8

Although by no means and under no circumstances this word is used as honorific nowadays, in phrases like "Это мой товарищ" there's no hint of any political or historical connotations. It is quite common usage of this word, though it word "товарищ" is less used nowadays than word "приятель". Sometimes, especially while appealing to a group of people (...


6

I would say господин/госпожа are very rarely used nowadays! I could only remember Что? Где? Когда? TV show as an example. In most cases when you say Mr./Ms. we say First Name + Patronymic.


6

All three sentences are constructed using the same transformation: what's usually written as {pronoun} же {something}! often becomes {something} же! colloquially in situations when {pronoun} can be derived from the context. Your three sentences can be rewritten as follows to get the familiar form of these sentences with "же" used to emphasize the ...


5

Below is a definition of the word Рекомендовать from Словарь иностранных слов. As you can see, unbiased recommendation (3.) is now marked as outdated. Modern meaning is "I recommend you X, because he/she/it is useful/beneficial to you: РЕКОМЕНДОВА́ТЬ, ду́ю, ду́ет, несов. и сов. [польск. rekomendować < ср.-лат. recommendare < лат. mandāre поручать]. ...


4

Когда первый участник диалога не замечает, не видит, не обращает внимания на очевидные вещи или просто не знает, не понимает их, не реагирует на приводимые доводы, то второй собеседник может реагировать приведёнными в качестве примера фразами. Если их переформулировать, то получится примерно так: Но ведь это двойное отрицание! Как ты не поймёшь, что это ...


3

Товарищ sounds more ironic these days. I'd agree on this point, it's been already mentioned here in the thread. Also it is used in the military when talking to an officer. If you need an equivalent to mister, I'd say there's no such word nowadays. Some were in the past (товарищ, господин, сударь), now not. In a conversation with your friend you can use друг, ...


3

Some folklore you might consider useful. When someone hypocritically address to other as a товарищ, he might get as an answer: «Тамбовский волк тебе товарищ». «Гусь свинье не товарищ». However, these phrases were known even in Soviet time.


3

These examples sound like discussion sentences. The speaker emphasizes the statement with help of же if the opponent does not understand a thing that is obvious for the speaker. An exclamation symbol (!) should be suitable at end of each example: Двойное отрицание же! ... This is not answer for the question Since when but may help in some way.


2

Nowadays, господин/госпожа are for sure acceptable, though one has to keep in mind - that these words are extremely official. So during common conversation you should avoid these words. Господин/госпожа applicable in official messaging or if you want to address someone extremely officially, e.g. Mr. Petrov, we are going to arrest you/г-н Петров, мы ...


2

Short answer: It is fully equivalent to Mr./Ms. nowadays. Long answer: Господин/госпожа is a modern polite address, to be combined with the last name. Господин Иванов! A possible polite address is also first name + patronymic if you know it. It's more polite, but also somewhat closer. Not a clerk to a customer, but business partners to each other. ...


2

Рекомендовать always means to advise in modern Russian. So it cannot be used as unmarked "to introduce".


2

же-particle normally, to the best of my knowledge, seldom, if ever, takes final position in a sentence. Let's check this using Russian National Corpus. Internet speech is very close to the spoken speech. However many people are not good with typing and tend to write shorter sentences. Anyway, let's check the Spoken corpus that contains transcripts of the ...


1

It was always here and didn't become wide-spread lately. What you are talking about is most likely near-image boards and Japanese (anime) -based "десу же". Not far off from Chinese and "Internet speech".


1

Since when did this usage become wide-spread? IIRC this usage of же become popular in Internet last 2-3 years, but in spoken language it isn't something new or modern.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible