9

It's a complicated matter, and as a native speaker I'm lucky not to think about it consciously. Typically, when a person is named after an inanimate object, the word behaves as if it were animate all along, so the option Не хочу учить валенков / лаптей / чурок is the correct one. When it's the other way round, things get more complicated. I'd say ...


4

Corrected: "посадке на Луну предшествовали тренировочные полеты". Dative case used: "to which [Moon landing] something [training flights] was something [forerunner]".


4

This is not a full inflection, i.e. there are no such words as *наю, *наешь, *нает, etc. Rather, this is a case of the plural/respectful indicator -те being added to "imperative" particles similar to imperative verbs: дай - дайте возьми - возьмите на - нате "На!" essentially means 'Here, take this!' which makes it an "imperative particle". I've heard the ...


2

A human language develops over time, and its rules often become counterintuitive. Whether you want it or not, even native speakers have to look into the dictionaries. "Козёл", as a gymnastic tool, is a legitimate inanimate noun. Therefore "прыгать через козёл" is totally legit and even should be preferred. However, many people, including myself, have a ...


1

Usually noun in such usage just preserves the category it belongs "originally", so it's just Я вижу всех твоих тараканов. (since "таракан" is animate) - the same about "поставить на доску ската" - and Не хочу учить валенки. (since "валенки" is inanimate) However I can not help but notice that, while grammatically, at least second phrase sounds ...


1

Accusative is governed by another verb, synonymous to предшествовать, namely предварять посадку на Луну предваряли тренировoчные полеты Semantically they're not completely identical, but still can be used as substitutes of each other.


1

numeralonline.ru: Склонение дробных числительных Склонение дробных числительных Примеры дробных числительных: одна вторая, семь сотых, полтора. Дробное числительное состоит из двух частей: числитель дроби (количественное числительное, обозначающее целое число) и знаменатель дроби (порядковое числительное). Если числитель заканчивается на цифру «один», ...


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