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8 votes
Accepted

Is "если есть" a kind of tautology?

Not at all. People use если есть all the time, and avoiding it would be as gratuitously pedantic as avoiding был бы. The connection is no longer felt, and the есть ли of your examples 4–6 is a ...
6 votes

Putting a comma to convert a simple sentence to a complex one

It is a simple sentence with two homogeneous predicates. There's only one subject both predicates refer to. That's why your teacher is right, there should be no comma in this sentence. It is a ...
  • 4,366
5 votes
Accepted

Are clauses with "который" restrictive or non-restrictive by default?

It all depends on context; the rules are not set in stone; the "который" relative clauses in Russian are neither invariably/intrinsically non-restrictive nor invariably/intrinsically restrictive by ...
4 votes

Are clauses with "который" restrictive or non-restrictive by default?

You can't see the difference between a restrictive and non-restrictive который, but you can hear it. If the noun phrase that который refers to is stressed and you can sort of "hear" the comma, i.e. ...
4 votes
Accepted

Is the construction "если бы она была, то верь, что они успеют" grammatical?

Grammar I found a couple of relevant articles on RusGram.ru: Сослагательное наклонение, paragraph 4.2 Модальность, paragraph 2.4 Quoting the second one: В русском языке отчетливо ...
  • 825
3 votes
Accepted

Comparative in subordinate clauses

Strange advice. Я не люблю людей, кто моложе меня is ungrammatical. Sounds like the kind of mistake an English speaker would make. Кто never introduces a subordinate clause without a preceding form of ...
3 votes
Accepted

Inflection of такой, какой

Какая can take any case according to the content of the second clause, as you suggest: Она такая, какая есть. Она такая, какой была раньше. Она такая, какой можно многое пообещать. Она ...
  • 11.8k
2 votes
Accepted

Clauses after non-accusative verbs or то

Yes, it's absolutely valid and correct. путешествовать в этом году зависит от того, сколько денег останется после ремонта чердака The first clause is incorrect, unless you've omitted the ...
2 votes

Clauses after non-accusative verbs or то

You'll get some pieces of textbooks yet, no doubt, but such constructions with words omitted but implied are possible, yes. Not only those two verbs may be involved. It could be: "Я не знаю [того], ...
  • 1,655
2 votes

Inflection of такой, какой

From your examples it's evident that какой is part of the second clause and inflects accordingly. In all your examples какой is in the instrumental case which is required by был/увидел. You can use ...
2 votes

Putting a comma to convert a simple sentence to a complex one

I just want to add to the previous answer that putting a comma doesn't convert a simple sentence to a complex sentence. There is no such a rule and your teacher was totally right telling you that it's ...
  • 21
1 vote

Putting a comma to convert a simple sentence to a complex one

I disagree with placing a comma there even if it were author's intention, but there is an alternative way without restructuring the sentence. The pause in your sentence is implicit and well-...
  • 288
1 vote

Is "если есть" a kind of tautology?

No, for russian speaker it hears if is or if eat dont forget to be | eat = есть so there is also lexem ambigity here, russian is so weird. P.S. Do not judge modern russian by reading old one with ѣ ...
1 vote
Accepted

Different 'number' in verb of relative clause using который

КоторЫЕ is in Nominative in the sentence #2 (subject книги) but in Accusative in the sentence #3 (the subject is этот автор while книги is the object), but in both cases it's которЫЕ since this ...
1 vote

чтобы for connection between prepositions and verbs

Since prepositions require the nouns following them to be declined, I didn't know what change would verbs undergo, since the infinitive of a verb is not a declinable word. Nouns decline to the ...
  • 8,417

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