Questions tagged [глаголы]

Questions about verbs, both finite and non-finite forms such as infinitives, gerunds, participles. The tag covers formation, derivation, functions, usage and meaning of verbs.

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Будущее время для описания прошлых событий - что это за приём в лингвистике?

Рассмотрим небольшой текст, в котором идёт самое обычное перечисление исторических событий: Весной 1820 года Александр Пушкин отправился в Кишинев, в канцелярию главного попечителя колонистов Южного ...
Andrew Ourst's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
218 views

Can the verb "прозябать" actually be perfectivized?

I recently came across the verb прозябать in a book. Its meaning is one of eking out an existence in the sense of enduring hardship and suffering instead of truly living. This to me, is an ongoing ...
CocoPop's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
70 views

Сноситься / связаться

While reading a Russian language resource published in 1950, I noticed that сноситься/ снестись was translated as "to get in contact with." After reviewing some online dictionaries, I ...
the_darkside's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
313 views

"Eдинственная, кто поддержалa его" or "eдинственная, кто поддержал его"

Consider the two following phrases: она единственная, кто поддержалa его она единственная, кто поддержал его Which one is correct according to official rules (whatever we mean by official. Let's say ...
shabunc's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
187 views

What's the difference between "Я хочу приготовить суп на обед" and "Я хочу готовить суп на обед"

I was reading about aspects and I think I understand it's meaning for past tenses, but I still cannot figure out the difference between perfect and imperfect present.
Alberto Pires's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

Does отходить/отойти include the moving by train?

While learning on Memrise course (Top 10,000 words, Part 1), I found that отоходить/отойти shows the meaning of not only leaving by foot, but also leaving by train. The user-based Memrise course often ...
Blaszard's user avatar
  • 1,157
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

The perfective verb опереться (to lean on) has the strangest conjugation in the future and imperative, what is the etymological reason for it?

From the impf/pf pair опираться/опереться (=to lean on), опереться seems to be the only verb that exhibits the following strange conjugations, though apparently belonging to the -e- conjugation group: ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
4 votes
2 answers
111 views

Tenses used in relative clauses

а) Читая книгу, Иван не обращал внимания на то, что происходило вокруг. б) Читая книгу, Иван не обращал внимания на то, что происходит вокруг. Are both sentences correct? Do they have the same meaning?...
MrDudulex's user avatar
  • 343
1 vote
2 answers
178 views

Epenthetic л: why there is no л in the conjugation of the verb звать between the в and the ё in зовёшь, зовёт, зовём and зовёте?

I understand that an epenthetic л should always appear between any of the five labial consonants б, п, м, ф and в and the sound /j/ (except in front of the sound /ja/), so that, for example, in the ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
1 vote
1 answer
57 views

First conjugation verbs and first person singular in -ю or in -y ? What is the phonological or orthographical underlying rule?

It seems that for first conjugation verbs (or -e- conjugation verbs i.e. those with endings in -ю/-у, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют/ут), the -y ending is always used at the first person singular after any ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Exact rules governing consonant changes as seen in the first person singular in verb conjugations

Apparently, in verbs ending in -ить (but maybe others are also concerned), the last letter of the stem for the first person singular changes according to the following pattern: д becomes ж as in ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
1 vote
1 answer
127 views

Complete rules for the epenthetic л in verb conjugations

My question is twofold: What are the complete and exact rules that govern the epenthetic л in verb conjugations i.e. the л that is inserted either just in the first person singular of certain –и ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
1 vote
1 answer
169 views

Verbs that require either an accusative or genitive object, depending on their nature

Apparently, there is a number of verbs that may require either an accusative or genitive object, depending on their nature. If it's a specific, concrete object, the accusative would apply: I wait for ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
1 vote
2 answers
171 views

Is there a resource that lists what case(s) verbs govern?

In Russian, there are verbs that govern a certain case, but also verbs that can be used with more than one case (typically verbs that take either the accusative or the genitive-partitive). Would there ...
Xavier's user avatar
  • 335
3 votes
3 answers
246 views

Почему глагол "управлять" непереходный?

Ведь, действие переходит к объекту. И вопрос "управлять что?" вроде звучит нормально. Например: "Я управляю машину рулем и педалями." – Что управляю? Машину. Чем управляю? Рулем и ...
johnfound's user avatar
  • 337
1 vote
2 answers
153 views

What is the force of prefixes on perfective and imperfective verbs? Are all prefixed verbs perfective?

