • 1,096
7 votes

"хотя бы" is a synonym for "по крайней мере"?

These phrases synonymous in one of possible meanings - one that stands for English "at least". There are other meaning in which хотя бы can not be substituted, they are: As in "хоть бы зима поскорее ...
shabunc's user avatar
  • 38k
6 votes

Why does Russian have three words for marriage?

Cвадьба is a ceremony of getting married, better translation would be wedding. If you mean marriage you could use word брак without concern of direction. Also женитьба describes matchmaking from man's ...
Bluesboy's user avatar
6 votes

Беспризорный vs. Бомж vs. Бездомный

Беспризорный applies to minors and has more to do with a lack of custody/supervision than a lack of residence. Бездомный is the plain and neutral translation of "homeless". Бомж started out as a legal ...
Aryeh's user avatar
  • 341
6 votes
Accepted

Беспризорный vs. Бомж vs. Бездомный

Беспризорный - the one who does not have "призор", parental custody. Though this one can have a home, but the parent, who's supposed to live there too, is missing. Бездомный - is literally "homeless"...
Nadia Solovyeva's user avatar
6 votes

Distinguishing between "effectiveness" and "efficiency" in Russian

Эффективный as a modifier applied to people is a very recent innovation in Russian, a part of the 1990s' influx of anglicisms and English calques. I personally am not fond of it, and I think the ...
Quassnoi's user avatar
  • 53.2k
5 votes

Difference between "битва" and "сражение"?

This is a very period-sensitive question, because the meaning of those words had been slowly, but continuously evolving over the last several centuries. Those words are largely synonyms, and ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 4,339
4 votes
Accepted

Using ещё and пока

The first sounds like an unfinished sentence, like a clause because пока in your sentence means while.In the morning while it's dark or while it's still dark...(С утра пока темно...or С утра, пока еще ...
V.V.'s user avatar
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4 votes

Беспризорный vs. Бомж vs. Бездомный

Беспризорный is mostly about underage homeless persons, children and teenagers - it is not used for depicting adult homeless persons. The derived noun "беспризорник" is used more often, but I'd rather ...
shabunc's user avatar
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4 votes

What is the difference between разве and неужели?

"Неужели X?" means that X is possible but surprising. The surprise may be pleasant or unpleasant. Example: Неужели вместе нам Песню не сложить? Неужели суждено Hам в разлуке жить? (From the song "...
user31264's user avatar
  • 8,579
4 votes

Какая разница между лишь и только?

Абсолютно взаимозаменяемые слова. Нет никакой разницы. Автор строк про самолеты и билеты в корне не прав. Говорю, как филолог. И эти слова не предлоги, а союзы. Изначально союз "только" означал "...
user7599's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Пряность vs специя

This site defines the difference in the following manner: Специи and пряности - are rather homohenous, they improve or change the taste and flavor of food. Приправы - is a composition of специи and ...
Artemix's user avatar
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4 votes

Пряность vs специя

Those who cook clearly distinguish between специи and пряности. Специи are substances which change the taste or consistency of a dish, but they rarely have any flavor or "aroma" (salt, sugar, ...
V.V.'s user avatar
  • 21.5k
4 votes

Синоним слова «прозрачный» в значении «понятный и честный»

Дело в том, что стопроцентные синонимы хоть редко, но существуют, но тогда ваш вопрос лишён смысла - зачем менять одно слово на другое, условно говоря, неотличимое от него? Слова же, частично ...
shabunc's user avatar
  • 38k
4 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between "истинная любовь" and "настоящая любовь"?

You are overthinking it. The thing is that the word "истинный" per se just became less frequently used, and the word "настоящий", on the contrary, gradually got more popular. "...
shabunc's user avatar
  • 38k
3 votes

"Borrow" and "lend" in Russian

[Я]зык стремится к развитию, эволюции, и, активно вбирая в себя новое, со временем показывает тенденции к устойчивости или неустойчивости определенных явлений и единиц. Нельзя сказать, что язык ...
Баян Купи-ка's user avatar
3 votes

"Borrow" and "lend" in Russian

одолжить – the most generic one, working both ways ("borrow" is одолжить у кого-либо, "lend" is одолжить кому-либо). дать/брать взаймы – money only. дать/брать в долг – money only; more likely to ...
Nikolay Ershov's user avatar
3 votes

Difference in usage between "раба" and "рабыня"

"Раба" -- архаизм с соответствующей окраской. Употребляется в том числе в составе устойчивых выражений: упомянутое "раба Божия", "Сама себя раба бьёт, что не чисто жнёт". В Русской Правде записано как ...
R.I.P.30.12.21Baskakov_Dmitriy's user avatar
3 votes

Пряность vs специя

There was a difference indeed (пряности used to mean "spices" whereas специи meant salt, sugar, etc). Today these words are interchangeable. Upd: I found some sources (f.e. here) which define "...
Abakan's user avatar
  • 4,319
3 votes

"Хотелось" or "хочу"

Мне хочется is for wishes you can't control: Мне хочется спать. = I need a nap. Хочется съесть чего-нибудь. = I want/need to eat something. Что делать, когда хочется сладкого? = What to do when you'...
Sergey Slepov's user avatar

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