Skip to main content
14 votes

Why "мамы здесь нет", not "мама здесь нет"

Negative construction with "нет" always needs genitive in Russian and answers the question "нет кого/чего", and not "нет кто" which is ungrammatical: Нет кого? - Нет мамы. However you can say "...
Abakan's user avatar
  • 4,309
7 votes
Accepted

Why "мамы здесь нет", not "мама здесь нет"

The thing in in Russian the phrase "Mom is not here anymore" is sort of answering the question "Whom do we miss here" rather than "Who is not here?" - it quite a subtle difference regarding the fact ...
shabunc's user avatar
  • 37.9k
6 votes

Why "мамы здесь нет", not "мама здесь нет"

When you use negation meaning that something or someone is absent, especially strong negation (not here anymore) it's natural in Russian to use нет, which demands genitive нет (кого,чего?) мамы, хлеба....
V.V.'s user avatar
  • 21.6k
5 votes
Accepted

Which cases are used with быть

The negative statements are off. Я не был студентом - Instrumental just like in the positive statement. Я не студент - Nominative just like in the positive statement. Genitive negative is only ...
Баян Купи-ка's user avatar
3 votes

"Реальности не существует" - why a genitive here?

This is a type of sentence which is called impersonal (subjectless). Please take a look. With negation of the verb существовать this form of sentence is especially common. It's also a normative ...
Баян Купи-ка's user avatar
2 votes

Which cases are used with быть

In the construction X was/were/will be somebody/something somebody/something should be in the Instrumental case irrespective of whether it is affirmative or negative: Я был студентом — Я не был ...
Yellow Sky's user avatar
  • 26.1k
2 votes
Accepted

Why say "Не найдется таких слов" in the singular instead of using the plural "найдутся"?

The reason is that you use negation with genitive. "слов" is in genitive case and therefore lose the role of subject in the sentence. If instead you switch to nominative, the verb will change to ...
AlexVB's user avatar
  • 1,782

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible