20 votes
Accepted

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

The character is saying расход! indeed, which is supposed to mean "scatter!", as a command. This is not a mainstream word, but its meaning is obvious to a Russian speaker. Russian sports and ...
  • 48.7k
11 votes

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

I did not find the specific invocation, but there are two possible uses of this word: Turning the verb расходимся (we part ways) to a noun. This is unusual but can surely arise in a subculture slang. ...
  • 2,525
11 votes
Accepted

"Встань" or "встать"?

Both forms are correct. "Встань" - is for "[you,] stand up!" - it's the imperative form. "Встать!" is the infinitive form that also can be used in modern Russian as an imperative. The difference is ...
  • 37.6k
10 votes
Accepted

Imperative with imperfective verbs

Yes, откройте sounds more polite, especially when followed by пожалуйста. Открывайте is more likely to be followed by сейчас же! (immediately!).
7 votes
Accepted

"Дай мне" vs "дайте мне"

The first imperative can be used when addressing a single person whom you usually call ты (a child or somebody close enough to you). The second version is applicable to somebody you call вы (in most ...
  • 11.8k
7 votes

Imperative nominalization in Russian?

поцелуй (a kiss) Vasmer: «Произошло из формы 2 л. повел. накл. от поцелова́ть»
  • 597
5 votes
Accepted

How can "научись" mean "take it and keep trying"?

Your understanding of word "научись" is good. I've watched the scene. You've missed a slight pause (or rather that there are two stresses instead of one): it's not "научись", but "на, учись". "На" ...
  • 2,749
5 votes

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

In this episode, the word "расход" is an abbreviation for the word "расходимся". The character who uttered this phrase is laconic and is explained with other short words-orders, so ...
5 votes

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

I can't catch this moment, but it's wrong to use the word 'Расход' in meaning 'Let's go'. It's either specific slang in film or wrong subtitles.
4 votes
Accepted

Is the construction "если бы она была, то верь, что они успеют" grammatical?

Grammar I found a couple of relevant articles on RusGram.ru: Сослагательное наклонение, paragraph 4.2 Модальность, paragraph 2.4 Quoting the second one: В русском языке отчетливо ...
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4 votes

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

Don't know the context, but this is probably a slang command to end a meeting, most likely abruptly. I'd say the most appropriate translation would be "Let's scatter," although "Расход&...
4 votes

Imperative nominalization in Russian?

Упокой (as in начал за здравие, кончил за упокой) is imperative of Church Slavonic упокоити which was loaned into Russian as a noun meaning "eternal peace".
  • 48.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Subtleties of making a request in Russian

Your language is so rich and nuanced in this regard I guess it's not as much as Japanese. Also, this is quite common in many languages to have fine distinctions between orders, polite requests, etc. ...
  • 15.2k
4 votes

Imperative with imperfective verbs

It does matter. Imperfective imperative is not necessarily rude if mitigated by some words of politeness and/or intonation and verbosity, i.e. Ну, давайте, открывайте скоренько Without such dampers ...
3 votes

Imperative nominalization in Russian?

More examples that you would probably classify as not-a-real-nominalisation: угадайка ванька-встанька Both are likely derived from the imperatives + the particle -ка (встань-ка) that has been ...
  • 1,300
3 votes

Is "Заходи, покажешь X" {Imperative + Future} an equivalent of "come and show me X" {Imperative + Imperative} in English?

All these sentences are valid meaning you invite someone to come to your place and show some pictures. Заходи как-нибудь, покажешь фотки! {Imperative + Future} (come and you will/can show) Заходи ...
  • 21k
3 votes

Is "Заходи, покажешь X" {Imperative + Future} an equivalent of "come and show me X" {Imperative + Imperative} in English?

I'm assuming this phrase means "come and show me the photos sometime" Your assumption is correct. I wonder if "Заходи, покажешь X" is the construction commonly used... Yes, it is quite a usual ...
3 votes
Accepted

Use of the imperative form подели

дели instead of подели would certainly change the meaning — from a single, completed action to either a repeated one, or prolonged and not necessarily completed. Using ты with an imperative form is ...
3 votes

Use of the imperative form подели

дели небо поровну ----------------- время: сейчас/завтра; как: как обычно / как всегда / как прежде, не один раз; совершенность: кто говорит, не ...
  • 2,409
2 votes
Accepted

Imperative nominalization in Russian?

A Sum-up упокой (idiomatic: eternal peace), from Church Slavonic упокоити поцелуй (a kiss), from поцелова́ть (to give a kiss) Guessed words: нагоняй (scolding), …
2 votes

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

"let's go" is not a correct translation, but I have no idea if a correct one is possible, since it relies on cultural tropes. "Расход" is the state of "расходится", i.e. ...
  • 241
2 votes

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

It literally means something like "the going apart from each other." Saying that is like saying "break it up." It's not the same as "let's go" and is just creative ...
2 votes

How can "научись" mean "take it and keep trying"?

In this case, "На", as noted above, is a separate grammatical unit. There was a pause with which you can determine that the phrase sounds like "На, учись". "На" can also be translated as "here you ...
1 vote

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

It's absolutely not common and I doubt that usual person could understand "расход" as "let's go" Indeed, there are several meanings of this word such as "scatter" or even ...
1 vote

Subtleties of making a request in Russian

(1) Возьми нож и быстро нарежь рыбу! (Imperative) Firm request or order (ex., from cook to his helper) (2) Взяла нож и быстро нарезала рыбу! (Past tense) order with threatening (you may think of ...
  • 778
1 vote

Subtleties of making a request in Russian

For a boss' request, #1 is definitely the most appropriate option. For a boyfriend's request, "hypothetical mood" might be preferable, but your option (#5) is poorly worded. (1) Возьми нож и быстро ...
  • 4,254
1 vote

Is "Заходи, покажешь X" {Imperative + Future} an equivalent of "come and show me X" {Imperative + Imperative} in English?

Приди - It is imperative within a non-strict sense of commanding (imperative) to do something. "Come to my house and show me.... blabla..." Приходи- It is a no-deal strict order, but you can use it ...
1 vote

Imperative with imperfective verbs

Formal linguistics is not always true, but rather completely wrong in many cases. The first expression would be: "Complete (the) opening (process), please" The second expression would be: "Start ...
1 vote

Imperative nominalization in Russian?

I can't think of any one-word examples, or of compounds not containing a noun, except two: тяни-толкай (which seems to be a literary coinage) and уйди-уйди (or уди-уди), which is the name of a squeaky ...

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