So you have the perfective and imperfective form of verbs, e.g. дарить и подарить. This is sometimes determined by the prefix, as shown above. But verbs can also have other prefixes which determine ...
HarryBro's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
313 views

What would you call a drinker of non-alcohol beverages in Russian?

A noun derived from the verb “to drink” is a “drinker”. Following this analogy, how would I derive a noun from Russian verb «пить»? Would that be «пьец», «питьец», «пьюн»? I know that there are words ...
wintermute's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
357 views

What is the difference between "Куда ты идёшь?" and "Куда ты собрался?"

I recently learned that Куда ты собрался? usually gets translated as Where are you going? Or, at least it does on Reverso. This raised at least a couple of questions for me. The first is the ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
3 votes
3 answers
322 views

What verbs require that the experiencer be in the dative case?

I recently learned the verb нуждаться (to need), and noticed that to say I need something, one would say мне нужно ..., so I is in dative case. So how come for this verb, the speaker is in Dative case?...
alamoot's user avatar
  • 275
3 votes
4 answers
248 views

What is the difference between "разделить" and "поделить"?

Both of these words came up on a word list for me to study and I have no idea when to use which. I looked them up on Wiktionary and discovered that they are both perfective. I then ran them through ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
11 votes
8 answers
7k views

Do Russians really use "Расход!" to say, "Let's go!"?

I was watching an episode of Better Than Us" (Лучше, чем люди) in Russian with English subtitles. Since I was actively watching, to the extent of making a vocabulary list from it, I noticed that ...
Lisa Beck's user avatar
  • 2,215
2 votes
1 answer
237 views

звонить в школу vs звонить школе?

I found the following sentence: Моя мама позвонила в школу. According to my dictionary, звонить/позвонить takes either dative, or в + accusative. However, I'm not sure when to use it over the other. ...
Blaszard's user avatar
  • 1,157
12 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why does she say "Я понимаешь" and not "Я понимаю"?

I've heard people say "понимаешь" when they clearly intend to mean "I understand", such as in this line from the Serebro song Не Время: Я понимаешь, я это чувствую потом мы всё ...
Isa's user avatar
  • 453
0 votes
1 answer
130 views

Are there perfective verbs that only accept perfective infinitives?

The following perfective verbs are said to only accept perfective infinitives. забыть - to forget успеть - to manage, have time удаться - to manage, succeed суметь - to be able to manage получиться - ...
Kohjah Breese's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
136 views

Verb aspect is listed as being different or both

For the verb живописать (to describe vividly) Wiktionary [en] lists it as imperfective; the [ru] Wiktionary lists it as perfective; while a database of verbs I has lists it as 'both'. The database ...
Kohjah Breese's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
217 views

Difference between imperfective (Будет) and perfective future verbs

It seems to me that the difference between the imperfective and perfective future tense of verbs is that the imperfective refers to a general or uncompleted action; while the perfective refers to a ...
Kohjah Breese's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
222 views

Which verbs prefer the по-...-ски format?

I have in my notes that the format по-...-ски is required over на ...-ком succeeding the verbs - говарить, читать, писать, понимать & думать. This rule is discussed somewhat here. However, using a ...
Kohjah Breese's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
112 views

Dictionary listing case for verbs

Is there a dictionary that lists the case that precedes, succeeds verbs? For example идти (accusative) - Я хочу идти в Россию; быть (past, instrumental) - Я был собакой.
5 votes
2 answers
234 views

Using the future in the meaning of 'would'

So recently I was looking up some sentences on reverso.net, and I noticed that most of the translations of 'would' would most often use the compound or perfective future. I asked some Russian friends ...
Луге Ушчимі's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
161 views

Is there a present tense verb form for 'should' that is a true verb form and not an adjective and that can be used with a noun in the nominative?

The normal way to express the idea of present tense obligation in Russian is with должен. If one wanted to say 'he should speak', one could say 'он должен сказать'. But должен (and other options, ...
StopAndGo's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
69 views

What is the difference between ехать and поехать [duplicate]

I understand they both mean to go (by vehicle) but I can't get the difference in my head. Can someone provide English examples, please
Dan's user avatar
  • 240
3 votes
2 answers
137 views

"Reading up" on а subject

I would like to know the conventional and/or colloquial way in Russian to express that one is reading up on a subject. In English, to read up on/about something means to inform oneself about a ...
the_darkside's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
208 views

Difference between questions like "у вас ли сыр?" and "есть ли у вас сыр?"

I am a newbie at Russian. To the best of my knowledge, есть is used in questions when possession is being questioned. I was given the following sentences and their translations: Have you the good ...
user1801060's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
384 views

Verbs of motion - how to define local distances?

