The former (pre-20th century) name of the letter X was хѣръ. This word currently means penis. Похерить means to break: иди нахер means go to hell. Херово means bad.
The etymology goes as follows: Initially, there was a more obscene, taboo word, хуй, with the same meaning, but later people started using the name of the letter as a euphemism for that word, ...
It's a cliché joke.
— Как дела? — На букву "х", но не "хорошо" // "How are you?" "It's an f-word... and I don't mean 'fine.'"
In Russian, we have the slang swear word хуёво, which means "bad", and which, like хорошо "well", also starts with the letter х.
Let’s say a person born in the 19th century had the name “Mikhail Shatunov”, does the surname “Shatunov” mean a nick name or does it mean that an actual person named “Shatun” was his father/grandfather?
This depended on the person's social class and where in Russia they were from. Before the abolition of serfdom, serfs, as a rule, didn't have or use ...