I am a little bit confused about the idea of driving short distances taking ходить (as in, I’m going to the coffee shop) and what amount of distance is needed before it becomes ездить. For example, ...
Yelena's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
2 answers
171 views

How would you rephrase the sentence "Всех больных закапывать в семь утра!"?

Of course, the author meant administering eye drops. How do you change the phrase in order to exclude the undesirable meaning (burying people)?
Alexander's user avatar
  • 1,225
2 votes
2 answers
275 views

Questions about "бежать" and "побежать"

I know that the difference between бегать and побегать is that бегать is imperfective while побегать is perfective. However, my dictionary says that бежать is a facultative verb (i.e. it has both an ...
FFjet's user avatar
  • 153
0 votes
1 answer
290 views

Doubts about "бы ни" meaning "No matter what/ how much/ etc."

I know some Russian constructions which translate the English expressions "Whatever... [sth]", "Wherever... [swh]", "No matter how much... [things]". Those constructions ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 2,563
0 votes
1 answer
111 views

How would you translate an expression like "would become"?

I was recently assigned to write about the Franco-Prussian War, and wanted to write at the end that "German strength and French revanchism would become causes of World War I." How would you ...
Ilya's user avatar
  • 43
3 votes
4 answers
151 views

Perfective x Imperfective doubt

I have the following doubt: Is there a difference in these phrases below? Я видел его, когда он выходил из магазина. Я увидел его, когда он выходил из магазина. Does the first one mean "I was ...
Lucas Saito's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
161 views

Perfective verbs to describe a routine

I am struggling to see why this sentence used perfective verbs when the use of imperfective ones would be more appropriate: Ба́ня – э́то ме́сто, куда́ ру́сские лю́ди хо́дят, что́бы рассла́биться, ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 420
2 votes
3 answers
227 views

Пытался for a one-time action

Why is the past tense of the imperfective verb пытаться used in this context? Говорят, он пытался убить сына Поттеров, Гарри. Но – не смог. I would expect попытался to be more appropriate here since,...
Steve's user avatar
  • 420
2 votes
3 answers
215 views

Я помогу + написать or писать?

In my Russian textbook I came across this example: я помогу Татьяне написать письмо. Why is помогу used with the perfective infinitive? I was expecting an imperfective verb, because "writing&...
Lukas's user avatar
  • 53
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

вовлечённых - proper use in a translated English sentence for "involved"?

I had earlier asked a question about adjectives and participles, and cited this link: How to tell a participle from an adjective? I now understand the answer of the above link better - The ...
nate's user avatar
  • 1,299
8 votes
1 answer
388 views

Живут или живёт?

I have come across this sentence where the verb жить is declined for the third person singular: Там живёт около 500 человек. Shouldn't живут be grammatically correct since we're talking about ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 420
2 votes
1 answer
114 views

Can it be said that the verbs in -ить are more localized in space and time than in -еть?

My gut feeling is this is the case. Verbs in -еть usually have prolonged, undetermined and broad character, while verbs in -ить are more "here and now". Is this view correct? Examples: хаметь-хамить,...
Anixx's user avatar
  • 14.4k
3 votes
2 answers
228 views

Choosing between multiple perfective forms

I recently found in my dictionary the triple: проща́ться (нв.), прости́ться (св.), попроща́ться (св.), for to say goodbye. What do the two imperfective forms mean here in particular? Is there a ...
Bubaya's user avatar
  • 257
6 votes
1 answer
594 views

Other meanings of "идти" besides "to go by foot"?

I was reading my copy of The New Penguin Russian Course and I read about the verb идти (to go by foot); I was excited because I finally knew the meaning behind a song that I sometimes listen to (а ...
user13294's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
520 views

Differences between выслать and отправить

Im wondering the correct usage of отправить and выслать (to send/dispatch). I've seen the former in the context: Отправить сообщение в сети (to send an online message) and the latter: Выслать ...
M.P's user avatar
  • 385
11 votes
10 answers
5k views

What's the difference between "люблю" and "обожаю"?

I was doing a Clozemaster exercise and it asked to translate "I love reading" to Russian. I thought of putting Люблю читать but the correct answer that the exercise wanted was Обожаю читать. What's ...
Reionder's user avatar
  • 113
5 votes
2 answers
310 views

Why "вести" but "веду"

Let's compare three verbs and their first person singular forms: нести - несу везти - везу вести - веду Is there a particular reason why, in вести, the с turned into д ? Is there any intuitive ...
Matti P.'s user avatar
  • 257

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